Alexander Gil

Alexander Gil
Centre for Sport Studies. Rey Juan Carlos University

PhD

About

78
Publications
23,004
Reads
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829
Citations
Citations since 2016
26 Research Items
694 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - November 2017
King Juan Carlos University
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (78)
Article
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate teacher and students’ perspectives on their experiences within three consecutive hybrid sport education and cooperative learning pedagogical model units. Method : Fifty elementary school students ( M age = 10.52; SD age = 0.39) and a 36-year-old male teacher participated in three consecutive hy...
Chapter
El capítulo puede descargarse desde el siguiente enlace: https://zaguan.unizar.es/record/109109
Chapter
Puede descargar gratuitamente el capítulo, así como el libro completo en el siguiente enlace: https://doi.org/10.26754/uz.978-84-18321-22-1 You can download the chapter for free, as well as the complete book (in Spanish) at the following link: https://doi.org/10.26754/uz.978-84-18321-22-1
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to implement a comprehensive teaching program based on the principles of Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) model and questioning, and to assess its consequences for students’ satisfaction of basic psychological needs, motivation, perceptions of ability and intention to be physically active during Physical Educati...
Article
Purpose This study aims to develop a sailing simulation-based therapeutic rehabilitation program for individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI) during the subacute phase of the injury. Methods Participants were 11 patients, aged between 20–56 years (Mage = 42.36, SDage=12.90), who were randomly assigned into experimental group and control group...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of a unit of basketball based on Teaching Games for Understanding model combined with a program of unstructured practice based on small-sided games (experimental group), in comparison to the only application of the unit (control group), on the decision-making and execution in Physical Education st...
Article
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Grounded in self-determination theory, this pre-experimental study analyzed the effects of a hybrid teaching games for understanding/sport education (TGfU/SE) volleyball teaching unit on students’ motivational outcomes, using a mixed-method approach. It also examined whether the intervention was equally effective for boys and girls. Participants we...
Article
As an alternative to the direct instructional model, Metzler proposed a range of pedagogical models that include second generation models such as teaching games for understanding (TGfU) and sport education (SE). These pedagogical models have key design features that can promote high levels of autonomous motivation for both boys and girls. Consequen...
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Grounded in Self-Determination Theory (SDT), this study aims to examine whether the effects of a hybrid Sport Education (SE)/Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) a volleyball teaching unit were equally effective on a set of SDT-related variables according to students’ initial motivations. A pre-experimental pre-/post-test design without a contro...
Article
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The analysis of disciplined behaviors and academic performance in a school context has become one of the main concerns within the educational community. Physical Education is highlighted as a key subject to analyze students’ behavior. Researchers and Physical Education teachers are interested on the motivational processes that predict positive stud...
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The purpose of this study was to identify the existence of Relative Age Effect (RAE) at youth football level in Elite and lower-level clubs in Spain. RAE was also analyzed within each age group of players (U8 to U19) and within each team category considering the sport expertise level (A, B, C and D teams), according to the kind of club. All players...
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Background This study has analyzed the impact of applying a decision training program, in which video-feedback and questioning were used, on the development of decision-making, skill execution and procedural knowledge in basketball players. Methods Participants were eleven male players aged between 12 and 13 years old ( Mage = 12.75, SDage = .65),...
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Purpose: This study analysed the effects of a training intervention programme using principles of Non-Linear Pedagogy (NLP) on the decision making (DM) and performance behaviours (P) of youth footballers. Method: 19 footballers (U12 yrs) participated in 14 training sessions, spread over three phases: Pre-intervention, Intervention, Retention. The i...
Article
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The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of a hybrid teaching games for understanding (TGfU) and sport education (SE) physical education unit on autonomy support, perceived motivational climate, enjoyment and perceived competence, in comparison to a unit delivered via a traditional direct instruction model. A crossover design was util...
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Lack of physical activity is one of the major causes for obesity and functional disability in the elderly. Including regular exercise in the elderly's lifestyle is not an easy task. The main objective was to analyse the effect of a motivational resistance-training programme on satisfying the individual's psychological needs, level of self-determina...
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To optimize players' tactical abilities, coaches need to design training sessions with representative learning tasks, such as, small-sided games. Moreover, it is necessary to adapt the complexity of the tasks to the skill level of the athletes to maximally improve their perceptual, visual and attentive abilities. The objective of this study was to...
Article
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The Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Sport Education (SE) pedagogical models share several objectives and pedagogical processes. Despite this seemingly uncanny relationship, few studies have examined the efficacy of a hybrid TGfU/SE pedagogical model, particularly how a teacher's utilization of such a model impacts on student motivation....
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Studies examining student motivation levels suggest that this is a significant factor in students’ engagement in physical education and may be positively affected when teachers employ alternative pedagogical models such as game-centered approaches (GCAs). The aim of this study was to investigate changes in self-determined motivation of students as...
Article
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This study, grounded in Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2002) was aimed to determine the influence of a cognitive-motivational intervention program, to improve the basic psychological need satisfaction of autonomy and competence, autonomous motivation, procedural knowledge, perceived performance and sport commitment, in youth volley...
Article
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The objective of this study was to apply a decision training programme, based on the use of video-feedback and questioning, in real game time, in order to improve decision-making in volleyball attack actions. A three-phase quasi-experimental design was implemented: Phase A (pre-test), Phase B (Intervention) and Phase C (Retention). The sample was m...
Article
The aim of this research was to analyze the changes in the characteristics of the serve between the male Under-16 Spanish Championships that took place in 2005 and 2010. Through systematic observation 1594 actions were analyzed. The measured variables were: serve zone, effectiveness, serve type, reception zone, in-game role of the receptor, serve d...
Research
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El objetivo de la investigación fue conocer la asociación entre la toma de decisiones y el rendimiento, de jugadores de voleibol, en las acciones finalistas e intermedias, con el resultado del set. Se analizaron 9285 acciones: 4364 acciones intermedias (1454 acciones de recepción, 1377 acciones de colocación y 1548 acciones de defensa), 4921 accion...
Article
El objetivo de la investigación fue conocer la asociación entre la toma de decisiones y el rendimiento, de jugadores de voleibol, en las acciones finalistas e intermedias, con el resultado del set. Se analizaron 9285 acciones: 4364 acciones intermedias (1454 acciones de recepción, 1377 acciones de colocación y 1548 acciones de defensa), 4921 accion...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to compare the procedural knowledge of expert and novice volleyball players, considering that the expert cognitive profile can be used as a reference in the tactical training process of players. The participants in this study included 8 experts and 11 novices. McPherson and Thomas’ verbal protocol instrument was used to acc...
Article
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The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of manipulating different task constraints, such as play space, net height and number of participants on decision-making and efficacy in the attack action in volleyball. A pre-experimental design, in which 22 students aged between 12 and 13 years participated, was implemented. The independent variable...
Article
El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el efecto de manipulación de diferentes condicionantes de la tarea sobre la toma de decisiones y la eficacia de la acción de ataque en voleibol. Se planteó un diseño pre-experimental en el que participaron 22 alumnos de Educación Física con una edad comprendida entre los 12 y 13 años. La variable independiente f...
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-The objective of the study was to develop and apply a tactical-cognitive training program based on the use of video feedback and questioning in real game time, in order to improve tactical knowledge in volleyball. A two-group quasi-experimental design was used with a sample of eight female players (M = 14.8 yr., SD = 0.7), who were divided into an...
Article
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p>El propósito fundamental de este estudio fue analizar el conocimiento procedimental (CP) de los 306 jugadores de voleibol (M: 13.61; DT: .796), participantes en el Campeonato de España de Selecciones Autonómicas de categoría infantil del año 2011, en función de la experiencia federada y el rendimiento en clasificación. La variable dependiente fue...
Article
El objetivo principal de esta investigación fue analizar las características del saque en función del rol de juego en voleibol infantil femenino. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 1229 acciones de saque, correspondientes a la observación de los 18 equipos participantes en el Campeonato España de Selecciones autonómicas en categoría infantil femenino....
Article
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This work evaluates the relationship between quantity and level of competition, and cognitive expertise. To this end, cognitive expertise has been evaluated in Spanish tennis players (N=150) by means of declarative knowledge (DK) and procedural knowledge (PK) levels. DK and PK were assessed through a specific questionnaire (DK/PK-QT; García-Gonzále...
Article
El objetivo fundamental del presente estudio fue analizar el saque de voleibol en etapas de formación en base a la función en juego del jugador sacador y receptor, así como su eficacia, estableciendo además asociaciones entre las variables mencionadas y el género. Para tal fin, se analizaron un total de 1827 acciones de saque pertenecientes al Camp...
Article
El objetivo principal del estudio fue analizar la relación entre el nivel de competición, y el conocimiento declarativo y procedimental en jóvenes jugadores de voleibol. Se planteó un estudio descriptivo correlacional en el que participaron un total de 219 jugadores/as de voleibol de categoría cadete con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 16 años. La v...
Article
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El propósito del estudio fue analizar el conocimiento procedimental, en función de la experiencia y el rendimiento, en jóvenes jugadores de voleibol de categoría cadete. La muestra de estudio estuvo compuesta por un total de 301 jugadores y jugadoras de voleibol, de categoría cadete, con edades comprendidas entre 14-16 años. Dichos jugadores corres...
Article
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The main objective of this research study was to analyse, in volleyball, the prediction level of different serve variables on its efficacy. The sample was comprised of 2038 serve actions, corresponding to 36 female teams participating in the Spanish Championship female in 2010 in the Under-14 and Under-16 categories. The independent variables were:...
Article
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Direct download link: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/sWbwgakVDixymYGkpXUd/full This study examined the effectiveness of a 10-week decision training program on decision making and performance in tennis. Decision training was based on the analysis combining tactical questioning and video feedback about players own actions. A quasi-experimental de...
Article
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The main objective of this study was to identify differences in self-confidence, perception of ability and perceived need of competence between winner and loser teams of young volleyball players. The study sample was composed of 173 Under-16 (M: 14.63, SD: 1.05) participants (74 males, 99 females). The T-test for independent samples showed statisti...
Article
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Resumen: El propósito del estudio fue analizar el conocimiento procedimental, en función de la experiencia y el rendimiento, en jóvenes jugadores de voleibol de categoría cadete. La muestra de estudio estuvo compuesta por un total de 301 jugadores y jugadoras de voleibol, de categoría cadete, con edades comprendidas entre 14-16 años. Dichos jugador...
Article
The aim of the study was to develop a cognitive and emotional profile of athletes in training categories with a high level of performance. Data were obtained from 503 players from the Spanish Championship of Regional Teams U-14 and U-16 categories, aged between 12 and 16 years (M: 14.68, SD: 1.09). Motivation, basic psychological needs, anxiety, pe...
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http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0082270 The importance within sport expertise of cognitive factors has been emphasised in many research studies. Adaptations that take place in athletes' long-term memories are going to condition their decision-making and performance, and training programmes must be developed that i...
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The main objective of the research was to analyze the characteristics of the time-outs requested in the Spanish Championship of Regional Selections in 2010 (Under-14 and Under-16, male and female categories). To this end, 232 timeouts were analyzed, a game of each of the teams participating in the championship was collected. The variables considere...
Article
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Resumen: El propósito del estudio fue analizar el conocimiento procedimental, en función de la experiencia y el rendimiento, en jóvenes jugadores de voleibol de categoría cadete. La muestra de estudio estuvo compuesta por un total de 301 jugadores y jugadoras de voleibol, de categoría cadete, con edades comprendidas entre 14-16 años. Dichos jugador...
Article
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In recent years, a number of quantitative methods have been identified and developed with the specific intent of assisting the objective analysis of athletic performance (Nelson & Groom, 2012). The main aim of this research was to clarify the importance of performance in game actions as determinant of match result in a sample of young volleyball ma...
Article
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The main objective of the research was to analyse the cognitive expertise of volleyball players, according to their level of practice and age, as well as to verify the existing difference in the knowledge of individuals of the same age but with different levels of practice. The study sample was comprised of 535 individuals ages 12 to 16 years. The...
Article
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The main goal of this research was to analyze the relationship between the amount of practice accumulated in training and the level of cognitive expertise achieved by volleyball players who are still training. Another goal was to determine the number of training hours per week needed to improve knowledge significantly. The study´s sample was compos...
Article
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The main objective of the study was to analyze the relationship between level of competition and declarative and procedural knowledge in young volleyball players. We propose a descriptive/correlational study involving 219 players aged between 14 and 16 years. The level of competition (scholar, regional and national) was the independent variable. Wh...
Article
Resumen: El objetivo principal del estudio fue analizar la relación entre el nivel de competición, y el conocimiento declarativo y procedimental en jóvenes jugadores de voleibol. Se planteó un estudio descriptivo correlacional en el que participaron un total de 219 jugadores/as de voleibol de categoría cadete con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 16 a...
Article
Universidad de extremadura Fecha recepción: 13-02-12 Fecha de aceptación: 25-06-12 Resumen El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la influencia de la variable función en juego sobre la percepción de habilidad táctica y el perfil decisional en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. Para ello, la muestra de estudio seleccionada cuenta con un total de 247 sujetos...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to analyze the serve characteristics of volleyball players in formative stages and the relationship with the effectiveness of this technical-tactical action. 1827 serve actions were analyzed. The variables were serve source area, reception area, direction and serve type, being related to the efficacy. The results showed tha...
Article
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The purpose of this research was to determine the serve cognitive profile of experts volleyball players to develop cognitive tools to guide the detection, training and optimization of young sport talents in volleyball. The simple of this study consisted of 13 players of the Women's National Volleyball Team. The variables studied were: procedural kn...
Article
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This works intends to evaluate the importance of different practice and competition variables on the cognitive development of tennis players, specifically in the development of the declarative and procedural knowledge. To do so, two questionnaires have been used applied to 300 players (150 on the school level area, with no competition, and 150 on t...
Article
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The aim of this study is to analyse the influence of a mentoring through reflection programme on decisionmaking during attacks in volleyball players' formative stages. The participants were 8 players from the same team, divided into two groups: an experimental group (n = 4) and a control group (n = 4). The programme consisted of viewing and later r...
Article
Full-text available
ResumenEl propósito del estudio fue analizar la influencia de la experiencia en práctica federada sobre el desarrollo del conocimiento declarativo y procedimental en jugadores de voleibol en categorías de formación. Se ha planteado un estudio descriptivo correlacional en el que han participado un total de 450 jugadores de voleibol. La variable inde...