Alberto Rainoldi

Alberto Rainoldi
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO

MS (Physics), PhD (PM&R)

About

173
Publications
49,068
Reads
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5,199
Citations
Citations since 2016
69 Research Items
2789 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Introduction
Graduated in Physics (1991) and PhD in PMR (2002). Professor of Physiology at the School of Exercise and Sport Science. Since 2007 he leads the Motor Science Research Center of that School focused on mechanical fatigue during long lasting exercise; myoelectric fatigue during ischemic and/or intermittent exercises; non-invasive methods to assess muscular phenotypes; baropodometry and posture/balance assessment; motion capture based on marker-markerless devices and on inertial sensors.
Additional affiliations
October 2019 - present
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Vice Rector for Welfare Sustainability and Sport
November 2016 - present
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Professor (Full)
November 2010 - November 2016
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (173)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine whether the rate of change of surface EMG variables during a constant force isometric fatiguing contraction (80% MVC, 30 s of duration) of vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles is able to distinguish between nine sprinters and nine long distance runners. Signals were recorded with li...
Article
Background & Aims Sarcopenia is a muscle disorder associated with loss of muscle mass, strength and function. Early screening, diagnosis and treatment may improve outcome in different disease conditions. A wide variety of tools for estimation of muscle mass is available and each tool has specific technical requirements. However, different investiga...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe present study aimed to investigate the actual and wished supports to promote a successful dual career for Italian student-athletes.Methods An ad hoc questionnaire (nine items) was administered to 711 academic Italian student-athletes (age = 23 ± 4 years). A binomial regression for categorical outcomes was applied to discriminate subcateg...
Article
Objectives Postural stability is showed to decline with age and to be particularly challenging for older people during multitasking activities. However, the effect of different levels of physical fitness on postural stability performances during multitasking remains unclear. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the impact of dual-task (D...
Article
Full-text available
The Daily Mile is a promising initiative aimed at removing some of the barriers to physical activity in the school setting. This quasi-experimental study investigated the dose–effect of The Daily Mile on cardiorespiratory fitness, waist-to-height ratio, and body mass index (BMI) after a period of 3- and 6-months. A total of 279 students (mean age =...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The present study aimed to investigate dual-career issues of Italian student-athletes according to gender, age, type of sport, competition level, university path, and year of attendance variables to highlight their main problems and solutions. Methods An ad hoc 24-item questionnaire was administered to 711 academic Italian student-athletes...
Article
Full-text available
Physical frailty represents a clinical condition among older adults leading to adverse health outcomes, such as autonomy loss. To evaluate physical frailty in older adults, adopting information and communication technologies (ICT) may be useful. ADAMO (Caretek S.r.l.) is a care-watch accelerometer that allows to measure mobility in a non-intrusive...
Article
Full-text available
Non-intrusive telemonitoring of physical activity in Older Adults suffering from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), or Mild Dementia (MD), was implemented as part of a 6-month multicomponent digital intervention in the DECI study (EU Horizon2020 grant No 643588). Methods: To estimate gait speed long-term trajectory, a processing algorithm was applied...
Article
Full-text available
The Daily Mile™ is an innovative school-based intervention that requires children to run or jog outside for 15 min at a self-selected pace during class time. Today, only one study has investigated the efficacy of The Daily Mile on physical fitness, which was conducted with Scottish children. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effectiven...
Article
Purpose: It has been suggested that closed kinetic chain exercises may induce more balanced activation of vastus medialis (VM) and lateralis (VL) compared to open kinetic chain exercise. This study aimed to 1) compare between-vasti motor unit activity and 2) analyze the combined motor unit behavior from both muscles between open and closed kinetic...
Article
Full-text available
The relative age effect (RAE) is a common phenomenon observed in youth sports and is characterized by a significant over-representation of athletes born close to the date of selection. However, there is a lack of research on RAE in world-class track and field athletes and it is not clear if this effect persists into adulthood. Thus, this study exam...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Frailty is a clinical condition among older adults defined as the loss of resources in one or more domains (i.e., physical, psychological and social domains) of individual functioning. In frail subjects emergency situations and mobility levels need to be carefully monitored. This study aimed to: i) evaluate differences in the mobility i...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The neuromuscular quickness capacity can be assessed by calculating the rate of torque development (RTD) during ballistic contractions of maximal (RTDmaximal) or submaximal (RTDsubmaximal) amplitudes. In a series of ballistic contractions of submaximal amplitudes, the RTD scaling factor (RTD-SF) represents the slope of the linear regres...
Article
Purpose: It has been hypothesized that one of the main causes for patellofemoral pain is a higher activation of the vastus lateralis (VL) compared with the vastus medialis (VM) muscle. It has been suggested that this difference in activation, likely induces a lateral shift of the patella. However, this observation is not consistent across all studi...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES: Neuromuscular efficiency (NME) is impaired in fibromyalgia (FM). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a medical treatment using 100% of oxygen through an oxygen mask. HBOT in FM induces changes in cortical excitability and a secondary reduction in pain and muscle fatigue. However, there are still no direct data indicating changes in musc...
Article
Full-text available
Background The evaluation of electrocortical activity (EEG) during visual stimuli may reveal differences depending on experience level. Methods Fourteen volunteers, seven belonging to the expert group (high experience in the field of the acrobatic gymnastics) and seven to the control one, took part in the study. Ten videos recorded during the exec...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluating the rate of torque development (RTD) in isometric ballistic contraction targeting submaximal torques is usually overlooked in the literature. In a series of isometric ballistic contractions targeting a range of submaximal torque values, there is a linear relationship between the peak torque and the peak RTD obtained in each contraction....
Article
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neural disorder gradually leading to paralysis of the whole body. Alterations in superoxide dismutase SOD1 gene have been linked with several variants of familial ALS. Here, we investigated a transgenic (Tg) cloned swine model expressing the human pathological hSOD1G93A allele. As in patients, these Tg pigs...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of muscle fatigue on rate of force development (RFD) is usually assessed during tasks that require participants to reach as quickly as possible maximal or near-maximal force. However, endurance sports require athletes to quickly produce force of submaximal, rather than maximal, amplitudes. Thus, this study investigated the effect of musc...
Conference Paper
Aim: The aim of this study was to monitor elite male Italian rugby training (20 Serie A players, age: 22±3 yrs) with an integrated analysis. Methods: During three in-season training sessions (S1, S2, S3; 113±13 min), heart rate (HR), internal training load (ITL; Edwards, 1993), time-motion (GPS: total distance, duration, mean speed, % high acceler...
Article
Full-text available
The motivation to perform physical activity is a crucial factor in achieving a persistent active lifestyle. However, motivation decreases with increasing age from childhood to adolescence. The promotion of physical activity in educational settings might be an important tool to increase motivation and, consequently, to decrease sedentary behavior. T...
Data
Data from participants in this study. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Brief bouts of physical activity during the school day are an innovative method for increasing physical activity in the school setting. The purpose of the study was to investigate if the introduction of an outdoor active break, based on walking and running, in a middle school in Italy is feasible in terms of implementation (i.e., adherence, costs,...
Data
Data from teachers enrolled in this study. (PDF)
Data
Data from children enrolled in this study. (PDF)
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe and analyse the performance career trajectories for Italian athletes that participated in sprint, hurdles, discus throw, and shot-put athletics events. Design: Retrospective study, data collected between 1994 and 2014. Methods: A total of 5929 athletes (female: n=2977, 50.2%) were included in t...
Article
Full-text available
The relative age effect (RAE; i.e., an asymmetry in the birth distribution) is a bias observed in sport competitions that may favour relatively older athletes in talent identification. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the presence of RAE in elite soccer players competing in the Italian championships, even considering the discrimi...
Data
Data from participants in this study. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Due to poling action and upper body engagement, Nordic walking (NW) has additional health benefits with respect to conventional walking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in muscle activation and metabolic responses between NW, performed with the technique suggested by NW instructors, and with some modifications in the way to mo...
Data
Animation data illustrate three consecutive cycles of subject 4 for walking. The dotted lines represent the left side and the continuous lines represent the right side. Use “repeat” function on the movie player to see the stick walking continuously. (MOV)
Data
Animation data illustrate three consecutive cycles of subject 4 for NWshuolder performed with suggested technique. The dotted lines represent the left side and the continuous lines represent the right side. Poling force for left and right side represented by red and blue bar draw on the respective poles with length proportional to force value. Use...
Data
Animation data illustrate three consecutive cycles of subject 4 for NWweak performed with suggested technique. The dotted lines represent the left side and the continuous lines represent the right side. Poling force for left and right side represented by red and blue bar draw on the respective poles with length proportional to force value. Use “rep...
Data
Animation data illustrate three consecutive cycles of subject 4 for NWelbow performed with suggested technique. The dotted lines represent the left side and the continuous lines represent the right side. Poling force for left and right side represented by red and blue bar draw on the respective poles with length proportional to force value. Use “re...
Data
Animation data illustrate three consecutive cycles of subject 4 for NW performed with suggested technique. The dotted lines represent the left side and the continuous lines represent the right side. Poling force for left and right side represented by red and blue bar draw on the respective poles with length proportional to force value. Use “repeat”...
Article
Full-text available
Women are known to be less fatigable than men in single-joint exercises, but fatigue induced by running has not been well understood. Here we investigated sex differences in central and peripheral fatigue and in rate of force development (RFD) in the knee extensors after a half-marathon run. Ten male and eight female amateur runners (aged 25 – 50 y...
Article
Full-text available
Background Accurate measurement devices are required to objectively quantify physical activity. Wearable activity monitors, such as pedometers, may serve as affordable and feasible instruments for measuring physical activity levels in older adults during their normal activities of daily living. Currently few available accelerometer-based steps coun...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to investigate motivations for the dual career of Italian student-athletes attending different university courses. For this purpose, the Italian Harmonized version of the Student-athletes’ Motivation toward Sports and Academics Questionnaire (SAMSAQ-IT/A) was administered to 760 Italian student-athletes. Exploratory Factor A...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in electrocortical activity during motor imagery are among the most interesting findings in the recent neuroscientific studies; existing studies, however, do not focus specifically on Alpha and Beta rhythms, in relationship with the motor experience and verifying if the style of music can influence the cortical activity during motor imagery...
Conference Paper
Aim: The introduction of brief walking active breaks during the school day is a relatively innovative method for increasing physical activity in educational setting (e.g., Wilson et al., 2017). The aim of this study was to explore the effect of brief walking active breaks on motivation to physical activity in students of an Italian middle-school. M...
Conference Paper
Aim. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of the program “un km al giorno” based on outdoor bouts of physical activity in primary and secondary school settings. Methods. Three hundred and twenty students of the primary (F=46%; range 6-10 years) and 217 students of secondary schools (F=39%; range 11-15 years) with the respect...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Relative Age Effect (RAE) is a bias usually observed in youth athletes and in academia, where participation is higher among those born early in the year. We aimed to determine RAE in undergraduate students of Sport Science. Methods: The birth dates of a sample of undergraduate students (N=11280) at University of Torino (Italy) were collect...
Article
Quadriceps weakness has been associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA). High-frequency localized muscle vibration (LMV) has been proposed recently for quadriceps strengthening in patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the clinical effectiveness of high-frequency LMV on quadriceps muscle in patients with knee OA and (...
Article
We examined whether the presence of fatigue induced by prolonged running influenced the time courses of force generating capacities throughout a series of intermittent rapid contractions. Thirteen male amateur runners performed a set of 15 intermittent isometric rapid contractions of the knee extensor muscles, (3s/5s on/off) the day before (PRE) an...
Article
Full-text available
Background Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) has become increasingly popular under the promise to offer a time-saving and effective exercise protocols. Few studies estimating the training intervention intensity of WB-EMS are available in the literature. Aim The aim of this study was first to estimate the metabolic demand and muscle fatigue...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The idea that early sport success can be detrimental for long-term sport performance is still under debate. Therefore, the aims of this study were to examine the career trajectories of Italian high and long jumpers to provide a better understanding of performance development in jumping events. Methods The official long-jump and high-j...
Data
Pearson correlation coefficients throughout the youth performance careers. In the S1 Table are reported the correlation coefficients for pair-wise ages and for personal best performance. (DOCX)
Data
Regression analysis to predict adult best performance. In the S1 Table are reported the estimates of the independent factors annual best performance and annual rate of change for the prediction of the adult personal best performances. (DOCX)
Article
Monitoring surface electromyographic (EMG) signals can provide useful insights for characterizing muscle fatigue, which is defined as an exercise-induced strength loss. This experiment investigated the muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) changes induced by an endurance run. The day before and immediately after a half-marathon run (21.097 km) 11 a...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is twofold: to validate the properties of the Italian version of the Baller Identity Measurement Scale (i.e., BIMS-IT), a self-report questionnaire based on the athletic and academic identities; and to investigate differences in psychosocial factors such as gender, age, type of sport, and competition level. The dimensional...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring surface electromyographic (EMG) signals can provide useful insights for characterizing muscle fatigue, which is defined as an exercise-induced strength loss. This experiment investigated the muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) changes induced by an endurance run. The day before and immediately after a half-marathon run (21.097 km) 11 a...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of the program “1 km a day” that foresees the walking of one kilometer during the morning break in a secondary school. Method: One-hundred forty students (age 12±1 years) and twenty teachers (age 50±8 years) participated in the activity for four months. The activity consisted in walking or r...
Article
Full-text available
di grandissima attualità. Nei testi il termine mul-tilateralità trova grandissimo spazio, ma la realtà dei fatti non sembra essere in linea con quanto recitano le pubblicazioni tecniche. È vero che le prestazioni nelle categorie allievi/e (16-17 anni) e juniores (18-19 anni) sono indubbiamente condi-zionate dall'età biologica e quelle nella categor...
Article
Full-text available
Knee extensor and elbow flexor muscles have been demonstrated to have similar fatigability, i.e. time to task failure at submaximal force level, in healthy non-trained individuals. This experiment investigated if continuative endurance training can influence the fatigability of these two muscle groups in amateur runners. Surface electromyography wa...
Article
During fatiguing contractions, many adjustments in motor units behaviour occur: decrease in muscle fibre conduction velocity; increase in motor units synchronisation; modulation of motor units firing rate; increase in variability of motor units inter-spike interval. We simulated the influence of all these adjustments on synthetic EMG signals in iso...
Conference Paper
Aim: The purpose of the study is to analyze the changes of electrocortical activity during the observation of a commercial spot that advertises a fitness activity in relation to the presence of the brand. Methods: 20 volunteers viewed two videos, in randomized order. While they were watching the advertisements their electrocortical activity was rec...