Aleksandra Kawczyk-Krupka

Aleksandra Kawczyk-Krupka
Medical University of Silesia in Katowice | SUM · Department and Clinic of Internal Diseases, Angiology and Physical Medicine

Prof MD PhD

About

105
Publications
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Publications

Publications (105)
Article
Full-text available
Upconversion (UC) is a process that describes the emission of shorter-wavelength light compared to that of the excitation source. Thus, UC is also referred to as anti-Stokes emission because the excitation wavelength is longer than the emission wavelength. UC materials are used in many fields, from electronics to medicine. The objective of using UC...
Article
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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an imaging method that enables diagnostics. In recent years, this technique has been widely used for research using cell cultures used in pharmaceutical science to understand the distribution of various drugs in a variety of biological samples, from cellular models to tissues. MRI’s dynamic development in recent...
Article
The alarming increase in the number of advanced-stage prostate cancer cases with poor prognosis has led to a search for innovative methods of treatment. In response to the need for implementation of new and innovative methods of cancer tissue therapy, we studied photodynamic action in excised prostate tissue in vitro as a model for photodynamic the...
Article
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Colonoscopy is a fairly common test that serves both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. It has been considered the gold standard in colorectal cancer screening for several years. Due to the nature of the examination, various types of complications may occur. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the various complications related to the peri...
Article
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Background and objectives: Atopic dermatitis (AD) and psoriasis (PS) are systemic inflammatory diseases with complex and distinct immune mechanisms. That the same factors may aggravate both diseases cannot be ruled out. The aim of this study was to assess the potential differences between a sensitization to inhaled allergens and the immunological...
Article
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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-invasive and modern form of therapy. It is used in the treatment of non-oncological diseases and more and more often in the treatment of various types of neoplasms in various locations including bladder cancer. The PDT method consists of local or systemic application of a photosensitizer, i.e., a photosensitive c...
Article
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Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women and the incidence of occurrence is increasing. Currently, there are many methods of detecting and treating breast cancer. Some treatments have a number of side effects. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive method of treatment which uses monochromatic light of low to medium energy...
Article
Background The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action of preparations used during oral hygiene procedures is particularly important in patients with oral cleft. Few reports have been published assessing the influence of natural products on the state of the oral cavity in patients with oral cleft. The aim of this study was to assess the effect o...
Article
Background: Early diagnosis of patients with Barrett's esophagus is required to implement appropriate treatment to prevent neoplastic disease development. In this work, we examined the usefulness of autofluorescence imaging as a method to increase the sensitivity of targeted biopsy under numerical color value control with the additional conversion...
Article
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Treatment of malocclusions using fixed orthodontic appliances makes it difficult for patients to perform hygiene procedures. Insufficient removal of bacterial biofilm can cause enamel demineralization, manifesting by visible white spot lesions or periodontal diseases, such as gingivitis periodontitis or gingival hyperplasia. The classic methods of...
Article
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Chronic and infected leg ulcers (LUs) are painful, debilitating, resistant to antibiotics, and immensely reduce a patient’s quality of life. The purpose of our study was to demonstrate the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of infected chronic LUs. Patients were randomized into two experimental groups: the first group received...
Article
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Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a cancer treatment that uses light, a photosensitizer, and oxygen to destroy tumors. This article is a review of approaches to the treatment of prostate cancer applying upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs). UCNPs have become a phenomenon that are rapidly gaining recognition in medicine. They have proven to be highly sele...
Article
Background Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma is a common cancer of the head and neck region. Due to the frequency of diagnoses, high rate of mortality, mutilating nature of classic therapy and numerous complications, new methods of treatment are being sought. One promising solution for treatment that is utilized in many fields of oncology is phot...
Article
Introduction. There is a need to develop a new imaging technique in medicine. Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders therefore for this branch is needed to detect all problems affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Aim. The aim of this article is to complete discuss the possibility of the new flu...
Article
Introduction. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first observed in China in Wuhan city, Hubei province in December, 2019, and specified as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). COVID-19 is caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV2). Aim. The aim of this article is to discuss epidemiology of thromboembolic...
Article
Introduction. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disease with the highest prevalence in North America. Up to 40% of patients report persistent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Aim. The aim of this article is to complete discuss the GERD characterized by heartburn and/or reg...
Article
Introduction. Colorectal cancer may be benign or malignant. According to the World Health Organization and CDC, it is the second most common cancer worldwide, after lung cancer. The mortality of colorectal cancer has been dropping for more than 20 years due to the improvements in screening techniques and treatments. Aim. The aim of this article is...
Article
This article presents the current state of knowledge and a review of the literature in terms of the prevalence, etiopathogenesis, differential diagnosis, management, prognosis, and treatment of malignant tumors of the duodenum. The role of autofluorescence and photodynamic diagnosis as an emerging treatment method for rarely occurring duodenal mali...
Article
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The aim of this study was to measure the secretion of interleukin (IL)-8 and -10 during an elicited immune response following sublethal doses of hypericin-mediated photodynamic therapy (HY-PDT) in experimental models of residual colon cancer cells in vitro. Investigations were performed on the cancer cell lines SW480 and SW620. Each cell line was e...
Article
The ability to detect and diagnose bladder cancer early and precisely is crucial for effective treatment. The aim of this study is to assess the utility of optical biopsy performed with autofluorescence cystoscopy (AFC) using the Onco-LIFE system with numerical color values (NCVs) and by ALA/PDD. Histopathological examination of material obtained d...
Article
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The purpose of this review is to present an overview of the development of photodiagnostic and photodynamic therapy (PDD and PDT) techniques in Poland. The paper discusses the principles of PDD, including fluorescent techniques in determining precancerous conditions and cancers of the skin, digestive tract, bladder, and respiratory tract. Methods o...
Article
Background The most common non-melanoma skin carcinomas (NMSC) are basal cell carcinomas (BCC). The autofluorescence study allows to perform non-invasive distinction of neoplastic lesions from benign lesions, whereas fluorescence spectroscopy enables qualification of the patient for possible photodynamic or surgical treatment. The aim of the study...
Article
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Rak jelita grubego jest jedną z najczęstszych przyczyn zgonów na świecie. Pomimo łatwo dostępnych narzędzi diagnostycznych nadal często rozpoznawany jest w stadium zaawansowanym, kiedy niejednokrotnie nie ma już możliwości leczenia radykalnego i pozostaje jedynie terapia paliatywna. Odrębnym problemem jest wznowa nowotworu, pogarszająca rokowanie p...
Article
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This review study describes the problem of duodenal tumours, which are rare but important in gastrological practice. The most common location of small intestinal tumours is the duodenum, and this observation is probably partly due to the greater diagnostic availability for most proximal segments of the small intestine. Among tumours the following s...
Conference Paper
The purpose of this research project was to demonstrate the the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as an alternative to antibiotic therapy for the treatment of infected chronic LUs. PDT using irradiation at fluency 80 J / cm2 and 20% 5-aminolevulinic acid topically applied for 4 hrs, was performed during 10 days of hospitalization in 10 patient...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The main aim of the study was an assessment of the influence of rapid weight loss on oxidative stress parameters in judokas differing in weight reduction value. Materials and methods: The study included 30 judokas with an age range of 18-30 years (mean age: 22.4 ± 3.40 years). Enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidative markers, lipid pe...
Article
Background: Photodynamic therapy is believed to be a promising treatment for Candida infections. This study evaluated the efficacy of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) using the 635 nm diode laser light and toluidine blue (TB) in the elimination of selected Candida species cultured on acrylic surface. Methods: 108 acrylic plates (Methyl...
Article
Bladder cancer is one of the most common Genito-urinary malignant tumors in humans. Improved diagnostic and therapeutic methods that aim to reduce rates of recurrence and progression of bladder cancer are needed. In current publications, one can find information on such methods as Raman spectroscopy, ultraviolet autofluorescence microscopy, confoca...
Article
Introduction: PDT can interfere with cytokine-mediated responses that play an important role in the processes of cancer progression, tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. Therefore, based on the identification of these cancer biomarkers, the therapy of combining various forms of treatment, including immunotherapy and PDT, may be a justified strategy...
Article
Background: This study assessed the efficacy of autofluorescence endoscopy (AFE) using the Onco-LIFE system and numerical color value (NCV) estimation in comparison to white light endoscopy (WLE) in endoscopic surveillance for identification of early dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus (BE) to aid in real-time image elucidation and minimize the overr...
Article
Background: Photodynamic therapy has apart from a direct cytotoxic effect also immunomodulatory properties. The aim of our study was to investigate how photodynamic therapy with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA-PDT) in sublethal doses influences the secretion of interleukins 6, 8 and 10 from colon cancer cells in vitro. Methods: We used two human colo...
Article
Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT), eliminates not only the tumor, but also modulates signaling factors release, e.g. vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which plays a crucial role in cancer progression. Assessment of the VEGF-secreting activity of resistant colon cancer cells in different degree of malignancy: SW480 and SW620 under hyp...
Article
Background: The most fundamental problem in cancer biology research is to understand the mechanisms of cancer cell resistance to oncological therapies. Literature reports emphasize the important role of adhesion molecules: intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1 and VCAM-1) in cancer progression and resistan...
Article
Background: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a difficult to treat, often relapsing disease with unknown background. An autoimmune diseases coexist with LS. Over recent years photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been shown to be noninvasive and successful therapeutic approach for the effective treatment many conditions. However, the change of immune status of th...
Article
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Background. Whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) is the therapeutic exposure of the total human body (without underwear) to a very low temperature (below –100°C) for 120–180 s. Currently, WBC is used more frequently not only in the treatment of patients suffering from various diseases, but also by healthy people as a wellness method. Objectives. The ai...
Article
Background: S100 protein is a proven prognostic factor in cancers. In colorectal cancers, its secretion correlates with clinical stage of the disease. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is used as a supporting therapy in treatment of this particular cancer. The main aim of our study was to estimate the effect of photodynamic therapy with 5-aminolevulinic...
Article
Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) affects the immune system and tumor cells' secretory activity. Hypoxia may limit PDT effects. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of PDT with aminolevulinic acid (ALA-PDT) in a hypoxic-like microenvironment on the secretion of growth factors: GM-CSF (granulocyte and macrophage colony stimulat...
Article
Background: Cancer therapy is often based on combination of conventional methods of cancer treatment with immuno therapy. Photodynamictherapy (PDT) is one of the immuno modulating method sused in oncology. We examined how PDT influences the secretory activity of colon cancer cells in vitro, especially the secretion of Vascular Endothelial Growth F...
Article
Full-text available
Photodynamic therapy is used in many different oncologic fields. Also in gastroenterology, where it was a few attempts to treat both the premalignant lesion and advanced colorectal cancer. This review aims to give a general overview of photodynamic therapy application to colorectal cancer in field of clinical trials to emphasize its curative, insuf...
Article
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Fluorescence diagnosis is a fast, easy, noninvasive, selective, and sensitive diagnostic tool for estimation of treatment results in oncology. In clinical practice the use of photodynamic diagnosis is focused on five targets: detection for prevention of malignant transformation precancerous changes, detection of neoplasmatic tissue in the early sta...
Article
Melanoma is a malignant, the most aggressive and dreaded skin cancer. This form of cancer arises from melanocytes and may grow rapidly and metastasize. Melanoma predominantly occurs in skin, but could also be found in the mouth, iris and retina of the eye. Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer, with a steeply rising incidence and a poo...
Article
Full-text available
Heterotopic gastric mucosa of the upper esophagus (HGMUE) may be connected with disorders of the upper gastrointestinal tract, exacerbated by Helicobacter pylori. Furthermore, HGMUE may be the origin of malignant progression to cervical esophageal carcinoma. In this work, 20 patients with diagnosed heterotopic gastric mucosa of the upper esophagus...
Article
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STRESZCZENIE W pracy przedstawiono krótki raport z międzynarodowego Sympozjum Europejskiej Platformy Medycyny Fotodynamicznej. Platforma http:/www.eppm-photomedicine.org/ ma za zadanie promocję diagnostyki i terapii fotodynamicznej w Europie. Piąta Konferencja EPPM odbyła się tym razem w Polsce,
Article
Oral leukoplakia is a pre-malignant lesion of the oral mucosa. The aim of this study is to compare the curative effects of photodynamic therapy and cryotherapy in the treatment of oral leukoplakia. The first group, treated by photodynamic therapy (δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), 630-635 nm wavelength), consisted of 48 patients suffering from leukoplak...
Article
Full-text available
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an attractive, emerging therapeutic procedure suitable for the treatment of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a death ligand that belongs to the TNF superfamily of cytokines. The ability of TRAIL to selectively induce apoptosis in cancer cells but not...
Article
Full-text available
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), an alternative treatment modality for superficial bladder tumors is based on the interaction of a photosensitizer with light. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising candidate for anticancer therapy due to its ability to selectively induce apoptosis in cancer cells. However, not all...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer stimulates macrophage infiltration and encourages angiogenesis, which is necessary for tumor growth and invasion. It seems, that the influence of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on immune cells and immune regulators plays a crucial role in this process. In order to study this effect, the influence of δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) PDT on the activit...