Alero Ann Roberts

Alero Ann Roberts
University of Lagos | Unilag · Department of Community Health & Primary Care

BSc MBBS MPH FMCPH

About

53
Publications
8,387
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348
Citations
Citations since 2017
26 Research Items
280 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (53)
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Antibiotic resistance has been widely described in children by various pathogens to multiple antibiotics, these have become a global health crisis and an emergency. Factors associated with antibiotic use are both community and hospital based as studies have reported increased use of antibiotics by parents and caregivers as well as health...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Antibiotic resistance has been widely described in children by various pathogens to multiple antibiotics, these have become a global health crisis and an emergency. Factors associated with antibiotic use are both community and hospital based as studies have reported increased use of antibiotics by parents and caregivers as well as health...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Increasing manpower capacity to meet the demands in the healthcare system is important during health emergencies. Medical students have roles to play during a pandemic but their involvement in these duties should be voluntary. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness and motivations of final year medical students in La...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death among children under five years old globally. It remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among this age group in Nigeria. Using simple home management, mothers play important roles in the prevention and control of diarrhoea among these children. Aim: This study aimed to assess mothers’ kno...
Article
Background: Hepatitis is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. It is often caused by hepatitis B and C, which are both preventable and treatable. Available information on Hepatitis B and C in Nigeria is based primarily on estimates obtained from specific population sub-groups or hospital-based...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Increasing manpower capacity to meet the demands in the healthcare system is important during health emergencies. Medical students have roles to play during a pandemic but their involvement in these duties should be voluntary. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness and motivations of final year medical students in L...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Despite the high burden of deaths from emergency conditions in Nigeria, there are no formal emergency medicine (EM) residency programs in the country. Due to the absence of training programs in the country, we hypothesised that there may be a lack of awareness of these benefits of specialised emergency care among medical students and a...
Article
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Abstract Background Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) has uniquely stigmatizing aspects because children with ASD have no physical markers of their condition. Parents are usually blamed and judgment from others is often internalized (felt stigma). Aim This study was conducted to determine knowledge about ASD, negative experiences (enacted stigma), int...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Domestic accidents are a major cause of death and undesirable incidents in children. It has adverse effects, health-wise and emotionally; even in the future. Moreover, the economic and social hub of Nigeria, Lagos state is lacking an evidence-based study on childhood domestic accidents. This study assessed knowledge on the types, causes...
Conference Paper
Background Despite the success and cost-effectiveness of immunisation in preventing infectious diseases, vaccine preventable diseases still contribute to child mortality in Africa. Results from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey suggest a low coverage of childhood immunisation reporting only 31% of Nigerian children who have received all bas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background3502 Congolese refugees based in Bujumbura possess the United Nations Higher Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) health insurance covering primary health care needs offered by CMC SOLIS clinic. This study sought to assess the quality of health care services received by Congolese refugees and determine factors affecting satisfaction. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: in Africa, genetic diseases and congenital anomalies remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality. Existing data suggests a gap in the use of prenatal tests among pregnant women to better inform decision making. We examined relationships of socio-demographic factors with willingness to terminate affected pregnancies, and th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a public health emergency with increasing rates and spread globally. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) has been advocated to reduce the burden of antimicrobial resistance, promote rational and appropriate use of antibiotics and improve clinical outcomes. Education and training are one of the AMS i...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: genetic diseases and congenital anomalies place a significant burden on the health of new-borns and their mothers. Despite the availability of a variety of prenatal screening tests, mothers' knowledge has been documented to determine uptake. This study aims to assess the knowledge of pregnant women about birth defects and the associa...
Conference Paper
Background Global evidence reports tetanus as one of the highest contributors to preventable child deaths. Despite increasing advances in medicine, Nigeria still contributes a large burden to unnecessary child deaths having failed to eradicate tetanus. Methods A multipronged cross-sectional study aimed at identifying contributors to tetanus deaths...
Article
Background: Antimicrobial resistance, a global problem, is mostly a consequence of misuse or overuse of antimicrobials. This study sought to audit the compliance to hospital antimicrobial policy and determine the ability of medical students to carry out audits. Methodology: This was a retrospective study to determine compliance with departmental...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Loss to follow-up (LTFU) is a term used to classify patients no longer being seen in a clinical care program, including HIV treatment programs. It is unclear if these patients have transferred their care services elsewhere, died, or if there are other reasons for their LTFU. To better understand the status of patients meeting the crite...
Conference Paper
Background Antiretroviral Therapy(ART) has been shown to reduce transmission of HIV and HIV-related morbidity and mortality. Despite improved and highly successful coverage with ART, HIV programmes around the world have recorded appreciable rise in the numbers of clients who drop out of care at different points. The objective of this study was to d...
Article
Full-text available
Research has documented that food security at national level does not translate to food security at household level. The study assessed the level of food security among urban households in Shomolu LGA, Lagos State. Using the 9-item Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) information was collected from 306 heads of households on adequacy of f...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide with incidence increasing rapidly in developing countries. Poor utilization of preventive healthcare services contributes to this high burden. Objective: To assess the knowledge and utilization of preventive healthcare services among women...
Article
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates until six months in most low and middle income counties (LMICs) are well below the 90% WHO benchmark. This systematic review sought to provide evidence on effectiveness of various interventions on exclusive breastfeeding until six months in LMICs, compared with standard care. Experimental and observational studie...
Research
Full-text available
This study set out to assess the knowledge of pregnant women about genetic diseases and prenatal genetic testing, willingness to test, attitudes towards testing, use of common tests available as well as willingness to terminate affected pregnancies.
Article
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Background: Nigeria commenced a phased programmatic deployment of rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) at the primary health care (PHC) facility levels since 2011. Despite various efforts, the national testing rate for malaria is still very low. The uptake of RDT has been variable. This study was undertaken to determine the provider and patient perception...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological cancer and a leading cause of cancer death in women in Nigeria. This study was aimed to assess the knowledge, perception, and practice of cervical cancer prevention among female public secondary school teachers in Mushin, Lagos. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out am...
Article
Full-text available
Breast cancer is a major disease in Nigeria; in 2012, 27,304 new occurrences were diagnosed, and the number of mortalities was 13,960. Greater than 70% of patients present with advanced disease, which has a poor survival outcome. The mortality rates are high mainly because of a lack of awareness about breast health, screening guidelines, and treatm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O1: Assessing the protective effect of dexrazoxane against doxorubicin-induced toxicity in HL-1 cardiomyocytes Yvonne Sweeney, Hugh O’Neill, Garry Duffy O2: Role of KCNQ1 in epithelial barrier repair Daniel Creegan, Viviana Bustos, Brian J. Harvey O3: The suitability of non-small cell lung cancer cytology preparations for the analysis of anaplastic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Young people have been shown to be at higher risk of STI and HIV because of certain behavioural characteristics. Documented evidence shows that young people in Cameroun have a higher prevalence of HIV compared to their counterpart in a neighbouring country Nigeria. The same pattern of higher prevalence among the female gender was howeve...
Article
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Background: The practice and transition from exclusive breastfeeding to family foods is a vulnerable period in every child’s life. Poor breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices have been widely documented in the developing countries. Only about 39% of infants in the developing countries, and 25% in Africa are exclusively breastfed for the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Nigeria has the largest number of malaria-related deaths, accounting for a third of global malaria deaths. It is important that the country attains universal coverage of key malaria interventions, one of which is the policy of universal testing before treatment, which the country has recently adopted. However, there is a dearth of data...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: We evaluated birth plans and health insurance enrolment of pregnant women at secondary health care level as a strategy for post-2015 goals. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study at two secondary health facilities in Lagos state, Nigeria. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data that were analysed and results presented with...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Health-care workers (HCWs) play pivotal roles in outbreak responses. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak spread to Lagos, Nigeria, in July 2014, infecting 11 HCWs (case fatality rate of 45%). This study was conducted during the outbreak to assess HCWs EVD-related knowledge and practices.MethodsA health facility based cross-sectional study...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The first ever outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Nigeria was declared in July, 2014. Level of public knowledge, perception and adequacy of information on EVD were unknown. We assessed the public preparedness level to adopt disease preventive behavior which is premised on appropriate knowledge, perception and adequate information...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Attendance at antenatal clinics, skilled care at delivery and timely access to postnatal care, immunization, and treatment in case of illness are essential to reducing adverse health outcomes in the community. This survey was conducted to identify the demographic and community members′ preferences for health service facility for mater...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a major public health problem worldwide and is present in 50-60% of full term and 80% of preterm newborns. It contributes to the high neonatal morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America. Various studies in Lagos have reported higher rates compared to other parts of Nigeria and the de...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In the absence of any interventions, 5-20% of infants born to HIVinfected women will be infected through breastfeeding.Objectives: This study determined the pattern of infant feeding in the first six months among HIV positive women attending Teaching Hospitals in Lagos.Methods: It was a cross sectional descriptive study. All mothers who...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Introduction: Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a growing threat in developing countries already burdened with high levels of infectious disease. Screening the general population has debatable advantages. This study aims to determine whether spouses of patients with diabetes mellitus have higher random blood glucose (RBG) levels as well as the b...
Article
To determine factors associated with maternal preference for delivery in private hospitals in an urban community in sub-Saharan Africa. A cross-sectional study of socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics of mothers and their newborns attending Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunization clinics in inner-city Lagos, Nigeria. Factors associated...
Article
Background: Utilization of health services is a complex behavioral phenomenon, related to the availability, quality and cost of services, social structure, health beliefs and characteristics of the users. Objective: This study was carried out to examine factors influencing the use of maternal health care services amongst traders in Lagos markets....
Article
Assessment of quality from the patient's perspective could be a method of aiding improvement of services to achieve total quality management. This study set out to determine the level of knowledge of radiotherapy among patients and assess their attitude to the radiotherapy services provided at the Oncology clinic of the Department of Radiotherapy,...
Article
Physicians often account for delays in detection and intervention for infant hearing loss for reasons that are rarely investigated, especially in developing countries. This study, therefore, explores current physician knowledge, attitude and training towards infant hearing loss in Nigeria. Knowledge of documented risk factors, intervention options...
Article
Adolescent sexual and reproductive ill health is a major global public health issue, contributing to high levels of morbidity and mortality in adolescents. Although adolescents are known to have low levels of doctor consultations, private medical practitioners remain the preferred health care providers. This study was carried out to document the at...
Article
Gender equity, equality and mainstreaming are very topical issues presently and most components of reproductive health require gender equity to succeed. Health care workers are constantly going to have to be involved in gender related issues in health. This study was conducted among health students of the College of Medicine of the University of La...
Article
This paper presents some qualitative results of an extensive study on reproductive health. The geographical area of study was Calabar in South East Nigeria where the total fertility rate was found to be 2.4, which was less than the national average of 6.5. Certain practices were identified which might have contributed to this low fertility rate. Th...

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Projects (3)
Archived project
Project
To determine the prevalence and determinants of households and families at risk of inadequate nutrition