Alessandra Chiera

Alessandra Chiera
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre | UNIROMA3 · Department of Philosophy

Post-doc researcher

About

40
Publications
12,536
Reads
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215
Citations
Citations since 2016
28 Research Items
215 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Additional affiliations
February 2019 - September 2019
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2014 - May 2014
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Educational activities in communication and language (High School)
January 2012 - present
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • Subjects expert
Education
January 2012 - March 2015
Università degli Studi di Messina
Field of study
  • Cognitive Sciences
September 2007 - May 2010
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Field of study
  • Theories of Communication
September 2004 - September 2007
Università della Calabria
Field of study
  • Philosophy and Communication Sciences

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Empathy is the ability to perceive and understand others' emotional states generating a similar mental state in the self. Previous behavioural studies have shown that self-reflection can enhance the empathic process. The present event-related poten-tials' study aims to investigate whether self-reflection, elicited by an introspective self-narrative...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the comprehension of narrative with reference to global coherence, i.e., the global representation of story meaning and connectedness, across two different expressive modalities: stories conveyed through written language and stories conveyed through sequences of images. Two cognitive abilities possibly underpinning su...
Article
This paper relies on the idea that human language evolved to modify/change the beliefs and attitudes of other people , in order to make them act in a certain way. Such an idea is in line with a more general model of animal communication , which sees it as a way to influence others' behaviors. Although forms of persuasion are present in non-human co...
Article
This event-related potentials (ERPs) study investigated online processes of integration of information relating to characters in narrative comprehension. The final sample included twenty-nine participants who read short third-person stories in which the plausibility of the characters' actions was manipulated. Stories were administered in three cond...
Article
[Medicina delle Dipendenze. Italian Journal of the Addictions] Diversi studi hanno dimostrato che l’analisi della dimensione narrativa può rappresentare un valido strumento per far luce su alcuni aspetti psicologici critici; in questo senso, può essere utile per capire meglio il disturbo da dipendenza. Il presente articolo riporta tra l’altro alcu...
Article
This study addresses the postulate of non-conventionality of pantomime, inherent in pantomimic scenarios of language origin. Since lack of semiotic conventions does not preclude micro-conventions resulting from cultural differences, pantomimes should be easier to interpret when the actor and recipient share the same culture than between two differe...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have shown that the analysis of the narrative dimension may represent a useful instrument to shed light on certain critical psychological aspects; to this extent, it might also be fruitful to understand better the addiction disorder. The present study aimed to investigate the critical psychological-narrative aspects involved in Gamb...
Article
Full-text available
OPEN ACCESS at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10339-021-01013-w Growing evidence suggests that theory of mind (ToM) and episodic future thinking (EFT) are closely related at both brain and functional level. This study explored the relationship between ToM and EFT in 96 Italian-speaking children with typical development aged between 8...
Article
Impairments in language narrative abilities have been widely observed in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Indeed, both children and adults with ASD show difficulties in generating coherent personal and fictional narratives as well as understanding verbal stories. Cognitive studies have considered these difficulties as not dependent on strictly lingu...
Article
Aim of the present study was to investigate affective and cognitive processes underlying self-narratives of patients with gambling disorder through a verbal language analysis. A semistructured interview was administered to 30 patients with gambling disorder (GD) (24 males and 6 females; mean age: 46.63 ± 9.08) concerning the various thematic areas...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we offer some insights that might contribute to the debate about English as a lingua franca (ELF) by addressing some aspects related to the broader topic of language acquisition and evolution. Specifically, it is our claim that some features related to the emergence of ELF can be explained in reference to the 'bottleneck of communica...
Article
The present study analyzed the comprehension of visual narrative in a group of twelve children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Their performances were compared to a control group of fifteen children with typical development (TD) matched for age, level of formal education, and IQ. Visual narrative comprehension was assessed by administering a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction to the special issue of Theoria et Historia Scientiarum available on line at: https://apcz.umk.pl/czasopisma/index.php/THS/issue/view/1605/showToc Vol. 16, 2019
Book
Full-text available
Available on line (OA, open access) at: https://apcz.umk.pl/czasopisma/index.php/THS/issue/view/1605/showToc
Article
Full-text available
Impairments of motor representation of actions have been reported as a core component of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Individuals with ASD have difficulties in a number of functions such as assuming anticipatory postures, imitating body movements, producing and understanding gestures, and recognizing motor intentions. Such cognitive-motor abili...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Investigating the multimodal communication of Tourist Guides to implement a Virtual Tourist Guide leading tourists in three Italian Charterhouses, the paper focuses on an aspect of the human guide's speech that would be useful to create a very realistic Virtual Guide: linguistic disfluencies. On a corpus of three guided tours in S. Martino Charterh...
Poster
Full-text available
Definition and experimentation of a methodology of collecting, analysing and modelling multimodal data in designing virtual agents serving in museums, through an “anthropomorphic” human-machine dialog system. - Research features and regularity of verbal behavioural pattern to be implemented in text to speech (TTS) systems in order to improve its p...
Article
Individuals with Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulties in the recollection of past experiences (Episodic Memory). Accumulating evidence suggests that they might have also difficulties in the ability to imagine potential future scenarios (Episodic Future Thinking, EFT) and in narrative generation skills. This investigation aimed to deter...
Article
Full-text available
https://riviste.unimi.it/index.php/Lebenswelt/article/view/11107 In this paper, we show how the embodied revolution within cognitive sciences has relevant consequences for the topic of language origins. The empirical findings of the embodied approaches, indeed, allow to elaborate a motor theory of language origins according to which human language...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzed the relation between mental time travel (MTT) and the ability to produce a storytelling focusing on global coherence, which is one of the most notable characteristics of narrative discourse. As global coherence is strictly tied to the temporal sequence of the events narrated in a story, we hypothesized that the construction of c...
Article
The ability to imagine future events (episodic future thinking—EFT) emerges in preschoolers and further improves during middle childhood and adolescence. In the present study, we focused on the possible cognitive factors that affect EFT and its development. We assessed the ability to mentally project forward in time of a large cohort of 135 6- to 1...
Chapter
Full-text available
L'assunto alla base di questo articolo è che le caratteristiche essenziali della comuni-cazione umana siano individuabili sul piano del discorso. Nello specifico, la nostra proposta è che il linguaggio abbia una natura eminentemente narrativa. Nell'ottica cognitiva in cui si colloca la nostra riflessione, il riferimento al piano narrativo com-porta...
Article
Full-text available
The cooperative character of language is an empirical fact and one of the key tenets in linguistics. However, this cooperative character is what makes it evolutionarily suspect: under normal circumstances sharing honest information with biologically unrelated individuals and without any obvious costs is not an ESS (evolutionarily stable strategy) a...
Article
In this paper we propose a narrative account for the origin of language. Such a proposal is based on two assumptions. The first is conceptual and concerns the idea that the distinctive feature of human language (what sets it apart from other forms of animal communication) has to be traced to its inherently narrative character. The second assumption...
Article
This brief report is a partial replication of the study by Jackson and Atance (J Dev Disabil 14:40–45, 2008) assessing nonverbal Self-based and Mechanical-based future thinking (FT) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In a first step, these tasks were administered to 30 children with ASD. The two Self-based tasks were then modified as...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although, as many scholars state, hierarchical social groups arose in order to manage conflicts among individuals (Sapolsky 1999), it is clear that social stratification may be a source for new conflicts. Thus societies can exist only on condition that an equilibrium between conflicting and cooperative factors is maintained. What are the cognitive...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we make reference to the debate about the nature, the evolution and the mechanisms underlying social rituals from a naturalistic point of view. Considering current observations coming from the phylogenetic perspective, we explore two prevailing and opposite accounts of the ritual dimension which characterizes social groups: on the one...
Article
Full-text available
Consistent with the well-established tradition of cognitive pragmatics, this work hinges on the idea that human communication has to be considered inferential in nature. Starting from the empirically-based insights of Relevance Theory, I will focus on the role of pragmatic inference processes in real language use, specifically in conversation. In o...
Article
Full-text available
In cognitive science, automatic computational processes are widely considered to be the mechanisms underlying communication functioning. According to this interpretative model, formal computations may account for the linguistic comprehension and production processes in a mechanicistic perspective. In this sense, from a psychological point of view c...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
a) analyze narrative competence of children with TD and children with ASD across different expressive systems (e.g., linguistic stories; visual narratives; pantomimic events; etc); b) explore the possible cognitive underpinnings (e.g., Theory of Mind; Episodic Future Thinking; Central Coherence) of narrative processing across different modalities.
Project
1) elaborate a model of language origins with reference to the Darwinian tradition, i.e. in accordance with the gradualistic and continuistic principles; 2) ground the origins of language in the cognitive abilities underlying the pragmatic dimension of human communication.
Project
1. determine the role of MTT in the phylogenetic evolution of language 2. analyze the effects of MTT impairments on language and narrative discourse processing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders