Alaina Talboy

Alaina Talboy
Microsoft · User Research

PhD

About

12
Publications
2,678
Reads
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27
Citations
Introduction
Alaina conducts research in Reasoning, Judgment and Decision Making, and Cognitive Psychology. Her latest book "What I Wish I Knew: A Field Guide to Thriving in Graduate Studies" will be available March 29, 2022.
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - May 2019
University of South Florida
Position
  • Instructor
Education
August 2013 - May 2019
University of South Florida
Field of study
  • Psychology - Judgment and Decision Making
August 2011 - May 2013
University of West Florida
Field of study
  • Experimental Psychology
January 2009 - May 2011
Saint Leo University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (12)
Article
Available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0272989X18758293 Background: Understanding diagnostic test outcomes requires determining the positive predictive value (PPV) of the test, which most laypeople and medical professionals struggle to do. Despite advances found with frequency formats and visual aids, less than 40% of people ca...
Article
Full-text available
We propose that a mismatch in problem presentation and question structures may promote errors on Bayesian reasoning problems. In this task, people determine the likelihood that a positive test actually indicates the presence of a condition. Research has shown that people routinely fail to correctly identify this positive predictive value (PPV). We...
Book
If you are enrolled in a graduate program, for any advanced degree, then this is the book for you! There are many unwritten rules in academia, with hidden checkpoints and milestones to seek along the way. Navigating this new territory requires a guide; a field guide, if you would. Inside this book, you’ll find a roadmap for how to • go from the s...
Article
Full-text available
This work examines the influence of reference dependence, including value selection bias and congruence effects, on diagnostic reasoning. Across two studies, we explored how dependence on the initial problem structure influences the ability to solve simplified precursors to the more traditional Bayesian reasoning problems. Analyses evaluated accura...
Poster
Full-text available
Solving Bayesian reasoning problems requires correctly identifying, computing, and applying values from the problem text to the solution. Identification refers to understanding the intended meaning of the values. Computation refers to the mathematical manipulation of those values. Application goes one-step further by utilizing those identified and/...
Article
Background: Understanding diagnostic test outcomes requires determining the positive predictive value (PPV) of the test, which most laypeople and medical professionals struggle to do. Despite advances found with frequency formats and visual aids, less than 40% of people can typically identify this value. This study tests the impact of using congru...
Conference Paper
The ability to differentiate a true positive test result from a false positive on a diagnostic test can mean the difference between undergoing necessary or unneeded treatment. However, many people, including medical professionals, have difficulty understanding the likelihood that a positive result actually indicates the presence of a disease. To he...
Article
Full-text available
Shared decision making places an emphasis on patient understanding and engagement. However, when it comes to treatment selection, research tends to focus on how doctors select pharmaceutical treatments. The current study is a qualitative assessment of how patients choose among three common treatments that have varying degrees of scientific support...
Article
Available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bdm.1949/abstract Research suggests that most people struggle when asked to interpret the outcomes of diagnostic tests such as those presented as Bayesian inference problems. To help people interpret these difficult problems, we created a brief tutorial, requiring less than 10 minutes, that g...
Poster
Full-text available
Best Student Poster Award Honorable Mention
Article
Full-text available
Psychological testing has been used in several industries since the 19th century. At this time, over 100,000 tests are being produced annually with no signs of slowing down. The Armed Services Vocation Aptitude Battery, or ASVAB, was produced by and promptly distributed by the Department of Defense (DOD) to promote career exploration. Currently, ov...

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