Alberto Castro

Alberto Castro
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute | Swiss TPH · Department of Epidemiology and Public Health

PhD

About

47
Publications
7,798
Reads
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267
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2018 - October 2020
University of Basel
Position
  • PostDoc Position
March 2016 - present
University of Zurich
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2013 - July 2015
Zurich University of Applied Sciences
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
February 2008 - December 2011
TU Wien
Field of study
  • Transport planing and Traffic Engineering
September 2000 - September 2007
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Objectives: Air pollution health risk assessments (AP-HRAs) provide a method to quantify health effects for entire populations. In Switzerland, AP-HRAs are included in Swiss assessments for Transport Externalities (STEs), ordered by public authorities since the 1990s. This study aimed to describe the differences among national and international AP-...
Article
Bike-sharing schemes (BSS) have now been implemented in many cities worldwide. Research has so far focused mainly on operating BSS, while closed BSS and comprehensive national overviews have attracted much less attention. This exploratory study is novel in that it compiles data from all of the station-based BSS ever implemented in Spain, allowing a...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of setting a policy focus on promoting cycling and walking as sustainable and healthy modes of transport is increasingly recognized. However, to date a science-driven scoring system to assess the policy environment for cycling and walking is lacking. In this study, spread-sheet-based scoring systems for cycling and walking were devel...
Article
Full-text available
The World Health Organization’s Health Economic Assessment Tool (HEAT) for walking and cycling is a user-friendly web-based tool to assess the health impacts of active travel. HEAT, developed over 10 years ago, has been used by researchers, planners and policymakers alike in appraisals of walking and cycling policies at both national and more local...
Preprint
The World Health Organization’s Health Economic Assessment Tool (HEAT) for walking and cycling is a user-friendly web-based tool to assess health impacts of active travel. HEAT, developed over 10 years ago, has been used by researchers, planners and policymakers alike in appraisals of walking and cycling policies of both national and more local sca...
Article
Free access until June 04 2020 here: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1avCCLDQwyMG Increased cycling uptake can improve population health, but barriers include real and perceived risks. Crash risk factors are important to understand in order to improve safety and increase cycling uptake. Many studies of cycling crash risk are based on combining dive...
Article
Objectives: Ambient particulate matter (PM) is regulated with science-based air quality standards, whereas carcinogens are regulated with a number of "acceptable" cases. Given that PM is also carcinogenic, we identify differences between approaches. Methods: We assessed the lung cancer deaths for Switzerland attributable to exposure to PM up to...
Chapter
The health economic assessment tool (HEAT) for walking and cycling has been developed as a user-friendly yet robust tool for transport and urban planners allowing the inclusion of physical activity benefits in transport appraisals. The most recent version can now also consider how much road crashes and air pollution affect these results, and what t...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity has been widely associated with beneficial health effects. The use of electric-assist bicycles (e-bikes) can lead to increased or decreased physical activity, depending on the transport mode substituted. This study aimed to compare physical activity levels of e-bikers and conventional bicycle users (cyclists) as well as across e-...
Article
Abstract While the annual number of trips of the average urban inhabitant has grown steadily in recent years, people are becoming less active while doing so. This lack of physical activity causes major health problems for individuals and great economic costs for society as a whole. Replacing short motorized trips by walking and cycling has been sho...
Article
Full-text available
Cycling infrastructure has been implemented worldwide to promote bicycle use and to minimize injury risk. A comprehensive evaluation of such infrastructure is required to assess its success. In terms of safety, assessments ideally focus on both objective and subjective parameters. This study explores the application of a combined objective-subjecti...
Article
Background Active travel, namely cycling and walking, leads to health benefits that can be quantified and monetized based on epidemiological and economic evidence. In order to support decision-makers, practitioners and researchers in carrying out such calculations the World Health Organisation created the Health and Economic Assessment Tools for wa...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to urban air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on cardio-vascular and respiratory health, both short and long term. Consequently, governments have applied policies to reduce air pollution. Quantitative health impact assessments of hypothetic changes in air pollution have been conducted at national and global level, but ass...
Chapter
Cycling is increasingly being implemented as a viable option for sustainable mobility in transport master plans from the local to the regional and even national level. However, when the implementation of actual measures is nearing the final stage, often mental barriers of decision-makers surface. These mental barriers refer to the resistance to inn...
Poster
Full-text available
Assessments before and after bicycle box by means of a video-based assessment of objective safety indicator «passing distance» and by means of a survey based assessments of perceived safety at crossing intersection and expected safety of counterfactual photo
Chapter
The METPEX tool was developed for the wider scientific and stakeholders' communities and essentially consists of a suite of surveying tools to measure the degree of satisfaction of travellers on a wealth of aspects related to their experience. However, there is a need to provide more immediate and ready-to-implement evaluation methods related to qu...
Article
Full-text available
The EU project METPEX is developing a measurement tool for the perceived quality of the whole journey experience. Special emphasis is given on the contribution to the overall quality perception from different phases of such experience, from pre-trip information acquisition to the eventual joint use of different services, especially for multimodal t...
Presentation
Full-text available
Main past mistakes when implementing bike-sharing in Spain based on own data analysis of overview of bike-sharing schemes and on-line user survey
Presentation
Full-text available
Description of the EU Project PASTA and the methodology
Presentation
Full-text available
Overview of main features of bike-sharing schemes in Spain in 2014 and evolution in the number of schemes and bicycles (in Spanish).
Book
Full-text available
Printed version available here: http://www.ivv.tuwien.ac.at/forschung/publikationen/institutsschriftenreihe.html
Presentation
Full-text available
Causes, dimensions and solutions for conflicts between pedestrians and cyclists (in Spanish)
Presentation
Full-text available
Likely effects of bike-sharing use on the transport system and implications for sustainable mobility
Presentation
Full-text available
Description reasons and consequences of conflicts between pedestrians and cyclists (in German)
Presentation
Full-text available
Lecture at the University of Vienna explaining causes, types and consequences of conflicts between pedestrians and cyclists.
Presentation
Full-text available
Workshop showing pictures of situations that can lead to conflicts pedestrians and cyclists and discussing likely reasons.
Presentation
Full-text available
Overview and recomendations for Spanish bike-sharing schemes in 2011
Presentation
Full-text available
Description of the influence of bike-sharing in the mobility system in Spain (in Spanish).
Book
Full-text available
Spain is one of the countries with the highest number of bike-sharing schemes (BSSs) in Europe. Previous studies have shown the importance of the integration of cycling policies at different levels: integration of the different cycling promotion measures, integration of the cycling policies with the rest of the mobility policy and integration with...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation of the report with the same name that provides an overview of bike-sharing in Spain in 2011 and recommendations to decision-makers (in Spanish).
Presentation
Full-text available
Analysis of the transition between two models of the bike-sharing scheme in Lower Austria
Presentation
Full-text available
Description of the European 51 bike-sharing schemes included in the EU project OBIS
Presentation
Full-text available
Common features of the sample of 51 bike-sharing schemes of the EU-Project OBIS
Presentation
Full-text available
Data analysis of the case study of Nextbike in Lower Austria
Book
Esta Guía de la Movilidad Ciclista es el resultado final del proyecto de investigación PROBICI, desarrollado durante los años 2008 a 2010, donde cabe destacar, en primer lugar, la concurrencia de tres niveles de participantes: cuatro grupos universitarios de investigación (tres españoles y uno austríaco), una consultora con proyección internacional...
Presentation
Full-text available
Common features of the bike-sharing schemes analyzed by the EU-project OBIS
Presentation
Full-text available
EU-Project presentation to show common features of the bikes-sharing schemes included in the project sample.
Poster
Full-text available
Definition: “A Cycling Highway is a ‘segregated’ cycle facility which provides a spacious and non-stop ride in order to cover medium and long (peri-)urban distances in a fast, safe and comfortable way for cyclist types.”

Projects

Projects (10)
Archived project
Archived project
Ziel dieser Studie ist es, unter der Randbedingung einer flächendeckenden Versorgung die notwendige Anzahl von Ladestationen sowie deren wirtschaftlich effiziente räumliche Verteilung im privaten, halböffentlichen, öffentlichen und gewerblich genutzten Bereich für verschiedene Flottenentwicklungsszenarien zu bestimmen. Auftraggeber: Österreichs Energie (https://akademie.oesterreichsenergie.at/startseite_akademie.html) Projektpartner: TU Wien, Institut für Verkehrswissenschaften (http://www.ivv.tuwien.ac.at/home/) und Institut für Energiesysteme und Elektrische Antriebe (http://www.eeg.tuwien.ac.at/) und Österreichische Energieagentur - Austrian Energy Agency (https://energyagency.at/)
Archived project
OBIS contributed to the role and opportunities of bike sharing as a valuable instrument to foster clean and energy efficient sustainable modes of mobility in urban areas. Bike sharing improves environmental performance, enhances the quality of public transport, supports health and overall quality of life. Due to the broad commitment of authorities to new green strategies, bike sharing is recognised as attractive to further cycling in urban areas in general. With respect to different countries, OBIS identified good practices, success factors, limits and market potentials by analyses, demonstrations and optimised strategies. Key findings and recommendations are published in a comprehensive manual. This handbook supports the adoption of bike sharing all over Europe and guides relevant actors in implementing efficient bike sharing schemes. It provides furthermore an essential input for adjustments in mobility strategies and frameworks (http://www.transport-research.info/project/optimising-bike-sharing-european-cities).