Alba Lanau

Alba Lanau
Centre D'Estudis Demogràfics

PhD Social Policy

About

32
Publications
14,212
Reads
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251
Citations
Introduction
My main areas of interest are poverty, inequality and the early stages of the life course. My most recent research looks at intra household inequalities. Previous research has examined multidimensional poverty in the Pacific region using the consensual approach, in-work poverty in the UK and youth poverty in Europe. I also conduct research on intimate partner violence and more generally gender violence. I am primarily a quantitative researcher Please send requests by email

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
En España, el 70% de niños en pobreza viven en hogares con uno o más trabajadores; y pese a que solo un 27% de los hogares en España hay menores, los hogares con menores constituyen la mayoría de hogares en pobreza laboral (53%). No obstante, a menudo se piensa en la pobreza laboral y la pobreza infantil como problemas separados. La mayor parte de...
Article
In Spain, 70% of children in poverty live in households with one or more workers; equally, households with children make up the majority of households in in-work poverty (53%) despite representing only 27% of all households. However, in-work poverty and child poverty are often thought of as separate problems. Most analyses on in-work poverty in Spa...
Article
A Espanya, el 70% dels infants en pobresa viuen a llars amb un o més treballadors. Malgrat que només un 27% de les llars a Espanya hi ha menors, aquestes constitueixen la majoria de les llars en pobresa laboral (53%). Tanmateix, sovint pensem en la pobresa laboral i la pobresa infantil com a problemes separats. La majoria de les anàlisis sobre la p...
Article
Data on the sex industry is notably hard to obtain. Existing evidence points towards an increase in the number of people selling sex, particularly through the online industry. The growing and increasingly diverse population poses challenges to service provision, as new groups are less visible and less likely to be in contact with specialist service...
Article
https://population-europe.eu/research/popdigests/family-diversity-and-child-poverty
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report aims to provide a comprehensive, evidence-based, and nationally-endorsed analysis of the ways in which national and sub-national policies, programmes, systems, processes and mechanisms have helped to address child poverty in Spain, with a particular focus on children who are especially vulnerable
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the preparatory studies for the implementation of the European Child Guarantee in Spain, this document provides a comprehensive, evidence-based analysis of the policies, programmes, systems, processes, and mechanisms that have aimed to address child poverty and social exclusion in Spain in recent years
Article
An increasing number of children are growing up in reconstituted households, formed by a couple and a non-common child. Reconstituted households tend to be poorer, which is associated with worse behavioural and developmental outcomes. Additionally, there is evidence that non-common children receive less economic support from their parents upon leav...
Article
Full-text available
The feasibility of non-pharmacological public health interventions (NPIs) such as physical distancing or isolation at home to prevent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission in low-resource countries is unknown. Household survey data from 54 African countries were used to investigate the feasibility of SARS-CoV-2 N...
Article
Poverty is usually measured at the household level; however, there is growing evidence that households do not share their resources equally. Using data from the material deprivation module in the 2014 Living Conditions Survey this article provides new insight on intra-household inequality in contexts of recession. Households strive to protect child...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines individual, peer and societal factors associated with young people’s instigation of physical, sexual and emotional abuse, including abuse and control through new technologies, in their intimate relationships. The mixed-method research included a survey of 4564 young people aged 14–17 across five European countries. Young people'...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La pobreza se mide generalmente a nivel de hogar. Sin embargo, hay evidencia creciente de que los hogares no distribuyen recursos equitativamente. Utilizando datos del módulo de privación de material en la Encuesta de Condiciones de Vida 2014, este artículo proporciona nueva evidencia sobre la desigualdad dentro del hogar en contextos de recesión e...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a comprehensive typology of the sex industry based on primary data collected between 2018 and 2019 for a UK Home Office-funded study. Typologies of the contemporary sex industry in England and Wales have tended to be limited to particular sectors or have been developed from a specific disciplinary perspective or theme (e.g. sexu...
Article
Full-text available
There is increasing evidence of unequal access to resources within the household between children and adults. The literature suggests that patterns of intra-household inequality are context specific: while some find that households prioritise children (Main and Bradshaw 2016), others find that children are more likely to experience the consequences...
Article
Full-text available
Poor households disproportionately lack access to services, yet this is rarely considered in poverty measures. Service provision can vary significantly between and within countries, and so similar levels of household resources may translate to very different living standards. Where universal provision of basic services is lacking, current approache...
Presentation
This presentation gives a short overview of key findings from the in-work poverty project.
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the relationship between tax credits and in-work poverty, drawing on the findings from a major national study on in-work poverty. We present an analysis of (i) the income packages of working families and (ii) the performance of tax credits in relation to anti-poverty objectives, drawing on data from the Households Below Average...
Article
Full-text available
There is growing concern about the problem of in-work poverty in the UK. Despite this, the literature on in-work poverty remains small in comparison with that on low pay and, in particular, we know relatively little about how people move in and out of in-work poverty. This paper presents an analysis of in-work poverty transitions in the UK, and ext...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This paper explores the experiences and interconnection of young people’s online and offline (face-to-face) experiences of interpersonal violence and abuse (IPVA) victimization across 5 European countries (i.e., Bulgaria, Cyprus, England, Italy and Norway) and its subjective impact. Evidence on the association between online and offline...
Article
New technology has made pornography increasingly accessible to young people, and a growing evidence base has identified a relationship between viewing pornography and violent or abusive behavior in young men. This article reports findings from a large survey of 4,564 young people aged 14 to 17 in five European countries which illuminate the relatio...
Conference Paper
School to work transitions are central for young people to achieve adult status. Having a job, and the income associated with it are key for achieving economic and personal independence. Furthermore, research has often linked youth trajectories into the labour market, and in particular youth unemployment and inactivity, with increased risk of disad...
Conference Paper
Social exclusion has come to be conceptualised as a process of cumulative disadvantage that hinders individual’s normal participation in society. Whilst it is also widely acknowledged that social exclusion is a multidimensional concept, there is little agreement regarding the specification of the empirical dimensions of exclusion, nor how individua...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Dear all,
I am conducting some research on how poverty rates for European youth have changed over time. I essentially measure increases/decreases in youth poverty and which groups have been affected by such changes. One of my findings is that in western Europe the gap between migrants and non-migrants increases over time: while in the mid-1990s the risk of poverty for young migrants and non-migrants was quite similar, by the mid-2000s young migrants were much more likely to be poor. 
While I have been studying poverty for a while my knowledge of research on poverty and migration is fairly limited, so I ask:
Which literature would you recommend for me to get a grasp of factors that explain poverty among young migrants in western Europe? Is there any literature that has dealt with change over time?
I have found some literature that explains how migrants have been particularly affected by the recession, but not much from the earlier period (1990s to 2000s).
Any suggestions will be much appreciated

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The first Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) is to eradicate poverty in all its forms everywhere – this requires countries to measure and reduce multidimensional adult and child poverty. This is a significant challenge in small island states. This project supports Tonga, Tuvalu and Solomon Islands with the development and application of a valid and reliable multidimensional poverty measure, in order to provide policy makers with the high quality evidence they need to design and implement efficient and effective anti-poverty policies.