Alan Mccall

Alan Mccall
Edinburgh Napier University · Research & Development

PhD Univresité de Lille 2

About

113
Publications
167,859
Reads
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4,227
Citations
Citations since 2017
77 Research Items
3576 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800

Publications

Publications (113)
Article
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Several sports have published consensus statements on methods and reporting of epidemiological studies concerning injuries and illnesses with football (soccer) producing one of the first guidelines. This football-specific consensus statement was published in 2006 and required an update to align with scientific developments in the field. The Interna...
Article
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Background Despite calf muscle strain injuries (CMSI) being problematic in many sports, there is a dearth of research to guide clinicians dealing with these injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current practices and perspectives of a select group of international experts regarding the assessment, management and prevention of CMSI usi...
Article
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Background Studies on football and the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have mainly focused on the lockdown consequences for player fitness, the resumption of football training, and how to safely restart the league play, but injury data are scarce. Objective To describe the injury incidence and injury burden in men’s professional football teams...
Article
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Background A comprehensive examination of the sport-specific activities performed around the time of injury is important to hypothesise injury mechanisms, develop prevention strategies, improve management, and inform future investigations. The aim of this systematic review is to summarise the current literature describing the activities performed a...
Article
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Professional athletes undertake a variety of training programs to enhance their physical performance, technical-tactical skills, while protecting their health and well-being. Regular exercise induces widespread changes in the whole body in an extremely complex network of signaling, and evidence indicates that phenotypical sex differences influence...
Article
A recent paper called for the abandonment of the term load (and training load) when used outside its mechanical meaning, claiming it is “unscientific” and “breaches scientific principles.” In this article, we explain why its use does not breach any scientific principles and we clarify the process of labelling, conceptualising and operationalising a...
Article
Purpose: Understanding the dose-response relationship between internal and external training load with changes in aerobic fitness and intermittent running capacity, during different periods of the season, may help in optimizing training process. The aim of the present study was to investigate the dose-response relationships between load measures an...
Article
Purpose: To analyze the relationships between the recovery kinetics experienced by professional football players and noncontact injury. Methods: A cohort of 46 professional football players (age 24.2 [4.7] y) from the same team (French Ligue 1) was monitored each day between matches when the team played twice a week. The recovery monitoring proc...
Article
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A conceptual framework has a central role in the scientific process. Its purpose is to synthesize evidence, assist in understanding phenomena, inform future research and act as a reference operational guide in practical settings. We propose an updated conceptual framework intended to facilitate the validation and interpretation of physical training...
Article
During the last decades, an increased drop-out rate in adolescents’ team sport participation is observed. Given the potential adverse consequences of drop-out from team sport more information about risk factors for drop-out is warranted. The objectives of this systematic review were to (1) synthesise the literature on factors associated with future...
Article
Objectives To establish agreement in National team contexts when players transition from club to National team about (i) what medical and physical information to collect, (ii) how to use information (iii) identify challenges to collection and (iv) collection methods. Design Delphi Survey. Methods A series of sequential online questionnaires were...
Article
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withd...
Article
Objectives To describe the relationship between team- and league-level variability of injury rate, type, and location over 6 seasons in professional Australian football (A-League). Design Prospective epidemiological study. Methods Injury incidence, type and location were collected from all A-League teams (n=10) for 6 consecutive seasons (2012/13...
Article
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This review aimed, as part of a larger FIFA project aiming to steer women's football research, to scope literature on any level of competitive football for women, to understand the current quantity of research on women's football injuries. The study reviewed all injury-related papers scoped by a recent scoping review mapping all published women's f...
Article
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Measurement of external load in players provides objective information to optimise the weekly balance between training and recovery to improve performance and prevent injuries. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence of sports-related muscle injuries of the lower limb in relation to external load, measured by global positioning system (GPS), in footb...
Article
Objective The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is strongly recommended to reduce hamstring injuries in previous meta-analyses (50% reduction in risk of injury). To underline the importance and impact of adopting appropriate methodology for evidence synthesis, we revisited the study selection, re-analysed and updated the findings of the most recent m...
Article
Objectives The objective of the study was to describe high-level senior and junior, male and female footballers’ levels and changes in mental health and well-being throughout a 8-week period of varying lockdown conditions and restricted training during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method One-hundred and one player’s belonging to four t...
Article
Objectives To describe the perceived load, fatigue and recovery profiles during congested and non-congested schedules in international football tournaments. Design Retrospective single-cohort observational study Methods Internal load (session-rating of perceived exertion [s-RPE]) and perceived ratings of fatigue, muscle soreness, psychological st...
Article
Background: The aim was to investigate the association of injuries with male football player continuity, progression and chances of reaching the First team in an elite academy. Methods: Injuries and exposure time were prospectively recorded, following the FIFA guidelines, over 6 seasons (2011-2017) in Under (U)12, U14, U16, U19, 2nd/3rd team and...
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Purpose: To survey soccer practitioners' recovery strategy: (1) use, (2) perceived effectiveness, and (3) factors influencing their implementation in professional soccer. Methods: A cross-sectional convenience sample of professional soccer club/confederation practitioners completed a web-based survey (April to July 2020). Pearson chi-square and...
Article
This study investigated the variability in the worst-case scenario (WCS) and suggested a framework to improve the definition and guide further investigation. Optical tracking data from 26 male players across 38 matches were analysed to determine the WCS for total distance, high-speed running (>5.5 m.s-1) and sprinting (>7.0 m.s-1) using a 3-minute...
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Overuse injuries account for a substantial part of sport injury incidence among athletes of various sports and levels. Despite the gradual onset of symptoms, athletes often persevere in training and competing. The present exploratory study aimed to identify a psychological risk profile for overuse injury. One hundred and forty-nine athletes competi...
Article
Football is evolving in many ways including the technical and physical demands as well as the scientific research underpinning and providing many recommendations to practitioners on how to optimise performance of players and by default, team performance. Evolution is a natural process and necessary to grow and develop. Research into football is no...
Article
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Aim The aim of this study was to examine the associations between the injury risk and the acute (AL) to chronic (CL) workload ratio (ACWR) by substituting the original CL with contrived values to assess the role of CL (i.e., the presence and implications of statistical artefacts). Methods Using previously published data, we generated a contrived A...
Article
Aim: This study aims to scope available peer-reviewed literature published in a FIFA language to under- stand the current quantity of research on women’s football. Methods: Five databases were searched on the 15/12/2019. Studies were included when containing original research published in a peer-reviewed journal around female competitive football o...
Article
Objectives To determine the relationship between injury incidence, player-salary cost and team performance in the professional Australian soccer league. Design Prospective observational cohort study. Methods Injury incidence, player-salary cost and team performance data were collected from the 10-club A-League competition (n = 27 matches/season)...
Preprint
Full-text available
A conceptual framework has a central role in the scientific process. Its purpose is to synthesize evidence, assist in understanding phenomena, inform future research and act as a reference operational guide in practical settings. We propose an updated conceptual framework intended to facilitate the validation and interpretation of physical training...
Article
Full-text available
Scanning in football (soccer) denotes an active head movement where a player's face is temporarily directed away from the ball to gather information in preparation for subsequently engaging with the ball. The aim of this study was to learn more about the ways that 27 elite professional football players in an English Premier League club use scanning...
Article
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Where not too long ago we serviced athletes; nowadays, we have the responsibility to lead a multidisciplinary team that is mandated to protect the athletes’ health, ensure competition availability and ability to compete at peak performance. In essence, our roles have shifted from being a service provider to a health and performance manager who stee...
Article
Background: Athlete-reported outcome measures (AROMs) are frequently used in research and practice but no studies have examined their psychometric properties. Objectives: Part 1-identify the most commonly used AROMs in sport for monitoring training responses; part 2-assess risk of bias, measurement properties, and level of evidence, based on the...
Article
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Background Exercise-based strategies are used to prevent muscle injuries in football and studies on different competitive-level populations may provide different results.Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise-based muscle injury prevention strategies in adult elite football.MethodsA systematic search was conducted in PubMed (MEDLINE),...
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Purpose: To define based on expert opinion and practical experience using a systematic and scientific approach, (1) the perceived most effective exercise-based strategies to prevent muscle injury in elite footballers; and, (2) when and how these exercise programs are prescribed based on the number of days between games i.e. implementation strategy...
Article
In part 2 of this clinical commentary, we highlight the conceptual and methodologic pitfalls evident in current training-load-injury research. These limitations make these studies unsuitable for determining how to use new metrics such as acute workload, chronic workload, and their ratio for reducing injury risk. The main overarching concerns are th...
Article
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Context Professional dance is a demanding physical activity with high injury rates. Currently, no epidemiologic data exist regarding the incidence of injury and illness together with training load (TL) over a long period of time. Objective To provide a detailed description of injury, illness, and TL occurring in professional contemporary dancers....
Article
Background: In this clinical commentary, we highlight issues related to conceptual foundations and methods used in the training load-injury research. We focus on sources of degrees of freedom that can favor questionable research practices such as p-hacking and HARKing (Hypothesizing After the Results are Known), which can undermine the trustworthi...
Article
Background: This article sets the scene for a critique of the research underpinning two common clinical assumptions: (1) training workload is a key factor influencing sports injury risk, and (2) it can be manipulated to reduce injury risk. In this summary we address why it is important for clinicians to critically evaluate the evidence behind rese...
Article
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Purpose Return-to-play (RTP) is an on-going challenge in professional football. Return-to-play related research is increasing. However, it is unknown to what extent the recommendations presented within research are being implemented by professional football teams, and where there are gaps between research and practice. The purposes of this study we...
Preprint
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Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the presence and implications of statistical artefacts created by a commonly used indicator of injury risk in both research and practice: the ratio between acute workload (AL) and chronic workload (CL), named ACWR. Methods: Using previously published data, we generated a contrived ACWR by dividing the AL by f...
Article
Objectives: To describe the injury epidemiology of the Australian male professional soccer league (A-League) over 6 consecutive seasons. Design: Prospective observational cohort study. Methods: Match-loss injury data was collected from each A-League club (n=10) for each competition match (n=27/season) over 6 seasons (2012/13-2017/18). Injuries...
Article
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Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the collated integration of practitioner expertise, athlete values and research evidence aimed to optimise the decision-making process surrounding sport performance. Despite the academic interest afforded to sport science research, our knowledge of how this research is applied in elite sport settings is limited. Thi...
Article
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Objectives: This systematic review had 3 key objectives: (1) to investigate whether psychological factors were associated with future football performance (e.g., progression to professional football, better game statistics during the next season); (2) to critically review the methodological approaches used in the included studies and summarize the...
Article
Fullagar, HHK, Harper, LD, Govus, A, McCunn, R, Eisenmann, J, and McCall, A. Practitioner perceptions of evidence-based practice in elite sport in the United States of America. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Practitioners' perceptions regarding the use and effectiveness of research evidence in sport is not well understood. The purpose of...
Preprint
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Request of retraction or errata corrige (submitted to the British Journal of Sports Medicine) of the ACWR-likelihood of injury model proposed in two editorials by Blanch and Gabbett (2016) and by Gabbett (2016). The letter highlights the methodological errors making this figure (model) unreliable. According to the COPE criteria, we required a corre...
Article
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between FMS™ score and non-contact injury while accounting for participant exposure and multiple injuries to the same player. Materials and methods: Sixty-four players were screened during the preseason period with non-contact injuries and exposure time recorded prospectively...
Article
Objectives: To quantify and profile the training and match loads of international footballers as they transition from club-to-camp-to-tournament contexts during multiple international tournaments. Design: Retrospective single-cohort observational study. Methods: External (session duration and count) and internal (session Rating of Perceived Ex...
Article
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Participation in soccer match-play leads to acute and transient subjective, biochemical, metabolic and physical disturbances in players over subsequent hours and days. Inadequate time for rest and regeneration between matches can expose players to the risk of training and competing whilst not entirely recovered. In professional soccer, contemporary...
Article
Recently, there has been growing interest in injury prevention for football and other team sports, including the development of models and frameworks to guide injury prevention efforts. However, many existing models are geared towards the conduct of injury prevention research and do not reflect the everyday injury prevention approach of sports medi...
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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyse the association of the workload monotony and workload strain with the injury incidence with professional football players taking part in European football competitions. Methods: A total of 130 elite football players, from 5 teams playing European competitions, have been followed during a season....
Article
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The precise timing and tempo of maturation varies between individuals, hence, it is important to consider chronological age and maturity status separately. Failure to do so exposes applied practitioners and coaches to the risk of unfairly judging young players' abilities. Since assessments of movement quality are widely used within professional soc...
Article
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There is a common expression in sports, that there is no 'i' in team. However, there is also a very important 'i' in sports teams - the individual athlete/player. Each player has his/her own unique characteristics including physical, physiological and psychological traits. Due to these unique characteristics, each player requires individual provisi...
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between absolute and acute:chronic workload ratios and non-contact injury incidence in professional football players and to assess their predictive ability. Methods: Elite football players (n = 130) from five teams competing in European domestic and confederation level competitions w...
Article
Background Internal workload (ie, from training and matches) is considered one of the most important injury risk factors for elite European football teams, however there is little published evidence to support this belief. Objective We examined the association and predictive power of internal workload and non-contact injuries. Methods Five elite...
Article
Zusammenfassung Effektive Erholungsstrategien für Fußballspieler – Regeneration spielt auch im Fußball eine immer entscheidendere Rolle. Nach hohen Belastungen und kleinen Verletzungen ist es wichtig, dem Körper zu helfen, die Anstrengung zu verarbeiten und das Leistungsniveau dadurch zu steigern. Doch welche Maßnahmen helfen wirklich? In diesem na...
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Purpose: To examine association and prediction of load-based markers (rate of perceived exertion) with non-contact injuries. Materials and methods: Thirty-four elite Italian football players (age 26 ± 5 y, height 182 ± 5 cm, body mass 78 ± 4 kg) participated in a 3-seasons prospective study. Markers examined were: RPE, exposure, weekly load, week-t...
Article
Objectives: Injured and non-injured national team footballers were compared for external and internal loads during transition from club to National team training camp. Design: Prospective Case Study. Methods: Load and injury data were collected from the same National team prior to and during training camps of 2 tournaments; World (n=17) and As...
Article
THE ROLE OF THE YOUTH ACADEMY IN ELITE SOCCER IS TO CREATE WORLD-CLASS PLAYERS. THIS INVOLVES TARGETED DEVELOPMENT OF A MYRIAD OF FACTORS, INCLUDING TECHNICAL, TACTICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND PHYSICAL QUALITIES. THE ROLE OF SPORTS SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IS TO OPTIMIZE THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF YOUNG PROMISING PLAYERS. IN LINE WITH THE MULTIFACETED NAT...
Article
This case study investigated injury risk and patterns in players newly transferred to a professional football club. Time-loss injuries were recorded prospectively over 8 seasons (2008–2015). Injury incidence overall, in match and training, and patterns (contact, non-contact, sprain, strain, overuse and re-injury) were compared in transferred player...
Article
Objectives: Player unavailability negatively affects team performance in elite football. However, whether player unavailability and its concomitant performance decrement is mediated by any changes in teams' match physical outputs is unknown. We examined whether the number of players injured (i.e. unavailable for match selection) was associated wit...
Article
In high performance sport, science and medicine practitioners employ a variety of physical and psychological tests, training/match monitoring and injury screening tools for a variety of reasons; mainly to predict performance, identify talented individuals and flag when an injury will occur. The ability to 'predict' outcomes such as performance, tal...
Article
Good nutrition choices can support optimal health and performance of footballers. The intake, type, quantity and timing of foods, fluids and supplementation can optimise preparation, performance and recovery of players within and between matches.1 In the fast-paced world of elite football, a one-stop shop resource gathering current best practice an...
Article
Purpose: despite being commonly used, the interaction between Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) score and injury in any elite football population has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between FMS™ score and non-contact injury among elite youth players from a Premier League football academy. Materials...
Article
Life is full of risky decisions, from mundane ones, to matters of life and death.1 In professional football, risk is everywhere: For the club—the risk of having a poor season and loss of income by not qualifying for an important competition. For the manager—overseeing a bad run of results, potentially jeopardising his position. For the player—poor...
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Objectives Describe the effects of eastward long-haul transmeridian air travel on subjective jet-lag, sleep and wellness in professional football (soccer) players prior to the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. Design Single cohort involving twenty-three male professional football players representing a national football team. Methods Data was collec...
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of cold-water immersion and whole-body cryotherapy on recovery kinetics following exercise induced muscle damage. Methods: Ten physically active men performed single-leg hamstring eccentric exercise comprising 5 sets of 15 repetitions. Immediately post-exercise, subjects were exposed in a...