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Alexander Fekete

Alexander Fekete
TH Köln - University of Applied Sciences · Institute of Rescue Engineering and Civil Protection

Professor

About

182
Publications
65,622
Reads
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2,167
Citations
Citations since 2017
111 Research Items
1702 Citations
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Introduction
2012 - present: Professor of Risk and Crisis Management at TH Köln - University of Applied Sciences, Cologne, Germany. 2009 - 2012 Desk Officer, Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance, Germany 2005 - 2009 Resident Scholar and PhD Candidate at United Nations University - Institute of Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) 1999 - 2005 Student of Geography, Geology and Archaeology at University of Würzburg, Germany
Additional affiliations
December 2012 - present
Technische Hochschule Köln
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
October 2005 - April 2009
United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)
Field of study
April 1999 - June 2005
Universität Würzburg - Geographisches Institut
Field of study

Publications

Publications (182)
Article
Full-text available
At the case study of the city of Cologne and the neighbouring Rhein‐Erft‐Kreis (a county), selected resilience aspects of critical infrastructure (CI) and cascading effects are analysed concerning major river floods. Using a Geographic Information System, the applicability of the approach is demonstrated using open source software and data, augment...
Article
Full-text available
Open Access: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/19/3246 Urban growth and natural hazard events are continuous trends and reliable monitoring is demanded by organisations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, or the United Nations Human Settlements Programme. CORONA is the progra...
Article
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Emergency management services, such as firefighting, rescue teams and ambulances, are all heavily reliant on road networks. However, even for highly industrialised countries such as Germany, and even for large cities, spatial planning tools are lacking for road network interruptions of emergency services. Moreover, dependencies of emergency managem...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Fekete, A.; Bross, L.; Krause, S.; Neisser, F.; Tzavella, K. Bridging Gaps in Minimum Humanitarian Standards and Shelter Planning by Critical Infrastructures. Sustainability 2021, 13, 849. Abstract: Current agendas such as the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction or the Sustainable Development Goals are demanding more integration...
Article
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Participation is an often-demanded process in disaster risk reduction (DRR). However, it is often unclear who understands what under this term. International organizations such as the United Nations have promoted participation in their DRR strategies since the 1980s, but further research is needed on its opportunities and limitations. Here we highl...
Article
Full-text available
Several European countries were affected by severe floods in 2021. At the same time, despite the deployment of vaccines, Europe was the COVID-19 pandemic's epicenter several times during 2021. One research aim of this study is to identify socio-demographic groups vulnerable to floods and whether the groups vulnerable to floods and pandemics overlap...
Technical Report
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Die Hochwasser- oder Flutereignisse aufgrund von Starkregen im Juli 2021 haben in Deutschland und angrenzenden Ländern ein bis dato nicht bekanntes Ausmaß an Todesopfern und Verlusten hinterlassen. Es ist wichtig aus solchen Ereignissen zu lernen, um künftig besser auf solche Situationen vorbereitet zu sein. Dieser Sam-melband beinhaltet Erfahrungs...
Article
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Nowadays, an increasing number of crises worldwide, triggered by climate extremes, natural and human-made hazards, the coronavirus pandemic, and more, pose a high pressure on crisis, emergency, and disaster management. Spatial data and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) are key issues in the successful and immediate response to crises. This p...
Article
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Exposure is an essential component of risk models and describes elements that are endangered by a hazard and susceptible to damage. The associated vulnerability characterizes the likelihood of experiencing damage (which can translate into losses) at a certain level of hazard intensity. Frequently, the compilation of exposure information is the cost...
Article
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New risk geographies are emerging with war and conflict resurfacing, including nuclear threats. This poses challenges to civil protection for conducting risk-informed preparedness planning. A spatial assessment of Germany and Europe is conducted using a geographic information system. Buffer circles of nuclear explosion effects and fallout buffers s...
Article
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Climate change favors the establishment of new pests in Germany, which now find suitable habitats here due to the changed climate. Field locusts occur repeatedly as agricultural pests in southern European countries. Therefore, it is investigated whether the climate change-induced northward shift of warmer zones can create climatically suitable habi...
Article
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Kenya experiences massive urban growth, also into natural hazard-prone areas, exposing settlements and the natural environment to riverine and pluvial floods and other natural hazards. While Nairobi as the capital and principal city has been extensively analysed regarding urban growth and flood hazard in some central parts, awareness of growing per...
Article
Full-text available
One of the key challenges for risk, vulnerability and resilience research is how to address the role of risk perceptions and how perceptions influence behaviour. It remains unclear why people fail to act adaptively to reduce future losses, even when there is ever-richer information available on natural and human-made hazards (flood, drought, etc.)....
Article
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While nuclear power plants (NPP) are built back in Germany, the exposure risk will remain for some time being. This study conducts a geospatial analysis in exposure radii from 5 to 80 km around 41 NPP sites in and around Germany. The results show that 40 out of 113 major cities are exposed, and that vulnerability patterns vary. Foreigners and women...
Chapter
Growing urbanisation and climate extremes prompt urban research on vulnerability and resilience. At the same time, socioecological impacts and interactions are studied in equally affected rural areas as well. However, interlinkages between urban and rural research and vulnerability and resilience also need attention. Mutual interdependencies exist...
Article
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Change triggered by natural hazards such as pluvial and coastal floods, sea-level rise as well as risks resulting from water scarcity are highly dynamic and related to the effects of ongoing climate change. Whether and how societies adapt, adjust, change, or transform because of climate change and related risks, is a currently debated topic. This q...
Chapter
Funktionierendes Krisenmanagement ist eine große Herausforderung für alle – Gesellschaft, Infrastrukturbetreiber, Städte und Kommunen –, da es sowohl an genauen regionalen Kenntnissen über die Gefahren als auch über mögliche Folgen und erforderliche Vorsorge- und Anpassungsmaßnahmen in vielen Bereichen mangelt. Ein Grundsatz der Risiko- und Sicherh...
Chapter
COVID-19 hat den Blick auf den Bereich Lieferkettenabhängigkeit und systemrelevante Berufe geschärft. Beides sind Beispiele aus dem Bereich KRITIS, die auf die zunehmende globale Vernetzung und die Bedeutung von Menschen als Teile einer Infrastruktur hinweisen. Daher sind digitale Unterstützungsprozesse für das Krisen- und Katastrophenmanagement vo...
Article
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This paper examines transformative resilience as the common challenge for urban/regional governance and planning systems in two contrasting contexts from the Global North (Germany) and the Global South (Iran). The aim is to reveal the pathways and trade-offs through which governance and planning systems interactions constrain or open opportunities...
Preprint
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An der bundesweiten Umfrage unter Spontanhelfenden der Flutkatastrophe 2021 haben im Zeitraum vom 28.10.-12.12.2021 über 2500 Personen teilgenommen. Ein herzliches Dankeschön gilt an dieser Stelle Allen, die an dieser Umfrage teilgenommen und bei ihrer Verbreitung mitgewirkt haben! Die Umfrage gibt einen detaillierten Einblick in verschiedene Berei...
Article
Full-text available
Resilience in the urban context can be described as a continuum of absorptive, adaptive, and transformative capacities. The need to move toward a sustainable future and bounce forward after any disruption has led recent urban resilience initiatives to engage with the concept of transformative resilience when and where conventional and top-down resi...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the key challenges for risk, vulnerability, and resilience research is how to address the role of risk perceptions and how perceptions influence behaviour. It remains unclear why people fail to act adaptively to reduce future losses, even when there is ever richer information available on natural and human-made hazards (flood, drought, etc.)...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of climate change risks in support of policymakers to set effective adaptation policies requires an innovative yet rigorous approach towards integrated modelling (IM) of social-ecological systems (SES). Despite continuous advances, IM still faces various challenges that span through both unresolved methodological issues as well as data req...
Article
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Article in BBK Bevölkerungsschutz 4/2021. Pages 38-41. It presents an analysis of the satisfaction of emergency workers and helpers in the 2021 and 2013 flood operations in Germany. In German language
Conference Paper
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The Second ENCORE European conference in October 2021 in Paris, France, has gathered two communities, the Risk Perception and Behaviour Survey of Surveyors (Risk-SoS) and the H2020-DRS01 Cluster on risk perception and adaptive behaviour (a grouping of several Horizon Europe – Disaster Resilient Societies projects, most notably RESILOC, ENGAGE, Risk...
Preprint
Full-text available
Kenya experiences massive urban growth, also into natural hazard-prone areas, exposing settlements and the natural environment to riverine and pluvial floods and other natural hazards. While Nairobi as the capital and principal city has been extensively analysed regarding urban growth and flood hazard in some central parts, awareness of growing per...
Article
Full-text available
Pluvial floods claimed more than 180 lives in Germany in July 2021, when a large and slow-moving storm system affected Germany and many neighbouring countries. The death tolls and damages were the highest since 1962 in Germany, and soon after, the crisis management was under public critique. This study has undertaken an online survey to understand...
Article
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Remote sensing applications of change detection are increasingly in demand for many areas of land use and urbanization, and disaster risk reduction. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the New Urban Agenda by the United Nations call for risk monitoring. This study maps and assesses the urban area changes of 23 Mexican-USA border ci...
Article
Full-text available
Floods are a known natural hazard in Germany, but the amount of precipitation and ensuing high death toll and damages after the events especially from 14 to 15 July 2021 came as a surprise. Almost immediately questions about failure in the early warning chains and the effectiveness of the German response emerged, also internationally. This article...
Technical Report
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Die jüngsten Ereignisse verdeutlichen es drastisch: Wetter-Ausschläge werden extremer. Im Juli 2021 waren es extreme Niederschläge in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Bayern und Sachsen, 2018 und 2019 litt Deutschland unter einer langanhaltenden Trockenheit und Hitze. Jüngere Klimastudien zeigen, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit für beide Extreme z...
Chapter
Water-related hazard events are extreme hydrological phenomena that cause loss of lives, injuries, damage to properties, socio-economic and environmental impacts. Damage can be reduced by using control and mitigation measures that can be classified as structural and non-structural measures. This chapter introduces several, even seldom considered ha...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of earthquake risk, a vulnerability and resilience perspective has changed a purely technological orientation in facing natural hazards. One aspect of this change is the increasing awareness to include indigenous, traditional knowledge, community-based action, and local practices as well as experience from historic events in earthqua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fekete, Alexander (2021) Kritische Infrastrukturen und Bevölkerungsschutz bei Starkregenereignissen. In: Holger Schüttrumpf (Hrsg.) 50. IWASA Internationales Wasserbau-Symposium Aachen 2020. 20. Starkregenforum 9. und 10. Januar 2020. Mitteilungen d. Lehrstuhls u. Instituts f. Wasserbau u. Wasserwirtschaft, RWTH Aachen University – Band 175. 58-65....
Article
Full-text available
The drinking water supply is a core element of national regulations for normal and emergency supply as well as coping with crisis events. Particularly with regard to the interdependence of critical infrastructures means that water supply failures can have far-reaching consequences and endanger the safety of a society, e.g., by impairing hospital op...
Chapter
In 2015, massive earthquakes of 7.8 and 7.4 magnitude struck Nepal. This resulted in severe economic and infrastructural damage, not to mention many human casualties. The government of Nepal has identified 625,000 houses as fully destroyed and 180,000 houses as being partially damaged. This research is a comparative study of traditional-urban, peri...
Article
Full-text available
Die Wasserver- und -entsorgung sind nicht nur Bestandteile der Daseinsvorsorge, beide gehöre auch zu den sog. Kritischen Infrastrukturen (KRITIS), bei deren Ausfall empfindliche Störungen der Grundversorgung und Gefährdungen für Leben und Gesundheit bis hin zur Störung der Öffentlichen Sicherheit resultieren können. Diese Rolle der Wasserwirtschaft...
Article
Full-text available
OPEN ACCESS: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/22/9324 This article explores the relationship between digital transformation and disaster risk. Vulnerability studies aim at differentiating impacts and losses by using fine-grained information from demographic, social, and personal characteristics of humans. With ongoing digital development, these ch...
Article
A common assertion in discussions of flooding is that risk perception is critical and is linked to risk‐mitigating behavior. Furthermore, many assert that the adverse effects of floods could be reduced by changes in risk communication, thereby influencing risk perception to foster mitigating behavior. We argue that these assertions are based on qui...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 2015, a massive earthquake of 7.8 and 7.4 magnitude struck Nepal. This resulted in severe economic and infrastructural damage, not to mention many human casualties. The government of Nepal has identified 625,000 houses as fully destroyed and 180,000 houses as being partially damaged (PDNA Vol B, Post disaster needs assessment – sector reports. G...
Chapter
In 2015, a massive earthquake of 7.8 and 7.4 magnitude struck Nepal. This resulted in severe economic and infrastructural damage, not to mention many human casualties. The government of Nepal has identified 625,000 houses as fully destroyed and 180,000 houses as being partially damaged (PDNA Vol B, Post disaster needs assessment – sector reports. G...
Chapter
Eine umfassende Risikovorsorge für Kritische Infrastrukturen (KRITIS) sollte eine gesamtsystemische Analyse der gegenseitigen Abhängigkeiten beinhalten, um potenzielle Kaskadeneffekte und die Gefahr eines daraus resultierenden (multiplen) Systemversagens angemessen zu berücksichtigen. Bislang nehmen Schutzkonzepte, Risikoanalysen und Risikomanageme...
Book
Full-text available
This volume is a collection of thoughts and ideas around the concepts of resilience and vulnerability related to their application in the context of disaster risk. Each of the chapters can be classified as an essay, a working paper, or simply as a think piece. Irrespective of different contexts and themes they are united as they represent efforts t...
Article
Full-text available
Resilience in relation to flood risk management (FRM) is not a new concept, yet parts of the FRM community are still struggling to apply it. The main challenge this study addresses is the question as to whether parts of the FRM community should still adopt, or rather “leap‐frog,” resilience. The main purpose is to evaluate whether resilience is a s...
Article
Full-text available
Measuring disaster resilience is a key component of successful disaster risk management and climate change adaptation. Quantitative, indicator-based assessments are typically applied to evaluate resilience by combining various indicators of performance into a single composite index. Building upon extensive research on social vulnerability and copin...
Book
Full-text available
Das „Glossar zum Wissensmanagement im Bevölkerungsschutz“ von Norf, Tiller und Fekete (2019) stellt die wesentlichen Begriffe und Konzepte zu Wissensmanagement und seiner Bedeutung für den Bevölkerungsschutz vor. Das Glossar ist ein Ergebnis des Forschungsprojektes WAKE (https://wake-project.eu/), das Lösungsansätze für den bestmöglichen Umgang mit...
Article
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OPEN ACESS: https://doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1370. Critical infrastructure and cascading effects are analyzed in this article as cross‐cutting topics in flood risk and resilience. A concept is developed for integrating aspects of disaster risk, hazard, vulnerability and resilience with critical infrastructure analytic components such as redundancy, rap...
Technical Report
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The 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) prominently feature institutions, both as a cross-cutting issue in many of the goals and as a standalone goal (SDG 16). The World Public Sector Report 2019 looks at national-level developments in relation to several concepts highlighted in the targets of Goal 16, which are viewed as insti...
Article
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Die Jahre 2015 und 2016, in denen eine Vielzahl an Menschen in Europa und ganz besonders in Deutschland Schutz suchten, führten für viele der Behörden und Organisationen mit Sicherheitsaufgaben (BOS) zu den größten und längsten Einsätzen seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg sowie zu gänzlich neuen Herausforderungen. Dies waren u.a. die große Anzahl an zeitgl...
Conference Paper
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Critical Infrastructure (CI) failures are aggravated by cascading effects due to interdependencies between different infrastructure systems and emergency management. Findings of the German, BMBF-funded research project "CIRMin" highlight needs for concrete assessments of such interdependencies. Driven by challenges of limited data and knowledge acc...
Conference Paper
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The European conference in March 2019 in Paris and Cergy, France, has gathered 46 researchers, experts and practitioners from 15 different countries (Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom) and 4 international organisations (European Union,...
Book
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The research project “Critical Infrastructures Resilience as a Minimum Supply Concept” (CIRmin) examines which requirements and possibilities exist on municipal level to overcome and to be prepared for large-scale and long-lasting outages of electric power and water supply systems. A prolonged power outage can have cascading and far-reaching effect...
Article
Künstliche Intelligenz (KI) begegnet einem momentan als Schlagwort in vielen Bereichen, die mit Digitalisierung, Internet, Maschinellem Lernen, Robotik usw. zu tun haben. Es wirkt wie ein neuer Trend, jedoch war es das bereits in den 1970/80er Jahren, mit Vorläufern in der Entwicklung von Computern und Programmiersprachen seit etwa den 1940er Jahre...
Article
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article is available as 'Online First': http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13753-019-0213-1 While social vulnerability assessments (SVA) use spatial indicators and indices that have become state of the art, they also receive substantial critique. This article analyzes, by means of a literature review of 63 articles, if and in which aspects...
Article
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Operationalizing the concept of urban disaster resilience is a major milestone toward understanding both the characteristics that contribute to the resilience of cities to natural hazards and the interactions required to build and sustain it. While the measurement of urban disaster resilience has recently gained much attention, there is so far no o...
Article
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Social vulnerability assessments of disaster risks related to natural or man-made hazards have become state of the art, while not undisputed. One critique—that most assessments are static—is addressed here by analysing indicators over a 10-year period at a research area in Germany using county-level administrative units. The indicators (and an inde...
Conference Paper
The concept of community disaster resilience is an increasingly important discourse on environmental changes and has been under debate on international academic and policy circles over the past decade. While conceptualizing disaster resilience is increasingly seen as a significant and requisite undertaking in hazard mitigation, reduction, and plann...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years, cities have been confronted with increasing risks induced by climate change and natural hazards impacts. The experience gained highlights how cascading failures of critical infrastructures and basic services can affect both inherent and adaptive capacities of cities in time of an adverse event and create post disaster conflicts. At...
Conference Paper
In recent years, cities have been confronted with increasing risks induced by climate change and natural hazards impacts. The experience gained highlights how cascading failures of critical infrastructures and basic services can affect both inherent and adaptive capacities of cities in time of an adverse event and create post disaster conflicts. At...
Chapter
This chapter first goes into the Etymology of the Term “Vulnerability”, then shows up the Historical Development of the Application of “Vulnerability” to Environmental Hazards, along the aspects of Definitions and Components, Who Is Vulnerable? What Is Vulnerable?, Methods and Tools, Considerations for Quantitative Assessments, Consideration for Qu...
Article
Im Umgang mit den Folgen des Klimawandels wird zunehmend häufiger der Begriff Resilienz verwendet. Dabei existieren eine Reihe verschiedener Definitionen ohne eindeutige Charakterisierung und Quantifizierung. Im Hochwasserrisikomanagement steckt die wissenschaftlich fundierte Untersuchung der Resilienz erst in den Kinderschuhen. Dabei sind durchaus...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel soll es darum gehen, im essayistischen Stil so genannte Kritische Infrastrukturen (KRITIS) mit einem besonderen Blick auf Bezüge zwischen Forschung und Anwendungspraxis zu betrachten. In den Fokus rückt dabei die Zeitkritikalität, als eine sowohl für die Geschichtswissenschaften als auch für Forscher und Anwender zahlreicher Fachb...
Article
Full-text available
Authors: Lisa Broß, Celia Norf, Marcel Vondermaßen, Claudia Berchtold, Alexander Fekete, Agnetha Schuchardt, Paul Warnstedt, Andreas Würth Available online (page 35) at https://www.bbk.bund.de/DE/Service/Publikationen/BS-Magazin/BS-magazin_node.html
Article
Hochwasser, Winterstürme aber auch Stromausfälle erzeugen Schäden und Verletzungen nicht nur durch die Gewalt der Natur oder Technik allein. Das Zutun des Menschen ist dabei mindestens ebenso entscheidend, z.B. in Hochwasserbereichen zu bauen und wiederaufzubauen, oder sich gesellschaftlich zunehmend abhängiger von Technologien zu machen. Bereits...
Book
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Der vorliegende Band versucht, einen ersten Überblick über die Inhalte und Wesensmerkmale des noch relativ jungen Studiengangs und Forschungsbereichs Rettungsingenieurwesen an der TH Köln (früher FH Köln) zu schaffen. Damit kann der Sammelband zwar nicht für alle Ausprägungen des „Rettungsingenieurwesens“ (oder Rescue Engineering) auch an anderen H...