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Alexander J. Wulf

Alexander J. Wulf
SRH Berlin University of Applied Sciences · Berlin School of Management

Professor of Business Law

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43
Publications
9,231
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Introduction
Alexander J. Wulf is a professor of business law at the Berlin School of Management (SRH Berlin University of Applied Sciences). His research interests are the application of empirical methodology to the study of law, the interdependence of law and economics and the relevance of law and legal institutions for the behaviour of businesses. His research focuses particularly on the empirical analysis of European Union commercial law.

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Full-text available
The Common European Sales Law (CESL) is the European Commission’s most recent policy initiative for European contract law. It aims to address the problem that differences between the national contract laws of the Member States may constitute an obstacle for the European Internal Market. This paper develops a model of the institutional competition i...
Article
Full-text available
Between the years 1200 and 1600 economic development in most parts of Europe gained momentum. By the end of this period per capita income in Western Europe (excluding Orthodox countries) was well above the income levels in all other regions of the world. We relate this unique development to the resurrection of Roman law, which went hand in hand wit...
Article
Full-text available
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) of the EU confirms the protection of personal data as a fundamental human right and affords data subjects more control over the way their personal information is processed, shared, and analyzed. However, where data are processed by artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, asserting control and providing...
Article
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Consumer protection shifts risks from consumers to businesses. This raises marginal costs and equilibrium prices. It is justified when markets are not strong enough to allocate contractual risks or accident risks efficiently, especially in cases of severe asymmetric information between suppliers and consumers. Consumer protection can then increase...
Article
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India’s e-commerce market is growing at a rapid pace. Online trade depends on pre-contract information notices to put traders and consumers on an equal footing and ensure that transactions are completed with valid consent and under fair terms. However, past research in Western jurisdictions has shown that online information notices often fail to in...
Article
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Blockchain-and smart-contract technology enhance the effectiveness and automation of business processes. The rising interest in the development of decentralized autonomous organizations (DAO) shows that blockchain technology has the potential to reform business and society. A DAO is an organization wherein business rules are encoded in smart-contra...
Article
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Online information obligations have come under heavy criticism, among other things because they are felt to be too numerous, too long, and insufficiently transparent. To date, empirical research on online disclosures employed quantitative research designs that were restricted to a consumer-centric perspective in pre-contract conclusion scenarios. T...
Article
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The adoption of Artificial Intelligence is steadily increasing, but the underlying algorithms have become so complex that they are no longer transparent. The EU has introduced some modest AI transparency requirements as part of its General Data Protection Regulation. However, two years after their introduction, the effectiveness of these rules rema...
Article
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In some political and economic situations it may be desirable to have a company that operates with a legal structure that is midway between the two extreme poles of privatisation and nationalisation. In such situations none of the existing legal forms for public enterprises creates the institutional conditions necessary for a profitable, collective...
Article
Transparency has occupied a central place in the marketing management literature since the early 2000s, and its rise relates closely to the paradigm shift in corporate marketing, from consumer seduction to consumer engagement. In this paper we address the concept of transparency from the perspectives of law, communication science, and corporate mar...
Chapter
This case study presents a problem which Internet-based companies often face, namely the fact that their terms of service are not sufficiently transparent. When customers fail to understand how a product or service is handled, a company is in a difficult position. On the one hand, it needs to preserve its business model which relies on the processi...
Article
Full-text available
In its drive to prevent market failures and safeguard consumers, the European legislator has embraced the information approach. In the context of online trade, this requires online traders to disclose ever-growing amounts of information to consumers regarding contract terms, the handling of their personal information, and the use of cookies on the...
Chapter
Zwischen 1200 und 1600 setzte sich die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in Westeuropa von der in allen anderen Weltregionen ab. Gegen Ende dieser Periode lag das Pro-Kopf-Einkommensniveau deutlich höher als irgendwo sonst auf der Welt. Wir bringen diese einzigartige Entwicklung in Verbindung mit der Rezeption des römischen Rechts, dem Aufstieg des Kirch...
Chapter
Das Kapitel untersucht die Frage des Rechtsformenmangels für Unternehmen der öffentlichen Hand anhand einer ökonomischen Fallstudie zum krisengeplagten Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg (BER). Die These des Rechtsformenmangels besagt, dass es bestimmte volks- und betriebswirtschaftliche Konstellationen gibt, in denen keine der existierenden Rechtsformen...
Chapter
Ziel dieser Studie ist eine ökonomische Analyse der Folgen der Entkriminalisierung der Ausgabe ungedeckter Schecks in der Türkei. In unserer statistischen Analyse untersuchen wir die Rechtslage bei geplatzten Schecks in drei Phasen: vor 2009, als das Ausstellen ungedeckter Schecks mit Freiheitstrafen belegt war, zwischen 2009 und 2012, als eine tei...
Chapter
In diesem Buch soll mit Hilfe ökonomischer Methoden die Bedeutung des Wirtschaftsrechts für die volkswirtschaftliche Entwicklung und das Wirtschaftsleben betrachtet werden. Um die historische und gegenwärtige Entwicklung des öffentlichen Wirtschaftsrechts, des Wirtschaftsprivatrechts und des Wirtschaftsstrafrechts zu untersuchen, folgt die Untersuc...
Chapter
Das Studium der Rechtswissenschaften ist als eigenständiger Bestandteil in den meisten deutschen Studiengängen der Wirtschaftswissenschaft fest verankert. Dieses Kapitel hat zum Ziel, die Inhalte und Lehrmethoden kritisch zu prüfen, die mehrheitlich in den juristischen Pflichtveranstaltungen im Wirtschaftsstudium verwendet werden. Sowohl Inhalte al...
Chapter
Auf der Grundlage der vorgestellten Untersuchungen sollen nun die Möglichkeiten des Beitrages der Institutionenökonomik und der ökonomischen Analyse des Rechts zum Verständnis der Bedeutung des Wirtschaftsrechts für die volkswirtschaftliche Entwicklung im deutschsprachigen Raum und in Europa diskutiert werden. In den vorgestellten empirischen Analy...
Book
Alexander Wulf betrachtet in diesem Buch mit Hilfe ökonomischer Methoden die Bedeutung des Wirtschaftsrechts für die volkswirtschaftliche Entwicklung und das Wirtschaftsleben. Um die historische und gegenwärtige Entwicklung des öffentlichen Wirtschaftsrechts, des Wirtschaftsprivatrechts und des Wirtschaftsstrafrechts zu erforschen, verwendet der Au...
Chapter
Erratum zu: A. Wulf, Bedeutung des Wirtschaftsrechts für die volkswirtschaftliche Entwicklung, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-22034-1 Folgende Seiten im Buch wurden aktualisiert: Text der Danksagung - S.V-VI Darstellung des Inhaltsverzeichnisses - S. VII - XIV Verzeichnis der Vorveröffentlichungen S. XV und XVII wurde ergänzt Benennung der Autor...
Article
Full-text available
In this essay I present a summary of the historical German Codification debate between Thibaut and Savigny and discuss its relevance for the development of a Uniform Civil Code for India. In the nineteenth century the German jurists Thibaut and Savigny conducted a debate on the need for a common civil code for all German states. In this historical...
Article
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The prosecution of criminal suspects is an integral part of a country's justice system. While substantial scholarly attention has been devoted to the study of the police and judges and their relevance to the rule of law, surprisingly little is known about prosecutors. The aim of this paper is to contribute towards filling this knowledge gap. We fir...
Article
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Law is firmly established as an integral and independent component of most business and economics degree courses. The objective of this article is to examine the contents and teaching methods generally employed in the law courses required for degrees in business and economics. As a rule, both the contents and the teaching methods are adopted from d...
Article
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On October 11th 2011 the European Commission proposed a Common European Sales Law (CESL) for the European Union. One of the main aims of this optional instrument is to help businesses to avoid the complexity associated with dealing with multiple mandatory provisions of their customers’ home jurisdictions. In this study I used one of the datasets pu...
Preprint
Over the last decade empirical legal studies have become a popular subfield of legal research. Legal scholars have increasingly begun to employ social science research methods in their attempts to provide answers to research questions in the field of law. The goal of empirical legal research is to make a contribution to all subjects and phenomena t...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last decade empirical legal studies have become a popular subfield of legal research. Legal scholars have increasingly begun to employ social science research methods in their attempts to provide answers to research questions in the field of law. The goal of empirical legal research is to make a contribution to all subjects and phenomena t...
Article
This essay develops an entrepreneur-oriented theory of risk-taking and innovation that is used to examine the different leadership styles of family business owners. This theory is based on the works of Schumpeter, who mainly focussed on the potential of supply in the competition for innovation, and the works of Hayek, who emphasized the importance...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to carry out an economic analysis of the consequences that arose following the decriminalization of the issuance of bad checks in Turkey. In our statistical analysis we examined the legal situation of bouncing checks in three periods: before 2009 when the issuance of bad checks was subject to imprisonment, between 2009 and...
Article
Full-text available
Das Studium der Rechtswissenschaften ist als eigenständiger Bestandteil in den meisten deutschen Studiengängen der Wirtschaftswissenschaft fest verankert. Der Aufsatz hat zum Ziel, die Inhalte und Lehrmethoden kritisch zu prüfen, die mehrheitlich in den juristischen Pflichtveranstaltungen im Wirtschaftsstudium verwendet werden. Sowohl Inhalte als a...
Chapter
The comprehensive theoretical and empirical analyses presented in the previous two parts of this book have led to some valuable insights on European contract law and an optional European contract code. The theoretical Cycle of European Contract Law model helped to gain a better understanding of the competitive and innovative processes that develop...
Chapter
This chapter investigates whether the described theory of transaction costs can be identified on the basis of the empirical data obtained. It tests whether the theory can be adequately modelled by the two key variables that were derived from the theory, information costs and the suboptimal choice of law costs arising from provisions of the chosen c...
Chapter
In 1989 the European Parliament passed its first resolution on European contract law entitled “Resolution of the European Parliament of May 26, 1989 on action to bring into line the private law of the Member States”. In it the Parliament called for the preparation of a European Civil Code to promote the European Internal Market. In 1994 the Parliam...
Chapter
The binary logistic regression models presented in this section form the main part of the empirical research addressed in this book. The models are used to estimate the main parameters of the Cycle of European Contract Law model with a view to predicting and describing the effects that introducing an optional European contract law would have on con...
Chapter
In international contracting, the contracting parties must choose the applicable contract law and the dispute resolution forum. In the absence of a direct choice in the form of a choice of law and forum selection clause, the applicable law and competent forum are determined by the international conflict of law rules. In the discussion on an optiona...
Chapter
The section 1.3.1, “Requests for Empirical Research”, reveals that many participants in the academic debate on the European contract law have asked for quantitative research on the relevant issues. In the past these issues have been addressed only by a few descriptive surveys. No other relevant secondary data, e.g. quantitative economic data, court...
Chapter
Whether an optional European contract code would in fact be desirable for European contract law can only be judged by assessing its effect on the competition between multiple contract codes on the European market for contract laws. In this section I therefore develop an economic model of the institutional competition in European contract law. The m...
Chapter
Institutional competition has been extensively discussed in the literature on European contract law. This chapter introduces the main findings of this theoretical debate. The findings are not cohesive. There has been disagreement on many of the most important parameters of institutional competition. These disagreements range from whether institutio...
Book
The Commission of the European Union has identified divergences between the national contract laws of the Member States as an obstacle to the completion of the European Internal Market and put this issue on its highest political agenda. Alexander J. Wulf analyses and predicts the effects. The study is situated in the context of the recent developme...
Article
Full-text available
This paper determines the relevance of industrial property rights to the development of innovations in the fashion industry. It examines how the level of innovation can remain high despite a free exchange of intellectual property – fashion designs – within the industry: The importance of innovation for a fashion business in the industry is determi...

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Project
Inquire into functions, effects, determinants of behavior etc.