Alejandro Prieto

Alejandro Prieto
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea | UPV/EHU · Departamento de Geografía, Prehistoria y Arqueología

PhD
Postdoctoral researcher at the UPV working on quartzites following geoarchaeological and multiscalar approaches

About

41
Publications
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Introduction
I am a postdoctoral researcher financially supported by the Government of the Basque Country. My main research topic tries to understand lithic raw material in the Palaeolithic by applying multiple geoarchaeological techniques. This is done on quartzites, one of the most common stones used during Prehistory but one of the less researched rock. I generally work in the Cantabrian Region, Spain. Moreover, in my new research I geographically extend my research area into the Rhine Valley, Germany.

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
Quartzite was the second most-often used lithic raw material in Europe in the Palaeolithic. However, this rock has not been characterized fully from the geo-archaeological point of view. This study characterizes, defines and determines types of quartzite in northern Spain through a methodology that integrates petrography, digital image processing a...
Article
Full-text available
Several isolated studies have tried to understand quartzite from an archaeological perspective by applying two different methodological approaches. The first one is based on non-destructive characterisation, aiming to understand human procurement and management of quartzite, without solid geoarchaeological criteria. The second characterised the mat...
Article
Full-text available
The new excavations carried out at the site of Troisdorf-Ravensberg in 2015 have brought to light an essential part of Neanderthal daily life: the procurement mechanism of lithic raw material. The first hypothesis to understand this site propounds that it was used as a quartzite workshop or a quarry site where extractive and first knapping activiti...
Article
Full-text available
Raw material characterization in Paleolithic archaeology has widened our knowledge of Middle Paleolithic societies. Procurement of raw material, specifically flint, has allowed the tracing of the mobility of both stones and people, as well as selective processes to obtain specific types or even extraction activities. The analysis of quartzite has a...
Article
Full-text available
The consideration of quartzite as a secondary raw material has relegated in-depth research of this raw material in favour of such other rocks as flint or obsidian. The latter two are the most researched raw materials because of the information derived from their study: long-distance transport of rocks and mobility of people. In contrast, informatio...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing approaches to non-flint lithic raw materials are widening our understanding of the economy around lithic resources by prehistoric societies. The characterisation of stone using geoarchaeological disciplines, the identification of technological features on stone artefacts, and the spatio-temporal organisation of lithic reduction seque...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Cantabrian Region is a broad area characterised by two main geographical essences: mountains and coast. On the contrary, from a geological standpoint, this region is very heterogeneous due to the different environments represented, organised through a West to the East general chronological gradation from the Precambrian to the Neogene, promotin...
Poster
Full-text available
Geoarchaeological field survey constitutes a basic tool to understand the places where determine lithic raw material was procured or even quarried by past humans. Besides, and as most specialist aware, several issues can arise when trying to find these places. This is especially true in places where human impact, especially in recent times, have st...
Article
Full-text available
The increase, in quantitative and qualitative terms, of research attending to the geological nature of rocks found in archaeological contexts is changing our perspectives about social and economic territories articulated by Palaeolithic societies in the Cantabrian Region. Practically the only raw material researched in a solid geoarchaeological app...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the last twenty years, researches that address raw material characterisation based on a solid geoarchaeological study have been widening the understanding of Upper Palaeolithic societies in the Cantabrian Region. Nevertheless, there is an almost complete lack of information of these kinds of investigation in the western part of this area mot...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is divided into three sections. The first section describes the historiographic evolution of the study of prehistoric lithic raw materials in the Basque Crossroads (in the north of the Iberian Peninsula) during the last three decades. The second section explains the currently available information about geological outcrops of flint in th...
Article
Full-text available
Como ya recogimos en la editorial de la propuesta monográfica de este número, Arqueología y Trabajo, en esta sección pretendemos reflexionar, no sólo acerca de las relaciones laborales y su materialización en términos materiales, sino también, sobre la realidad socio-laboral en la Arqueología del presente. Este trabajo, realizado desde el Comité Ed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The consideration of quartzite by prehistorian as a secondary raw material has avoided in-depth research of this raw material as other rocks, such as flint or obsidian. The two latter ones are the better studied raw materials because of the information derived from its study: long-transport of rocks and mobility of people. In contrast, the informat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development of raw material characterisation in Palaeolithic Archaeology in the last fifty years has widened our knowledge about the societies who inhabited Europe in the past. The characterisation of raw material, specially flint, has allowed defining the mobility of stones and people, selective processes to obtain specific varieties and proto...
Poster
Full-text available
Here we present the first results provided from the geo-archaeological characterisation of the quartzites from the site of Ravensberg-Troisdorf. This location is an open-air site situated in the village of Troisdorf, in the North Rhine-Westfalia. The site was excavated in one campaign during the summer of 2015 and preliminary techno-typological res...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development of raw material characterisation in Palaeolithic Archaeology in the last fifty years has widened our knowledge about the societies that inhabited Europe in the past. The characterisation of raw material, specially flint, has allowed defining the mobility of stones and people, selective processes to obtain specific varieties and prot...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Quartzite was the second most frequently used lithic raw material in Europe in the Palaeolithic. However, this rock has not been fully characterised from the geoarchaeological point of view. Nevertheless, the characterisation of quartzite from petrological perspectives has been attempted by diverse geologists in the last decades. These researches o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Digital technologies have numerous applications in archaeology ranging from the documentation of the archaeological evidence and the analysis of research data to the presentation of results for a wider audience. This volume consists of various studies on the use of methods such as LiDAR (light detection and ranging), archaeological prospection, vis...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a new Lower Palaeolithic lithic assemblage recovered from the Urrúnaga reservoir (Álava, Basque Country, Spain). The collection consists of 70 artefacts, which have been analysed according to the petrological, modal-morphological (retouching structures), technological and metrical structures following the Analytical Typology app...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the progress made in recent years, we knew few aspects of the macro- behavior of the Paleolithic societies. Even lower is our information on decisions and conditions that led these groups to settle and/or move along the geography. Fortunately, the recent increment of the interest in paleogeographic analysis, the development of new theoretic...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on lithic resource management –mainly flint– by prehistoric groups south of the western Pyrenees have significantly increased during the past decades. These studies usually focus on identifying outcrops and characterising the different varieties found at archaeological sites. However, the understanding of mobility and territorial management...
Article
Full-text available
It has traditionally been thought that movement of human groups across the Pyrenees would have been difficult in the Palaeolithic, although there are data contradicting this view. It may even be proposed that a Pyrenean region existed in the Palaeolithic with specific cultural traits and a series of sites, especially in the Magdalenian. The existen...
Article
Full-text available
Las actas que aquí reseñamos, suponen la materialización del encuentro científico titulado “Seis décadas de Tipología Analítica. Simposio en Homenaje a Georges Laplace”; organizado por el Grupo de Investigación en Tipología Analítica (GITA) en la Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV/EHU) entre los días 13 y 15 de noviembre...
Article
Full-text available
Recibido el 14 de marzo de 2013. Aceptado el 13 de septiembre de 2013 Resumen. El tránsito entre el final del Gravetiense y el inicio del Solutrense en la Península Ibérica es, en tér-minos geográficos, cronológicos y formales, una cuestión aún por resolver. Este trabajo tiene por objetivo arrojar la mayor cantidad de información, desde el punto de...
Article
Full-text available
La transición del Paleolítico medio al superior en Europa está basada en un marco cronológico viciado por diversos problemas historiográficos, caracterizado por la disparidad de fechas y marcado por la falta de curvas de calibración exactas que permitan un correcto tratamiento de los datos. Ante esto, planteamos un nuevo marco cronológico basado en...

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Projects (5)
Project
This session is part of the 13th International Symposium on Knappable Materials which is going to be held at the IPHES, Tarragona, between the 4th and the 7th of October 2021. Deadline and submission: The abstracts must be submitted before the 1st July. You can find updated information and submission guidelines in the webpage of the 13th ISKM: http://13iskm2021.com Abstract: The increasing approaches to non-flint lithic raw materials are widening our understanding of the economy articulated around rock resources by Prehistoric societies. The characterisation of the rocks using a wide-spectra of geoarchaeological disciplines, the identification of technological features and use traces on rock artefacts and the spatial-temporal organization of lithic reduction sequences in the understanding of technological organization are promoting new narratives on lithic studies. Despite in last decades these lithic studies have gained attention, approaches combining different scientific disciplines are still rare. Traditionally, these raw materials (quartz, quartzite, obsidian, limestone, slate, etc.) were only considered as alternative resources in those territories void of chert formations. Moreover, they are also present in most lithic assemblages playing different techno-economic roles (percussive elements, supplementary resources, shaping and functional specialization, etc.). This session will focus on the role of non-flint raw materials within the prehistoric economies, not only through geoarchaeological perspectives but also on other approaches such as technological or functional analysis that allow the understanding of the different roles played by these raw materials. Particularly, this session will promote discussions addressing the application of multiples and multiscalar methods in the understanding of non-flint raw materials and how they are widening our perceptions of technological organization of the Pleistocene and Holocene human groups.
Project
Identificar las ocupaciones de las comunidades cazadoras - recolectoras del Paleolítico Superior y Epipaleolítico en la Sierra de Cantabria. Además Profundizar en el proceso de neolitización y la gestión de los recursos naturales que las comunidades productoras realizaron en la sierra durante el Neolítico, Calcolítico y edad del Bronce.
Project
evaluation paleolithic sites of the Rhineland