Aleksandra Nikolic-kokic

Aleksandra Nikolic-kokic
University of Belgrade · Institute for Biological Research Sinisa Stankovic

PhD

About

73
Publications
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936
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1994 - present
University of Belgrade
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Objective: During pregnancy the production of thyroid hormones increases. As a consequence the need for iodine also increases. When iodine intake is insufficient there is a deficit which in the most severe cases causes fetal hypothyroxinemia and cretinism which negatively affects cognitive development in children. Method: A urinary iodine concen...
Article
Full-text available
Ibogaine induces rapid changes in cellular energetics followed by the elevation of antioxidant activities. As shown earlier in male rats, ibogaine treatment with both 1 and 20 mg/kg b.w. per os led to significant glycogenolytic activity in the liver. In this work, female rats treated with the same doses of ibogaine per os displayed lower liver glyc...
Article
Full-text available
Ibogaine effects are mediated by cellular receptors, ATP depletion followed by ROS production and antioxidant enzyme activity elevation in a dose and time dependent manner. Since the role of KATP channels and β-adrenoceptors in ROS cellular circuit was established here we explored their role in ibogaine pro-antioxidant effectiveness. Single dose of...
Article
Background Both fructose consumption and chronic stress contribute to the development of metabolic disorders. The consequences of such combination are not fully understood. Objective We investigated whether fructose supplementation and chronic stress synergistically disturb hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism. The role of energy sensing, redox, a...
Article
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Chronic use of atypical antipsychotics may produce hepatic damage. Atypical antipsychotics, including clozapine, sertindole, and ziprasidone, are extensively metabolized by the liver and this process generates toxic-free radical metabolic intermediates which may contribute to liver damage. The aim of this study was to investigate whether clozapine,...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of early-life fructose consumption on hepatic signaling pathways and their relation to the development of metabolic disorders in later life are not fully understood. To investigate whether fructose overconsumption at a young age induces alterations in glucocorticoid signaling that might contribute to development of metabolic disturbance...
Article
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Radicava™ (Edaravone) was approved the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a new treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Edaravone is a synthetic antioxidant that specifically targets oxidative damage interacting with lipid radicals in the cell. ALS is a disease were multiple cell types are involved in the devastating loss of motor neu...
Article
Antipsychotic drugs interfere with the antioxidant defense system provoking complex and often toxicological effects. Here we examined differences in plasma albumin reduced free thiol (SH) group content and its reactivity as a consequence of clozapine (CLZ) and ziprasidone (ZIP) binding. Chronic administration of CLZ reduced, whereas treatment with...
Article
Full-text available
Our previous results showed that a single oral dose (1 or 20 mg/kg body weight) of the anti-addiction agent ibogaine induced in rats 6 and 24 h after administration glycogenolytic activity in hepatocytes, followed by a mild oxidative stress. In this work, we examined the in vivo effect of the same doses of ibogaine on rat kidney morphology, antioxi...
Article
Full-text available
Ibogaine, administered as a single oral dose (1-25 mg/kg body weight), has been used as an addiction-interrupting agent. Its effects persist for up to 72 h. Ex vivo results showed that ibogaine induced cellular energy consumption and restitution, followed by increased reactive oxygen species production and antioxidant activity. Therefore, the aim o...
Article
To determine the relationship between alterations in the activity of the enzymes participating in antioxidative defense system and neurological soft signs (NSS) in schizophrenic patients with the first episode psychosis (SFE, n = 19), patients in relapse (SR, n = 46), and healthy controls (HC, n = 20). NSS intensity and enzymatic plasma activities...
Article
Atypical antipsychotics produce severe side effects including myocarditis that may be attributed to oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of clozapine, ziprasidone, and sertindole on rat heart morphology and determine whether redox imbalane plays a role in development of histopathological changes. Adult 3-month-ol...
Article
Full-text available
Ibogaine is an indole alkaloid originally extracted from the root bark of the African rainforest shrub Tabernanthe iboga . It has been explored as a treatment for substance abuse because it interrupts drug addiction and relieves withdrawal symptoms. However, it has been shown that ibogaine treatment leads to a sharp and transient fall in cellular A...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, computed tomography (CT) has become very common in veterinary medicine. It is well known that testicles are organs with high radiosensitivity and their function can be impaired even after exposure to low radiation doses. In this work, we calculated the absorbed radiation doses after CT was performed with different voltage/current l...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of the commercial formulation hemazin SC 500, an herbicide containing terbuthylazine as the active compound, on the isoenzyme patterns and activities of Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and catalase (CAT), as well as on the glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, in human erythrocytes in vitro....
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to assess the radiation dose in computed tomography examinations of rabbits using different examination protocols and to correlate these values with the activity of antioxidant enzymes in their red blood cells following irradiation. The presented results revealed that a single, routine computed tomography scan exposu...
Poster
Full-text available
The anti-addiction agent ibogaine interacts with different types of neural transmitter receptors, but also decrease cellular ATP level, followed by increased cellular respiration and production of reactive oxygen species, which change redox homeostasis. We wanted to investigate the effects of single dose of 1 or 20 mg/kg body weight of ibogaine (do...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: There is a discrepancy between the amount of transitional milk produced by mothers of preterm infants and the low capacity of premature infants to consume it. This milk can be used in milk banks, but previous studies found that there are large variations in the level of host-defence proteins in individual samples of milk from mothers of prema...
Article
Pectin is the main soluble fiber in apples or citruses. It may be fermented by gut microbiota to metabolites showing local intestinal and systemic effects. A wide range of beneficial effects of dietary pectin includes impacts on the redox milieu and microbiota profile. We prepared pectin-derived oligosaccharides (apple (APDO) and citrus) and polyga...
Article
Full-text available
The use of atypical antipsychotic drugs (APD) was reported to be associated with adverse effects on the kidneys. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether APD exerted their adverse effects by interfering with the renal antioxidant defense system. Male 3-mo-old Wistar rats were treated for 28 d with ziprasidone (ZIP), clozapine (CLO), or se...
Article
Objectives: The aim of our study was to determine if redox imbalance caused by the activities of antioxidant enzymes existed in erythrocytes of type 1 myotonic dystrophy (DM1) patients. Methods: The activities of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase were measured in 30 DM1 patients and 15...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Milk banks collect, pasteurize, and freeze/store human milk. The processing may alter redox properties of milk, but the effects have not been fully examined. Methods: We collected 10 mature milk and 10 colostrum samples and applied a battery of biochemical assays and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy to inspect changes that m...
Article
Objectives: Milk banks collect, pasteurize, and freeze/store human milk. The processing might alter redox properties of milk, but the effects have not been fully examined. Methods: We collected 10 mature milk and 10 colostrum samples and applied a battery of biochemical assays and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy to inspect changes t...
Article
Full-text available
Interactions of hydrogen sulfide (HS(-)/H2S), a reducing signaling species, with superoxide dimutases (SOD) are poorly understood. We applied low-T EPR spectroscopy to examine the effects of HS(-)/H2S and superoxide radical anion (O2(•-)) on metallocenters of FeSOD, MnSOD, and CuZnSOD. HS(-)/H2S did not affect FeSOD, whereas active centers of MnSOD...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of genistein (G) and daidzein (D) on the histological, hormonal, and functional parameters of the pituitary-ovarian axis in middle-aged female rats, and to compare these effects with the effects of estradiol (E), commonly used in the prevention and treatment of menopausal symptoms. Middle-aged (12 mon...
Article
Hydrogen sulphide reduces uterine contractility and is of potential interest to treat uterine disorders.The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of sodium sulphide (Na2 S)-induced relaxation of rat uterus, investigating importance of redox effects and ion channel-mediated mechanisms, as well as interactions between these two mechanisms. O...
Article
Ibogaine is a naturally occurring alkaloid with psychotropic and metabotropic effects, derived from the bark of the root of the West African Tabernanthe iboga plant. The tribes of Kongo basin have been using iboga as a stimulant, for medicinal purposes, and in rite of passage ceremonies, for centuries. Besides, it has been found that this drug has...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we compared the mutated liver copper zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (SOD1) protein G93A of the transgenic rat model of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), to wild-type (WT) rat SOD1. We examined their enzymatic activities and effects on isometric contractions of uteri of healthy virgin rats. G93A SOD1 showed a slightly...
Article
Background Increased fructose consumption correlates with rising prevalence of various metabolic disorders, some of which were linked to oxidative stress. The relationship between fructose consumption and oxidative stress is complex and effects of fructose rich-diet on young population have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to in...
Article
Background: Our aim was to investigate the effect of methanethiol (CH3SH) on contractility of rat uterus and activities of redox-active enzymes, and to compare them with the effect of sodium sulphide (Na2S), a hydrogen sulphide (H2S/HS(-)) donor. Methods: Uteri were isolated from virgin Wistar rats, divided into six groups, controls (untreated u...
Article
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The effects of H2O2 are widely studied in cell cultures and other in vitro systems. However, such investigations are performed with the assumption that H2O2 concentration is constant, which may not properly reflect in vivo settings, particularly in redox-turbulent microenvironments such as mitochondria. Here we introduced and tested a novel concept...
Article
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Background: Mutated copper, zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (SOD1) may self-aggregate, an event that could also be an initial cause of motor neuron malfunction leading to disease onset. The effects of human mutated SOD1 pro- tein from the blood of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) patients bearing Leu144Phe (L144F) mutation were co...
Conference Paper
Fullerene (C60) is the third allotropic form of elemental carbon and its derivatives already have a significant impact on the development of biomedical nanotechnology. Fullerenol C6o{OH)24 nanoparticles (FNPs), as a water-soluble derivative of fullerene Ceo, have ability to quench various free radicals, behaving as a "free radical sponge" or free r...
Article
Objective: This study was set out to examine the impact of atypical antipsychotic drugs: aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, sertindole and amisulpride on the activity of antioxidant defence enzymes in human erythrocytes in vitro. Methods: Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1), catalase (CAT), selenium-dependent glutathione...
Article
Full-text available
The uteri, spontaneously active or Ca(2+) (6 mM) induced, were allowed to equilibrate, and to inhibit voltage-gated potassium (K(V)) channels 1 mM 4-amino pyridine (4-AP) was applied for 15 min before adding H(2)O(2) .  H(2)O(2) was added cumulatively: 2 μM, 20 μM, 200 μM, 400 μM, and 3 mM. Average time for H(2)O(2) concentrations (2, 20, 200, and...
Article
Full-text available
Tianeptine is a novel anti-depressant with an efficacy equivalent to that of classical anti-depressants. Additional beneficial effects include neuroprotection, anti-stress and anti-ulcer properties whose molecular mechanisms are still not completely understood but may involve changes in the anti-oxidant defence system. Herein, we have studied the e...
Article
A group of sixteen arylpiperazines had been previously synthesized and evaluated for atypical antipsychotic activity. Here we examined these compounds for their neuroprotective capacity. The affinity and agonist/antagonist action of the arylpiperazines at dopamine hD(2S) receptors were determined in vitro on membranes from stably transfected CHO-hD...
Article
Full-text available
ALS is characterized by oxidative damage in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid, which is exerted by pro-oxidative activity of iron. Such activity of iron can be drastically increased in the presence of inappropriate iron ligands that catalyze redox cycling of iron, thereby promoting hydroxyl radical generation. The aim of our study was to determine...
Article
Full-text available
Complexity of free radical Metabolism in human Erythrocytes The auto-oxidation of oxyhaemoglobin to methaemoglobin generating superoxide anion radical (O 2 .- ) represents the main source of free radicals in the erythro-cytes. Hydrogen peroxide is produced by O 2 .- dismutation or originates from the circulation. Human erythrocytes are also exposed...
Article
The activities of antioxidant defence enzymes were determined in erythrocytes isolated from types I and II schizophrenic male patients and from healthy controls. Significant differences in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (type I: 3284+/-577; type II: 2959+/-697 compared with controls: 3778+/-577; analysis of variance (ANOVA) P<0.001), catalase...
Article
Full-text available
Ferrous iron, released from iron deposits in the motor cortex and other brain regions of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, participates in the Fenton reaction in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) alongside H(2)O(2), which is continuously released by neuronal cells. In vivo, the production of notoriously reactive hydroxyl radicals via this react...
Article
Full-text available
Krataksadràj: Produkcija slobodnih radikala u eritroci-tima uglavnom se odnosi na nastajanje superoksid anjon radikala (O 2 .–) putem autooksidacije oksihemoglobina u methemoglobin. Ljudski eritrocitiizlòeni su prooksidacio-nom delovanju vodonik-peroksida nastalog dismutacijom O 2 .– ili iz cirkulacije, kao i azot oksidu (NO) iz cirkulacije. Od di...
Article
Despite clozapine's unique effectiveness in patients with schizophrenia, a number of adverse effects have been recognised including abnormalities in lipid and glucose metabolisms. A high clozapine level in red blood cells (RBCs) and disturbed anti-oxidant enzyme activities in blood from schizophrenic patients prompted us to investigate lipid status...
Article
The effects of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) on uterine smooth muscle are not well studied. We have investigated the effect and the mechanism of action of exogenous hydrogen peroxide on rat uteri contractile activity [spontaneous and calcium ion (Ca(2+))-induced] and the effect of such treatment on anti-oxidative enzyme activities. Uteri were isolat...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxynitrite was hypothesized to be involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) through its various neurotoxic effects. Uric acid (UA) was shown to be a strong peroxynitrite scavenger. We analyzed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum UA concentrations in 30 MS patients and 20 controls with non-inflammatory neurological diseases (NIND) a...
Article
Full-text available
Protamine sulphate causes potassium ion channel-mediated relaxation of spontaneous and calcium ion-induced contractions of the isolated rat uterus. Diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC) potentiated the effect of protamine sulphate. A mechanism for DDC's action was postulated on the basis of its interactions with divalent iron ions and Cu,Zn-SOD. DDC chelate...
Article
Full-text available
Protamine sulphate (PS) effect on spontaneous and calcium-induced rhythmic contractions of isolated virgin rat uteri was studied. PS caused dose-dependent relaxation of both types of contractions (two-way ANOVA, significant dose effects). Pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 10(-5) mol/l), methylene blue (MB; 0.9 x 10(-6) mol...
Article
The hydroxyl radical (*OH) has detrimental biological activity due to its very high reactivity. Our experiments were designed to determine the effects of equimolar concentrations of glucose, fructose and mannitol and three phosphorylated forms of fructose (fructose-1-phosphate (F1P); fructose-6-phosphate (F6P); and fructose-1,6-bis(phosphate) (F16B...
Article
Full-text available
This study was conducted to determine the effects of carvedilol adjunct to standard treatment on left ventricular function (LVF), estimated as ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) on echocardiography, in children with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). A secondary end point was to characterize the antioxidant potential of car...
Article
Full-text available
Balanced and coordinated antioxidant defence enzyme activities are of utmost importance for correct physiological function and for shielding against unwelcome pathological conditions. We determined the activities of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase in erythrocytes isolated from p...
Article
Full-text available
In a previous study, it was shown that the lipid fraction, which is occasionally observed in red blood cell hemolysates, represents cholesterol (Ch) associated with phospholipid firmly bound to haemoglobin (termed Hb-Ch). The current study was conducted to investigate whether Hb-Ch could affect the primary anti-oxidant enzyme defence system in huma...
Article
Possible interactions between nitric oxide donors, reactive oxygen species and anti-oxidative defence enzymes led us to determine the activities of anti-oxidative defence enzymes in isolated uterine smooth muscle before and after spontaneous rhythmic activity ex vivo. For our experiments we used isolated uteri from female Wistar rats. Our results s...
Article
The concept of an anti-oxidant defence system as a means to prevent oxidative cell damage implies balanced activities of anti-oxidant defence enzymes. As well as positive correlations between anti-oxidant enzyme activities in human erythrocytes, it has been observed that sometimes when glutathione peroxidase activity is increased, CuZn-superoxide d...
Article
Full-text available
Overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) may be an important factor in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Owing to their ability to permeate through biological membranes, excess NO and H(2)O(2) may be present in the media surrounding motor neurones. Anti-oxidative defence enzymes (ADEs) in erythrocy...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of altered thyroid state on the antioxidant defense system in the liver of differently aged rats were examined. Male rats aged 15, 45 and 75 days were treated with L-thyroxine, T(4) (40 microg/100 g body mass, s.c., one dose per day) for 14 days (finally aged 30, 60 and 90 days, respectively). The following antioxidant defense enzymes w...
Article
The effects of altered thyroid state on the antioxidant defence system in the liver of differently aged rats were examined. Male rats aged 15, 45 and 75 days were treated with L-thyroxine, T-4 (40 mu g/100 g body mass, s.c., one dose per day) for 14 days (finally aged 30, 60 and 90 days, respectively). The following antioxidant defense enzymes were...