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This paper examines the relationship between the coming of the railroads, the expansion of primary education, and the introduction of national school curricula. Using fine-grained data on local education outcomes in Sweden in the nineteenth century, the paper tests the idea that the development of the railroad network enabled national school inspec...
We examine the long-term effects of a series of Swedish towns founded by the Crown during the early modern period. Their advantage over rural parishes consisted in having monopoly rights to trade with the local hinterland. Since the optimum sites were occupied by medieval towns, the Crown could only aim for second-rate locations. Using difference-i...
This paper explores the impact of new universities established in the USA between 1931 and 1980 on population density, GDP and market size measured from 1930 to 2010. The analysis is based on differences in differences on counties selected through propensity score matching, as well as an instrumental variable approach. The evidence suggests that co...
Despite the expanding role of services in the global economy, economic history has paid little attention to their geographic localization. This paper provides a description of the increasing specialization and localization patterns of services across US counties compared to other sectors from 1930 to 2010. It stresses that market potential influenc...
This project examines the validity of early church infrastructures location as a proxy for economic activity. We use historical data for all the churches built in Sweden before 1810 to calculate correlations with populations records from 1570 at the parish level. We examine how disasters and rebuildings of ancient churches correlate with parish population records trends in 1630, 1690, 1750, and 1810.