Alexandra Ferreira-Valente

Alexandra Ferreira-Valente
ISPA Instituto Universitário | ISPA · William James Center for Research

Doctor of Psychology
Researcher | Lecturer

About

100
Publications
57,743
Reads
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1,768
Citations
Citations since 2017
47 Research Items
1364 Citations
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Introduction
Alexandra Ferreira-Valente is a clinical psychologist and post-doc at the William James Center for Research. Alexandra was granted an FCT grant to pursue her research interests in cross-cultural research and in chronic pain. Her post-doctoral research project is hosted both by the William James Center for Research, ISPA - IU and by the University of Washington, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
ISPA Instituto Universitário
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2016 - September 2017
Portucalense University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
April 2015 - August 2016
University of Minho
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2007 - February 2012
University of Porto
Field of study
  • Psychology
January 2007 - May 2007
September 2001 - September 2006
University of Porto
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Previous research supports the usefulness of hypnosis (HYP), mindfulness meditation (MM), and prayer as pain self-management strategies in adults with chronic pain. However, their effects on acute pain have been less researched, and no previous head-to-head study compared the immediate effects of these three approaches on pain-related out...
Article
Full-text available
This review examined the effects of private and communal participatory prayer on pain. Nine databases were searched. Six randomized controlled trials were included. For private prayer, medium to large effects emerged for 67% to 69% of between-group comparisons; participants in the prayer condition reported lower pain intensity (0.59 < d < 26.17; 4...
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review examined the extent to which measures of religiosity/spirituality (R/S): (1) are associated with pain, function, pain-related beliefs (beliefs), coping responses and catastrophizing in people with chronic pain; and (2) moderate the association between beliefs, coping and catastrophizing, and pain and function. Experimental an...
Article
Full-text available
There is mounting evidence to suggest that individuals with chronic pain adjusted poorly to and were impacted negatively by social distancing measures during the lockdown. However, there is limited data on the factors that might protect against the negative effects associated with social distancing measures, as most research has been conducted in t...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is a stressful long-lasting event with an increasingly negative impact upon individuals. This study aimed at assessing the magnitude of depression, anxiety, and stress among adults living in Portugal during the first mandatory lockdown of 2020, and the psychosocial and health-related factors associated with these symptoms. A s...
Article
Full-text available
Research has shown that the confinement measures implemented to curb the spread of COVID-19 can have negative effects on people’s lives at multiple levels. The objective of this study was to better understand the mental, physical, and socio-economic status of adults living in Spain during the late stages of the state of emergency. Five hundred and...
Article
Objectives This study aimed to better understand the associations between both sleep disturbance and psychological dysfunction (i.e., anxiety and depressive symptoms, and anger), and pain intensity and pain interference, in a sample of children with chronic pain. Design Cross-sectional design. Methods Three hundred and forty-two children with chr...
Article
Full-text available
Social distancing measures during the lockdown have had a negative impact on chronic pain patients’ function. Research, however, has only focused on the early stages of the first lockdowns. The aim of this study was to improve the understanding of the effects of COVID-19 social distancing measures on individuals with chronic pain living in Spain du...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Chronic pain is a multidimensional experience that is influenced by biological, psychological, social, and spiritual factors. The Meaning Making Model is a recent cognitive-behavioral model that has been developed to understand how psychosocial factors influence adjustment to stressful events, such as having a chronic illness. This qualita...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pain is a universal experience and the most common reason for seeking health care. Inadequate pain management negatively impacts numerous aspects of patient health. Multidisciplinary treatment programs, including psychosocial interventions, are more useful for pain management than purely biomedical treatment alone. Recently, researchers...
Poster
Background and aims. There is an increasing interest in studying the efficacy of so-called complementary and alternative approaches for pain management. Hypnosis, mindfulness-based interventions, and spiritual practices are examples of such interventions. The purpose of this randomized quantitative experimental mixed-design repeated-measures study...
Poster
Background and aims. Chronic pain is a multidimensional experience influenced by biological, psychological, social, and spiritual factors. The Meaning Making Model (MMM) is a recent cognitive behavioral model that has been developed to understand how psychosocial factors influence adjustment to stressful events (e.g., having chronic pain). This qua...
Poster
Aims: This study aimed to better understand the role that sleep disturbance, psychological dysfunction (i.e., anxiety, depressive symptoms, and anger), and their interaction with sex, play in predicting pain intensity and pain interference in a sample of children with chronic pain. Methods: Design: Cross-sectional design Three hundred and forty-tw...
Poster
Background and aims. Pain is a universal experience and the most common reason for seeking health care. Inadequate pain management negatively impacts numerous aspects of patient health. Multidisciplinary treatment programs, including psychosocial interventions, are more useful for pain management than purely biomedical treatment alone. Recently, re...
Article
Objectives: Pain catastrophizing and pain acceptance are psychological factors that have been shown to be associated with pain-related outcomes and predict multidisciplinary pain treatment outcomes. However, they are rarely examined in the same study. This study aimed to: (a) assess the independent roles of pain catastrophizing and pain acceptance...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. This research examined whether brief sessions of mindfulness meditation (MM) or self-hypnosis (HYP) produce changes in cold pressor task (CPT) outcomes and whether outcome improvement, when it occurs, is mediated by attentional processes (i.e., pain focus, mindful observing) or pain appraisals (i.e., threat, challenge). Methods. Healthy...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic pain is a multidimensional, idiosyncratic, private and subjective experience, influenced by biological, psychological, sociocultural and spiritual/religious factors, with a significant economic and social impact for societies and countries. Resilience and religiosity can be a protective factor in people with chronic pain. The association be...
Article
Background: This study aimed at assessing the mental health status of adults living in Portugal during the national lockdown of March 2020 to May 2020, how study participants coped with stress during the national lockdown, as well as the association between coping responses and mental health status. Methods: 430 adults from the general populatio...
Article
Full-text available
Background There has been an increasing interest in studying the potential benefits of so-called complementary and alternative approaches for pain management, such as hypnosis and mindfulness-based interventions. More recently, researchers have been interested in studying the effects of spiritual practices on pain experience as well. These practice...
Article
Full-text available
This study sought to better understand the associations between perfectionistic self- presentation and measures of pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, pain interference, and fatigue in children and adolescents with pain. Two hundred and eighteen adolescents responded to measures of perfectionistic self-presentation (i.e., perfectionistic self-pro...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction Although some philosophers recognize in the loneliness an evolutionary existential process, a 2019 declaration of World Health Organization underlines the major health problem in the worldwide is the perception of state of loneliness. The feeling of loneliness linked to the social isolation (SI) or a lack of social opportunity activate...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate the extent to which pain-related beliefs, appraisals, coping, and catastrophizing differ between countries, language groups, and country economy. Design: Systematic review. Methods: Two independent reviewers searched 15 databases without restriction for date or language of publication. Studies comparing pain beliefs/appr...
Chapter
Full-text available
O objetivo deste capítulo é tecer considerações teóricas e práticas sobre os aspetos que podem constituir a Gestão Processual de Recursos Humanos e a Saúde numa perspetiva maioritariamente ecológica. Organizacionalmente assistimos a um aumento do interesse global com as pessoas, as suas competências e as suas necessidades, contudo a função e os sis...
Poster
Full-text available
Background and aims: Chronic pain is a multidimensional experience associated with psychosocial (e.g. pain-related beliefs and pain coping responses), spiritual and religious factors. Spirituality and religiosity are universal aspects of human experience that are thought to influence pain experience via its effect on pain, physical/psychological fu...
Poster
Full-text available
Background and aims: This systematic review examined the extent to which Religiosity/Spirituality (R/S): (1) are associated with pain, function, pain-related beliefs (beliefs), coping responses and catastrophizing in people with chronic pain; and (2) moderate the association between beliefs, coping and catastrophizing, and pain and function. Metho...
Poster
Full-text available
Background and aims: Spirituality and religiosity (S/R) are universal aspects of human experience that have both benefits and costs on quality of life, well-being and health. Previous research with people with chronic pain supports the beneficial effects of R/S, as R/S are associated with lower pain and better psychological function. Brief, valid a...
Poster
Background and aims: Endometriosis is a significant chronic health condition, affecting about 10% of adult women worldwide. One major symptom of this illness is chronic pain. Both endometriosis itself and pain associated to it greatly impact these patients' well-being. Previous research shows that mindfulness-based interventions may be effective in...
Article
Background and aims Endometriosis is a gynecologic recurring persistent condition affecting from 8% to 15% of premenopausal women worldwide. About 80% of women with endometriosis have at least one form of chronic pain – a multidimensional experience influenced by a number of psychosocial factors, including pain-related beliefs. The Survey of Pain A...
Article
Objective: Chronic pain is a multidimensional experience associated with psychosocial (e.g., pain-related beliefs and pain coping responses) and spiritual factors. Spirituality is a universal aspect of the human experience that has been hypothesized to impact pain experience via its effects on pain, physical/psychological function, resilience and...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic pain is a significant health problem estimated to affect about 20% of the adult world population. It is now considered a multidimensional and subjective experience influenced by psychological and social factors (e.g. mood, beliefs, coping responses). Based on preliminary results it can be hypothesized that culture influence pain experience...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the increasing awareness of the relevance of empathy in patient care, some findings suggest that medical schools may be contributing to the deterioration of students' empathy. Therefore, it is important to clarify the magnitude and direction of changes in empathy during medical school. We employed a scoping review to elucidate trends in stu...
Poster
Background: Physician empathy has been associated with improved patient outcomes. There are two Portuguese student versions of Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE‐S) ‐ one developed in Brazil and another in Portugal ‐ widely used in empathy research in the two countries. The existence of a consensus version would facilitate crosscountry research. Summa...
Article
Full-text available
The ways in which couples in South Europe manage their money has received little attention. This study uses regression analysis to evaluate the allocative systems of Portuguese couples and their predictors. To do this we use a sample of 3,331 households in Portugal with at least one heterosexual couple. Couples' allocative systems were classified b...
Article
Full-text available
Background Empathy is a key aspect of the physician-patient interactions. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) is one of the most used empathy measures of medical students. The development of cross-cultural empathy studies depends on valid and reliable translations of the JSE. This study sought to: (1) adapt and assess the psychometric properties i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Previous longitudinal research about empathy development in undergraduate medical students indicates that self-reported empathy scores during undergraduate medical training: decline or are stable; are higher in female students; are associated with personality traits of openness to experience and agreeableness. This study aims at longitu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Previous studies in different cultural contexts’ show contradictory results concerning the evolution of empathy of undergraduate medical studies. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE-S) is one of the most commonly used self-report measures empathy proving to be valid and reliable across multiple countries and languages, including one tra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A dor crónica é uma experiência multidimensional subjetiva influenciada por fatores biopsicossociais e espirituais. A relação entre estes fatores e a dor está vertida nos modelos biopsicossociais da dor crónica que estão na base do desenvolvimento de programas de intervenção multidisciplinares. Tais programas continuam, contudo, a demonstrar uma ef...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the impact of unemployment on the gender division of house- hold work. A sample of 643 dual full-time employed couples and 160 with an unem- ployed partner was considered. Variance analysis and chi-square tests were performed to analyse the differential impact of the spouses’ employment status on the time devoted to domestic and...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster presented at the 1st Research Day in Medical Education
Article
This paper analyses the impact of unemployment on the gender division of household work. A sample of 643 dual full-time employed couples and 160 with an unemployed partner was considered. Variance analysis and chi-square tests were performed to analyse the differential impact of the spouses’ employment status on the time devoted to domestic and par...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objetivos. Los trabajos previos de investigación sobre la evolución de la empatía durante la formación médica sugieren que ésta disminuye, aumenta o se mantiene. Este trabajo pretende revisar los estudios que evalúan la evolución de la empatía en estudiantes de Medicina de distintos países. Material y métodos. Para realizar esta revisión se siguió...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nas últimas décadas têm-se vindo a multiplicar estudos sobre as formas de gestão dos orçamentos conjugais, com particular ênfase para a relação entre a gestão financeira, as desigualdades de género, e a variabilidade daquela gestão em diferentes épocas e culturas. Em Portugal conhece-se ainda pouco acerca desta realidade. Este estudo visa analisar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ribeiro, R., Frade, C. Coelho, L. & Ferreira-Valente, A. (2015.). Economic Crisis in Portugal: Changes in everyday practices and in family relations. In I. Corrêa da Silva, M. Pignatelli, & S. Viegas (Eds.). Livro de Atas do 1.º Congresso da Associação Internacional de Ciências Sociais e Humanas em Língua Portuguesa 2015 (pp. 5155-5171). Lisbon [Pt...
Article
Current models of chronic pain recognize that psychosocial factors influence pain and the effects of pain on daily life. The role of such factors has been widely studied in English speaking individuals with chronic pain. It is possible that the associations of between such factors and adjustment may be influenced by culture. This study sought to ev...
Conference Paper
In the last three decades, economists and sociologists have been interested in understanding intra-household money management arrangements among couples, its determinants and its implications on marital power, on intra-household inequalities and on the individual well-being within the family. One important contribution to the field has been the wor...
Conference Paper
The gradual integration of Portuguese women in the labor market has enabled remarkable levels of economic autonomy, producing profound transformations in their economic and social roles. In the 1960s, Portuguese women still shared the backward position of Southern European women. The evolution observed since then has brought Portuguese women closer...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic pain is a significant health problem which interferes with patients daily functioning and quality of life. Valid and reliable measures of pain-related interference are needed to provide adequate care to patients and monitor changes in pain and functioning over time. This study sought to evaluate the reliability and validity of a Portuguese...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic pain is a significant health problem which interferes with patients daily functioning and quality of life. Valid and reliable measures of pain-related interference are needed to provide adequate care to patients and monitor changes in pain and functioning over time. This study sought to evaluate the reliability and validity of a Portuguese...
Article
The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Verbal Rating Scale (VRS), and the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R) are among the most commonly used measures of pain intensity in clinical and research settings. Although evidence supports their validity as measures of pain intensity, few studies have compared them with respect to the...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the associations between coping and adjustment to chronic pain in a sample of patients from Portugal and to discuss the findings with respect to published findings from two studies using patients from the United States. Two brief measures of pain coping were translated and administered with measures of physical...