Alessandra Oppio

Alessandra Oppio
Politecnico di Milano | Polimi · Department of Architecture and Urban Studies (DASTU)

About

103
Publications
20,284
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1,012
Citations
Citations since 2017
60 Research Items
855 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction

Publications

Publications (103)
Chapter
The last twenty years’ increasing international migration flows are changing demographic, economic and spatial equilibrium of both urban and peripheral world regions. In particular, rural and inner areas are experiencing new phenomena of neo-population fostered by internal and foreign migrants’ arrival with the revitalisation of the abandoned city...
Article
Full-text available
Damage assessment for architectural heritage stands as a relevant issue from an appraisal perspective due to heritage properties’ peculiar technological and building techniques and their complex social values. The specificity of Italian cultural heritage, widespread on the national territory, even in high environmental risk (landslides, earthquakes...
Article
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The paper focuses on the assessment of urban design quality and sustainable urban spaces. In particular, the study is concentrated on the evaluation of urban quality provided by a good design of open spaces, including green areas, walkable areas and squares. In fact, despite the advancement of research during the past two decades and empirical evid...
Article
I territori fragili richiedono nuovi strumenti di supporto alla costruzione di politiche in grado di attivare processi di rigenerazione sostenibile. Questa ricerca, ispirata dal dibattito politico e scientifico in corso sulle aree fragili del nostro paese, propone l'applicazione di un approccio metodologico ibrido volto a valutare la vulnerabilità...
Article
About the Flood Risk Management Plans (PGRA) the European Community (DIR. 2007/60; Regulation No. 1303/2013) introduces the need to provide an assessment of the prevention and mitigation measures for the hydraulic risk through a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA), (Cohesion Fund, 2014-2020). Indeed, the CBA helps identifying a priority ranking of structur...
Chapter
Unpredictable events can impact the Real Estate market on multiple fronts, influencing stakeholders’ decisions regarding new investment criteria. Within uncertainty, a preliminary analysis strategically supports the Decision-Makers (DMs) in making a more conscious choice. Among the set of complex decisions, the present contribution investigates the...
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The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2005 defined and categorized the concept of Ecosystem Services and the strategic role of natural capital. The need to rethink our cities and public spaces is even more pressing in the COVID-19 era. In this context, green strategies could be the answer to the new demands raised by citizens about the built and n...
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In the last decades, the growing concern about land consumption, together with the awareness about cultural heritage’s key role for sustainable development, has led to greater attention to cultural property reuse as a conscious process of new values production. However, decisions about heritage bring a high degree of complexity, related to the need...
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The notion of Ecosystem Services (ESs) is constantly increasing in interest given their provision of multidimensional values (environmental, social, economic, etc.). Nowadays ESs are at the center of green cities policies tackling the challenges of sustainability. More than 55% of the population is already living in urban areas, and this number is...
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The National Strategy for Inner Areas (SNAI) is a public policy designed to tackle depopulation in inner areas, defined according to the distance from centers offering essential services. Such a policy’s success is crucial to address the new challenges for planning brought to light by the COVID-19 pandemic. In this sense, there is a need to adequat...
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The aim of the present paper is to investigate the literature on the issues of construction costs in building production and urban development in order to identify the most relevant trends and describe the research context. In particular, a bibliometric analysis was carried out through one of the most acknowledged bibliometric databases, Scopus. Du...
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The introduction of the concept of sustainable development in the field of cultural heritage preservation has stressed the importance of a holistic approach. Achieving a balance among cultural significance retention and economic development is a challenging goal, even more for fragile and vulnerable contexts with limited economic and social resourc...
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In the light of the growing awareness of the importance of assessing cultural heritage social value and of community involvement in heritage-based planning processes, the paper hints an innovative and people-based approach, which attempts to base the process of appraisal of cultural heritage social value on a wide-spread participatory tool: communi...
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Starting from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment several research domains have focused on the complex relationship that persists between environmental system and human well-being according to their own theoretical as well as operational paradigms. Few are the cross-sectorial researches aimed at analyzing the ecosystems, their services and performa...
Book
This book features a selection of the best papers presented at two recent conferences organized by the SIEV (Italian Society of Appraisal and Valuation). Taking into account the current need for evaluative skills in order to make effective and sustainable investments, it highlights the multidisciplinary role of valuation, which opens the door for i...
Article
Urban transformation and regeneration interventions are complex processes in which a multitude of actors act in order to generate an overall value higher than the investment and proportional to the risks, related to each phase of real estate development process. The trade-off between risk and return is one of the essential element in investment dec...
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In the version of this paper that was originally published the names and surnames of the authors have been inverted.These are now corrected as following: Alessandra Oppio Marta Bottero Federico Dell’Anna Marta Dell’Ovo Laura Gabrielli
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Urban planning can support the optimal exploitation of the resources available in an urban system with specific reference to the accessibility of goods and services by an increase of the quality of the public space. In this perspective, knowing the economic effects generated by urban planning choices can be fundamental to guide decision-making proc...
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More than 60% of Italy is occupied by inner areas in continuous depopulation. It is a continuous abandonment which has led to the constant aging of towns and to devastating effects on the hydrogeological system but also to the risk of loss of local identities. In this heritage at risk, we can be able to find one of the cornerstones of a territorial...
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The management of health policies is characterised by multi-level hierarchies and actors. Given the presence of several and sometimes conflictual needs and expectations elicited by stakeholders involved and the complexity of the decision problem concerning the location of healthcare facilities, a multi-methodological evaluation framework is propose...
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Decision Support Systems (DSSs) have been developed for aiding Decision-Makers (DMs) in handling and solving complex problems. When decisions belong to the public domain, as for the location of healthcare facilities, the use of DSSs could be fundamental to justify choices made and to easily communicate the results to citizens. Given the nature of t...
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The location of healthcare facilities is commonly considered as an ill-structured decision problem since characterized by the coexistence of several and sometimes conflictual criteria, the presence of different stakolders with their own viewpoints and the necessity to find a trade-off among dimensions involved. Given these premises the contribution...
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Stakeholders participation in the field of the public decision stimulates learning processes able to generate common knowledge based on shared information. In fact, by including different stakeholders in the decision process different knowledge domains can be integrated. To facilitate this processes, Decision Support Systems (DSSs) have been framed...
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Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) allows to establish preferences about multiple options by considering both qualitative and quantitative data. MCDA is structured in main stages aimed at supporting Decision-Makers (DMs) to establish the decision context, elicit main objectives, explore potential decisions by assessing their performances and to...
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Full-text available
According to the research grant titled “Urban Health: good practices for health impact assessment of urban and environmental redevelopment and regeneration interventions” and awarded by the Italian National Center for Disease prevention and Control (CCM) in 2017, this paper is aimed to describe the overall goal of the project: develop and dissemina...
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With the aim of enhancing the level of sustainability of plans and programmes adopted by local, regional and national authorities, the European Commission (EU) has adopted the Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of effects of plans and programmes on the environment. Starting from the analysis of strengths and possible uses of Multi-Criteria Anal...
Article
The rise of neoliberalism in the context of urban development has encouraged cooperation between public and private parties. This cooperation is structured by contracts, generally called Urban Development Agreements (UDAs). Being part of the urban regeneration strategies, UDAs aim at achieving durable improvements of abandoned areas, namely brownfi...
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The choice of different kind of technologies to be adopted for the construction of road pavement is a subject of great interest both in the international and in the Italian context. Pavement is one of the most expensive component in the road infrastructure system. The analysis of the literature, as well as the empirical experiences, shows that from...
Book
This book features a selection of the best papers presented at two SIEV seminars held in Venice, Italy, in September 2017 and 2018, in the context of the Urbanpromo Green events. Bringing together experts from a diverse range of fields – economics, appraisal, architecture, energy, urban planning, sociology, and the decision sciences – and governmen...
Book
The book examines an integrated approach for addressing decisions about the location of healthcare facilities. Supported by Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA), the approach provides comprehensive information on territory, taking into account the spatial dimensions. Due to the multiple criteria involved,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The topic dealt with is the tangible and intangible widespread heritage located in the fragile areas of the northern Italy, crossed by the river Po. Here the idea of the line is defined through its thickness, that is the heritage that we want to discover and evaluate, and for which the line represents an opportunity to become a hinge, an anchor and...
Article
Large-scale urban regeneration is usually characterized by a complex decision environment in which several different stakeholders are expected to agree on a shared strategy. Contrasting interests, different values and diverse objectives make the issue particularly appropriate to be inquired throughout multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). This p...
Article
L’articolo affronta il problema della stima del valore delle aree interessate da progetti di trasformazione urbana basa- ti su accordi di natura negoziale. Nella prima parte viene contestualizzato il problema in riferimento alla stagione dell’urbanistica “consensuale” che si è aperta negli anni ’90 e ha caratterizzato buona parte dei progetti di tr...
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In recent years adaptive reuse has proven to be a promising strategy for preserving cultural heritage. When the adaptive reuse approach is used for cultural heritage, the expected outcome is not only the building protection, but the preservation of its historical and heritage significance, and the trade-off between the retention of symbolic values...
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This paper presents an application of multicriteria evaluation to select the property characteristics in order to estimate the most probable market value of a large public property portfolio. The methodology proposed, based on the involvement of key actors of the decision process, aim to support the decision process of value judgment in a more flex...
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This paper focuses on the interaction between land use planning and infrastructure provision, and offers an overview of the methods that are used in different development contexts to share the costs of local infrastructures and facilities between the public and the private sector. Over the last forty years or so, in the face of intense fiscal press...
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The present paper presents an integrated model for the ex-ante evaluation of flood damages based on “stage damages curve” as a decision support tool for public and private authorities in the sustainable management of risk areas.
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The paper illustrates the development of an evaluation model for supporting the decision-making process related to an urban regeneration intervention. In particular, the study proposes an original multi-methodological approach, which combines SWOT Analysis, Stakeholders Analysis and PROMETHEE method for the evaluation of alternative renewal strateg...
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The convergence between the concept of sustainable development and the theoretical framework of cultural-heritage preservation underlines some key issues: the tangible and intangible nature of benefits associated with cultural capital; intergenerational equity meant as the fair distribution of wealth, utility and resources among generations, in add...
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In the last years the number and the magnitude of the oppositions to new public (and private) works have increased all over the World, but the reasons of the op-position are difficult to identify. There are several international examples of conflicts originating from environ-mental oppositions as the mobilization in Istanbul in defense of Gezi park...
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In Italy, the Legislative Decree 49/2010, issued according to the European Directive 2007/60/EC, introduced the Flood Risk Management Plans (PGRA) as a mandatory requirement for the flood-risk areas to reduce the impact of flooding on human health, environment, cultural heritage and economic activities. The PGRA plays a crucial role for the prevent...
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The Encyclical Letter “Laudato Sì” (“Praise be to you”) gives space to an important reflection on the social and environmental development dimensions as well on the relationship between economic growth and human progress. The Letter proposes an explicit critique to the current economic system, based on the neoclassical paradigm, and it claims some...
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Multiple stakeholders’ preferences are considered for solving a healthcare facility location problem in the city of Milan, Italy. The preference modeling is based on the Flexible and Interactive Tradeoff (FITradeoff), a Multicriteria Decision Making (MCDM) method used to elicit criteria scaling constants in additive models. FITradeoff is an easy to...
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The paper is aimed at exploring the advantages of public authorities within the context of negotiating Public Private Partnership (PPP). During recent years, many European cities have developed complex urban interventions through innovative forms of cooperation between the public and private sector. Given the limited public funds to cover investmen...
Article
Site selection of healthcare facilities is a typical ill-structured decision problem since it involves multiple criteria and sometimes conflicting stakeholders. Nowadays the site selection problem is ignored by most of the existing evaluation tools. Through a deep literature review the research proposes an evaluation system divided into four criter...
Article
Starting from the case of the Alpine huts located in the Sondrio Province of the Lombardy Region (Italy), the paper proposes an integrated evaluation framework for addressing the need of the Italian Alpine Club to efficiently allocate economic resources in the context of the huts' management. The evaluation has been based on the combination of spat...
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This paper is focused on land value in urban development agreements based on public-private partnerships. The first part discusses the topic in relation to the neoliberal planning model emerged during the nineties which has characterized the most part of urban developments until today. According to this model, urban development agreements assume a...
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The introduction of the sustainable development concept in the field of cultural heritage preservation has led relevant changes to traditional interventions on historical buildings and areas. Although the idea of reusing cultural heritage is not new, the emerging concept of adaptive reuse stresses even more the importance of a holistic approach for...
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The paper presents a new integrated model for the ex-ante evaluation of flood Expected Annual Damage (EAD) with specific reference to the direct damage to residential buildings. Starting from the analysis of an existing flood-damage model developed in other contexts, we propose an integrated evaluation model based on the definition of an analytic “...
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Composite indicators have been analyzed by several scholars, especially with the aim of defining standardization and aggregation rules consistent to the multidimensional theoretical framework underlying these kind of measures and adequate to the difficulty of comparing data of different nature. Starting from a broadly shared methodology, set up by...
Conference Paper
Large-scale urban development projects featured over the past thirty years have shown some critical issues related to the implementation phase. Con-sequently, the current practice seems oriented toward minimal and wide-spread interventions meant as urban catalyst. This planning practice might solve the problem of limited reliability of large develo...
Conference Paper
Over the past two decades the Council of Europe has addressed cultural heritage preservation policies to the use of heritage as cultural capital. Given this definition, the conservation of cultural capital is crucial, for its intrinsic value and as an investment for cultural, social and economic development. Thus, principles and areas of actions ha...
Conference Paper
This paper proposes an application of the Flexible Interactive Tradeoff (FITradeoff) method for siting healthcare facilities. The selection of the location of complex facilities, as hospitals, can be considered as a multidimensional decision problem for the several issues to be taken into account and, moreover, for the variety of stakeholders that...
Article
The Southern surroundings of the metropolitan city of Milan up to the province of Lodi (in Lombardy region, in the North West of Italy), represent a very interesting area hosting religious sites (cloisters and abbeys), historic and naturalistic heritage. Actually, it is only connected by roads for motorized mobility, while pedestrian paths and cycl...
Book
This book documents the state of the art and the emerging operational perspectives in the field of the appraisal discipline. It covers a wide range of topics, including energy efficiency, environmental sustainability, socio-economic evaluation of regional and urban transformations, real estate and facility management, risk management. It also discu...
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Background: It's scientifically known that inactivity is one of the major risk factors for Non-Communicable Diseases. One of the elements affecting the choice of transport mode, regarding circulation in the city, is the cities' urban morphology, i.e. the infrastructural facilities for the slow mobility service. Cyclability, in fact, can help to in...
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The interactions between economic activities and environmental quality is a field of research deeply explored since the second half of last century due to a growing public awareness about negative impacts of human actions on landscape. As shown by the large number of local communities' oppositions to the development of waste disposals, energy techn...
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Coerentemente con gli orientamenti TEN-T che promuovono il miglioramento della qualità delle infrastrutture di trasporto in termini di accessibilità, sicurezza e soddisfacimento della domanda di trasporto attraverso l’uso efficiente delle preesistenze infrastrutturali, il presente contributo propone l’applicazione di un approccio multi-metodologico...
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The paper is focused on the allocation of the surplus generated by the urban development intervention with the purpose of pointing out the advantages both of the private developer and of the local authorities within the context of negotiating Public private Partnership. In order to support Public Administration in dealing with private developers, t...
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The present article focuses on Decision Support Systems in the context of urban planning and regeneration processes. In particular, the article presents different typologies of decision problems that can arise in urban regeneration and discusses the possible answers given by evaluation tools. The dissertation is based on the presentation of real wo...
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Consistently with the The TEN-T (Trans-European Networks - Transport) strategies, aimed at improving the quality of transport infrastructures in terms of accessibility, safety and satisfaction of transport demand through the efficient use of pre-existing infrastructure, the paper proposes to apply a multi-methodological approach for evaluating the...
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Starting from a growing interest for urban neighbourhood health effects, the purpose of this paper is to suggest a multi-methodological approach for providing a comprehensive evaluation of the quality of open spaces under the urban design perspective. Despite the growing body of research and empirical evidence about the relationship among quality o...
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In the last decades a growing attention has been paid to the relationship between urban planning and public health. The introduction of the social model of health has stressed the importance of the determinants of health such as socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental conditions, in addition to living and working conditions. Starting from the as...
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Background: Site selection for urban facilities is a crucial topic in planning decision processes for the several side effects they produce and the multiple criteria involved, especially for healthcare facilities. Nevertheless, the location problem has been ignored by most of the existing evaluation systems. Methods: Starting from a deep literature...
Article
Il dl. 49/2010, emanato in attuazione alla direttiva 2007/60/CE, ha introdotto, in Italia, l’obbligo per le aree a rischio alluvione della predisposizione di ‘Piani di gestione del rischio’ (pgra) al fine di ridurre le conseguenze delle inondazioni sulla salute umana, l’ambiente, il patrimonio culturale e le attivita economiche. La nuova sfida tecn...
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In Italy, Legislative Decree 49/2010 issued to enact directive 2007/60/CE, introduced the obligation for flood-risk areas to draw up the predisposition of 'Risk Management Plan' (pgra) in order to reduce the consequences of flooding on human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activities. The new technical-scientific challenge,...
Chapter
Urban planning today is more arduous than it was some decades ago. Globalization and some of its main dynamics are intensifying changes on the economic and social structures taking place in cities. As such, cities have been long considered as complex, open multidimensional systems which growth and transformations are difficult to manage in virtue o...
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Sustainable development, health and quality of life are strongly interconnected. According to the WHO’s wide definition of wellbeing, the quality of living is a complex concept that includes physical, social and psychological aspects. Spatial and urban planning policies play a crucial role for shaping urban environment and, as a consequence, the he...
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When dealing with cultural built heritage, the enhancement strategies are generally rooted on the history and based on the embedded values of cultural goods themselves, rather than on the multiplicity of their tangible and intangible values. Furthermore, the current state of the art in cultural heritage management lacks of an appropriate legislatio...
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Starting from the spatial analysis of territorial vulnerability and local conflicts against the infrastructure development, the paper focuses on the potential benefit of ESIA in order to achieve an integrated assessment of environmental, economic and social impacts within the decisional process and to minimize the level of social conflicts. With th...
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Multiple factors influence individuals' health status. Their impact is difficult to quantify as it is their interaction. Aim of the current work is to develop guidelines to support designers to promote health in the residential environment and to apply them through an evaluation system to certify the level of health performance. Politecnico di Mila...
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In the past 15 years, cultural and creative industries have been center-stage in international and national debates. Policymakers promoted culture and creativity in dedicated initiatives and the need for evidence-based policy has prompted governments to undertake broad-scope cultural mapping, in order to identify spatially-defined systems of cultur...
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The Alpine territories show a strong potential in reaching the targets set out by the European policies related to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The present paper reflects about the role of cultural heritage in supporting local development processes in mountain areas. In particular, Valle d’Aosta castles’ system (Italy) is considered in...
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According to the evolution of the evaluation processes the article proposes the definition and the use of a participatory multicriteria model in order to assess different options of territorial strategic plan in the Trentino Region (Italy). The methodology proposed has been defined with the aim of considering the followings issues: a) the definitio...
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Goal The main goal of hygiene applied to the environment, is to achieve adequate indoor conditions to reach and maintain health status, defined by WHO as "complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not only the absence of disease." The development of industrial civilization has highlighted the severe problems related to indoor and outdoor...
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The enhancement process of urban systems is currently developed by interventions with increasing complexity, as they should achieve the economical and social requirements of sustainability, beside the environmental ones. This is a central issue that is growing in importance also at the neighborhood level. Within the present sustainability assessmen...
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The aim of this paper is to open again the discussion on the social function of Appraisal, as nowadays are quite noticeable the negative effects on the communities’ wellbeing caused by a strong restriction of its task, up to deny the dignity of autonomous Science, which should play an important role for ensuring the economic justice. In order to ex...
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One of the most criticism in Real Estate appraisal processes based on sales comparison approach is the reliability of data about market prices of comparable properties. In this context, the use of evaluation methods based on hypothetical markets, most widely used in the field of the evaluation of environmental goods or cultural heritage, could solv...
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This essay describes the most relevant steps of the urban system analysis procedure and of the isovalue maps compilation for the main urban functions, to prove the urgency of using these methods to reply to the increasing need for equity and liberalism that recently came out from the urban planning process in Italy, especially, after the acknowledg...
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This essay describes the most relevant steps of a method for the environmental damage assessment that was edited in 1989 and that could be easily adapted to the actual context, using a scenario approach built thanks to Gis tools and procedures. Once the scenarios have been identified, the turning point is a prospective comparison referred to the de...
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This paper proposes an innovative and transparent methodology to support the "ASL Milano" (Local Health Agency) in the hygiene and health evaluation of construction projects, in order to highlight their positive and negative performance beyond the requirements imposed by the current laws and regulations regarding buildings' hygiene performance, whi...