Alan Leventhal

Alan Leventhal
San Jose State University | SJSU · College of Social Sciences

MA Archaeology Emphasis

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28
Publications
7,747
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325
Citations
Citations since 2016
8 Research Items
154 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
Successful translocations of tule elk (Cervus canadensis nannodes) have been conducted since the early 1900s, with their state population rising from a nadir of as few as three surviving individuals to about 500 when reintroductions began, and to over 5,700 by 2017. However, natural range expansion of extant populations is currently limited by heav...
Article
This study explores the impact of environmental and social transitions on the weaning age, childhood diet, and health of 39 individuals who died in childhood from the prehistoric San Francisco Bay Area Ohlone site of CA-ALA-329 (Mánni Muwékma Kúksú Hóowok Yatiš Túnnešte-tka). The sample spans the Middle and Late Periods, during which these environm...
Article
Full-text available
Significance California supports a high cultural and linguistic diversity of Indigenous peoples. In a partnership of researchers with the Muwekma Ohlone tribe, we studied genomes of eight present-day tribal members and 12 ancient individuals from two archaeological sites in the San Francisco Bay Area, spanning ∼2,000 y. We find that compared to gen...
Article
Full-text available
Sex estimation of skeletons is fundamental to many archaeological studies. Currently, three approaches are available to estimate sex–osteology, genomics, or proteomics, but little is known about the relative reliability of these methods in applied settings. We present matching osteological, shotgun-genomic, and proteomic data to estimate the sex of...
Article
Full-text available
Data recovery at Late Period site Síi Túupentak (CA-ALA-565/H) provided a unique opportunity to integrate non-destructive methodology into the identification of human remains. In April 2017, the Institute for Canine Forensics conducted an examination of a 21-by-14-meter portion of the site. Three dogs trained to detect the scent of human remains al...
Article
Variation in human breastfeeding and weaning practices is subject to changing social pressures and norms, as well as individual agency. This paper presents a case study from the Yukisma Mound (CA‐SCL‐38), a prehistoric site in the San Francisco Bay Area, which was used as a ceremonial and cemetery space by the ancestral Ohlone Indians between 780 a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the results of the burial and archaeological data recovery program conducted within a portion of site CA-SCL-128 [Thámien Rúmmeytak [Thámien (Guadalupe) River Site], a Late Middle Period-to-Late Period Ancestral Muwekma Ohlone Cemetery located at 282 Almaden Boulevard, City of San Jose, Santa Clara County, California. The recov...
Article
Full-text available
We explore strontium (Sr) isotope analysis as a means to reconstruct ancient migration patterns of individuals at SCL-287, a Middle Period site in southern San Francisco Bay. Comparison of Sr isotopes from first molars to that of bone suggests that males frequently immigrated to the site, while all females were born at or near the site. This patter...
Article
In this study, we explore the geographic and temporal distribution of a unique variant of the O blood group allele called O1v(G542A) , which has been shown to be shared among Native Americans but is rare in other populations. O1v(G542A) was previously reported in Native American populations in Mesoamerica and South America, and has been proposed as...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the interrelationship between the genus Canis and hunter–gatherers through a case study of prehistoric Native Americans in the San Francisco Bay-Sacramento Delta area. A distinctive aspect of the region's prehistoric record is the interment of canids, variously classified as coyotes, dogs, and wolves. Since these species are dif...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report summarizes the results of the burial recovery program conducted on a portion of a pre-contact Ohlone Indian cemetery discovered at sites CA-SCL-287 and CA-SMA-263 renamed collectively by the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe as the Yuki Kutsuimi Šaatoš Inūxw [Sand Hill Road] Sites in their aboriginal Chocheño Ohlone language. The Yuki Kutsuimi Šaato...
Article
Interpersonal aggression is assessed paleoepidemiologically in a large skeletal population from the CA-ALA-329 site located on the southeastern side of San Francisco Bay, California. This comprehensive analysis included all currently recognized skeletal criteria, including craniofacial fracture, projectile injury, forearm fracture, and perimortem b...
Article
As part of the right of indigenous cultures to self-determination, several international bodies have recognized and addressed the role of indigenous communities in natural resources management, including the conservation of biodiversity. In the United States, disagreements regarding the application of the federal Endangered Species Act to Native Am...
Article
Wicazo Sa Review 18.2 (2003) 95-126 In the summer months of 1992, an archaeological excavation took place south of San José, California, under the direction of Ohlone Families Consulting Services (OFCS), the archaeological consulting firm of the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe. Members of the tribe unearthed the skeletal and artifactual remains of their ances...
Chapter
Full-text available
The quincentennial year, 1992, was commemorated by many peoples throughout the world, for whom the five hundred years had diverse meanings. For the indigenous peoples of the Americas, this year symbolized and highlighted their ongoing struggles for cultural, political, and economic empowerment within the nation-states in which their homelands are n...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
My master's project involves an exhibit on the Muwekma-Ohlone at the New Museum of Los Gatos (NUMU) for the larger exhibit on the Urban Relocation Program in the Bay Area during the 50s, 60s, and 70s. The Urban Relocation Program was a government initiative to get Native people off of reservations and assimilated into urban life. The Muwekma, an unrecognized tribe native to the San Francisco Bay, describes themselves as "refugees in their own land." This exhibit on the Ohlone will benefit the tribe in their efforts to increase their visibility in the fight against cultural erasure.