Alexander Baklanov

Alexander Baklanov
World Meteorological Organization | WMO · Science and innovation department

Professor, Dr.Sci., PhD

About

542
Publications
117,425
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
9,178
Citations

Publications

Publications (542)
Article
Full-text available
It is unequivocal that human influence has warmed the planet, which is seriously affecting the planetary health including human health. Adapting climate change should not only be a slogan, but requires a united, holistic action and a paradigm shift from crisis response to an ambitious and integrated approach immediately. Recognizing the urgent need...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses modeling of the atmospheric boundary layer of the city of Almaty (Kazakhstan) in stagnant, environmentally unfavorable conditions using WRF Model. The city is located on the northern slope of Trans-Ili Alatau, where the rate of recurrence of calm and low-wind (1-2 m/sec) days reaches about 80%. All simulations were made for a...
Book
Full-text available
The aim of the "Sand and Dust Storms Compendium: Information and Guidance on Assessing and Addressing the Risks" is to provide information and guidance on how to assess and address the risks posed by sand and dust storms and plan actions to combat sand and dust storms. The Compendium brings together information and guidance from a wide range of sou...
Article
Air pollution is estimated to contribute to approximately 7 million premature deaths, of which around 4.5 million deaths are linked to ambient (outdoor) air pollution (Murray et al. 2020). The deaths attributed to air pollution rank the highest in the Asian Region and thus the implementation of the stricter World Health Organization (WHO) Global Ai...
Article
Full-text available
This review provides a community's perspective on air quality research focusing mainly on developments over the past decade. The article provides perspectives on current and future challenges as well as research needs for selected key topics. While this paper is not an exhaustive review of all research areas in the field of air quality, we have sel...
Article
Full-text available
The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) Science Plan, released in 2015, addressed a need for a holistic system understanding and outlined the most urgent research needs for the rapidly changing Arctic-boreal region. Air quality in China, together with the long-range transport of atmospheric pollutants, was also indicated as one of the most crucial topic...
Article
Full-text available
The results of numerical simulation of atmospheric pollution in Apatity are presented with variations in the dusting area of discrete spatially spaced areas selected randomly and the wind flow velocity. CFD modeling in the volumetric formulation was performed using the COMSOL program. To calculate the aerodynamic characteristics, an incompressible...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected all countries and the global scientific agenda, particularly that of health, economy, environment, geography and geosciences in general. This Special Issue is also a contribution to the global efforts of the scientific community in the analysis of the geography of the COVID-19 pandemic with public health,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dust particles emitted from high latitudes (≥ 50° N and ≥ 40° S, including Arctic as a subregion ≥ 60° N), have a potentially large local, regional, and global significance to climate and environment as short-lived climate forcers, air pollutants and nutrient sources. To understand the multiple impacts of the High Latitude Dust (HLD) on the Earth s...
Article
Full-text available
This global study, which has been coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization Global Atmospheric Watch (WMO/GAW) programme, aims to understand the behaviour of key air pollutant species during the COVID-19 pandemic period of exceptionally low emissions across the globe. We investigated the effects of the differences in both emissions and r...
Preprint
Full-text available
The risks associated with airborne soil particles (dust) are often underappreciated, and the gap between the knowledge pool and public awareness can be costly for society. This study reviews the emission, chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of dust and its effects on human and environmental health and safety in the Americas. American...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Enviro-HIRLAM (Environment - HIgh Resolution Limited Area Model) is seamless/ online integrated numerical weather prediction (NWP) and atmospheric chemical transport (ACT) modelling system capable to simulate simultaneously meteorology – atmospheric composition on multi-scales ranging from regional to subregional – urban scales.
Preprint
Full-text available
This review provides a community's perspective on air quality research focussing mainly on developments over the past decade. The article provides perspectives on current and future challenges as well as research needs for selected key topics. While this paper is not an exhaustive review of all research areas in the field of air quality, we have se...
Article
Full-text available
Research aim is to estimate levels of atmospheric pollution in the city of Apatity by numerical modeling, depending on discrete locations of the changing number of randomly selected dusting areas, and the wind flow velocity. Methods of research. Computer simulation of aerodynamics and dust transport in three-dimensional geometry is performed using...
Article
In this study, the downscaling modeling chain for prediction of weather and atmospheric composition is described and evaluated against observations. The chain consists of interfacing models for forecasting at different spatiotemporal scales that run in a semi-operational mode. The forecasts were performed for European (EU) regional and Danish (DK)...
Article
Full-text available
The WMO Global Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System (SDS-WAS) is intended to provide continuous and improved SDS operational forecasts as well as to facilitate international coordinated SDS research in the earth-system science domain, fostering the seamless forecast of SDSs, air quality and chemical weather. It is also expecte...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) Science Plan, released in 2015, addressed a need for a holistic system understanding and outlined the most urgent research needs for sustainable development in the Artic-boreal region. Air quality in China and long-range transport of the atmospheric pollutants was also indicated as one of the most crucial topics o...
Article
Full-text available
O fogo na vegetação, incluindo a aplicação do fogo no uso da terra e na mudança de uso da terra, assim como os incêndios florestais, afetam o funcionamento do sistema terrestre e impõem ameaças significativas à saúde e segurança públicas. Este documento apresenta o conceito de um Sistema de Avaliação e Alerta de Poluição causada por Fumaça decorren...
Article
Full-text available
Sustaining urban environmental quality requires effective policy measures that integrate local monitoring and contextualized high-resolution modelling with actionable scenarios. Knowledgeable decision making in this field can nowadays be supported by an array of atmospheric models, but their transfer into an Integrated Urban hydrometeorological, cl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
For this volume, a survey was conducted among WMO Members in 2018 to judge the level of service provision in each area, the extent to which users and providers collaborate and the status of urban services currently provided. The common hazards that require Integrated Urban Services are identified as heavy rainfall, flooding, windstorms, tropical st...
Article
The problem of air pollution in Almaty city in stagnant weather conditions is considered. Such conditions are so frequent, because the city is located at the foothills of the mountain range of Ile Alatau. The WRF-Chem complex model is used for the analysis and allows a high-detail simulation both of the atmospheric circulation and the transport of...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this study, the downscaling modelling chain for prediction of weather and atmospheric composition is described and evaluated against observations. The chain consists of interfaced models for forecasting at different spatio-temporal scales and run in a semi-operational mode. The forecasts were performed for European (EU) regional and Danish (DK)...
Chapter
This chapter describes a new World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) approach to the provision of science-based services to assist the planning of safe, healthy, resilient and climate-friendly cities. The approach is outlined in full in the WMO Guidance on Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environmental Services. Volume I, Concepts...
Article
Full-text available
Global assessments of air quality and health require comprehensive estimates of the exposures to air pollution that are experienced by populations in every country. However, there are many countries in which measurements from ground-based monitoring are sparse or non-existent, with quality-control and representativeness providing additional challen...
Article
Full-text available
Frequent surface-based inversions are persistent features of climate in the Arctic and, in particular, in its Russian part. Most favourable conditions for temperature inversion formation during the winter period in this region are observed. Surface-based inversions formed in cities are most interesting for research, because of their impact on peopl...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of and interest to research and investigations of atmospheric composition and its modeling for different applications are substantially increased. Air quality forecast (AQF) and assessment systems help decision makers to improve air quality and public health, mitigate the occurrence of acute air pollution episodes, particularly in ur...
Book
Full-text available
Capacity development of Chemical Weather and Air Quality Forecasting (CW-AQF) attracts considerable attention from research communities and governments worldwide for a number of reasons. Increasing numbers of human mortality rates due to human exposure to ambient and indoor air pollution are reported. Recent scientific advancements in numerical wea...
Article
Full-text available
Research aim is to estimate atmospheric pollution levels in the town of Apatity, by numerical simulation, depending on the discrete arrangement of dust sources at the tailing dump closest to the town and the speed of wind flow. Methodology. For computer 3D modeling, the COMSOL software was used. To calculate the aerodynamic properties the approach...
Article
Abstract As a solution for the increasing energy demand in Jordan, nuclear power was recommended for the energy mix at the national level. However, investigations of the meteorological conditions and mass transfer have never been conducted and reported earlier based on typical Jordanian conditions in order to have prior knowledge in case of a futur...
Article
Rapid urbanization combined with climate change necessitates new types of urban services that make best use of science and technology. The Integrated Urban Hydro-Meteorological, Climate and Environmental Services and systems are a new initiative from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) that seeks to provide science-based integrated urban se...
Article
Integrated Urban hydrometeorological, climate and environmental Services (IUS) is a WMO initiative to aid development of science-based services to support safe, healthy, resilient and climate friendly cities. Guidance for Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environmental Services (Volume I) has been developed with the intent to provid...
Article
Full-text available
Information about distribution of pollen sources, i.e. their presence and abundance in a specific region, is important, especially when atmospheric transport models are applied to forecast pollen concentrations. The goal of this study is to evaluate three pollen source maps using an atmospheric transport model and study the effect on the model resu...
Chapter
Arctic warming changes not only natural landscapes in polar latitudes but also brings relatively warm summer episodes in cities. In this study the results of the modeling research of the thermal comfort of Apatity town with population about 57 000 inhabitants (the fifth among the biggest cities, located to the North from the Arctic circle), situate...
Chapter
Full-text available
The International Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) has recently envisioned a number of detrimental environmental effects and challenges that will emerge with the global warming in excess of the 1.5 o C limit set by the Paris Agreement. The Arctic was mentioned as a particularly vulnerable region on the Earth with rapid and amplified warming affectin...
Conference Paper
The WUDAPT (World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools project goal is to generate consistent information on urban form and function for cities worldwide that can support a wide range of “fit for purpose” urban weather, climate, hydrology and air quality analyses and modeling on a variety of scales. The latest developments are designed to generat...
Article
Full-text available
Information about distribution of pollen sources, i.e. their presence and abundance in a specific region, is important especially when atmospheric transport models are applied to forecast pollen concentrations. The goal of this study is to evaluate three pollen source maps using an atmospheric transport model and study the effect on the model resul...
Article
The WUDAPT (World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools project goal is to capture consistent information on urban form and function for cities worldwide that can support urban weather, climate, hydrology and air quality modeling. These data are provided as urban canopy parameters (UCPs) as used by weather, climate and air quality models to simula...
Article
Full-text available
Non-technical summary Manhattan, Berlin and New Delhi all need to take action to adapt to climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. While case studies on these cities provide valuable insights, comparability and scalability remain sidelined. It is therefore timely to review the state-of-the-art in data infrastructures, including earth...
Article
Full-text available
The Arctic has rapidly urbanized in recent decades with 2 million people currently living in more than a hundred cities north of 65∘ N. These cities have a harsh but sensitive climate and warming here is the principle driver of destructive thawing, water leakages, air pollution and other detrimental environmental impacts. This study reports on the...
Article
Full-text available
The Arctic has rapidly urbanized in recent decades with two million people currently living in more than a hundred cities north of 65°N. These cities have a harsh but sensitive climate and warming here is the principle driver of destructive thawing, water leakages, air pollution, and other detrimental environmental impacts. This study reports on th...
Article
Full-text available
Numerical prediction of aerosol particle properties has become an important activity at many research and operational weather centres due to growing interest from a diverse set of stakeholders, such as air quality regulatory bodies, aviation and military authorities, solar energy plant managers, providers of climate services, and health professiona...
Article
Full-text available
Atmospheric aerosols modify the radiative budget of the Earth due to their optical, microphysical and chemical properties, and are considered one of the most uncertain climate forcing agents. In order to characterise the uncertainties associated with satellite and modelling approaches to represent aerosol optical properties, mainly aerosol optical...
Article
Full-text available
This study is devoted to investigation of total deposition and loading patterns for population of the North-West Russia and Scandinavian countries due to continuous emissions (following “mild emission scenario”) of sulphates from the Cu-Ni smelters (Severonikel enterprise, Murmansk region, Russia). The Lagrangian long-range dispersion model (Danish...
Article
Full-text available
The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) program was initiated as a bottom-up approach by the researchers coming from Finland and Russia in October 2012. The PEEX China kick off meeting was held in November 2013. During its five years in operation, the program has established a governance structure and delivered a science plan for the Northern Eurasian r...
Article
Full-text available
The World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT) is an international community-based initiative to acquire and disseminate climate relevant data on the physical geographies of cities for modeling and analysis purposes. The current lacuna of globally consistent information on cities is a major impediment to urban climate science toward info...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the analysis of existing approaches for assessing the horizontal and vertical fluxes of mass with a dusting of surfaces (deserts, tailing dumps, etc.) the range of the most acceptable and recognized dependence of Semenov O. E., dependence of Westphal et al., DEAD scheme, GOCART scheme) approaches has been defined. Simple and logical transi...
Article
Full-text available
Atmospheric aerosols modify the radiative budget of the Earth due to their optical, microphysical and chemical properties, and are considered one of the most uncertain forcing agents. In order to characterise the uncertainties associated with satellite and modelling approaches to represent aerosol optical properties, their representation by differe...
Article
Full-text available
The climate effect of atmospheric aerosols is associated with their influence on the radiative budget of the Earth due to the direct aerosol–radiation interactions (ARIs) and indirect effects, resulting from aerosol–cloud–radiation interactions (ACIs). Online coupled meteorology–chemistry models permit the description of these effects on the basis...
Article
Full-text available
The Environment – High Resolution Limited Area Model (Enviro-HIRLAM) is developed as a fully online integrated numerical weather prediction (NWP) and atmospheric chemical transport (ACT) model for research and forecasting of joint meteorological, chemical and biological weather. The integrated modelling system is developed by the Danish Meteorologi...
Article
Full-text available
Accelerating growth of urban populations, especially in developing countries, has become a driving force of human development. Crowded cities are centres of creativity and economic progress, but polluted air, flooding and other climate impacts, means they also face major weather, climate and environment-related challenges. Increasingly dense, compl...