Aleksandra Ukalska - Jaruga

Aleksandra Ukalska - Jaruga
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation · Department of Soil Science and Land Protection

PhD

About

45
Publications
10,291
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
345
Citations

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
The content of organic matter affects the quality and productivity of agricultural soils. Due to the shortage of manure as the basic source of organic matter for agricultural soils, alternative and commonly available exogenous sources of organic matter, such as sewage sludge and bottom sediments, are taken into account. The aim of the study was to...
Poster
Full-text available
Realizacja w ramach tematu statutowego 2.41/1.03 IUNG-PIB. „Ocena skutków środowiskowych wykorzystania egzogennych źródeł materii organicznej w rolnictwie
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of soil amendments, characterized by different sorption properties, on the effectiveness of trace elements’ (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Ni, and Cr) stabilization and bioavailability to earthworms. The study was conducted as a microcosm experiment using soil derived from a heavily contaminated post-industrial area...
Article
Full-text available
Humic substances (HS) are the most important natural biostimulant of plants. However, the relationship between their structure and biological activity in plants is still not well recognized. The objective of this paper was to assess the influence of molecular fractions of humic acids (HA) (HA < 30 kDa and HA > 30 kDa) on reducing negative effects o...
Article
Full-text available
Humic substances, including humin fraction, play a key role in the fate of organic and inorganic xenobiotics contaminating the environment. Humin is an important fraction of humic substances, which has been the least studied to date. This is due to the difficulties connected with its isolation that pose a number of methodological problems. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The cells of the entire body, including the skeletal system, especially of young animals, may derive from the bone marrow in which they multiply. Therefore, it is important to assess whether the diet and quality of life of deer have a significant impact on the elemental composition of bone and bone marrow, which can directly affect the...
Article
Full-text available
Humic substances, including humin fraction , play a key role in the fate of organic and inorganic xenobiotics contaminating the environment. Humin is an important fraction of humic substances, which has been the least studied to date. This is due to the difficulties connected with its isolation that pose a number of methodological problems. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aims of the study were to investigate the interaction between fractions of organic matter and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in bottom sediments and to use mussels as passive biomonitors and consensus-based sediment quality guidelines for ecological risk assessment in sediments. Methods Bottom sediment samples were taken from...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper was to investigate the molecular characterization of soil organic matter fractions (humic substances (HS): fulvic acids-FAs, humic acids-HAs, and humins-HNs), which are the most reactive soil components. A wide spectrum of spectroscopic (UV–VIS and VIS–nearIR), as well as electrochemical (zeta potential, particle size di...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to determine the concentrations of toxic elements accumulated in the bone marrow and bones (Cervus elaphus). The studies were carried out on two groups of young stags: farmed (n = 6) and wild (n = 9). Their body weights were measured and bone and bone marrow samples were collected. The concentrations of toxic elements were...
Article
Full-text available
Fungi have increased tolerance to environmental stress (also related to the access of pollutants, e.g., trace elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs). The aim of the study was to evaluate the mycobiome and functional diversity of fungi in long-term crude-oil contaminated soils as the potential bioremediators of oil contaminated sites. S...
Article
Full-text available
Application of exogenous organic matter (EOM) to soil enriches it with micro-and macro-elements necessary for the proper growth and yield of crops. One of these elements is nitrogen, which is a major nutrient affecting crop production worldwide. Therefore, the aim of our study was to assess the impact of various EOM treatments (with and without min...
Article
Full-text available
In many areas, organic crop production systems have been shown to contribute to maintaining good soil condition. The organic production system has been recommended as an alternative to conventional agriculture. However, in order to recommend this practice in new regions, it is necessary to obtain information about its effects and consequences in lo...
Article
Full-text available
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exhibit persistence in soils, and most of them are potentially mutagenic/carcinogenic and teratogenic for human beings but also influence the growth and development of soil organisms. The PAHs emitted into the atmosphere are ultimately deposited (by dry or wet deposition processes) onto the soil surface where...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to identify and examine the levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soil collected from the surroundings of historical pesticide storage facilities on former agricultural aerodromes, warehouses, and pesticide distribution sites located in...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to identify and examine the levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soil collected from the surroundings of historical pesticide storage facilities on former agricultural aerodromes, warehouses, and pesticide distribution sites located in...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of the research was to assess the effect of biochar addition on aging, degradation, and sorption processes of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to soil organic matter. The study was carried out as a sorption experiment in strictly controlled water and air conditions, which allowed for the accurate observation and prediction of...
Article
Full-text available
Pesticides belong to a group of xenobiotics harmful to humans and wildlife, whose fate and activity depends on their susceptibility to degradation. Therefore, the monitoring of their residue level in agricultural soils is very important because it provides very valuable information on the actual level of soil contamination and environmental risk re...
Article
Full-text available
Different individual soil parameters or simple indices are widely used in soil quality evaluation, but this approach has many limitations. The aim of the study was to determine an integrated soil quality index in agricultural soils as affected by different levels of anthropopressure. The soil quality index was calculated through: the selection of t...
Article
The objective of this study was to investigate differences in organic matter fractions, such as dissolved organic carbon and humic substances, in soils under different land uses. Soil samples were collected from the upper layer of arable lands and grasslands. Humic substances (HS) were chemically fractionated into fulvic acids (FA), humic acids (HA...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The objective of this study was to evaluate the mutual relations between the soil organic matter (SOM) fractions: fulvic acids (FA), humic acids (HA), humins (HN), black carbon (BC) and the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) accumulation level in agricultural soils influenced by historical and actual anthropopressure. The research allow...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the indisputable significance of humus in many biochemical processes as well as its increasing deficit particularly in light soils, alternative sources of substrates for the reproduction of this constituent should be sought. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the addition of wheat straw and wheat straw biochar (in four rates...
Article
Full-text available
Soil contamination with petroleum, especially in the area of oil wells, is a serious environmental problem. Restoring soil subjected to long-term pollution to its original state is very difficult. Under such conditions, unique bacterial communities develop in the soil that are adapted to the contaminated conditions. Analysis of the structure and fu...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study was to determine the mutual relations between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) originated from atmospheric emissions and enzymatic activity and humic substances in soils at differently urbanized area, on an example of the Lublin city, east Poland. Materials and methods The chosen areas represented three differe...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Structural studies on fulvic acids (FAs) are of significant importance since FAs are involved in many environmentally important processes, such as adsorption and transportation of nutrients, trace elements, and organic pollutants. Interactions between suspended and dissolved soil components are controlled by a variety of attractive and repu...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in the content of (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) PAHs and transformation of humic substances during composting of maize straw with sewage sludge and biochar amendment were investigated. Biochar was applied as an agent for improving physical and chemical properties of the composting mix. The composting process has lasted 140 d and was ca...
Poster
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to evaluate functional and structural diversity of bacteria in soils long term contaminated with crude oil and also to identify the main groups of bacteria that could be indicators of changes in the soil under the influence of pollution. The significant differences of bacterial community structure between soils were obtaine...
Poster
Full-text available
Ocena profilu metabolicznego gleby (community level physiological profiles – CLPP) jest jedną z metod wykorzystywanych w badaniach różnorodności funkcjonalnej zespołów mikroorganizmów pod wpływem różnych czynników biotycznych i abiotycznych. Ocenę tę przeprowadzono przy użyciu systemu Biolog (EcoPlate). Płytki Biolog EcoPlates to 96- dołkowe mikrop...
Article
Full-text available
The level of 16PAH accumulation was determined in 75 soil samples collected from two agricultural regions of Poland corresponding to the smallest Polish administrative unit at the LAU 2 level. Both regions are characterised by similar territory and soil cover but different history of pollution and different pressure of anthropogenic factors. Overal...
Article
Full-text available
Abstrakt: Materia organiczna (MO) stanowi główny składnik gleb, który wpływa na procesy związane z przemianami trwałych zanieczyszczeń organicznych (TZO). Przebieg tych procesów zależy od czynników glebowych i klimatycznych oraz właściwości związków. Podział zanieczyszczeń pomiędzy fazę stałą i ciekłą gleb, sorpcja/desorpcja, sekwestracja, starzeni...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The project deals with the processes of pesticides sorption by soil organic matter, including humin fraction, and effects of pesticides on humin properties.
Project
EN website: https://ejpsoil.eu/ PL website: http://www.iung.pl/2021/03/15/projekt-ejp-soil/ EJP SOIL is a European Joint Programme Cofund on Agricultural Soil Management contributing to key societal challenges including climate change, water and future food security. The objectives are to develop knowledge, tools and an integrated research community to foster climate-smart sustainable agricultural soil management that: * Allows sustainable food production * Sustains soil biodiversity * Sustains soil functions that preserves ecosystem services
Project
The aim of the project is to assess the effects of the implementation of CAP instruments in rural areas with particular emphasis on soil properties. The program includes research at the national and farm levels.