Alexandru Gafton

Alexandru Gafton
Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza | UAIC · Linguistics and Philology

Professor

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45
Publications
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Citations
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February 1995 - present
Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
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Studierea particularităţilor definitorii pentru vechile traduceri româneşti, a contextului în care acestea apar, precum şi a consecinţelor acestora la nivel lingvistic şi cultural au relevat că, în cultura română – precum şi în alte culturi europene, de fapt –, procesul traducerii a fost unul determinant pentru constituirea vechii norme literare ro...
Article
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All that exists emerges from the previous and is subject to some determining factors, that is, it has antecedents and causes, which have antecedents and causes, regardless of the difficulty of exhaustively analysing the elements of the causal chain (that is to quantify their forces, their hierarchy and weights, to determine their degrees of conjunc...
Article
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Genesis 4, 4-5: The Story of a Translation Bias. However faithful it may appear, any translation develops under the interpretation that the translator applies to the source-text, biased by various elements present in the broad circumstance of that particular translating activity. In some cases, this fact alters, or adds a new layer of meaning to th...
Article
However faithful it may appear, any translation is the result of the translator’s interpretation of the source-text, influenced by various elements present in the broad circumstances of that particular translating activity. In some cases, this fact alters or adds a new layer of meaning to the original text. The present paper explores the case under...
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Revisiting the parables in the New Testament, the authors of the present paper find elements that support the interpretation of these stories in the light of evolutionism—a concept of considerable depth. If perceived as a whole, and aside of any mystical reflection, the parables affirm the existence of a system generating and governing all the prin...
Article
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Recitind Parabolele din Noul Testament, autorii prezentului studiu găsesc elemente pe baza cărora se poate clădi interpretarea acestor istorii în lumina evoluționismului—un concept de o profunzime considerabilă. Dacă sînt percepute ca un întreg și dacă lăsăm la o parte orice reflecție mistică asupra lor, parabolele afirmă existența unui sistem care...
Article
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When it comes to evolutionism, the common belief holds that Neo-Darwinism is still the best evolutionist explanation, because it contains the Darwinist explanation, improved through adjustments and additions provided by the current scientific research, which wouldn’t be but thorough, objective, and completely non-ideological. In fact, throughout it...
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Credința dominantă încă în materie de evoluționism este că neodarwinismul reprezintă cea mai bună explicație evoluționistă, întrucît o conține pe cea darwiniană, ameliorată prin ajustări și adaosuri furnizate de cercetarea științifică în desfășurare, asiduă, obiectivă și străină de vreo ideologie. În fapt, pe parcursul istoriei sale, neodarwinismul...
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There are societies in which individual and social mentalities are deeply imbued with religion, which dominates as a philosophy of life, and which guides its followers from the most insignificant to the most important thoughts and acts. There, secular life is the faithful reflection of religious ideology, unfolding in the shadow of its ancestral an...
Article
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Există societăți în care mentalitatea individuală și cea socială sînt profund impregnate de religie, care domină ca filozofie de viață ce-și călăuzește supușii de la cele mai mărunte la cele mai importante gînduri și fapte. Acolo, viața laică este reflexia fidelă a ideologiei religioase și se petrece sub imperiul narativelor ei ancestrale și colect...
Article
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Prezentarea de față își propune să observe eforturile făcute în lingvistică spre a afla dacă baza de articulație este un concept viabil, util și dacă—mai presus de orice—reflectă realitatea. Întrucît, după știința noastră, cea mai bună dezvoltare a conceptului se petrece în spațiul științific românesc, prin A. Philippide și G. Ivănescu, vom încerca...
Article
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The aim of the present discussion is to observe the various endeavours undertaken in linguistics to discern whether the basis of articulation is a viable and useful concept and—above all—whether or not it reflects reality. Since as far as we know the most fruitful development of this very notion is accomplished within Romanian scientific milieu, by...
Article
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The endeavor of translating the sacred text into a vernacular language faces, among others, a problem that doesn't stems from the scarcity of the target language, the ambiguity of the message, or the translator's competence in the source language, in general. There are several biblical fragments, especially in the Old Testament (e.g. the list of fo...
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The systemic character of entities implies their being formed of discrete elements whose conjunction generates hierarchical structures, functions, forces, and roles. While the observation and study of entities entails their segregation with respect to certain sets of criteria, their understanding follows from their thorough comprehension, in plenar...
Article
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Caracterul sistemic al entităților presupune că acestea sînt formate din elemente discrete, a căror conjuncție generează structuri, funcții, forțe și roluri ierarhizate. Observarea și cercetarea entităților presupune la un moment dat segregarea lor în relație cu anumite seturi de criterii, înțelegerea entităților urmînd cuprinderii acestora în inte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Travel memoirs or notes are texts which enjoy great popularity not only among almost all categories of researchers (humanists, artists, naturalists, sociologists, psychologists), but also among those who are fond of belles-lettres. Both the judgments by means of which a world perceives itself, perhaps adjusting itself according to certain desiderat...
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Entitățile naturale primare—plantele și animalele—sau derivate—societatea, limba și cultura—apar prin anevoios travaliu diacronic, au a răspunde unor nevoi dezvoltate diacronic, există și funcționează diacronic. Cu toate acestea, prin instrumentele sale, omul poate doar percepe și surprinde fragmentul, fixîndu-l pentru o clipă prelungită, motiv obi...
Article
Natural entities—plants and animals, on the one hand, society, language, and culture, on the other—emerge through an assiduous diachronic effort, respond to diachronically developed needs, exist and function diachronically. However, through the instruments at his disposal, man can only perceive and grasp the " fragment " , seizing it for a prolonge...
Article
Full-text available
Natural entities—plants and animals, on the one hand, society, language, and culture, on the other—emerge through an assiduous diachronic effort, respond to diachronically developed needs, exist and function diachronically. However, through the instruments at his disposal, man can only perceive and grasp the " fragment " , seizing it for a prolonge...
Article
Full-text available
This paper employs a Darwinian point of view to describe the dynamics to which language is subjected from a linguistic, social, and intellectual perspective. In particular, we follow the differences between how language evolves in traditional communities and how it mutates in today's world, with all the possible consequences of paradigm change. Le...
Article
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The present paper is trying to observe the quotations and comments made by the translators in two Romanian contemporary versions of the Bible. The author outlines some of the most important difficulties that the translators of the Bible have had to face, only to reveal that the most recent Romanian version of the Bible (2013), provided by Alois Bul...
Article
Although the Romanian language possesses a remarkable unity, one could observe multiple "literary dialects" emerging in the incipient period of literary Romanian (mainly the sixteenth century). Their existence is plausible both from the point of view of the linguist, observant of even the finest distinctions, and of the speaker, observant of more g...
Article
This study is concerned with the expansive evolution of the concept 'to educate' ('a educa') as it is documented in various Old Romanian texts, most of them translations, from the 16th and 17th centuries. The chosen methodology was the analysis of numerous partial and contextual synonyms that expressed the educative process, viewed from different p...
Conference Paper
lucrările lui Sextil Puşcariu stau sub semnul unei desăvîrşite onestităţi profesionale. El nu-şi însuşeşte, niciodată, părerile altora, fără a mărturisi acest lucru. Nu face caz de cunoştinţele sale, într-adevăr neobişnuite, şi nu caută să «umilească» pe nimeni cu autoritatea de care s-a bucurat " (G. Istrate, Prefaţă la Sextil Puşcariu Cercetări ş...
Conference Paper
lucrările lui Sextil Puşcariu stau sub semnul unei desăvîrşite onestităţi profesionale. El nu-şi însuşeşte, niciodată, părerile altora, fără a mărturisi acest lucru. Nu face caz de cunoştinţele sale, într-adevăr neobişnuite, şi nu caută să «umilească» pe nimeni cu autoritatea de care s-a bucurat " (G. Istrate, Prefaţă la Sextil Puşcariu Cercetări ş...
Article
Particulele materiale sau energetice tind constant spre forme de organizare, funcţionare, evoluţie şi replicare a structurilor pe care le formează, în concordanţă cu tipare proprii date, de natură entelehică, dar şi sub imperiul cerinţelor structurale şi funcţionale ale realităţii dinamice şi concurenţial-evolutive ale mediului. La nivelul fiinţelo...
Article
This text discusses the evolution of terms that present (intrinsic, but also contextual) affinities towards polysemy during the translation act. One can observe how in the case of certain words, with a broad or supple semantic spectrum, a given list of equivalents from various languages may exhibit a largely comparable behaviour. As a result of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article
L’approche présente les circonstances des premières traductions en roumain, mises en relation définitoire avec les textes religieux. Les difficultés qui interviennent ainsi dans le processus de traduction sont circonscrites aussi bien aux différences et incompatibilités d’entre les langues en contact, qu’à la complexité et au caractère sacré du tex...

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Projects (2)
Project
Right now i translate a book of evolutionary linguistics, i'm working on few forewords for some translations (evolutionism, history of religions), and i work hardly to complete two studies, one on the theory of articulation basis, another on some aspects of darwinism.