Aleksandr Diachenko

Aleksandr Diachenko
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine | ISP · Institute of Archaeology

PhD

About

60
Publications
9,292
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320
Citations
Citations since 2017
44 Research Items
276 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents results of technological, typological, raw material and use-wear analyses of stone assemblage from the Kamenets-Podolskiy (Tatarysky) site, dated to 3950-3900 BC (the late Tripolye BII). The assemblage is presented against a broad comparative background of sites from Forest-Steppe Ukraine. Flint processing focused on blades produ...
Chapter
Full-text available
The paper addresses the construction, abandonment and archaeologization of houses at the sites of Eastern and Southeastern group of the Funnel Beaker culture (FBC). The issues in locational analysis of dwellings are exemplified and addressed through the case study on structures from the settlement of Kiełczewo, Kościan county (the Greater Poland)....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Mollusc shells had been raw materials widely used through prehistory for ornaments production, tools, and the manufacture of utensils. Moreover, they were frequently used as a temper in pottery production and as ingredients of building materials (e.g. Anthony, 2007; Ryzhov, 2002). In the Neolithic Central Europe, crushed shells were u...
Article
Full-text available
Contributing to the issue of complex relationship between social and cultural evolution, this paper aims to analyze repetitive patterns, or cycles, in the development of material culture. Our analysis focuses on culture change associated with sociopolitical and economic stasis. The proposed toy model describes the cyclical character of the quantita...
Chapter
The problem of migration is one of the most important demographic issues today. It underlies many development crises as well as the politics of inclusion and exclusion. Today terrorism, warfare, and refugee catastrophes are determinants and consequences of migration. Yet migration always has been a significant part of the human condition. As one of...
Chapter
Mobility is an adjective inextricably linked to hunter-gatherer populations, in contrast with agricultural societies, which lead a sedentary lifestyle. Numerous models of hunter-gatherers’ mobility are based on the number and function of lithics, the presence or lack of domestic features/fireplaces, the zooarcheological assemblage, and so on (e.g.,...
Article
The extra‐site activities of hunter‐gatherers and artifact curation between functionally different camps raise the issue of items a site lacks. This issue is usually addressed using the fractal properties of raw material. The model presented in this paper simultaneously considers the qualitative and quantitative (exponential) properties of missing...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of field work carried out in terms of a collaborative Polish- Ukrainian project. The main aim of this project is to investigate the transformations and modifications of culture in prehistory as reflected in the archaeological record, focusing on the issues of cultural expansion, unification, and internal diversity. T...
Article
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Scholarship regarding the Eneolithic Cucuteni-Tripolye cultural complex of Romania, Moldova and Ukraine has recently focused on ‘megasites’ of the Western Tripolye culture (WTC) in Central Ukraine. However, in order to properly contextualize such unusual phenomena, we must explore the broader typo-chronology of the WTC, which is suggestive of a hig...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the analysis of the remains of two dwellings excavated at the Western Tripolye culture settlement of Kolodistoe II in 2004 and the obtained collections of ceramics, figurines and tools made of stone, flint and bone. The analysis of ceramic complex contributes to the understanding of the evolution of technology, morphology and or...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to introduce the results of excavations of the house remains at the Western Trypillia culture settlement of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Tatarysky in 2019. Ploshchadka 1 belongs to a cluster composed of four houses, which is located in the outer construction ring of the settlement. Ploshchadka had a nearly rectangular shape. This feature re...
Article
Full-text available
Scholarship regarding the Eneolithic Cucuteni-Tripolye cultural complex of Romania,Moldova and Ukraine has recently focused on ‘megasites’ of the Western Tripolye culture (WTC) inCentral Ukraine. However, in order to properly contextualize such unusual phenomena, we mustexplore the broader typo-chronology of the WTC, which is suggestive of a high d...
Article
This paper presents a newly developed model that links the destruction processes of wattle-and-daub houses and the internal chronology of sites. By examining the weight and spatial distribution of burned daub, our model explicates the relative chronological sequence of the structures and nearby associated features. A three-step analytical procedure...
Chapter
Full-text available
Статтю присвячено короткій характеристиці результатів розкопок на поселенні Кам’янець-Подільський, ур. Татариски у 2020 р. Подається коротка інформація про дослідження трипільського рову та пізньосередньовічного об’єкта.
Article
Post-depositional fire events significantly affecting flint concentrations obstruct the location of hearths in LatePalaeolithic open air camps. Lacking the location of fireplaces in the settlement structure, an analysis meetsdifficulties in approaching activities and daily life at open-air camps. The proposed research procedure concerns the quantit...
Article
Full-text available
This paper questions the cycling nature of the unification and diversity of pottery forms through a case study of ceramics of the Western Tripolye culture in the Southern Bug and Dnieper interfluve in modern Ukraine. We identified the cultural cycle representing the transition from more unified ceramic assemblages to more diverse ones, and then bac...
Article
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The acidic sandy environment of the Late Paleolithic sites on the North European Plain usually prevents preservation of not only organic debris such as burnt bones or charcoal but also heat-altered sediments or ash. Therefore, chemical analyses cannot be applied to identify traces of open fires. Instead, the detection of the location of hearths is...
Article
The aim of this paper is to develop a systematic approach to understanding daily life at Late Palaeolithic camps and identifying its impact on broader site formation processes. Late Palaeolithic contexts are often poorly preserved, especially those found in the sandy sediments of the North European Plain. However, taphonomic obstacles may be overco...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents two pottery kilns of an archaic construction, which were excavated at the Tripolye BII settlement of Kamenets-Podolskiy, Tatarysky, in 2019. The site, dated to the beginning of the 4th mil. BC, is attributed to the Mereshovskaya group of the Western Tripolye culture. Analysis of the construction details of our kilns compared to...
Article
This paper presents the model dealing with the micro-chronology of Palaeolithic open-air sites based on the curation of blade parts and on patterns in wind direction. The production of tools and the spatial replacement of blade parts within a given site or between different sites, as well as redepositional processes, are considered through the set...
Article
Full-text available
A B S T R AC T One of the research goals of the AHRC-funded "Early urbanism in Europe?: the case of the Trypillia mega-sites, Ukraine" Project was the better understanding of how Trypillia houses burned down in order to aid our understanding of the taphonomy of house remains excavated at the Trypillia BII mega-site of Nebelivka. For that reason, th...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines the relationship between social fields, population size, carrying capacity, migratory behaviour, social organization and cultural modifications of the Cucuteni-Tripolye complex with a focus on its component, the Western Tripolye culture between the Dniester and the Dnieper. The presented analysis questions the correlation betwee...
Article
During the fourth millennium BCE socioeconomic change from a regime of Neo-Eneolithic village-based sedentary agriculture to more itinerant pastoralism dramatically changed European society. Continental-scale archaeological and genetic studies generally attribute this change to the movement of Early Bronze Age (EBA) populations into Eastern Europe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the analysis of long-term changes in population densities at the regional and macro-regional scale and in the density of metapopulations. The following issues concerning estimations are addressed: chronological resolution of demographic changes, estimation of the weight of values for population density in order to transform th...
Data
Values of regional population density. These values were included in the analysis as they were estimated by the authors of the original studies. (XLSX)
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Hunter-gatherer populations are usually presented as opposed to Neolithic communities through the highly mobile way of life contrasting to sedentary system of occupation. Meanwhile, numerous case studies have shown that the 'mobile cliche' of hunters, gatherers and fishers is often far from ethnographic and archaeological reality. The same applies...
Chapter
Full-text available
One of the research goals of the AHRC-funded “Early urbanism in Europe?: the case of the Trypillia mega-sites, Ukraine” Project was the better understanding the taphonomy of Trypillia house-burning in general and at the Trypillia BII mega-site of Nebelivka. For that reason, the Project decided to build two smaller-than-life-size Trypillia experimen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Discussions on modelling the past have identified the crisis of ideas in archaeological research beyond the Age of paradigms. There is the basic issue that, quantitative or not, modelling demands simplification, creating a caricature of the society it is describing. We have to question whether highly theoretic archaeological modelling, with a tende...
Article
Fractal models are applicable to numerous phenomena of the physical and social world that have non‐Gaussian statistical properties, being self‐similar and scale‐invariant. The complex objects and dynamic systems that are characterized by the non‐integer Hausdorff dimension are called fractals. The relationship between their self‐similar parts at di...
Preprint
The protocol concerns estimations of the population density in prehistory at different spatial scales. The following issues are addressed: chronological resolution of demographic changes, estimation of the weight of values for population density in order to transform the initial values included in the sample into the values that may be compared wit...
Article
This paper deals with the distribution of Świeciechów flint and trans-regional interactions of the Funnel Beaker populations in the territory of modern Poland. Analysis of the numerical distribution of artefacts made it possible to draw a conclusion regarding the close connection in the ‘flow’ of Świeciechów and Volhynian flint. Two ‘routes’ of tra...
Article
Full-text available
The Eneolithic Cucuteni–Trypillia mega-sites were undoubtedly the largest residential agglomerates in southeastern Europe from c. 4100 to 3400 cal BC. Their sheer size and estimated population have triggered animated discussion of whether or not they should be regarded as ‘proto-cities’. Considering trajectories of change in, for instance, density...
Article
This paper discusses state influences on archaeology in eastern Europe (as geographically defined by the United Nations Statistics Division). In this respect, the following issues are considered: the current situation of a nation state, the links between archaeology and nation states in eastern Europe and the factors influencing the future potentia...
Article
Full-text available
While numerous studies have attempted to reconcile the relative sequence of Late Tripolye sites with 14C data, results have generally conformed to the general, monolithic periodization of the Cucuteni-Tripolye cultural complex. When viewed as a multi-linear process occurring on the level of numerous interrelated regions, the development of local gr...
Article
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Rzepecki’s article on the thanatology of Middle Neolithic populations in Kujawy that was published in the previous volume of Sprawozdania Archeologiczne provokes a very interesting and important discussion regarding archaeology of funerary practices. This brief comment contributes to the discussion regarding several related topics. © 2016, Instytut...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial archaeology usually links population estimates to settlement functions. Normal (Gaussian) or binomial distributions of a variable reflecting population values are used for groups of sites identified as seasonal occupations, hamlets, villages, centers etc. However, using this approach the demographic development remains hidden in bell-curves...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines the relation between long-term trends in the demographic development and evolution of sociopolitical organization and economy of settlements and settlement cluster. Case studies dealing with Butmir and Tripolye sites do not show a significant correlation between the population proxies and economic and/or socio-political increase...
Article
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p>This study focuses on stabilization points in carrying capacity. Using simulations based upon well-known mathematical approaches in theoretical ecology, one calculates carrying capacity out of trends in demographic development. It is an alternative to most of approaches in Archaeology and Anthropology concerning potential resources and cost of la...
Article
The formation, development and decline of the Tripolye culture giant-settlements in Chalcolitic Ukraine are strictly linked to complex processes of migration and settlement relocation. Despite being traceable through pottery typological analyses linked to contextual seriations, their identification is sometime not obvious. This paper shows how the...
Chapter
Full-text available
В полевом сезоне 2007 г. отрядом Института археологии НАН Украины проводились охранные исследования памятника Йосиповка-1 у с. Йосиповка Буського района Львовской обл. Отряд входил в состав экспедиции Научно-исследовательского центра "Рятівна Археологічна Служба" НА НАНУ (директор - О. Осаульчук, начальник экспедиции - Т. Милян). В ходе работ выявл...

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Projects (4)
Project
Archaeological records are the only data on human remote past before the written language was invented. These data are fragmentary, because numerous things made of organic materials were not preserved till the present. Theу do not straightly mirror the ancient life, because many of them were deposited in a specific way, while the functional and symbolic meaning of artifacts is often not known to us. Therefore, analysis and synthesis in archaeology reminds work of a detective, puzzling the past from available evidence. Spatio-temporal framework of these investigations in prehistoric archaeology of continental Europe is provided by the concept of ‘archaeological culture’, which represent a certain level of similarities between the data of a given time frame within some territory. Respectively, ‘archaeological cultures’ lay at the core of the way of thinking in the archaeology, framing the interpretations of ethnic processes, subsistence strategies and social organization of the ancient populations. However, what cultural dynamics in its wider sense is hidden behind the archaeological cultures? The proposed project aims the analysis of cultural dynamics in prehistory within the interdisciplinary framework of complexity theory, which describes the system behavior as exceeding the behavior of sum of its component parts. This approach suggests the application of theoretical approaches, statistical analysis and mathematical modelling in order to detect and explain the laws of human individual and group cultural behavior at different scales. Cultural modifications and transformations, cultural expansion, unification and formation of the regional variations in Southeastern and Central Europe from Late Paleolithic till the Late Bronze Age, c. 11,000 – 1,300 BC will be analyzed in order to propose the new synthesis of cultural dynamics in this area. Hence, the project aims the issues of the origin and spread of innovations and different factors, which caused these processes, the individual and group behavior that caused the culture change. Special attention will be given to natural surroundings of the studied societies, their demographic profiles and socio-economic organization. Complementary to analysis of culture in its wider sense, the issue of ‘archaeological culture’ as a complex dynamic system is concerned aiming to solve the issue of cultural behavior caused the selectiveness in elements of culture deposited in the ground, preserved by nowadays and redeposited in the result of natural and cultural processes of later times. The related research hypotheses will be tested by the excavations of Tripolye houses dated to c. 3800 – 3600 BC, which were burnt in ritual fire with preceding special placement of pottery and tools within the buildings and then specifically deposited in the ground during the collapse in fire and partly redeposited in later time. Geophysical surveys will be conducted prior to the excavations in order to identify the settlement structure in a form of geomagnetic anomalies that may be interpreted as the remains of dwellings and pits basing on experience in related studies. Besides the archaeological data obtained in excavations, archaeozoological and archaeobotanical analyses will enable the reconstruction of economy of the Tripolye population. ‘Detective work’ on archaeological evidence on cultural modifications and transformation in this project will be based on deductive approach. Theories derived from cultural anthropology, culture theory and complexity theory will be converted into several research hypotheses, describing different measure of importance of different factors that may cause the culture change. Theoretical and mathematical models used in this study may be labeled as theories converted into the algorithm of method. In other words, logical links in theoretical models and correlation between variables, coefficients and exponents in mathematical models are considered as interconnections between elements of culture composing its overall dynamics. Since the project concerns different factors influencing the cultural modifications and transformations, as well as different impact of these factors on culture change, the resulted outcomes of modelling should be verified through the analysis of ‘independent’ records, archaeological materials that were not involved into modelling. The latter is made possible by application of statistical methods in order to systematize the archaeological data. Suitable results of modeling will be interconnected to provide a new meaning of ‘archaeological culture’ and new synthesis of cultural dynamics in prehistory.
Project
This project began as an informal collaboration between Thomas Harper and Aleksandr Diachenko to examine the factors driving widespread population changes in the time approaching the Bronze Age transition in Eastern Europe. It received funding from the NSF from 2017-2018 (BCS-1725067; "Long Term Population Response to Environmental Fluctuation") and expanded to include Yuri Rassamakin as well as other colleagues from the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Our collaboration has since generated several conference talks, papers and published datasets.The objective is to improve our understanding of the role of climate and ecology in mediating movement, interaction, and economic change in the forest-steppe region during the fourth millennium BC. This is accomplished by honing the established settlement record and relative typochronology of the middle-late Cucuteni-Tripolye cultural complex through the use of AMS 14C dating.