Alberto Borraccino

Alberto Borraccino
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche

Professor MD, DM-Hygiene&PreventiveMedicine, M RiskManagement

About

128
Publications
23,225
Reads
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2,998
Citations
Citations since 2017
71 Research Items
1580 Citations
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Introduction
Alberto Borraccino currently works at the Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche, Università degli Studi di Torino. Alberto does research in Allied Health Science, Epidemiology and Public Health. One of his main current project is 'Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC).' to which he has dedicated more than 15 years. Several other studies both using qualitative and quantitative approaches characterise his nearly 20 years experience.
Additional affiliations
October 2002 - June 2006
Università della Valle d'Aosta
Position
  • Contract Professor
Description
  • contract Professors in Hygiene and Health Education in the degree of Primary Education
November 2001 - December 2018
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Senior Researcher
November 2001 - present
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Public Health and Hygiene courses in the Faculty of Education and Medicine in Torino (principal location) and Savigliano (CN) and More than 1600 hours of academic didactic work have been collected during these years
Education
October 2003 - February 2006
Università degli Studi di Torino
Field of study
  • Risk Management
October 1997 - November 2001
Department of Public Health, University of Torino, Italy
Field of study
  • Hygiene and Community Medicine
October 1990 - July 1997
Faculty of Medicine, University of Torino, Italy
Field of study
  • Medicine and Surgery

Publications

Publications (128)
Article
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Introduction Adolescence is a critical period of life, and the level of wellbeing acquired during this stage might have an influence on health status in adulthood. The wellbeing of adolescents is associated with both biological and environmental determinants. To date, few studies have evaluated the effect of exposure to urban green spaces (i.e., gr...
Article
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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are frequently underdiagnosed, representing a serious public health concern, especially during adolescence and in more vulnerable communities. Aim: to describe the last ten years of emergency department (ED) visits for STIs among adolescents. Methods: a retrospective cross-sectional observation was carried...
Article
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Background Over the last decade, the student population migrated to Italy has quadrupled, but studies on their potentially harmful behaviors such as substance use are still scarce. The aim of this research is to monitor risk behaviors among migrant adolescents in Italy and provide appropriate indications for the definition of targeted policies and...
Article
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Eating disorders (EDs) are characterized by behavioral and cognitive aspects that result in a significant impairment of an individual’s well-being. COVID-19 pandemic consequences negatively impacted healthcare services and people’s mental health. Particularly, in developmental ages, difficulties in coping with the situation could have had an impact...
Article
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The recent increase in electronic and social media use among young people has highlighted the importance of focusing on problematic social media use (PSMU) and the concurrent phenomenon of cyber aggression, as well as the role of social support. As part of the 2018 Health Behavior in School-aged Children study in Italy, this study aims to explore t...
Article
Study design: Retrospective population-based cohort study. Objectives: To determine the incidence and mortality of spinal cord injuries (SCI) in the Piedmont Region of Northwestern Italy. Setting: Publicly-funded SCI rehabilitation centres in the Piedmont Region. Methods: Administrative databases were used to identify individuals at their fi...
Article
This qualitative study used the experiences of parents and educators to explore the developmental processes and behaviors of deafblind people of different ages and with different etiologies. It also explored which strategies of intervention and care employed by parents and educators best promote and stimulate the abilities and the autonomy of deafb...
Article
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Background: Integrated home care (IHC) is one strategy to provide care to people with multiple chronic conditions, and it contributes to the reduction of unnecessary emergency department (ED) use, but there are conflicting results on its effectiveness. In this study, we assessed the frequency and characteristics of ED visits occurring before, duri...
Article
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Recent studies have examined how the environment can influence obesity in young people. The research findings are conflicting: in some studies, green spaces have shown a protective association with obesity and urbanization has turned out to worsen this condition, while other studies contradicted these results. The aim of the study was to examine th...
Article
The pharmaceutical prescription allows a quantitatively but not qualitative evaluation of a drug as it does not report the reason. The software used by family paediatricians is designed to receive the diagnosis, but the field is not usually filled in. The Pharmaceutical Service of the Piedmont Region has undertaken an experimental study to assess t...
Article
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The aim of this study was to describe physical activity, both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA), in a large nationally representative sample of Italian adolescents, aged 11, 13 and 15, and to evaluate if Italian adolescents were in line with the 2020 WHO recommendations. In order to assess the possib...
Article
The Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 had negative consequences on the global health of children through direct and indirect effects. Among the negative effects, a significant one is represented by the increase in overweight and obesity in the paediatric population. The isolation imposed by the law in addition to the suspension of motor and play activities...
Article
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(1) Aims: To explore temporal trends 2010–2018 of well-being among Italian adolescents and to evaluate potential explanatory factors. (2) Methods: Italian nationality representative samples of students aged 11, 13, and 15 years were recruited in 2010, 2014, and 2018; Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), for an overall number of 165,000...
Article
The Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 had negative consequences on the global health of children through direct and indirect effects. Among the negative effects, one of the significant is represented by the increase in overweight and obesity in the paediatric population. The isolation imposed by the law in addition to the suspension of motor and play activ...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To assess the determinants of ED use in paediatric patients enrolled in an Integrated Paediatric Home Care (IPHC) program. Methods A retrospective study was conducted using administrative databases on a cohort of patients enrolled in an IPHC program between January 1st, 2012, and December 31st, 2017, in Northern Italy. ED visits that occ...
Article
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Background: Despite the dissemination of national and international clinical and organizational guidelines, adenotonsillectomy is still subject to a significant variability both at local and regional levels. To address the criticalities related to the different phases leading to adenotonsillectomy, the Department of Health in Piedmont engaged a mul...
Article
Objectives: The global spread of electronic devices has made cyberbullying and problematic social media use (PSMU) emerging public health concerns. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of cyberbullying and PMSU among adolescents in northwestern Italy. We also explored the association between cyberbullying and PSMU and whether this associ...
Article
Validation cross-sectional study. To develop and assess the psychometric properties of two instruments based on the middle-range theory of self-care in chronic illness: the Self-Care in Spinal Cord Injuries Inventory (SC-SCII) and the Self-Care Self-Efficacy Scale in Spinal Cord Injuries (SCSES-SCI). Multicenter study in five spinal units across It...
Article
Three-round Delphi study followed by a Consensus Conference with selected stakeholders. To identify a set of core educational content that people with spinal cord injury (SCI) need to acquire during rehabilitation. The Delphi study was performed electronically. The Consensus Conference was held at the Città della Salute e della Scienza University H...
Article
Sommario La selettività alimentare, inserita in letteratura tra i feeding disorders, legata a comportamenti particolari al momento del pasto e successivi problemi alimentari, è relativamente frequente nel Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico (Autism Spectrum Disorder-ASD). Tali comportamenti possono essere associati a problematiche di origine organico-...
Article
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Emergency conditions can reveal existing hidden organizational deficits or relationship difficulties. Di Ruggiero (2018) [1] invited scholars to discuss on the elements that influence the public health decision making process. Thereby, our aim is to propose a reflection on the potential mechanisms that favor or hamper knowledge translation for impr...
Article
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Objective: Alcohol remains the most commonly substance used by adolescents.The aim of the study was to draw a comprehensive picture of the behavioural patterns that characterize alcohol use and abuse among 15-year-olds. Materials and methods: The study sample included 18,918 15-year-olds participating in the 2018 Italian Health Behaviour in Scho...
Article
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Objective: Problematic Social Media Use (PSMU) has an addictive potential for young users. The aim of this study was to show the prevalence of PSMU across Italian regions and its association with health complaints. Materials and methods: Data are gathered from the Italian 2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey using a representativ...
Article
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Objective: The aim was to investigate the role of different forms of social support in early sexual intercourse and contraceptive use. Materials and methods: The study sample included 18,918 15-year-olds who took part in the 2018 Italian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Multivariable multilevel logistic regressions were performed...
Article
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Background: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) plays a fundamental role in providing good quality healthcare services to citizens, as they are the first responders in distressing situations. Few studies have used available EMS data to investigate EMS call characteristics and subsequent responses. Methods: Data were extracted from the emergency regist...
Article
Background - he variability in the prescription of antibiotics in the infant population registers changes that cannot always be explained by the associated morbidity alone. Italy, despite its decreasing trend, is still among those countries with the highest prescriptions and shows an important inter-regional variability. The Pharmaceutical Service...
Conference Paper
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Background Cyberbullying seems to be an emerging public health issue worldwide. Several mental health problems have been reported in adolescents exposed to it. Spreading of smartphones and social networks in youths, requires to explore the eventually Electronic Media Communication (EMC) problematic use, in order to identify potentially negative hea...
Conference Paper
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Background Several studies have shown that neighborhood greenness is associated with lower problematic behaviors in children and better perceived well being. While urbanization showed opposite results. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between urbanization and greenness levels with perceived health, life satisfaction and health co...
Article
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Background: The phenotypic features of SHOX deficiency (SHOX-D) are highly variable and can be very mild, especially in young children. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate auxological and radiological indicators that could be predictive of SHOX-D in children. Methods: Molecular analysis of the SHOX gene was performed in 296 subject...
Article
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Medico e Bambino 9/2020 575 G li antibiotici sono la classe di far-maci più prescritta nell'età pedia-trica, ma i tassi di prescrizione nelle diverse realtà nazionali e internaziona-li variano notevolmente, con differen-ze che non possono essere interamen-te spiegate dalle sole oscillazioni epi-demiologiche delle malattie infettive 1,2. Sul piano a...
Article
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Background After a spinal cord injury (SCI), individuals must acquire their maximum level of independence before returning to their previous social and working conditions. The education provided during rehabilitation is one of the basic but complex aspects that influence the health perspectives of people with SCI. Gaining the perspective of SCI sur...
Article
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Aim: To develop an instrument to investigate knowledge and predictive factors of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) in nursing students during clinical placements. Design: Instrument development and cross-sectional study for psychometric testing. Methods: A self-administered instrument including demographic data, injury epi- demiology and predi...
Article
Objectives: to evaluate smoking prevalence in adolescents by Italian region from the Health Behaviour Study in School-aged Children (HBSC) of 2014 and to correlate it with the presence, in the 2014-2018 Regional Prevention Plans (PRPs), of school-based smoking prevention interventions. Setting and participants: the 2014 HBSC surveillance system pr...
Article
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Background and Objective: Participation in organised out-of-school leisure-time activities (OLTAs) has been shown to have a positive impact on community health practices and to lessen inequities in social and environmental opportunities among youths. According to the social capital theory, OLTAs foster bridging ties that allow individuals to forge...
Article
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Background: Current policies recommend integrating home care and palliative care to enable patients to remain at home and avoid unnecessary hospital admission and emergency department (ED) visits. The Italian health care system had implemented integrated palliative home care (IHPC) services to guarantee a comprehensive, coordinated approach across...
Article
Purpose: To systematically identify, evaluate, and synthesise the qualitative literature on the self-care behaviours, skills, and strategies performed by individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Review methods: The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) meta-aggregation method was followed. The search was conducted on five databases and limited to pape...
Article
Background: Allowing patients to remain at home and decreasing the number of unnecessary emergency room visits have become important policy goals in modern healthcare systems. However, the lack of available literature makes it critical to identify determinants that could be associated with increased emergency department (ED) visits in patients rec...
Article
Background: Regular physical activity and doing well in school are important for growing adolescents. In this study, the associations between physical activity and perceived school performance (PSP) are examined together. Methods: Young adolescents from 42 countries (n = 193,949) in Europe and Canada were examined for associations between self-r...
Article
Objectives The aim of this work was to study whether and to what extent selected connectedness variables (perceived family, peer, and school support) are protective factors against low life satisfaction and high health complaints in immigrant youth with different ethnic backgrounds, while also taking into account the effect of socioeconomic status...
Chapter
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Percorsi di ricerca FrancoAngeli Il bullismo e il cyberbullismo si configurano come forme di socializza-zione disadattante, caratterizzata da comportamenti di prevaricazione messi in atto da bambini/ragazzi, quasi sempre organizzati in gruppi all'interno di contesti scolastici o di Rete. Il senso di appartenenza valoriale alla comunità e alla scuol...
Article
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Background: The prevalence of adolescent pain varies considerably across epidemiological studies, and little information is available on pain-related behaviours among adolescents, including medicine use. The aims of this study were: [1] to examine the prevalence of recurrent pain among 15-year-old adolescents in Italy; [2] to investigate the assoc...
Article
Introduction: Pediatric malaria, even in countries considered as free as Italy, is an important problem of public health because children have a high variability of the clinical picture. The objective of this brief note is to determine the incidence of pediatric malaria in the Piedmont Region during the period 1989-2015. Materials and methods: A...
Chapter
Collaboration between healthcare professionals is becoming a response to and a requirement of the new clinical and organizational features of the current healthcare system in Italy. However, the joint participation of these professionals at the diagnostic and therapeutic levels is not enough to fulfil the healthcare needs of patients. For this reas...
Chapter
Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI), due to their disabling nature and complexity, lead to severe consequences in quality of life (QoL) of both the individuals and their carers(WHO & International Spinal Cord Society, 2013). People with SCI suffer from various issues comprehending the loss of the motor- sensory and the autonomic neurologic functions that re...
Conference Paper
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Introduction and purpose: WHO invited an effective use of data to drive health interventions in adolescents, also focussing on the relationship between youth engagement and health. Recent researches showed that involvement in Organised-Leisure-Time-Activities (OLTA) could positively affect wellbeing. This study describes the relationships between O...
Conference Paper
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School-Aged Children (WHO-HBSC) cross-national survey has monitored these changes throughout the past three decades in over 45 countries in Europe and North America. Discussion: While Israel has usually shown relatively low and stable rates of adolescent smoking, drinking, and drug use, the rates of problem drinking increased dramatically during th...
Article
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Background Studies exploring adolescents’ perception of health are still scarce in the international literature. Through a qualitative analysis, this study aims to explore the core categories or themes evoked when adolescents describe what it means to be healthy and unhealthy. Methods A convenience purposive sample of 34 15-year-old students from...
Chapter
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Vulnerability can be defined as the quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally. In this chapter, it is defined as a possible ability of an individual or a group to face, manage, and anticipate a possible problem. This concept of vulnerability is associated with that of risk fac...
Article
Cigarette smoking is often established during adolescence when other health‐related risk behaviors tend to occur. The aim of the study was to further investigate the hypothesis that risky health behaviors tend to cluster together and to identify distinctive profiles of young adolescents based on their smoking habits. To explore the idea that smokin...
Article
Objectives We examined changes in sleep-onset difficulties over time and associations with physical activity and screen time behavior among adolescents. Methods We used data from last four survey waves of the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study (2002–2006–2010–2014). Multilevel logistic regression analyses were conducted to explor...
Article
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Objectives Associations between the perceived social and physical environment and self-reported moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and screen time (ST) were examined among adolescents in four European countries. Methods Representative samples were surveyed with standardised methodologies. Associations between environmental variables and...
Article
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Background: A unique standardized national dataset on adolescent girls (21 regions) participating in the Italian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study (HBSC) was used to investigate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and age at menarche. Methods: Two independent nationally representative survey datasets: one on 15-year-olds (n =...
Article
Objectives The aim of this work was to explore whether adolescent immigrants have worse or better perceived well-being, and whether this perception varies by ethnic background or between first- and second-generation immigrants, when compared with adolescents from the host population. Methods A representative sample of 47,799 students (13.4% immigr...
Article
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Parental and peer support seems to be a favourable determining factor in the acculturation process among young immigrants. We aimed to assess the level of perceived support among first- and second-generation adolescent immigrants and compare it to that perceived by the adolescents from the host population. Using Italian HBSC survey data collected i...
Article
Introduction: Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) affects 70–80% of female population throughout the lifetime, exposing them to the risk of developing genital warts and cervical cancer. Despite these correlated risks and the demonstrated efficacy of the vaccine, coverage rates for two-three doses are around 70% in Italy and 67% in Piemonte (below...
Article
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Fumo e cannabis tra i 15 enni Giovani e comportamenti a rischio e il gruppo HBSC Italia Alberto Borraccino T erzo appuntamento nel-la collaborazione tra Pro-mozione Salute e studio HBSC Italia. Nel box a lato abbiamo riportato una sin-tesi delle principali informazioni sullo studio e sul gruppo di lavo-ro che da poco meno di 20 anni dedica la propr...
Article
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ADENOTONSILLECTOMY IN PAEDIATRICS (Medico e Bambino 2018;37:385-390) Summary Background-Adenotonsillectomy is among the most frequent surgical intervention in paediatric age. Although the availability of several recommendations on the clinical and organizational approach to be followed, there is evidence of an important variability, both at the nat...
Article
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Background - Adenotonsillectomy is among the most frequent surgical intervention in paediatric age. Although the availability of several recommendations on the clinical and organizational approach to be followed, there is evidence of an important variability, both at the national, and at the regional level as well within local districts. The Piedmo...
Article
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to update the trend in overweight (including obesity) prevalence among Italian adolescents, evaluating possible differences by age and gender, and analyzing their relationships with socioeconomic status, between 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Italian HBSC study...
Article
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) can reduce unexpected cardiac mortality, but they also have a dramatic impact on a patient's quality of life. We aimed to explore ICD recipients’ experiences in order to foster improvements in the quality of care. Analyses were done using a descriptive phenomenological method, based on qualitative inte...
Article
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Background: Studies have shown that problems related to adult gambling have a geographical and social gradient. For instance, adults experiencing gambling-related harms live in areas of greater deprivation; are unemployed, and have lower income. However, little is known about the impact of socioeconomic inequalities on adolescent problem gambling....
Article
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Aim: The primary aim of the present study was to examine the association between immigrant generation, family sociodemographic characteristics, and problem gambling severity in a large-scale nationally representative sample of Italian youth. Method: Data from the 2013-2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Survey were used for cros...
Article
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Background: Previous studies have indicated that electronic media use may affect the health of school-aged children. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the association between computer use and psychological symptoms among Italian adolescents, taking into account the mediating role of difficulty in getting to sleep. Patients and Methods: This s...
Article
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Backgrounds and aim: Unhealthy eating behaviours increase with age and have been associated with adverse health consequences in adulthood. We examined the influence of screen-based sedentary behaviours (SBs) on unhealthy food consumption, such as energy-dense foods and sweetened drinks, among a representative sample of nearly 60 000 adolescents an...
Article
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Introduction: Reliable information on the influence of behavioural factors on adolescent mental health may help to implement more effective intervention programmes. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine whether physical activity influences the variability of selected indices of mental health. Methods: The study comprised 2,015...