Alessio Iannucci

Alessio Iannucci
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Earth Sciences

PhD

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40
Publications
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111
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
The Miocene-Pliocene (Turolian-Ruscinian) transition represents a fundamental interval in the evolution of Euro-Mediterranean paleocommunities. In fact, the paleoenvironmental changes connected with the end of the Messinian salinity crisis are reflected by a major renewal in mammal faunal assemblages. An important bioevent among terrestrial large m...
Article
The giant, short-faced hyena Pachycrocuta brevirostris was the largest Hyaenidae ever existed and the one that perfectly embodied the distinctive bone-cracking adaptations of this mammal family. Its dispersal into Europe is regarded as a biochronological marker of the Late Villafranchian at ~2.0 Ma, and its potential ecological interactions with ot...
Article
Suidae remains recovered from the late Pliocene site of Collepardo (Latium, central Italy) are described and assigned to Sus arvernensis, a small-sized Ruscinian to Early Villafranchian (MN14-MN16a) species. In Italy, S. arvernensis only occurs in the Triversa Faunal Unit (MN16a), supporting the recently revised chronology of Collepardo. CT-scan me...
Article
Full-text available
The extant wild boar Sus scrofa has one of the largest geographical range of all mammals, and from its appearance in the late Early Pleistocene (Epivillafranchian) it is also widely represented in the European fossil record. Early forms of the species were larger than Late Pleistocene ones, but neither the chronology nor the causes of the size redu...
Article
Full-text available
Notarchirico (Southern Italy) has yielded the earliest evidence of Acheulean settlement in Italy and four older occupation levels have recently been unearthed, including one with bifaces, extending the roots of the Acheulean in Italy even further back in time. New 40Ar/39Ar on tephras and ESR dates on bleached quartz securely and accurately place t...
Article
Full-text available
During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and palaeontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to the Last Interglacial (MISs 5e) and the oldest unearthed eviden...
Presentation
Grotta Romanelli è una cavità carsica localizzata nel sud-est della Puglia nel comune di Castro (Lecce), inserito nel Parco Naturale Regionale Costa Otranto S.M. di Leuca - Bosco di Tricase. In questa area sono presenti numerose grotte, i cui depositi rappresentano un esteso archivio di dati paleontologici, archeologici e paleoclimatici . Grotta Ro...
Chapter
New and previously discussed suid remains recovered from Untermassfeld (Thuringia, Germany) are described. The late Early Pleistocene site of Untermassfeld yielded one of the most abundant samples of Epivillafranchian suids, and yet only a minimum number of 6 individuals has been identified. Untermassfeld suids have been considered the first repres...
Chapter
Here we describe the remains of the giant hyena Pachycrocuta brevirostris (Gervais, 1850) recovered from the site of Untermassfeld (Thuringia, Germany), representing the most abundant European sample of this widespread and iconic carnivoran. The morphological description provides insights on the variability of the species in comparison to other ext...
Preprint
During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and palaeontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to MISs 5e and the oldest unearthed evidence of human occupation,...
Conference Paper
New fieldwork activities at Grotta Romanelli started in 2015, coordinated by Sapienza, University of Rome and in collaboration with IGAG CNR and other research institutions. This coastal cave, located in the administrative territory of the Castro municipality, within the Otranto-Santa Maria di Leuca Coast and Tricase Woods regional natural parks (L...
Conference Paper
The Roman territory and its surroundings represent one of most important areas for the study of the European Middle Pleistocene mammal paleocommunities. Since the 19th century, thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from a considerable number of localities of the Roman Campaign (Campagna Romana) or within the city. Unfortunately, the m...
Conference Paper
Grotta Romanelli is a coastal cave inhabited by humans since the Middle Pleistocene and considered a symbol of the Palaeolithic period in Europe. The site, facing the Ionian Sea, is located in the administrative territory of the Castro (Lecce) municipality, at the south-eastern extremity of Apulia.This area, also known as Salentine Peninsula, docum...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we describe a partial cranium of a large canid dated at 406.5 ± 2.4 ka from the Middle Pleistocene of Ponte Galeria (Rome, Italy). The sample represents one of the few Middle Pleistocene remains of a wolf-like canid falling within the timeframe when the Canis mosbachensis–Canis lupus transition occurred, a key moment to understand the spread...
Article
Full-text available
The wild boar, Sus scrofa, is one of the most successful large mammals in terms of geographic distribution. Along with its domestic descendant, the pig, they are extremely important animals for conservation, economy, human sustenance, and well-being. Naming wild and domestic pigs in a way that allows them to be distinguished effectively and unambig...
Article
The Suidae from the late Miocene of Alsótelekes (northeastern Hungary, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county) are described and assigned to Propotamochoerus palaeochoerus (Suinae) and cf. Parachleuastochoerus (Tetraconodontinae). The co-occurrence of these two taxa agrees with a reference to the early Vallesian (MN 9), as previously indicated from biochronol...
Article
Grotta Romanelli can be counted among the most interesting sites for the late Upper Palaeolithic of the Mediterranean area, since returned a consistent record of lithic artefacts, faunal remains, mobiliary and parietal art, and human fossils which represent the least-known materials from the context. The resumption of the investigations in 2015, af...
Article
An updated description and revision of a left hemimandible assigned to Hyaenictitherium namaquensis, a dog-like hyaena from the late Miocene locality of As Sahabi (Libya, North Africa), is here provided. This fossil is part of the historical collection discovered by Carlo Petrocchi, the Italian researcher who excavated the site in the 1930s. The As...
Article
The karst fissures known as “ventarole”, located in the Salentine Peninsula (southernmost part of Apulia, Italy), were first studied by Mirigliano in 1941. These fissures are generally filled with reddish sediments or “terre rosse” in the lower part, and with brownish sediments or “terre brune” in the upper one. Both deposits are particularly rich...
Article
The Ponte Galeria area within the city of Rome has yielded numerous fossiliferous localities that represent a reference point for the study of the European Middle Pleistocene ecosystems. Within Ponte Galeria a rich collection of fossil mammals has been unearthed from Cava di Breccia – Casal Selce 2 (MIS 15) thus the site represents an optimal labor...
Article
Full-text available
Here we describe fossil mammal remains recovered from the late Middle Pleistocene (MIS 11) of Fontignano 2 (Rome, central Italy). Two species are recognized: the aurochs Bos primigenius and the red deer Cervus elaphus. The presence of B. primigenius represents one of the earliest diagnostic evidence of the species. Conversely, remains of C. elaphus...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, the Middle Pleistocene mammal assemblage from Ponte Molle, a historical locality of the urban area of Rome, has been revised together with a review of the stratigraphical succession of the deposit. This allows us to reconstruct the provenance of the fossil material and to provide chronological constrains trough the correlation with th...
Article
Full-text available
A river otter hemimandible has been rediscovered during the revision of the historical collections of G.A. Blanc from Grotta Romanelli, complementing the ongoing multidisciplinary research fieldwork on the site. The specimen, recovered from the level G (“terre rosse”; early Late Pleistocene or late Middle Pleistocene), is here assigned to Lutra lut...
Article
Full-text available
Herein we describe a fragment of a mandible with a deciduous fourth premolar (dp4) from the Early Pleistocene locality of Dunaalmás, representing the first confirmed report of Sus strozzii from Hungary. The comparison of dp4 measurements supports a statistically significant distinction between S. strozzii and Sus scrofa. The two species overlap in...
Presentation
Full-text available
Grotta Romanelli, located on the Adriatic coast of the Apulian Region, was discovered in 1874 but only in 1900 was recognised as a site of remarkable importance becoming the first report of the Late Palaeolithic in Italy. The stratigraphic succession can be subdivided in two main parts: the upper and the lower complexes divided by the stalagmitic...

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Project (1)
Project
Dear Colleagues, We would like to invite you to submit your abstracts to the session "Mammals Biochronology and Palaeoecology of the Euro-Mediterranean Quaternary". The session (#135) will be part of the Scientific theme 4A: "Response of biota to palaeoenvironmental changes", during the upcoming INQUA 2023 (International Union For Quaternary Research) conference, to be held on 13th - 20th July 2023 in Rome. DEADLINE ABSTRACT SUBMISSION: 1 November 2022 Abstract: The Quaternary is a time of fundamental climatic shifts and environmental changes that highlight the need for a thorough investigation from different perspectives and at multiple scales to disentangle the factors involved in the response of the biota. In turn, recognising bioevents (e.g., dispersal or extinction of species) and relating them to geological time is crucial for correlating changes between distant geographic regions. The mammalian fossil record is widely used for biochronological correlations and palaeoecological reconstructions of the Euro-Mediterranean region, and represents, an especially important proxy for inferring the timing, pattern and palaeoenvironmental context of the earliest hominins dispersals into Europe. Research in the response of mammals to the palaeoenvironmental changes of the Euro-Mediterranean Quaternary and developing a consistent and precise pan-European biochronological framework require a thoughtful integration of data and schemes from different geographic areas. This is especially relevant considering the wealth of new discoveries of the last decades and the semantic and conceptual differences in the use of biochronological terms, like Mammal Ages (e.g., Villafranchian and Galerian). This session invites contributions on the evolution of mammal communities and ecosystems, the identification and definition of bioevents, including taxonomic studies, and the discussion of their broader biochronological and palaeoecological significance. Conveners: Raffaele Sardella, Department of Earth Sciences (PaleoFactory lab.), Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, raffaele.sardella@uniroma1.it; Alessio Iannucci, Department of Earth Sciences (PaleoFactory lab.), Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, alessio.iannucci@uniroma1.it; George E. Konidaris, Palaeoanthropology, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment, Germany, georgios.konidaris@uni-tuebingen.de; Dimitris S. Kostopoulos, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessloniki, Greece, dkostop@geo.auth.gr; Joan Madurell-Malapeira, Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain, joan.madurell@uab.cat Further information: https://inquaroma2023.org/ Should you have any question let us know, We look forward to receiving your contributions and meeting you in Rome! All the best, The conveners