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  • Alessio Fini
Alessio Fini

Alessio Fini
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Production, Landscape, Agroenergy

About

98
Publications
49,729
Reads
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2,575
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - present
University of Milan
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2014 - February 2017
University of Florence
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Climate change in the urban environment Arboriculture Urban Arboricultulture
November 2012 - February 2017
University of Florence
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
This research investigated the effects of impermeable pavements, permeable pavers, and permeable concrete on growth, physiology, and ecosystem services provisioning of established Celtis australis and Fraxinus ornus plants over a 5-year-period. In March 2012, 48 trees were planted into 1 m² planting pits according to a randomized block design with...
Article
Full-text available
The history of urban food forests (UFFs) dates back to ancient times, when civilizations incorporated edible species into wild forests to create an ecosystem as natural as and self-sufficient as possible. Since the second half of the 20th century, the practices of integrating edible plants into ornamental landscapes have spread throughout the world...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to extend the existing knowledge on air quality improvement by the arboreal–shrub heritage. The PM accumulation (PM10–100, PM2.5–10, and PM0.2–2.5 (µg·cm−2)) was measured with consolidated gravimetric techniques during spring, summer, and fall for 2160 leaf samples belonging to the basal, median, and apical part of the crown of 1...
Article
Full-text available
Carotenoids and phenylpropanoids play a dual role of limiting and countering photooxidative stress. We hypothesize that their “antioxidant” function is prominent in plants exposed to summer drought, when climatic conditions exacerbate the light stress. To test this, we conducted a field study on Phillyrea latifolia, a Mediterranean evergreen shrub,...
Article
Full-text available
Whether flavonoids play significant antioxidant roles in plants challenged by photooxidative stress of different origin has been largely debated over the last few decades. A critical review of the pertinent literature and our experimentation as well, based on a free-of-scale approach, support an important antioxidant function served by flavonoids i...
Article
Anthocyanins have long been suggested as having great potential in offering photoprotection to plants facing high light irradiance. Nonetheless, their effective ability in protecting the photosynthetic apparatus from supernumerary photons has been questioned by some authors, based upon the inexact belief that anthocyanins almost exclusively absorb...
Article
Full-text available
It is known that the urban environment amplifies the effects of climate change, sometimes with disastrous consequences that put people at risk. These aspects can be affected by urban vegetation and planting design but, while there are thousands of papers related to the effects of climate change, a relatively limited number of them are directly aime...
Article
Excavation within the root-zone of urban trees is increasing rapidly in compact cities for the installation and repair of belowground infrastructures, but research on excavation damages is mostly limited to the assessment of their effects on growth and dieback, while effects on physiology and long-term stability are still elusive. This experiment w...
Article
Trees in Mediterranean areas frequently face severe drought stress events, due to sudden decreases in soil water availability associated to intense heat waves. The knowledge of strategies adopted by plants to cope with the environmental pressures associated to Mediterranean climate is crucial for reforestation strategies and planning future urban g...
Article
After an unpreceded physical separation occurred since the Industrial revolution, at present there is growing understanding that depriving humans from their connections with nature reduces mental, physical and social well-being. Accordingly, urban edible landscaping is now booming worldwide but, although UE is adopting policies supporting food prod...
Article
After an unpreceded physical separation occurred since the Industrial revolution, at present there is growing understanding that depriving humans from their connections with nature reduces mental, physical and social well-being. Accordingly, urban edible landscaping is now booming worldwide but, although UE is adopting policies supporting food prod...
Article
More than half of the world population lives nowadays in urban areas and that’s the reason why the quality of the urban environment has become a key issue for human health. In this context, it is important to estimate and document any action that contributes to improving thermal comfort and air quality. The aim of this paper is to present a system...
Article
Full-text available
Key words: bluegreen infrastructure, rain gardens, urban stormwater runoff, water sensi ve urban design. Abstract: Several laboratory studies have shown the ability of bioreten on sys tems to remove pollutants from stormwater. However, to our knowledge, no exis ng research has addressed the use of ornamental shrubs for improving water quality in bi...
Article
Over the past decades, introduction of many fast-growing hygrophilic, and economically valuable plants into xeric environments has occurred. However, production and even survival of these species may be threatened by harsh climatic conditions unless an effective physiological and metabolic plasticity is available. Moringa oleifera Lam., a multipurp...
Article
Full-text available
The old observation that plants preferentially synthesize flavonoids with respect to the wide range of phenylpropanoid structures when exposed to high doses of UV-B radiation has supported the view that flavonoids are primarily involved in absorbing the shortest solar wavelengths in photoprotection. However, there is compelling evidence that the bi...
Article
Leaf deposition of PM10–100, PM2.5–10, PM0.2–2.5 and of 21 elements was investigated in a roadside vegetation barrier formed by i) two evergreen shrub species (Photinia × fraseri, Viburnum lucidum), with ii) two planting densities (0.5, 1.0 plant m−2), at iii) three distances from the road (2.0, 5.5, 9.0 m), at iv) two heights from the ground (1.5,...
Article
Full-text available
The functional reasons for isoprene emission are still a matter of hot debate. It was hypothesized that isoprene biosynthesis evolved as an ancestral mechanism in plants adapted to high water availability, to cope with transient and recurrent oxidative stresses during their water-to-land transition. There is a tight association between isoprene emi...
Article
Full-text available
Photosynthetic performance and the expression of genes involved in light signaling and the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and phenylpropanoids were analysed in green ('Tigullio', TIG) and red ('Red Rubin', RR) basil. The aim was to detect the physiological and molecular response mechanisms to high sunlight. The attenuation of blue-green light by epide...
Article
Soil sealing is one of the most pervasive forms of soil degradation that follows urbanization and, despite innovative pavements (i.e. pervious) are being installed in urban areas to mitigate it, there is little research on the effects of pervious pavements on soil water and carbon cycle and on the physiology of urban trees. The aim of this 4-year e...
Book
More than half of the world’s population now lives in cities. Creating sustainable, healthy and aesthetic urban environments is therefore a major policy goal and research agenda. This comprehensive handbook provides a global overview of the state of the art and science of urban forestry. It describes the multiple roles and benefits of urban green a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
raccolto in oltre 100 schede informazioni relative a specie arboree ornamentali pensate allo scopo di aiutare e indirizzare pianificatori e municipalità verso una progettazione funzionale del verde urbano. Nelle schede, sono riportate informazioni sugli aspetti dimensionali, sulla tolleranza alle condizioni del suolo, ai patogeni e agli stress abio...
Article
Full-text available
Three independent experiments assessed CO2 assimilation and metals leaf deposition of seven evergreen shrub species (Arbutus unedo L., Elaeagnus × ebbingei L., Laurus nobilis L., Ligustrum japonicum Thunb., Photinia × fraseri Dress., Viburnum tinus subsp. lucidum L., and Viburnum tinus subsp. tinus L.). CO2 assimilation and carbon allocation were d...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of mixed compost as mulching material on growth and physiology of newly planted elm trees were evaluated over a three-year period after planting in an urban park. Trees mulched with compost generally had greater height (+10% and +19% for 5 cm layer and 10 cm layer treatments, respectively, if compared to control), trunk diameter (+13% a...
Article
Full-text available
Two-year-old Tilia cordata, Acer campestre and Quercus robur were inoculated, or not, with species specific mycorrhizal fungi and fertilized yearly with either 3 or 1 kg m-3 of a controlled release fertilizer. Plants were grown for 2 years in 3-L containers, and then were planted in a loam soil without any additional fertilization and irrigation. M...
Article
Full-text available
Tree production in containers has increased in recent years as this nursery technique makes it possible to year round. Conventional smooth-walled containers can result in low-quality root systems if roots become concentrated against the sidewall, poorly utilise most of the soil volume available within the container, girdle within the container wall...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to modify mesophyll conductance (gm ) in response to changes in irradiance may be a component of the acclimation of plants to shade-sun transitions, thus influencing species-specific distributions along light-gradients, and the ecological niches for the different species. To test this hypothesis we grew three woody species of the Oleace...
Article
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of repeated pruning interventions using different pruning methods on growth and physiology of Acer pseudoplatanus L. Trees were pruned in 2008 and 2010 according to widely used pruning techniques for urban trees, such as reduction cut, removal cut and heading (topping) cut. Crown dieback, growth of t...
Article
Full-text available
The well-established climate models state that the increasing temperature, the different dynamics of rainfalls and the increasing concentration of atmospheric CO 2 will lead to significant changes in both natural ecosystems and, above all, in the urban ecosystem. Given that over 50% of the world population lives in the urban areas and that this per...
Article
The hypothesis was tested that isoprenoids and phenylpropanoids play a prominent role in countering photooxidative stress, following the depletion of antioxidant enzyme activity in plants exposed to severe drought stress under high solar irradiance and high temperatures. Platanus × acerifolia, a high isoprene-emitting species, was drought-stressed...
Article
Full-text available
Quercus pubescens Willd., a species distributed from Spain to southwest Asia, ranks high for drought tolerance among European oaks. Q. pubescens performs a role of outstanding significance in most Mediterranean forest ecosystems, but few mechanistic studies have been conducted to explore its response to environmental constrains, due to the lack of...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims A major challenge in plant ecophysiology is understanding the effects of multiple sub-optimal environmental conditions on plant performance. In most Mediterranean areas soil salinity builds up during the summer because of low availability of soil water coupled with hot temperatures. Although sunlight and soil salinity may strong...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that, at present, more than a half of the world population live in the built-up areas (in Europe almost 80%) and the urbanization trend will continue as the population increases and more people will live in large cities. In this scenario arbo-riculture and urban forestry should have a main role in the effort to manage urbanization...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean plants are challenged against extreme, often unpredictable stress events which may pose severe constrains for the plant survival, as uncontrolled reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation ultimately lead to cell death. Secondary metabolites, which are highly responsive to environmental drivers, constitute a flex-ible system aimed at co...
Article
Two field exercises were carried out to compare chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements taken in the field by field teams working on the same project. In the first exercise (2007, Passo Pura, Ampezzo, Udine, Northern Italy) the operators took measurements on the same leaf areas (maintaining fixed leaf clips); in the second (2009, Monterotondo Marit...
Article
Full-text available
Starch is the most important long-term reserve in trees, and the analysis of starch is therefore useful source of physiological information. Currently published protocols for wood starch analysis impose several limitations, such as long procedures and a neutralization step. The high-throughput standard protocols for starch analysis in food and feed...
Article
Full-text available
The current ecological condition of cities in respect to the surrounding countryside (higher temperatures and CO 2 levels, drought, photochemical pressure and particulate matter pollutants), may anticipate the effects of climate change at a broader scale. However, the condition of urban trees can be exacerbated by some specific factors within citie...
Article
Forecasting models for climate change in southern Europe differ from those proposed for central and northern regions mainly with regard to precipitation. In fact, a strong reduction in average rainfall, mainly caused by decrease frequency of rainy events, is believe to occur in the Mediterranean basin in the forthcoming hundred years. Increased fre...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to evaluate different periods of pruning during the dormant season in order to determine which pruning period promote a fast wound healing and least affects tree regrowth and physiology. In spring 2005, 28 uniform 10-12 cm circumference sycamore maples (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) were planted in an experimental plot at the Fon...
Article
Full-text available
This experiment was carried out to evaluate the early physiological and growth response of two shade trees to root damage. European limes (Tilia × europea) and horse chestnuts (Aesculus hippocastanum) were planted in March 2004 and allowed to establish undisturbed for 5 years. In 2009, roots were damaged by either excavating one (MD) or two (SD) tr...
Article
Full-text available
Phenylpropanoids, particularly flavonoids have been recently suggested as playing primary antioxidant functions in the responses of plants to a wide range of abiotic stresses. Furthermore, flavonoids are effective endogenous regulators of auxin movement, thus behaving as developmental regulators. Flavonoids are capable of controlling the developmen...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of two biodegradable mulches on weed control in container-grown Photinia × fraseri 'Red Robin' and their effect on evaporation and substrate temperature. The experiment was repeated in 2008 and 2009. Two biodegradable mulching materials were tested and compared with both chemical control (o...
Article
Plants grown in standard plastic containers for a long time result in deformed roots. This experiment investigated the effect of different container types on growth and root morphology of Ulmus minor Mill. In April 2008 one-year-old bare-root seedlings were potted in the following 0.9-L containers: Superoots® Air-CellTM (Caledonian Tree Company, UK...
Article
Full-text available
Shrubs are often used for side slope greening and protection in the urban landscape. Only a few species are commonly used in the European city environment, bestowing upon cities a monotonous appearance. The aim of this 3-year trial, set up at Fondazione Minoprio (Vertemate con Minoprio; Como, Italy), was to evaluate the performance of 25 shrub spec...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing body of evidence that flavonoids do not primarily function as UV-B screening pigments in photoprotection. Recent findings support the idea that excess light stress, irrespective of the relative proportions of the solar wavebands reaching the leaf surface, up-regulates the biosynthesis of dihydroxy B-ring-substituted flavonoid gly...
Article
Water is a primary resource and its availability for ornamental industry will soon be reduced because of increasing costs and because of competition with other sectors. In addition, in nursery production a noteworthy amount of fertilizers is leached off in the environment with water, causing pollution of the superficial water bodies. Technologies a...