Alexandre J S Morin

Alexandre J S Morin
Concordia University Montreal · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

300
Publications
116,835
Reads
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15,038
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2014 - December 2016
Australian Catholic University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2012 - February 2014
University of Western Sydney
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2003 - August 2012
Université de Sherbrooke

Publications

Publications (300)
Article
This study investigates which profiles, defined based on students reports of student-teacher relationships (closeness; conflict) and classroom goal structures (mastery; performance), were optimal to support adjustment (externalizing and internalizing behaviors) and achievement in Math and Language. Elementary students (Grades 3–6, N = 703) and thei...
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The original 18-item Job Engagement Scale (JES¹⁸) operationalizes a multidimensional hierarchical conceptualization by Kahn (1990) of the investment and expression of an individual’s preferred self in-role performance. Encompassing three dimensions (i.e., physical, cognitive, and emotional), job engagement is a known predictor of organizational per...
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We examined the direct and indirect –as mediated by job satisfaction– effects of personal life orientation on life satisfaction. We also examined whether these direct and indirect associations differed between employees working onsite or remotely. Using data from 432 employees (152 working onsite and 280 working remotely), our results revealed that...
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This research examines burnout trajectories over seven years (Time 1 and four months, eight months, and seven years after Time 1) among a sample of 951 teachers. Our results revealed three profiles of teachers presenting a Moderate (moderate levels that slightly decreased), Low (low levels that slightly increased), and High (high levels that slight...
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Brooding rumination is an intrapersonal emotion regulation strategy associated with negative interpersonal consequences. Resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a psychophysiological marker of self-regulatory capacity, may buffer the association between maladaptive emotion regulation and negative interpersonal behaviors. The current work examin...
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Several definitions and measures of financial well-being (FWB) have been proposed in the scientific literature. The Multidimensional Subjective Financial Well-being Scale (MSFWBS) stands out among these measures in its ability to account for the conceptual richness of FWB. However, the original validation study based on a confirmatory factor analyt...
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In this study, we seek to identify different profiles of children following distinct developmental trajectories of academic self-concept. Moreover, we look at their developmental outcomes regarding school achievement and educational attainment. This study relied on an accelerated longitudinal design that followed three cohorts of elementary school...
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This research addresses recent calls for an alternative integrative framework to apprehend leaders’ behaviors and examines the validity of questionnaire anchored in this theoretical approach. Building upon Self-Determination Theory, we examined a tripartite approach of supervisors’ behaviors (supportive, thwarting, and indifferent toward subordinat...
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This study examined within-person and within-sample stability of need satisfaction profiles over a three-month period among a sample of 1319 nurses. This study also considered the implications of these profiles for employee functioning (vigor, need for recovery, and job satisfaction), as well as the role of perfectionism and job crafting in predict...
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Affective occupational commitment (AOC) can be conceptualized as an indicator that ones' occupation has been adequately internalized within one's professional identity. From this perspective, the present study relies on the organismic integration component of Self-Determination Theory to: (1) investigate the distinctive shapes (or profiles) taken b...
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This study addresses the lack of organizational research considering the functionality of employees’ work-related affective experiences. More precisely, this research relied on person-centered analyses to gain a better understanding of the various configurations taken by the intensity and direction (i.e., seen as facilitating performance, or as int...
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The 16-item Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES) is widely used to assess the discrete emotions of guilt, shame, authentic pride, and hubristic pride. However, recent work has questioned the factorial validity of the BASES (i.e., the extent to which it truly assesses a discrete set of self-conscious emotions). In the present st...
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This study proposes a multi-informant (youth, teachers, and parents) measure of relationship quality with adults for youth with intellectual disabilities (ID). A sample of 395 youth with mild (49.15%) and moderate (50.85%) ID, aged 11–22 (M = 15.82) was recruited in Canada (French-speaking, N = 142), and Australia (English-speaking, N = 253). Resul...
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The present study examined the configurations, or profiles, taken by distinct global and specific facets of job engagement and burnout (by relying on a bifactor operationalization of these constructs) among a nationally representative sample of Canadian Defence employees ( n = 13,088; nested within 65 work units). The present study also adopted a m...
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The present research assessed the psychometric multidimensionality and criterion-related validity the Interpersonal Behaviours Questionnaire using the bifactor-exploratory structural equation modeling framework. Study 1 relied on a sample of 772 participants, and supported the superiority of a bifactor-ESEM representation compared to alternative re...
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This study was designed to investigate academic motivation profiles (and their similarity) among distinct samples of high school students. Anchored in recent developments in Self-Determination Theory, these profiles were estimated while considering both the global and specific nature of academic motivation. The role of fixed mindsets and parenting...
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This study relied on person-centered analyses to improve our understanding of how the four components of the work-family interface (i.e., work-to-family conflict, family-to-work conflict, work-to-family enrichment, and family-to-work enrichment) combine within specific profiles of employees. We also documented the stability of these profiles over t...
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This study investigated the associations between academic motivation, self-concepts, and achievement in math and German using the bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling (bifactor-ESEM) framework. Data from two independent samples (N1 = 1402, N2 = 1154) of German elementary and secondary school students revealed that the bifactor-ESEM rep...
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This study examined the associations between telepressure and work recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment, relaxation, control, and mastery), and tested whether these associations differ between employees working onsite (n = 158) or remotely (n = 284). Our results revealed that telepressure was negatively related to psychological deta...
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Burnout is generally acknowledged by researchers, clinicians, and the public as a pervasive occupational difficulty. Despite this widespread recognition, longstanding debates remain within the scientific community regarding its definition and the appropriateness of classifying burnout as its own pathological entity. The current review seeks to addr...
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Purpose: Research suggests that supervisor expectations regarding the need to respond quickly to work-related messages (SE) tend to be positively related to employees’ levels of emotional exhaustion. In the present research paper, we examine the indirect –through emotional exhaustion– effects of these expectations on employees’ levels of family sat...
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Most existing studies investigating profiles of anxious and depressive symptoms in adolescent boys and girls do not consider the high cooccurrence between them, which prevents from identifying how heterogeneous groups might distinctly use coping strategies. To address this gap, the current study relies on a sample of 976 adolescents (56.0% girls (n...
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Objective The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a French version of the pictorial scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children (PMSC), which is aligned with the third version of the Test of Gross Motor Development. Method A sample of 219 French-speaking Canadian children (5 to 12 years old) pa...
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The big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE) describes a multilevel phenomenon via which class-average levels of achievement act as a negative predictor of students’ academic self-concept (ASC), although their individual achievement level acts as a positive predictor of their ASC. In this quasi-experimental pretest-posttest study, we posited that a prof...
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The objective of the study was to validate adapted versions of the Glasgow Anxiety Scale for people with Intellectual Disabilities (GAS-ID) simultaneously developed in English and French. A sample of 361 youth with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID) (M = 15.78 years) from Australia (English-speaking) and Canada (French-speaking) particip...
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Organizational research has a rich tradition of multilevel investigations anchored in a long-standing recognition that conclusions obtained at the individual level of analysis cannot be expected to generalize at other levels. Doubly latent multilevel methods, which provide the way to combine multilevel analyses and structural equation models into a...
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This study investigates the within-domain exacerbation phenomenon in relation to employees’ perception of their supervisors’ leadership behaviors. This phenomenon proposes that exposure to supervisors relying on a combination of destructive leadership behaviors (DLB; operationalized as petty tyranny) and constructive leadership behaviors (CLB; oper...
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Murphy (2021) argues that the field of Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology needs to pay more attention to descriptive statistics (“Table 1”; e.g., M, SD, reliability, correlations) when reporting and interpreting results. We agree that authors need to present a clear and transparent description of their data and that descriptive statistics a...
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This study proposes a revision (R) of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for youth with ID (CESD-ID) in English and French. 346 youth (36.02% girls) with mild (51.26%) and moderate (48.78%) ID (11–22 years; M = 15.69), enrolled in secondary schools in Canada (French-speaking; n = 115), and Australia (English-speaking; n = 231), a...
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This study examined whether profiles varying in actual and perceived locomotor and ball skill competencies would be identified and whether these profiles would differ in relation to children's characteristics. Participants were 127 (70 boys; 57 girls) French-speaking Canadian children (5-11 years). Actual and perceived motor competencies were, resp...
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This research examines how employee’s perceptions of three sources of support in the workplace (i.e., organization, supervisor, and colleagues) combine within specific profiles and the nature of the relations between these profiles and indicators of employees’ psychological health (i.e., stress, sleep problems, psychosomatic strains, and depression...
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Purpose To validate a version of the Motives for Physical Activity Measure (MPAM) adapted for youth with intellectual disabilities (ID). Materials and methods A sample of 359 youth with mild to moderate ID from Australia and Canada respectively completed English and French versions of the MPAM-ID. Results Exploratory structural equation models su...
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The objective of the current study was to investigate the psychometric properties of scores obtained on a revised version of the Physical Self-Inventory – Very Short form for youth with intellectual disabilities (PSI-VS-ID-R). A sample of 351 youth (M = 15.81 years) with mild to moderate levels of Intellectual Disabilities (ID) from Australia (N =...
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In a replication and extension of an earlier study, we relied on person-centered analyses to identify teacher (Level 1) and school (Level 2) profiles based on teachers' experiences of job demands (barriers to professional development, disruptive student behavior), job resources (teacher collaboration, input in decision-making), and personal resourc...
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The present study examines the shape, determinants, and outcomes of autonomous and controlled motivation trajectories over the course of aprofessional training program. Asample of 43 employees completed the measures on four occasions over the course of a14-week professional training program. This study also relies on aburst design, whereby employee...
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This research relies on variable- and person-centered approaches to illustrate how each of these approaches may help to improve our understanding of the dimensionality of the burnout construct. Both studies (Study 1: N = 247 administrative and technical employees; Study 2: N = 654 firefighters), showed that employees’ burnout ratings simultaneously...
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The objective was to assess the psychometric properties of a French-Canadian version of the third edition of the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-3). Participants were 127 French-speaking Canadian children. Results supported the validity-reliability of a bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling representation of the TGMD-3. Additional...
Article
Youth with intellectual disability (ID) are at an increased risk of displaying fewer prosocial behaviors and more numerous aggressive behaviors in various environments. This study proposes a new multi-informant (youth, teachers, and parents) measure of social behaviors for youth with ID. The sample includes 348 youth with mild (51.41%) and moderate...
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The objective of the present study was to validate a version of the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) adapted for youth with intellectual disabilities (ID). A sample of 362 youth with mild to moderate ID (61.0% boys, M = 15.80 years) from Australia (N = 240) and Canada (N = 122) respectively completed English and French versio...
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The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a French version of the Pictorial scale of Physical Self-Concept for younger Children (P-PSC-C). A sample of 216 French-speaking Canadian children (aged 5–12 years) participated in this study. Results supported the validity and reliability of the a priori single factor struct...
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The present study examined the distinct configurations, or profiles, taken by global and specific (cognitive weariness, physical fatigue, and emotional exhaustion) burnout dimensions, and their similarity across two independent samples of employees. In addition, this research also documented the associations between the identified burnout profiles,...
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This research relies on complementary variable‐ and person‐centered approaches to investigate the underlying dimensionality of the workaholism construct. In three studies (Study 1: N = 343 workers; Study 2: N = 654 firefighters in Sample 1 and N = 247 administrative and technical employees in Sample 2; and Study 3: N = 153 nurses in Sample 1 and N...
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Employees can develop multiple commitments at work. These commitments can combine in different ways, with implications for organizations and employees themselves. In this study we conducted latent profile analyses (LPA) to identify different configurations of commitment to the organization, supervisor, work group, and citizens among a sample of emp...
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Using data from 4047 adolescents in three countries, this study was designed to investigate the associations between two important components of the learning process: academic motivation and student engagement. To increase the precision and accuracy of these analyses, preliminary analyses were conducted to identify the optimal measurement structure...
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In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of a French version of the Perceived Motor Competence in Childhood (PMC-C) questionnaire. The participants were 219 French-speaking children (aged 5-12 years), recruited from elementary schools in the Canadian Province of Quebec. Results supported the validity and reliability of a second-order...
Article
Student involvement in peer aggression is assumed to include the uninvolved, victims, aggressors, and victim-aggressor groups. Yet, evidence supporting this four-group configuration is equivocal. Although most studies report the four groups, several of the aggressor groups could have been labeled as moderate victim-aggressors. This study first revi...
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It has been theoretically proposed that employees' perceptions of their supervisor social power in the organization entail a potential to influence their beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. However, no study has investigated such potential. This lack of research stems from the absence of a common understanding around the meaning of perceived supervi...
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This study investigates the nexus between teacher exposure to student aggression, their level of emotional exhaustion, and the role of belongingness and perceived school safety as mediators. Random-Intercept Cross-Lag Panel Models were conducted among a sample of 2,072 secondary teachers (57.14% female) from grades 7 to 11 in 77 schools. Chronic le...
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Based on an accelerated longitudinal design involving three cohorts of secondary school students followed during 3 consecutive school years, this study had three main objectives. First, we sought to identify different profiles of students following distinct trajectories of self-determined motivation over the secondary school years. Second, we exami...
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This paper examines the multidimensional nature of workplace motivation and the importance of a continuum structure in self-determination theory (SDT) through application of complementary variable-and person-centered approaches. This approach is taken to simultaneously model the complexity of motivation and highlight interactions between motivation...
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This study contrasts three hypotheses to determine the best configuration of teacher need-supporting practices (autonomy support, structure, and involvement) in terms of classroom-levels of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement. Multilevel analyses were conducted among a sample of 1193 8th grade students nested in 57 math classrooms. Resu...
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Introduction. This study investigates the nexus between teacher exposure to student aggression, their level of emotional exhaustion, and the role of belongingness and perceived school safety as mediators. Method. Random-Intercept Cross-Lag Panel Models were conducted among a sample of 2,072 secondary teachers (57.14% female) from grades 7 to 11 in...
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Background and Objectives This research identified profiles characterized by distinct levels of overcommitment, rumination, psychological detachment (Studies 1 and 2), and need for recovery (Study 2). This research also considers the role of hindrance demands and resources in the prediction of profile membership, and the outcomes of these profiles....
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This study examined the interplay between university students’ trajectories of motivational regulation and autonomous motivation across one semester, exploring both between and within person components. Participants (N = 193) from one large class reported motivation in two-week intervals over the course of one semester. Bivariate latent curve model...
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Purpose Although one of the central premises of authentic leadership theory is that authentic leaders mobilize their followers, the underlying motivational mechanisms of this process remain poorly understood. Drawing on self-determination theory, this study aims to fill that gap by examining authentic leadership practices (ALP) as theoretical antec...
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Surprisingly scant research has adequately examined directional influences between different perceptions of managerial leadership behaviors and different types of work motivation, and even fewer studies have examined contextual moderators of these influences. The present study investigated longitudinal and multilevel autoregressive cross-lagged rel...
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Self-determination theory presents a multi-dimensional approach to human motivation in which motivation is driven by a range of classifiably distinct regulation styles. However, these different regulations are also considered to fall along a continuum of self-determination which implies that a global dimension reflecting the degree of self-determin...
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The present study examined the distinct configurations, or profiles, taken by work fatigue dimensions among samples of military (n = 1,436) and civilian (n = 2,477) employees. We also tested profile similarity across these two samples of employees. In addition, this research documented the relations between the identified work fatigue profiles, one...
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Given the detrimental effects associated with problematic internet use (PIU) and the need to better understand its nature and evolution, the present study examined the development of PIU in a sample of 1750 adolescents (aged 16-19) from Finland over a three-year period. We documented the social (loneliness, perceived maternal and paternal behaviors...
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The purpose of the present four-wave longitudinal study was to examine the differentiation and reciprocal associations between burnout and depression, and their associations with a series of correlates related to employees’ physical and psychological health (sleep disturbances, somatic symptoms, self-rated subjective health, and life satisfaction)....
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Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency and intensity of floods in the province of Quebec, Canada. Therefore, in 2015, to better monitor the level of adaptation to flooding of Quebec residents living in or near a flood-prone area, the Quebec Observatory of Adaptation to Climate Change developed five indices of adaptation to flooding,...
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This article first reviews the main theoretical propositions of Gray's Reinforcer Sensitivity Theory (RST), Higgins' Regulatory Focus Theory (RFT), and Elliot's Achievement Goal Theory (AGT), which all made a significant contribution to our understanding of goal directed behavior from an approach-avoidance perspective. Reviewing these three seminal...
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Students with externalizing or internalizing behavior problems are at increased risk of underachievement and school non-completion, often due to their lower school engagement. Two studies were undertaken to assess the unique and joint (i.e., interactive) associations between behavior problems and engagement during two developmental periods; childho...