Alan M Batt

Alan M Batt
Monash University (Australia) · Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice

PhD MSc PGCME FHEA

About

193
Publications
87,397
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
228
Citations
Citations since 2016
164 Research Items
226 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
I am Adjunct Senior Lecturer in Paramedicine at Monash University, Australia, and Professor at Fanshawe College, Canada. My research interests include identification of professional competencies, health professions education. the evolving role of paramedics in the health care system, and the care of vulnerable and marginalized populations. I am Deputy Editor of 'Paramedicine', the international peer-reviewed journal of the Australasian College of Paramedicine.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - November 2022
Central Queensland University
Position
  • Adjunct Associate Professor
November 2015 - present
Fanshawe College
Position
  • Professor
May 2014 - November 2016
National Ambulance LLC
Position
  • Research Paramedic
Education
August 2017 - November 2021
Monash University
Field of study

Publications

Publications (193)
Article
Full-text available
Background Competency frameworks serve various roles including outlining characteristics of a competent workforce, facilitating mobility, and analysing or assessing expertise. Given these roles and their relevance in the health professions, we sought to understand the methods and strategies used in the development of existing competency frameworks....
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Competency frameworks provide a link between professional practice, education, training, and assessment. They support and inform downstream processes such as curriculum design, assessment, accreditation and professional accountability. However, existing guidelines are limited in accounting for the complexities of professional practice...
Article
Full-text available
Competency frameworks are developed for a variety of purposes, including describing professional practice and informing education and assessment frameworks. Despite the volume of competency frameworks developed in the healthcare professions, guidance remains unclear and is inconsistently adhered to (perhaps in part due to a lack of organising frame...
Article
Full-text available
Competency frameworks typically describe the perceived knowledge, skills, attitudes and other characteristics required for a health professional to practice safely and effectively. Patient and public involvement in the development of competency frameworks is uncommon despite delivery of person-centered care being a defining feature of a competent h...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Competency frameworks outline the perceived knowledge, skills, attitudes, and other attributes required for professional practice. These frameworks have gained in popularity, in part for their ability to inform health professions education, assessment, professional mobility, and other activities. Previous research has highlighted inade...
Article
Full-text available
Community paramedic roles are expanding internationally, and no review of the literature could be found to guide services in the formation of community paramedicine programmes. For this reason, the aim of this restricted review was to explore and better understand the successes and learnings of community paramedic programmes across five domains bei...
Article
Background In 2020, there were 4,352 people waiting for organ transplantation in Canada. A rise in demand has led to national exploration of non-traditional pathways for organ donation to increase the potential pool of donors and subsequent transplant recipients. Donation after Cardiac Death (DCD) has become a promising option across Canada and in...
Article
Background Already well situated in the community, paramedics work collaboratively with other community partners to ensure patients receive the services that they require and the high quality in-home and in-community care they deserve. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the prevalence of social inequities in Canada, particularly in alrea...
Article
Full-text available
Background : Irish health policy emphasises the role of Primary Care and General Practice however, there is a growing shortage of General Practitioners (GPs) in Ireland. Paramedics have traditionally focused on emergency care in the community. More recently Paramedics have taken on roles in General Practice in international jurisdictions, but not y...
Chapter
https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=ud9-EAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA23&ots=vEdiPKYLnP&sig=vBYnX07h6T3B5NtqRH-wIxqnG-Y#v=onepage&q&f=false
Article
Full-text available
PAC has partnered with the CSA Group to manage the renewal of the existing National Occupational Competency Profile (NOCP) and incorporate it into a new standard following accredited processes of the Standards Council of Canada – the National Occupational Standard for Paramedics (NOSP). Following on from our earlier update in March, in this article...
Article
Background : Irish health policy emphasises the role of Primary Care and General Practice however, there is a growing shortage of General Practitioners (GPs) in Ireland. Paramedics have traditionally focused on emergency care in the community. More recently Paramedics have taken on roles in General Practice in international jurisdictions, but not y...
Preprint
Competency frameworks outline the perceived knowledge, skills and other attributes required for professional practice. Competency frameworks have gained in popularity, in part for their ability to inform health professions education, assessment, professional mobility, and other activities. Previous research has shown inadequate reporting within rep...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION The declaration of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, and the subsequent public health measures across Canada demanded a change in service delivery models from many health care professions, including paramedics. This change particularly challenged community paramedicine programs in terms of meeting the needs of most vulnerable popula...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION Canada spans approximately 9.98 million km2 of land (which equates to approximately 40 times the size of the UK) and is comprised of a geographically diverse federal system of 10 provinces and 3 territories. It has a total of 12 Organ Transplant Centres (OTCs) (Figure1), however these are not located in every province and territory. I...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Commissioned by the Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council (Ireland).
Technical Report
Full-text available
We performed a scoping exercise of 34 community paramedicine programmes in Australia, Canada, Finland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and the Republic of Ireland. We report on scope of role (including medication prescribing as appropriate); methods of service delivery and program design; entry requirements; education...
Poster
Full-text available
A systems thinking approach may enable us to identify the contexts of paramedic practice, the differing features of such contexts, and in turn further our understanding of paramedic practice.
Thesis
Introduction Healthcare practice has become increasingly diverse with healthcare professionals expected to possess a high level of technical skills, clinical acumen, leadership, situational awareness, and the ability to interact with progressively complex networks of interprofessional healthcare systems with technologies that are constantly evolvin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Competency frameworks are developed for a variety of purposes, including describing professional practice and informing education and assessment frameworks. Despite the volume of competency frameworks developed in the healthcare professions, guidance remains unclear and is inconsistently adhered to (perhaps in part due to a lack of organising frame...
Preprint
Competency frameworks are developed for a variety of purposes, including describing professional practice and informing education and assessment frameworks. Despite the volume of competency frameworks developed in the healthcare professions, guidance remains unclear and is inconsistently adhered to (perhaps in part due to a lack of organising frame...
Technical Report
Already well situated in the community, paramedics work collaboratively with other community partners to help ensure patients receive the services that they require and the high quality in-home and in-community care they deserve. Community paramedicine programs aim to allow patients in all stages of life (e.g., older adults, persons with disabiliti...
Article
Full-text available
Background Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Recent studies demonstrated low survival rates in Middle Eastern countries. Anecdotally there are unique demographic, cultural and logistical challenges in this region. However, there remains a paucity of data published on OHCA in the Middle East. In order to...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction Paramedics are frequently present at the death of patients and are in a position to provide grief support to family members who are suddenly bereaved, but existing education and system resources have failed to provide paramedics with the necessary tools to do so. Although the literature emphasizes the importance of providing grief trai...
Preprint
The development of competency frameworks in healthcare professions is characterised by potentially inadequate descriptions of practice, variable developmental approaches, and inconsistent reporting and evaluating of outcomes. This may be in part due to limited existing guidance, which neglects broader contexts, lacks organising frameworks, and fail...
Preprint
Introduction Competency frameworks provide a link between professional practice, education, training, and assessment. They support and inform downstream processes such as curriculum design, assessment, accreditation and professional accountability. However, existing guidelines are limited in accounting for the complexities of professional practice...
Article
In this editorial, I discuss the importance of understanding social determinants of health to paramedic practice, and outline some 'hidden' elements of paramedic practice that remain poorly understood due to a lack of understanding of what we do. I suggest that a 'ground-up' rethink of what paramedics need to know might be worth considering.
Article
Paramedics are frequently present at the death of patients and are in a position to provide grief support to family members who are suddenly bereaved, but existing education and system resources have failed to provide paramedics with the necessary tools to do so. Although the literature emphasizes the importance of providing grief training from ini...
Preprint
Full-text available
Paramedics are frequently present at the death of patients and are in a position to provide grief support to family members who are suddenly bereaved, but existing education and system resources have failed to provide paramedics with the necessary tools to do so. Although the literature emphasizes the importance of providing grief training from ini...
Article
Research indicates students of lower socioeconomic status (SES) are educationally disadvantaged. We sought to examine differences in paramedic student academic performance from counties with varying SES in the United States. Student performance data and SES data were combined for counties within the states of California, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tex...
Poster
Full-text available
Background/Purpose Competency frameworks serve many roles including outlining characteristics of a competent workforce, facilitating professional mobility, and structuring curriculum and assessment. Given their significance in health professions, we sought to understand the strategies used in the development of existing competency frameworks. Meth...
Poster
Full-text available
Background/Purpose The nature of clinical practice is ever-changing, varies according to the attributes of those enacting it, and poses complex questions that must be considered within context. As such, healthcare professionals need the ability to understand and respond to the larger contexts of the healthcare system. Existing approaches to descri...
Presentation
Community paramedicine programs attempt to address the needs of local populations. As such, they are highly contextual, and involve collaboration with various local stakeholders. However, they are influenced by larger forces at regional, provincial, and national levels. In this presentation we focus on alignment between practice and education, expl...
Presentation
Presentation to McNally Project for Paramedicine Research members on managing academic and writing workflow.
Presentation
In this invited lecture, we explore the concepts of opt-out organ donation, donation after cardiovascular death, and the potential role paramedics can play in organ donation processes. We review the evidence for paramedic involvement including attitudes towards organ donation, and outline some considerations for future roles and developments.
Article
Background Previous research has suggested that stress may have a negative effect on the clinical performance of paramedics. In addition, stress has been demonstrated to have a negative impact the driving abilities of the general population, increasing the number of driving errors. However, to date no studies have explored stress and its potential...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Recent studies demonstrated low survival rates in Middle Eastern countries. Anecdotally there are unique demographic, cultural and logistical challenges in this region. However, there remains a paucity of data published on OHCA in the Middle East. In order to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Recent studies demonstrated low survival rates in Middle Eastern countries. Anecdotally there are unique demographic, cultural and logistical challenges in this region. However, there remains a paucity of data published on OHCA in the Middle East. In order to...
Presentation
Background Competency frameworks serve many roles including outlining characteristics of a competent workforce, facilitating professional mobility, and structuring curriculum and assessment. A scoping review of competency framework literature highlighted issues regarding whether processes are fit for purpose and whether resulting competency framewo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: When paramedics are dispatched, it is expected that every patient receives the same level of care regardless of variable factors. Homelessness is a growing social issue across Canada that is particularly prevalent in urban areas. The quality of healthcare delivered to individuals experiencing homelessness may be influenced by negative...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation will explore the misalignment between paramedic practice and entry-to-practice education. We will outline several alignment concerns, identify a number of possible causes, and propose solutions to realign practice and education.
Article
Full-text available
Presentation
Full-text available
The development of competency frameworks in healthcare professions: a scoping review.
Preprint
Full-text available
Research indicates students of lower socioeconomic status (SES) are educationally disadvantaged. We sought to examine differences in paramedic student academic performance from counties with varying SES in the United States. Student performance data and SES data were combined for counties within the states of California, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tex...
Article
Full-text available
Background Education is critical to increasing social mobility. Research indicates students of lower socioeconomic status (SES) are educationally disadvantaged. This study sought to examine differences in paramedic student academic performance from counties with varying socioeconomic statuses. Methods Student academic performance data from Fisdap...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Community paramedicine programme are often designed to address repeated and non-urgent use of paramedic services by providing patients with alternatives to the traditional ‘treat and transport’ ambulance model of care. We sought to investigate the level of consensus that could be found by a panel of experts regarding appropriate health, s...
Presentation
There is a disconnect between what we think paramedics do, and what paramedics actually do. This lack of coherence becomes particularly apparent when we examine entry-to-practice paramedic education. In this presentation I identify the gaps between practice and education, outline potential implications, and propose solutions for the community to co...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: When paramedics are dispatched, it is expected that every patient receives the same level of care regardless of variable factors. Homelessness is a growing social issue across Canada that is particularly prevalent in urban areas. The quality of healthcare delivered to individuals experiencing homelessness may be influenced by negative...
Poster
Full-text available
Background Competency frameworks serve many roles including outlining characteristics of a competent workforce, to provide clarity to complex constructs, to facilitate professional mobility, and to help structure analysis, evaluation or assessment of professional expertise. Given these roles and their relevance in the health professions, we sought...
Article
Full-text available
p>In this wellbeing series we present practical advice for prehospital care providers, responders, and other shift workers. These articles are produced by experts in their field. Many of these topics were presented at the Irish College of Paramedics Wellbeing Symposium in University College Cork in May 2019. </p
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: When paramedics are dispatched, it is expected that every patient receives the same level of care regardless of variable factors. Homelessness is a growing social issue across Canada that is particularly prevalent in urban areas. The quality of healthcare delivered to individuals experiencing homelessness may be influenced by negative...
Preprint
Background Competency frameworks serve many roles including outlining characteristics of a competent workforce, to provide clarity to complex constructs, to facilitate professional mobility, and to help structure analysis, evaluation or assessment of professional expertise. Given these roles and their relevance in the health professions, we sought...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Previous research has demonstrated that stress has a negative impact on the performance of paramedics. Stress negatively impact the driving abilities of the general population increasing the number of driving errors performed. No studies have explored stress and its link with the driving abilities of paramedics. Methods: Paramedic stude...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction/Background There are several factors that can affect a student’s academic performance. These include but are not limited to: family and peer support, previous education, and socioeconomic status (SES). Research indicates that students of lower SES are educationally disadvantaged. This study sought to examine the relationship between pa...
Article
Full-text available
The development of degrees for paramedics in jurisdictions such as Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom were in direct response to developments within the paramedic profession, including emerging roles, increasing paramedic scope and increased demands on paramedics as healthcare professionals. Yet, similar to the challenges...
Article
Full-text available
As the paramedic discipline globally moves towards professionalisation through professional registration, higher education, and role diversification within the health service, the importance of the paramedic body of knowledge becomes more apparent. In this article we will outline our experiences with student paramedic research at Fanshawe College,...
Article
Full-text available
Mentoring and sponsorship are essential activities in the professional development of both men and women. These types of relationships often form between individuals who have common interests, or when the junior member reminds the more senior member of themselves. In paramedicine, the number of men in leadership positions usually leads to the mento...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim was to evaluate the translation of a ST‑segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) bypass protocol to the outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome in the Emirate of Ras al‑Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted, which included all patients who had a prehospital 1...
Article
Full-text available
Empathy is generally considered to be the understanding of another person's reactions, thoughts, feelings and problems, and being able to relay this sense of understanding back to the individual. Empathy in healthcare is associated with improved communication, reduced stress, lower complication rates and better clinical outcomes. Low empathy is ass...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fatigue is a complex phenomenon that has effects on physical characteristics, cognition, behaviours, and physical and mental health. Paramedicine crosses the boundaries of many high-risk industries, namely medicine, transport and aviation. The effects of fatigue on paramedics thus need to be explored and considered in order to begin to i...
Article
Full-text available
End of life care (EoLC) issues in the Canadian healthcare system are now commonplace. Palliative care and medical assistance in dying (MAID) programs are giving patients more options than ever before. Consequently, pre-hospital and community paramedicine programs now interact with more patients who require EoLC. This creates ample opportunity for c...
Article
Full-text available
Background Literature suggests that simulation-based learning is an important modality in medical education. Although there is a large body of evidence in other medical fields, there has been little reported evidence of simulation use in paramedic education. This study aimed to report patterns of simulation use in paramedic programs across Canada....
Article
Full-text available
In 2017, an IHI Open School Chapter was founded at Fanshawe College. This was undertaken as an additional measure to promote patient safety and quality improvement awareness among students and faculty. This chapter launch coincided with the embedding of several IHI Open School online courses into a subject within the paramedic program. This curricu...
Article
Full-text available
Background Empathy in healthcare delivery is an essential component to providing high-quality patient care. Empathy in paramedics and paramedic students has been subject to limited study to date. This study aimed to determine the empathy levels demonstrated by first year paramedic students over the course of their first year of study. Methods This...
Article
Full-text available
Transporting patients to hospitals in a safe manner is a core aspect of paramedic practice within Canada. The majority of these transports are within a ground ambulance on city streets and provincial roadways. There is however an inherent danger associated with the operation of emergency vehicles. In Canada national figures for emergency vehicles c...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Empathy is an important factor in communication between healthcare provider and patient. Previous studies have shown that empathy benefits patient care in multiple ways. Empathy allows a space of decreased vulnerability and as a result, builds trust in healthcare relationships, fosters open communication that leads to improved patient...
Article
Full-text available
Letter to the editor re: reflective practice and implications from the Bawa-Garba case in the UK.