Alessandro Bemporad

Alessandro Bemporad
National Institute of Astrophysics | INAF · Astronomical Observatory of Pino Torinese - Turin

Researcher (permanent staff)

About

197
Publications
18,967
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,040
Citations
Introduction
Solar Physics: XUV Spectroscopy of the Solar Corona and Solar Wind; determination of physical parameters of Coronal Streamers and Coronal Mass Ejections; Earth – Sun connections and Space Weather; XUV Spectroscopy of Sungrazing Comets; experience on SOHO/UVCS, /LASCO, STEREO/COR1, Hinode/EIT, /XRT data reduction and analysis with IDL and the Solar Software (SSW).
Additional affiliations
May 2013 - present
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Temporary Lecturer
Description
  • Course on "Heliophysics and Space Weather"
February 2011 - January 2014
KU Leuven
Position
  • Co-Investigator of SWIFF Project
January 2010 - present
National Institute of Astrophysics
Position
  • Associate Scientist of ASPIICS for PROBA-3
Education
September 2006 - May 2007
Università di Pisa
Field of study
  • Physics and Mathematics
January 2003 - December 2005
National Institute of Astrophysics
Field of study
  • Astrophysics
September 1995 - September 2002
University of Florence
Field of study
  • Astrophysics

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
Context. On 2021 February 12, two subsequent eruptions occurred above the western limb of the Sun, as seen along the Sun-Earth line. The first event was a typical slow coronal mass ejection (CME), followed ∼7 h later by a smaller and collimated prominence eruption, originating south of the CME, followed by a plasma blob. These events were observed...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the scarcity of UV–EUV observations of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) far from the Sun (i.e., at heliocentric distances larger than 1.5 Rsun) our understanding of the thermodynamic evolution of these solar phenomena is still very limited. This work focuses on the analysis of a slow CME observed at the same time and in the same coronal locatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
On February 12, 2021 two subsequent eruptions occurred above the West limb, as seen along the Sun-Earth line. The first event was a typical slow Coronal Mass Ejection (CME), followed $\sim 7$ hours later by a smaller and collimated prominence eruption, originating Southward with respect to the CME, followed by a plasma blob. These events were obser...
Article
On 2013 June 21, a solar prominence eruption was observed, accompanied by an M2.9 class flare, a fast coronal mass ejection, and a type II radio burst. The concomitant emission of solar energetic particles (SEPs) produced a significant proton flux increase, in the energy range 4–100 MeV, measured by the Low and High Energy Telescopes on board the S...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ultraviolet spectra of Comet 96/P Machholz were obtained during its 2002 perihelion with the UVCS instrument aboard the SOHO satellite. Emission from H I, C II, C III, and O I, is detected near the nucleus. The outgassing rate is in line with the value extrapolated from rates at larger distances from the Sun, and abundances of C and O are estimated...
Article
Context. The Metis coronagraph on board Solar Orbiter offers a new view of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), observing them for the first time with simultaneous images acquired with a broad-band filter in the visible-light interval and with a narrow-band filter around the H I Ly- α line at 121.567 nm, the so-called Metis UV channel. Aims. We show the...
Preprint
Full-text available
This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO) -- Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on January 18, 2021, to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above...
Article
Full-text available
This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)–Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above t...
Article
The determination of the chemical composition of interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) plasma is an open issue. More specifically, it is not yet fully understood how remote sensing observations of the solar corona plasma during solar disturbances evolve into plasma properties measured in situ away from the Sun. The ambient conditions of the b...
Article
Context. The availability of multi-channel coronagraphic images in different wavelength intervals acquired from the space will provide a new view of the solar corona, allowing us to investigate the 2D distribution and time evolution of many plasma physical parameters, such as plasma density, temperature, and outflow speed. Aims. This work focuses o...
Article
Full-text available
This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)–Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above t...
Preprint
Full-text available
The determination of solar wind outflow velocity is fundamental in order to probe the mechanisms of wind acceleration in the corona. We aim to study, via the Doppler dimming technique, the effects that the chromospheric Ly{\alpha} line profile shape causes on the determination of the outflow speed of coronal HI atoms. The Doppler dimming technique...
Article
Full-text available
The magnetic activity of the Sun directly impacts the Earth and human life. Likewise, other stars will have an impact on the habitability of planets orbiting these host stars. Although the magnetic field at the surface of the Sun is reasonably well characterised by observations, the information on the magnetic field in the higher atmospheric layers...
Preprint
This work focuses on the combination of White Light (WL) and UV (Ly-alpha) coronagraphic images to demonstrate the capability to measure the solar wind speed in the inner corona directly with the ratio between these two images (a technique called "quick inversion method"), thus avoiding to account for the line-of-sight (LOS) integration effects in...
Article
Full-text available
We report the first unambiguous observational evidence in the radio range of the reflection of a coronal shock wave at the boundary of a coronal hole. The event occurred above an active region located at the northwest limb of the Sun and was characterized by an eruptive prominence and an extreme-ultraviolet wave steepening into a shock. The EUV obs...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the first unambiguous observational evidence in the radio range of the reflection of a coronal shock wave at the boundary of a coronal hole. The event occurred above an active region located at the northwest limb of the Sun and was characterized by an eruptive prominence and an extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wave steepening into a shock. The E...
Preprint
Full-text available
The investigation of the wind in the solar corona initiated with the observations of the resonantly scattered UV emission of the coronal plasma obtained with UVCS-SOHO, designed to measure the wind outflow speed by applying the Doppler dimming diagnostics. Metis on Solar Orbiter complements the UVCS spectroscopic observations, performed during sola...
Article
Context. The determination of solar wind H I outflow velocity is fundamental to shedding light on the mechanisms of wind acceleration occurring in the corona. Moreover, it has implications in various astrophysical contexts, such as in the heliosphere and in cometary and planetary atmospheres. Aims. We aim to study the effects of the chromospheric L...
Chapter
The solar corona produces a continuous outflow of plasma influencing the entire solar system and beyond to over a hundred of astronomical units. Due to the Sun's proximity the source regions of that wind can be observed remotely with great precision and the escaping plasma can be measured directly in situ. Space missions launched over the past six...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Metis coronagraph is one of the remote sensing instruments hosted on board the ESA/NASA Solar Orbiter mission. Metis is devoted to carry out the first simultaneous imaging of the solar corona in both visible light (VL) and ultraviolet (UV). High-energy particles penetrate spacecraft materials and may limit the performance of on-board instrument...
Article
Full-text available
After the launch of STEREO twin spacecraft, and most recently of Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe spacecraft, the next mission that will explore Sun-Earth interactions and how the Sun modulates the Heliosphere will be the “Lagrange” mission, which will consist of two satellites placed in orbit around L1 and L5 Sun-Earth Lagrangian points. Despi...
Preprint
SWELTO -- Space WEather Laboratory in Turin Observatory is a conceptual framework where new ideas for the analysis of space-based and ground-based data are developed and tested. The input data are (but not limited to) remote sensing observations (EUV images of the solar disk, Visible Light coronagraphic images, radio dynamic spectra, etc...), in si...
Technical Report
Full-text available
SWELTO-Space WEather Laboratory in Turin Observatory is a conceptual framework where new ideas for the analysis of space-based and ground-based data are developed and tested. The input data are (but not limited to) remote sensing observations (EUV images of the solar disk, Visible Light coronagraphic images, radio dynamic spectra, etc...), in situ...
Preprint
Full-text available
The magnetic activity of the Sun directly impacts the Earth and human life. Likewise, other stars will have an impact on the habitability of planets orbiting these host stars. The lack of information on the magnetic field in the higher atmospheric layers hampers our progress in understanding solar magnetic activity. Overcoming this limitation would...
Article
Full-text available
The reconstruction of plasma parameters in the interplanetary medium is very important to understand the interplanetary propagation of solar eruptions and for Space Weather application purposes. Because only a few spacecraft are measuring in situ these parameters, reconstructions are currently performed by running complex numerical Magneto-hydrodyn...
Preprint
The total solar eclipse of August 21st, 2017 was observed with a Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) camera equipped with a linear polarizing filter. A method was developed to combine images acquired with 15 different exposure times (from 1/4000 sec to 4 sec), identifying in each pixel the best interval of detector linearity. The resulting mosaic ima...
Article
Full-text available
Solar Orbiter is the first space mission observing the solar plasma both in situ and remotely, from a close distance, in and out of the ecliptic. The ultimate goal is to understand how the Sun produces and controls the heliosphere, filling the Solar System and driving the planetary environments. With six remote-sensing and four in-situ instrument s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Solar Orbiter is the first space mission observing the solar plasma both in situ and remotely, from a close distance, in and out of the ecliptic. The ultimate goal is to understand how the Sun produces and controls the heliosphere, filling the Solar System and driving the planetary environments. With six remote-sensing and four in-situ instrument s...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we analyze the evolution of an EUV wave front associated with a solar eruption that occurred on 30 October 2014, with the aim of investigating, through differential emission measure (DEM) analysis, the physical properties of the plasma compressed and heated by the accompanying shock wave. The EUV wave was observed by the Atmospheric I...
Article
Solar Orbiter is the first space mission observing the solar plasma both in situ and remotely, from a close distance, in and out of the ecliptic. The ultimate goal is to understand how the Sun produces and controls the heliosphere, filling the Solar System and driving the planetary environments. With six remote-sensing and four in-situ instrument s...
Article
Full-text available
PROBA-3 is an ESA mission aimed at the demonstration of formation flying performance of two satellites that will form a giant coronagraph in space. The first spacecraft will host a telescope imaging the solar corona in visible light, while the second, the external occulter, will produce an artificial eclipse. This instrument is named ASPIICS (Assoc...
Preprint
Space coronagraph Metis on board of the Solar Orbiter offers us new capabilities for studying eruptive prominences and coronal mass ejections (CME). Its two spectral channels, hydrogen L$\alpha$ and visible-light (VL) will provide, for the first time, co-aligned and co-temporal images to study dynamics and plasma properties of CMEs. Moreover, with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) often show different features in different band-passes. By combining data in white-light (WL) and ultraviolet (UV) bands, we have applied different techniques to derive plasma temperatures, electron density, internal radial speed, etc, within a fast CME. They serve as extensive tests of the diagnostic capabilities, dev...
Article
Full-text available
PROBA-3 is a space mission of the European Space Agency that will test, and validate metrology and control systems for autonomous formation flying of two independent satellites. PROBA-3 will operate in a High Elliptic Orbit and when approaching the apogee at 6⋅10⁴ Km, the two spacecraft will align to realize a giant externally occulted coronagraph...
Article
Context. A new generation of coronagraphs used to study solar wind and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are being developed and launched. These coronagraphs will heavily rely on multi-channel observations where visible light (VL) and UV-EUV (ultraviolet-extreme ultraviolet) observations provide new plasma diagnostics. One of these instruments, Metis o...
Preprint
A new generation of coronagraphs to study the solar wind and CMEs are being developed and launched. These coronagraphs will heavily rely on multi-channel observations where visible light (VL) and UV-EUV observations provide new plasma diagnostics. One of these instruments, Metis on board ESA-Solar Orbiter, will simultaneously observe VL and the UV...
Article
Full-text available
Context. To meet the scientific objectives of the mission, the Solar Orbiter spacecraft carries a suite of in-situ (IS) and remote sensing (RS) instruments designed for joint operations with inter-instrument communication capabilities. Indeed, previous missions have shown that the Sun (imaged by the RS instruments) and the heliosphere (mainly sampl...
Article
Full-text available
Italian teams have been involved many times in Space Weather observational campaigns from space and from the ground, contributing in the advancing of our knowledge on the properties and evolution of the related phenomena. Numerous Space Weather forecasting and nowcasting modeling efforts have been a remarkable add-on to the overall progress in the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Metis is the first solar coronagraph designed for a space mission capable of performing simultaneous imaging of the off-limb solar corona in both visible and UV light. The observations obtained with Metis aboard the Solar Orbiter ESA-NASA observatory will enable us to diagnose, with unprecedented temporal coverage and spatial resolution, the struct...
Article
Full-text available
Context. The Solar Orbiter spacecraft will be equipped with a wide range of remote-sensing (RS) and in-situ (IS) instruments to record novel and unprecedented measurements of the solar atmosphere and the inner heliosphere. To take full advantage of these new datasets, tools and techniques must be developed to ease multi-instrument and multi-spacecr...
Article
Full-text available
This work focuses on the interaction of a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) with the ambient solar corona, by studying the spatial and temporal evolution of the density fluctuations observed by the SOHO/UV Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) during the CME. The investigation is performed by applying a wavelet analysis to the HI Ly α 1216 Å line intensity flu...
Article
Full-text available
We derived maps of the solar wind outflow velocity of coronal neutral hydrogen atoms at solar minimum in the altitude range 1.5–4.0 R ⊙ . We applied the Doppler dimming technique to coronagraphic observations in the UV H I Ly α line at 121.6 nm. The technique exploits the intensity reduction in the coronal line with increasing velocities of the out...