Alessandra Pelagalli

Alessandra Pelagalli
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences

pharmacy

About

72
Publications
9,530
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1,005
Citations
Introduction
1999- up to now: senior researcher in veterinary physiology 2013 up to now: associate reasearcher at Institute of Biostructures and Bioimages (IBB) of National Research Center (CNR) in Naples, ITALY
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Research Associate
January 2012 - present
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 2012 - present
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
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Regenerative medicine represents a growing hot topic in biomedical sciences, aiming at setting out novel therapeutic strategies to repair or regenerate damaged tissues and organs. For this perspective, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) play a key role in tissue regeneration, having the potential to differentiate into many cell types, including c...
Article
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Hypothermia is one factor associated with mortality in newborn ruminants due to the drastic temperature change upon exposure to the extrauterine environment in the first hours after birth. Ruminants are precocial whose mechanisms for generating heat or preventing heat loss involve genetic characteristics, the degree of neurodevelopment at birth and...
Article
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Orexins A (OXA) and B (OXB) and the receptors 1 (OX1R) and 2 (OX2R) for orexins are hypothalamic peptides found in several mammalian organs and participated to the control of a wide assortment of physiological and pathological functions. The distribution of OXA and OX1R has been extensively studied in the male gonad of mammals. Here, we examined th...
Article
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The potential role of brown and beige adipose tissue against obesity has been recognized. Browning, or beiging of white adipose tissue (WAT) is associated with the remodeling of adipocytes and the improvement of their metabolic and secretory functions. Here, palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) restore the plasticity of brown and white adipocytes impaired i...
Article
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The efferent ductules and the epididymis are parts of the male reproductive system where spermatozoa mature. Specialized epithelial cells in these ducts contribute to the transport of fluids produced by spermatozoa’s metabolic activity. Aquaporins (AQPs) have been demonstrated to be expressed in the spermatozoan membrane and testis epithelial cells...
Article
Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral transmembrane proteins facilitating transport of water and small solutes, such as glycerol and urea, between cells. In male reproductive tracts, AQPs maintain a milieu conducive for sperm formation, maturation, and storage. The aim of this study was to clarify effects of testicular and epidydimal function on male fert...
Article
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Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of membrane water channel proteins that control osmotically-driven water transport across cell membranes. Recent studies have focused on the assessment of fluid flux regulation in relation to the biological processes that maintain mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) physiology. In particular, AQPs seem to regulate MSC prolife...
Article
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Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is a highly aggressive and drug resistant solid tumor, showing an impressive metabolic plasticity modulated by oncogenic activation. In particular, melanoma cells can generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) during cancer progression by both cytosolic and mitochondrial compartments, although CM energetic request mostly relies o...
Article
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Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of thirteen membrane proteins that play an essential role in the transport of fluids across the cell plasma membrane. Recently, the expression of AQPs in different ocular tissues and their involvement in the pathophysiology of eye diseases, have garnered attention. Considering that literature on AQP expression in the...
Article
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Faba bean is an important vegetable protein source for ruminant diets. This research aimed to compare the nutritional characteristics of four commercial and four local cultivars in order to better characterise the local ones and promote their use in animal nutrition. The seeds’ weight and the chemical composition, including starch and the energy, w...
Article
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Significant progress has been made in the functional characterization of canine platelets in the last two decades. The role of canine platelets in hemostasis includes their adhesion to the subendothelium, activation, and aggregation, leading to primary clot formation at the site of injury. Studies on canine platelet function and advancements in lab...
Article
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Abstract Urocortins (Ucns), peptides belonging to the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) family, are classified into Ucn1, Ucn2, and Ucn3. They are involved in regulating several body functions by binding to two G protein-coupled receptors: receptor type 1 (CRHR1) and type 2 (CRHR2). In this review, we provide a historical overview of research o...
Article
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Orexin A (OxA) is a neuropeptide produced in the lateral hypothalamus that performs pleiotropic functions in different tissues, including involvement in energy homeostasis and reproductive neuroendocrine functions. The role of OxA is particularly important given the well-studied relationships between physiological mechanisms controlling energy bala...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have piqued worldwide interest for their extensive potential to treat a large array of clinical indications, their unique and controversial immunogenic and immune modulatory properties allowing ample discussions and debates for their possible applications. Emerging data demonstrating that the interaction of biomaterials...
Article
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Growing scientific evidence has unveiled increased incidences of obesity in domestic animals and its influence on a plethora of associated disorders. Leptin, an adipokine regulating body fat mass, represents a key molecule in obesity, able to modulate immune responses and foster chronic inflammatory response in peripheral tissues. High levels of cy...
Article
Cryptorchidism is associated with changes in the gonads and the spermatic duct system, which may cause infertility problems. Urocortin (UCN) is a corticotrophin‐releasing hormone (CRH)‐related peptide, which affects several functions of male genital organs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of UCN and its receptors CRHR...
Article
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The use/misuse of antibiotics leads to pathological features referring to antibiotic-induced intestinal injury (AIJ), a clinical issue that plays a prominent role in the development of severe digestive disturbances. AIJ is characterized by loss of intestinal architecture and function, dysbiosis and bacterial translocation into the liver, triggering...
Article
Fluid regulation within the male gonad is an important process for promoting sperm differentiation and maturation. Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of thirteen integral membrane proteins involved in these processes. The expression of several genes of AQPs occurs in the male reproductive tract of humans and other animal species, although there are few...
Article
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Background: Cryptorchidism is one of the most common birth disorders of the male reproductive system identified in dogs and other mammals. This condition is characterised by the absence of one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) gonads from the scrotum. The peptides orexin A (OxA) and B (OxB) were obtained by post-transcriptional proteolytic cleavage...
Article
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Integrative Physiology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Physiology Aquaporins (AQPs) are emerging, in the last few decades, as critical proteins regulating water fluid homeostasis in cells involved in inflammation. AQPs represent a family of ubiquitous membrane channels that regulate osmotically water flux in various tissues and sometimes the...
Article
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Sheep is a relevant large animal model that is frequently used to test innovative tissue engineering (TE) approaches especially for bone reconstruction. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are used in TE applications because they represent key component of adult tissue repair. Importantly, MSCs from different species show similar characteristics, which f...
Article
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Breeding wild animals for restocking imply their ability to respond to wild conditions and to overcome the stress of transport and cage rearing. Cortisol was used in animals to measure stress levels. Aims of the study were to ascertain if a difference in hair cortisol concentration (HCC) existed between hares raised according to different breeding...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different conditions of space allowance on reproductive performance and oxidative parameters, biochemical and hormonal profiles in buffalo. The trial was carried out on one hundred pluriparous buffaloes divided into two different groups. Buffaloes in group HDG (high density group - n = 50) wer...
Article
Objective We evaluated the prognostic impact of quantitative assessment by maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and tumour lesion glycolysis (TLG) on [F-18] FDG PET/CT for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods Thirty-one patients with EOC underwent PET/CT for an e...
Article
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Aquaporins (AQPs) play a pivotal role in gut homeostasis since their distribution and function is modulated both in physiological and in pathophysiological conditions. The transport of water and solutes through gut epithelia is essential for osmoregulation and digestive and absorptive functions. This passage is regulated by different AQP isoforms a...
Article
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The complex cross-talk between tumor cells and their surrounding stromal environment plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cancer. Among several cell types that constitute the tumor stroma, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) selectively migrate toward the tumor microenvironment and contribute to the active formation of tumor-ass...
Article
Orexin A and B peptides and the receptor OX2R were studied in sea bass and goldfish gastroenteric tract by immunoblotting combined with densitometric analysis using NIH Image J software and immunohistochemical techniques. These teleost species present a different gut organization and diverse feeding habits. Immunoblotting experiments showed one ban...
Article
Functional studies indicate differences in newborn gastrointestinal morphology and physiology after a meal. Both water and solutes transfer across the intestinal epithelial membrane appear to occur via aquaporins (AQPs). Given that the physiological roles of AQP4 and AQP5 in the developing intestine have not been fully established, the objective of...
Article
Recent findings suggest that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are recruited into the microenvironment of developing tumors, where they contribute to metastatic processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of BM-MSCs in promoting osteosarcoma and hepatocellular carcinoma cell progression in vitro and the possible...
Article
Aquaporins (AQPs) are membrane channel proteins that play a role in regulating water permeability in many tissues. To date, seven isoforms of AQPs have been reported in the gastrointestinal tract in different mammalian species. In contrast, both tissue distribution and expression of AQPs are unknown in the buffalo. The purpose of this study was to...
Article
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Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are recruited into tumor microenvironment in response to multiple signals produced by cancer cells. Molecules involved in their homing to tumors are the same inflammatory mediators produced by injured tissues: chemokines, cytokines and growth factors. When MSCs arrive into the tumor microenvironment these a...
Article
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Background. We evaluated the prognostic significance of standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumour volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) in [F-18] FDG PET/CT findings in patients with inoperable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and methods. One hundred and three patients (mean age, 65.6 ± 16 years) underwent [F-18] F...
Article
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1), a six-transmembrane domain protein, belongs to a highly conserved group of proteins called aquaporins known to regulate permeability across cell membranes. Although the role of AQP1 has been extensively studied, its specific activity along the gastrointestinal tract in animals during early postnatal development is poorly known....
Conference Paper
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Increasing evidences suggest that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are recruited into the stroma of developing tumors where they contribute to progression by enhancing tumor growth and metastasis, or by inducing anticancer-drug resistance. Although many experimental evidences exist supporting the therapeutic potential of MSCs, t...
Conference Paper
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DNA damage induced by ionizing radiations may either trigger a neoplastic transformation of target cells or impair their activity triggering senescence and/or apoptosis. Cellular senescence has been proposed to be an anti-cancer mechanism. Nevertheless, senescence is considered deleterious because it contributed to decrements in tissue renewal and...
Article
This study reports the immunohistochemical localization and distribution of orexin A and B-like and their receptors-like peptides in the gastroenteric tract of chicken. The immunoreactivity is distributed in endocrine cells, nerve fibers and neurons, both in the stomach and intestine, and shows a discrete conformity with the data till now reported...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Parole chiave: aquaporine, vitello bufalino, western blotting SUMMARY – Aquaporins (AQPs) are membrane water channel proteins that selectively transport water or water solutes across the cell. The possible activities of these proteins in the gut of the newborn calf is unknown, although the mechanisms of neonatal absorption are particularly crucial...
Article
Canine platelets have been extensively studied but little is known about specific aspects such as adhesion. Platelet adhesion is a critical step during haemostasis and thrombosis as well as during inflammatory and immunopathogenic responses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adhesive properties of canine platelets using fibrinogen and colla...
Article
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The study examined the hypothesis that GSH is secreted into buffalo milk, and that some of the secreted GSH is degraded by the enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) within the milk space. The data confirmed such hypothesis and, together with previous studies concerning the presence of GSH synthetic and catabolic enzymes in mammary tissue, suggest...
Article
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Colostrum ingestion in ruminants is the one way to get maternal antibodies. Calves start suckling soon after birth, and the absorption of immunoglobulin (Ig) lasts up to 24 hours. Many diseases of neonatal calves are related to a poor colostrum quality, which is determined by the content of IgG. The polysaccharide fractions of Aloe has been reporte...
Article
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Evidence is presented that the buffalo mammary gland contains enzymes that catalyse the synthesis and utilization of glutathione. A significant, inverse correlation (r = 0.79) was detected between colostrum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and glutathione (GSH), suggesting that the enzyme uses GSH as a substrate for its activity. A similar trend was...
Article
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CANINE leishmaniosis and canine ehrlichiosis are well-recognised infectious diseases in the Mediterranean. In the same area, coinfection with Leishmania and Ehrlichia is very frequently seen too. Haemostatic disorders (epistaxis, haematuria and haemorrhagic diarrhoea) are common findings in both
Article
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Buffaloes have a seasonal reproductive activity and it has been reported that bulls show a decrease of libido during anoestrus in those farms where coupling is allowed all over the year. In order to investigate the levels of androstenedion, estrone, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, estradiol and estrone/estradiol ratio have been evaluated in bull...
Article
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The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the suitability of flow cytometry for studying platelet function and aggregation in dogs. To that purpose, the platelet antigen P-selectin (CD62P) expression was monitored by flow cytometry and platelet aggregation by a turbidimetric method during an activation process induced by increased adenosine-5'-...
Article
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Thirty dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum were studied in order to determine the effects of treatment on haemostatic function. The animals were divided randomly into two treatment groups: Group 1 received meglumine antimoniate and allopurinol; Group 2 dogs were given the same treatment plus prednisone. Ten healthy animals were used as...
Article
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Choroid plexuses (CPs) play pivotal roles in many processes that establish, survey, and maintain the biochemical and cellular status of the central nervous system (CNS). Changes in the anatomy and physiology of CPs have been linked to several CNS diseases. However, CP structure and function are not definitely known. Here, we report structural and f...
Article
Haemostatic alterations in dogs naturally infected by ehrlichiosis and/or leishmaniasis were studied. Platelet count, ADP and collagen-induced platelet aggregation, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and plasma fibrinogen concentration were measured. An evident reduction of platelet aggregation response was shown for Lei...
Article
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Nitric oxide (NO) production and the presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the mammary gland of water buffaloes (n=34) was investigated. A local production of NO in the mammary gland during lactation was hypothesized by the presence of high amounts of nitrite plus nitrate (NO 2- + NO 3-) in colostrum and milk. The iNOS was the main isoform and...
Article
Leishmania-infected dogs, which represent an important reservoir of infection in many parts of the world, frequently suffer from haematological disorders, including thrombocytopenia. In this study, the ability of platelets from healthy (control) dogs (n = 11) and from dogs with naturally acquired clinical leishmaniasis (n = 24) to aggregate in the...
Article
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The potential use of colostral enzymes for the determination of colostrum quality in goats was evaluated. The enzymes gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were measured in goat colostrum, milked within 6 h after birth. The quality of colostrum, given by the content of gammaglobulins (IgG), was a...
Article
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The objective of this study was to assess the potential use of colostral enzymes for the determination of colostrum quality in ewe. The enzymes gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were measured in the colostrum from 11 ewes, milked within six hours after birth. by a dry chemistry system and sp...
Article
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Paxillin and p130CAS are two adaptor proteins localized at the focal adhesions which play an important role in cell signaling, cell motility and oncogenic transformation. In this study we evaluated the levels of paxillin and p130CAS in feline and canine mammary tumor tissues at different stages of malignancy. The results obtained by Western blottin...
Article
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The use of large animals (e.g., pig and sheep) in human medicine, and the need to develop new therapeutic strategies for domestic animal diseases related to platelet disorders, require better characterization of the physiology of animal platelets. In this study, the ability of platelets from buffaloes, horses, pigs and sheep to adhere to immobilize...
Article
Conflicting data on platelet function in animal species are reported in the literature. In this study, the response of buffalo, horse, pig and sheep platelets to different agonists was assessed. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of six healthy subjects of each species and platelet-rich plasma was obtained by centrifugation. Platele...