Alexander Scott English

Alexander Scott English
Wenzhou-Kean University · College of Liberal Arts

Doctor of Psychology

About

50
Publications
60,750
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,312
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
1307 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Introduction
Dr. Alex English currently works at the School of Psychology at Wenzhou-Kean University. Dr. English does research primarily related to migration patterns internally or internationally related to China. Dr. English has been involved in numerous research projects and also conducts intercultural training programs for expatriates. Dr. English is currently working on a project related 'Coping and the Chinese Context' and "Ecological factors impacting Chinese culture".
Additional affiliations
April 2021 - present
Zhejiang University
Position
  • Research and Teaching
April 2021 - present
Zhejiang University
Position
  • Research and Teaching
April 2021 - present
Zhejiang University
Position
  • Research and Teaching

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
Data recently published in PNAS mapped out regional differences in the tightness of social norms across China [R. Y. J. Chua, K. G. Huang, M. Jin, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 116, 6720–6725 (2019)]. Norms were tighter in developed, urbanized areas and weaker in rural areas. We tested whether historical paddy rice farming has left a legacy on soci...
Article
Full-text available
Significance What explains the striking regional differences in COVID-19 severity around the world? We reveal the role of culture in mask usage, a precautionary measure vital for mitigating the pandemic. Leveraging a dataset of all 3,141 counties of the 50 US states, a dataset of 16,737 individuals in the 50 US states, a dataset of 367,109 individu...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 has drastically altered people’s mask-wearing behaviors around the world. What is unknown is how long will these mask behaviors last even without COVID infections? We observed people in public areas in the megacity of Shanghai, China, to investigate what individual, situational, and locational factors might influence mask use without the p...
Article
Full-text available
In the early days of the coronavirus outbreak, we observed mask use in public among 1,330 people across China. People in regions with a history of farming rice wore masks more often than people in wheat regions. Cultural differences persisted after taking into account objective risk factors such as local COVID cases. The differences fit with the em...
Article
This study is a phenomenological investigation of the emotional challenges of international students experiencing the 76-day lockdown in Wuhan during the early stages of the COVID-19 epidemic in China. This study employed the psychological concepts of stress, fear, and uncertainty to understand international students' risk factors and psychological...
Chapter
This chapter explores academic life experiences among academic faculty members and international students at a large public language university located in Shanghai, China during the COVID-19 pandemic. By using a reflexive narrative approach in teacher research, this chapter adopts Pierre Bourdieu's concepts of the embodied forms of cultural capital...
Article
Full-text available
Cultures responded to the COVID-19 pandemic differently. We investigated cultural differences in mental health during the pandemic. We found regional differences in people’s reports of anxiety in China over two years from 2020 to 2021(N = 1,186). People in areas with a history of rice farming reported more anxiety than people in wheat-farming areas...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the factors that influence attitudes toward the COVID‐19 vaccine by testing 1872 people across 29 provinces in China. We investigated an individual trait (responsibilism) and two situational factors (a descriptive norm and an injunctive norm). Responsibilism is a version of collectivism that emphasizes tight social ties and responsibilit...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic brought unrelenting waves of xenophobia against people representing vulnerable populations, among them those identified as Asians or more specifically as Chinese. Although previous studies have found that some discriminatory actions against overseas Chinese were closely related to mask use during the pandemic,...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID‐19 pandemic may have been a difficult time to join a new organization. Drawing on the feelings‐as‐information theory, this study explores how COVID‐19 lockdown anxiety influenced newcomers' job satisfaction during their first few months of work. We tested 357 new employees working in 84 cities across China. We conducted a longitudinal stu...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The role of community in individuals' well-being has been extensively examined in the Western context. However, little is known about how the host community is related to sojourners' well-being in a crisis in an Asian context. The current study aims at exploring international students' sense of community in the Chinese context under th...
Article
This study explores international faculty members' resilience and the active challenges to establishing coping mechanisms while facing a mental health crisis provoked by the Delta and Omicron lockdowns in China. Grounded in a qualitative approach, this study used a transcendental phenomenological methodology to examine 16 international faculty memb...
Article
The present study explored the link between fear and holistic cognitive style and the moderating role of uncertainty. We examined these effects in a real-life situation: the long-term, global COVID-19 pandemic, which provided a natural context of fear and uncertainty. The current study comprises three studies recruiting N = 1,310 participants. Stud...
Article
This article presents a co-constructive narrative inquiry into the subjectivities of three female graduate student researchers (GSRs) from China, Vietnam, and Finland pursuing academic career paths in comparative and international education (CIE). Two American teacher researchers and their GSRs came to this research committed to collaborative actio...
Article
Full-text available
During the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak, the Chinese diaspora, especially Chinese international students, were subjected to greater stress than others, because they were under pressure from both fear of infection and coping with acculturation (e.g., discrimination). Consequently, more research is needed to understand the anxiety induced by C...
Article
Full-text available
This transcendental phenomenological study explored psychologically traumatic incidents and risk factors among international faculty members (IFMs) who experienced long-term lockdowns during the Delta and Omicron outbreak periods in East China. Based on empirical voices from 18 IFMs in Shanghai, Hangzhou, and Nanjing, this study used trauma-informe...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents a digital ethnography of expats’ survival amid the Shanghai lockdown during the Omicron variant outbreak. This study drew insights from studies on resilience and secondary coping within the context of global migration to comprehend the diverse emotional challenges faced by expats in a series of lockdowns and persistent nucleic a...
Article
Wealthy nations led health preparedness rankings in 2019, yet many poor nations controlled COVID-19 better. We argue that a history of rice farming explains why some societies did better. We outline how traditional rice farming led to tight social norms and low-mobility social networks. These social structures helped coordinate societies against CO...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Purpose: In the context of COVID-19 lockdowns, extant research suggests that secondary coping (a strategy aimed at adjusting oneself self to the stressor) is more robustly associated with better mental health than primary coping (a strategy aimed at adjusting the stressor to oneself). We investigated whether these findings are generaliza...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Vaccination is essential to control the prevalence of COVID-19. However, vaccine hesitancy has been a major issue globally. Some studies have suggested that community outbreaks might boost vaccine uptake. Consistent with that idea, vaccination rates increased dramatically during the first outbreak of the COVID-19 Delta variant in Guangdon...
Article
Purpose This paper attempts to capture how self-initiated expatriates (SIEs) produce and reconstruct “self” and “place” through their own processes of expatriation and career development as mobility becomes a norm under present conditions of globalization. In so doing, the paper reexamines assumptions of previous expatriate adjustment scholarship b...
Article
Full-text available
As the early COVID-19 outbreak sparked xenophobia against people of Asian and Chinese background, we collected data from Chinese migrants worldwide to test how discrimination at a macro-level was perceived by the Chinese during COVID-19 globally. Specifically, we examined (1) whether/how the Chinese migrants were aware of discrimination against the...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnic stereotypes are cognitive markers that are formed and modified because of inter-cultural contact with a new cultural group. There is now much empirical evidence that explicates how stereotypes of ethnic groups can impact individuals' acculturation experiences. However, what is unknown is how previously nonexistent ethnic beliefs are formed a...
Preprint
Full-text available
The US experienced multiple sustained outbreaks of COVID-19 in 2020. From March to November, the spread of COVID-19 in the US showed puzzling patterns: the epicenter drifted from densely populated, Democratic urban centers to sparsely populated, Republican rural areas. We link this pattern to the failure of two measures: social distancing and mask...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has pinpointed that social support from host, co-national, and other international friends plays a pivotal role in successful adaptation to a new culture, yet research on this topic pertaining to China is inadequate. As such, using a cross-sectional sample of sojourners (N =199) in major Chinese cities, the current study examines...
Preprint
Tentative) The US is amongst the worst-performing countries at combating COVID-19. And within the US, red (Republican) states have significantly higher cases per capita than blue (Democratic) states. We use crosscountry , state, and county-level data to provide a comprehensive analysis of economic, political, and psychological factors contributing...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to test whether or not where people come from and move to impacts their method for dealing with stress. We investigated this research question among newcomers crossing between the rice and wheat farming regions in China—south and north China, respectively. New evidence suggests wheat-farming agriculture fosters a coping strategy of...
Article
Full-text available
The current research examines cross-cultural adaptation of sojourners by focusing on an understudied population -- international students in China – and how they coped with perceived discrimination. It had two overall aims: 1) to test whether secondary coping would be effective in reducing the negative effects of perceived discrimination, based on...
Presentation
Full-text available
This project involves more than 30 researchers from 25 countries in more than 15 languages. This is a brief presentation highlighting current phase of data collection with the measures we've been using and overall data collection sites and expected sample sizes. I've also provided some brief expected results or anticipated findings. I am still Data...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a longitudinal study to explore how the relationship between perceived cultural distance, stress- and problem-focused coping strategies may influence socio-cultural adaptation for international students in China. We collected longitudinal data on overseas students during the Fall semester of September 2013. Data were recollected 90 day...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples and settings. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples that comprised 15,305 participants from 36 countries and territories....
Preprint
Full-text available
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance to examine variation in effect magnitudes across sample and setting. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples and 15,305 total participants from 36 countries and territories. Using co...
Article
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples and settings. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples that comprised 15,305 participants from 36 countries and territories....
Book
Full-text available
Each year's CIC Annual was launched as the official publication the China International Communication Annual roundtable which was launched in 2015 in collaboration with Dr. JIANG Fei (then of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, now at Beijing Foreign Studies Univ. BFSU), Dr. Steve Kulich (Shanghai International Studies Univ. SISU) and Dr. AN Ra...
Cover Page
Full-text available
These cover pages provide the Preface, Forward, List of Contributors, and Table of Contents for the China Intercultural Communication Annual (CICA Vol. 2) compiled by the Shanghai Intercultural Communication Institute. The complete contents of the volume are also available on RG under this volume title. ISBN: 978-7-5203-1271-4
Article
Full-text available
Although cross-cultural research suggests that the development and functionality of secondary coping strategies are substantially influenced by the broader cultural context, research findings are not completely conclusive. Some studies indicate that secondary coping is more adaptive for Asian participants compared to Westerners, while others emphas...
Article
Full-text available
For many youth, attending university is their first extended time away from home, and uprooting stress can often lead to distress. The present research examines the impact of uprooting stress on educational Chinese migrants and how students cope with the unanticipated pressure of leaving home. Using a sample of recent first-year students, we employ...
Article
Full-text available
Ethical leadership has been documented as a critical factor influencing employee behavior. This study aims to expand on previous research by investigating how ethical leadership cultivates healthy Chinese guanxi between employees and their supervisors and influences employee organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). We propose that two types of Ch...
Article
Full-text available
In the recent years, there has been a rise in the number of Western students who are studying in China. Governments in China, and in other Western nations are expanding relations because China is currently developing world-class higher education institutions (Hennock, 2012). The present study explores motivations, deterrents and benefits of studyin...
Article
Full-text available
Answering the call for research on coping outside of the Western world, the present study confirms previous research that indicated Asians cope with stress differently from other ethnic groups. In the present study, we explore the stress-coping-adjustment model and its role in acculturation for educational sojourners in the People’s Republic of Chi...
Thesis
Full-text available
The purpose of this research is to investigate the acculturation process of students in a foreign study program in China. The investigation analyzes a newly developed graduate program at a small university in the United States, and provides useful data that will clarify questions about living, working and studying in China. The acculturation proces...

Questions

Question (1)

Network

Cited By