Alain Turq

Alain Turq

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170
Publications
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3,607
Citations
Citations since 2017
36 Research Items
1772 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (170)
Technical Report
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Le PCR « Réseau de lithothèques en AuvergneRhône-Alpes » offre un cadre nouveau pour la pétroarchéologie et s’engage pour une science ouverte qui passe par la mise en place de formats d’échanges standardisés répondant à des normes internationales. Il contribue ainsi à la réalisation et la diffusion de fiches numérisées et harmonisées nécessaires à...
Technical Report
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Le programme collectif de recherche Réseau de lithothèques en Nouvelle- Aquitaine peut être considéré comme l’un des pôles de l’élan national qui se met peu à peu en place. Il participe d’une synergie et d’une expertise attendue par la communauté des archéologues. Il fait partie des nouveaux programmes de recherche sur l’origine des matériaux et a...
Article
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Exploring the role of changing climates in human evolution is currently impeded by a scarcity of climatic information at the same temporal scale as the human behaviors documented in archaeological sites. This is mainly caused by high uncertainties in the chronometric dates used to correlate long-term climatic records with archaeological deposits. O...
Article
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The origin of funerary practices has important implications for the emergence of so-called modern cognitive capacities and behaviour. We provide new multidisciplinary information on the archaeological context of the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal skeleton (grand abri of La Ferrassie, Dordogne, France), including geochronological data -¹⁴C and OSL-, ZooM...
Poster
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Southwestern France is an area well known for its numerous Middle Paleolithic occupations, as evidenced by the eponymous site of Le Moustier or other major sites such as Combe-Grenal or La Ferrassie among others. However, these sites are almost all located in a small area between the Vézère and the Dordogne valleys. Although a few sites have been e...
Article
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The grand abri at La Ferrassie (France) has been a key site for Palaeolithic research since the early part of the 20th century. It became the eponymous site for one variant of Middle Palaeolithic stone tools, and its sequence was used to define stages of the Aurignacian, an early phase of the Upper Palaeolithic. Several Neanderthal remains, includi...
Technical Report
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Projet Collectif de Recherche « Réseau de lithothèques en Auvergne Rhône-Alpes »
Article
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Studies on the origin of lithic raw materials have become increasingly important since the 1980s. Sourcing studies play a key role in appreciating territory management and group mobility, which are two major issues of the archaeology of prehistoric hunter-gatherer societies. Most approaches use only part of the potential information contained withi...
Article
Full-text available
The use of space, both at the landscape and the site level, is considered an important aspect of hominin adaptations that changed through time. At the site level, spatial analyses are typically conducted on deposits thought to have a high degree of temporal resolution. Sites with highly time-averaged deposits are viewed as inferior for these analys...
Article
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The plant component of Neanderthal subsistence and technology is not well documented, partially due to the preservation constraints of macrobotanical components. Phytoliths, however, are preserved even when other plant remains have decayed and so provide evidence for Neanderthal plant use and the environmental context of archaeological sites. Phyto...
Article
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The use of colouring materials by Neanderthals has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. Here we present a taphonomic, technological, chemical-mineralogical and functional analysis of fifty-four manganese rich lumps recovered during past and on-going excavations at the lower rockshelter of Le Moustier (Dordogne, France). We compare c...
Article
Neanderthal material culture patterning in Western Europe has been primarily approached from retouched stone tools and associated flake production methods. While considerable effort has been devoted over the past decade to better characterize Middle Palaeolithic lithic techno-complexes (LTCs) in this region, the extent to which they reflect cultura...
Article
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Objectives We provide the description and comparative analysis of six new teeth from the site of La Ferrassie. Our goal is to discuss their taxonomic attribution, and to provide an updated inventory of Neandertal and modern human remains from La Ferrassie in their associated archeological context. Materials and methods We use external and internal...
Article
Full-text available
Le locus moustérien de Pradayrol (Caniac-du-Causse, Lot, France) a livré une importante série lithique essentiellement composée de quartz et de matériaux apparentés, associés à une composante de silex constituée d’une large gamme de types différents. L’étude technologique de ce matériel met en évidence la présence de plusieurs chaînes opératoires....
Technical Report
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Le programme collectif de recherche, « Réseau de lithothèques en Nouvelle-Aquitaine » existe depuis 3 ans. Il joue un rôle important dans la consolidation d’une structure coopérative de recherche à l’échelle régionale et nationale. Le présent rapport expose un état de l’art des activités menées à bien en 2018 pour participer de façon efficace à la...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Le programme collectif de recherche réseau de lithothèques en Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes existe depuis 12 ans. Il est à l’initiative d’une synergie désormais reconnue sur l’origine des matières premières. Sa fonction est essentielle dans la consolidation d’une structure coopérative de recherche aux échelles régionale et nationale. Démarche nécessaire, qu...
Chapter
Prior to excavating Pech IV, we studied Bordes’ collection from his 8 years of excavation at the site.
Article
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Initially excavated in the early twentieth century, La Ferrassie is one of the most important sites for the Middle Paleolithic of Western Europe. Aside from the numerous Neanderthal remains found there, the stone artifacts recovered from the site are featured prominently in discussion and debates of Mousterian variability. Recent renewed excavation...
Chapter
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From the earliest traces to the end of the Acheulean in the Prehistory of France Discoveries of the two last decades in Eurasia renew the knowledge on the earliest evidence of occupations. France widely contributes to the understanding of these periods, and since the publication in 1976 of the three volumes of La Préhistoire Française, the number o...
Article
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Résumé Les niveaux archéologiques de l’abri sous-roche Baume-Vallée (Haute-Loire), dans le Sud-Est, du Massif central, fouillés par A. Laborde (de 1966 à 1973), puis par J.-P. Raynal (de 1974 à 1996), ont livré un matériel lithique abondant attribué au Paléolithique moyen récent, avec une grande diversité de matières premières. L’industrie lithique...
Article
We report here on an isotopic study of carbon, nitrogen and oxygen isotopes in Equus tooth enamel and dentine from multiple layers from the site of Combe Grenal, France, which date to between approximately 150,000 and 50,000 years BP. We found that there were significant variations in all three elemental isotope ratios through time, although the va...
Conference Paper
The site of Regourdou is situated in the community of Montignac-sur-Vézère (Dordogne, SW France), on the left bank of the Vézère Valley, at the top of the hill upon which the Paleolithic sites of Lascaux Cave and La Balutie are located. A partial Neandertal skeleton (Regourdou 1) was first discovered there in September 1957 under destructive and un...
Chapter
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The position of the corpse of Regourdou 1 has never been discussed on the basis of available documents related to its 1957 discovery and the subsequent 1961-64 excavations. Considering new data (Bordes’ field notes, 2 unpublished drawings, 1957 and 1961 photographs, new human remains, labels or texts written on the bones, distribution of the1961 sp...
Poster
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The site of La Ferrassie (Dordogne, France) is well known for the presence of several (N=7) Neandertal individuals, and here we focus on two adults (LF1 and LF2) discovered by Peyrony and Capitan in the early 20thc [1], and LF8, a child excavated by Delporte in the 1970s [2]. In spite when the LF1 and LF2 discoveries were made, we know that they we...
Poster
Full-text available
The first evidence of the partial infant Neandertal skeleton La Ferrassie 8 (LF 8) (Grand Abri of La Ferrassie, Dordogne, France) was discovered in 1970, although most of the remains were found in 1973 as part of the 1968–1973 work at the site by H. Delporte. This individual and the other Neandertal children from La Ferrassie were published in the...
Article
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The nature of the Lower–Middle Palaeolithic transition has been one of the most debated questions in early Prehistory since the mid-20th century. The root of these debates lies primarily in how early prehistorians constructed chronological models, relying heavily upon index fossils. Such models have “artificial boundaries designed to provide struct...
Article
Neandertals disappeared from Europe just after 40,000 years ago. Some hypotheses ascribe this to numerous population crashes associated with glacial cycles in the late Pleistocene. The goal of this paper is to test the hypothesis that glacial periods stressed Neandertal populations. If cold climates stressed Neandertals, their subsistence behaviors...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle Palaeolithic of southwestern France has long been a testing ground for models of Neanderthal lithic assemblage variability and mobility strategies. Advances in our understanding of the lithological structure of the northern Aquitaine Basin combined with numerous raw material studies allows connections between different areas of the regio...
Article
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Located in southwest France, Roc de Marsal is a cave with a rich Mousterian stratigraphic sequence. The lower part of the sequence (Layers 9–5) are characterized by assemblages dominated by Levallois lithic technology associated with composite faunal spectra (including red deer, roe deer and reindeer) that shows a gradual increase in the frequency...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Studies on the origin of lithic raw materials became increasingly important since the 1980’s. Sourcing studies play a key role in appreciating territory exploitation and group mobility, which are major issues of prehistoric societies understanding. However, most approaches exploited only part of the information potentially carried by the lithic mat...
Article
Full-text available
Establishing and interpreting patterns of lithic assemblage variability is of great interest to archaeologists as they shed light on cultural adaptations in the deep past. Nowhere has this topic provoked more interest and debate than in the Middle Palaeolithic of southwestern France. The region's rich archaeological record has produced numerous sit...
Article
Recent excavations at the cave site of Roc de Marsal (in the Dordogne region of SW France) have yielded several Mousterian assemblages rich in well-preserved faunal remains. The Layer 4 faunal assemblage, associated with a rich Quina Mousterian occupation, provides an opportunity to investigate Neandertal prey selection, transport decisions and rei...
Article
Importance of field data and understanding of a potential Mousterian funerary deposit: the Regourdou 1 skeleton (Montignac-sur-Vézère, Dordogne, France). Aside from the work of Bonifay (see Bonifay et al. 2007 for one of the more recent papers) and various articles following these earlier works (e.g., Binant 1991, Defleur 1993, Maureille et Vanderm...
Article
Aside from the work of Bonifay (see Bonifay et al. 2007 for one of the more recent papers) and various articles following these earlier works (e.g., Binant 1991, Defleur 1993, Maureille et Vandermeersch 2007, Pettitt 2011, see also May 1986 for a more critical analysis), the in situ position of the remains of Regourdou 1 from layer 4 has never actu...
Article
A new interdisciplinary project was initiated to excavate a portion of the Palaeolithic site of La Ferrassie left intact by earlier excavations. One of the aims of this project was to provide chronological information on the succession of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic layers, as well as on the skeletons unearthed by Capitan and Peyrony in the early...
Technical Report
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En 2014, les résultats scientifiques obtenus débouchent sur une amélioration significative par rapport aux pratiques couramment utilisées. Avec la constitution d’un protocole d’analyse refondé et la mise en place d’un plan rationnel de numérisation des données géoréférencées, nous participons à la construction d’un outil plus approprié à l’étude de...
Conference Paper
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The results obtained emphasize the need of de-tailed, regional-scale, paleoenvironmental analyses of faunal communities in order to discuss human -environ-ment interactions. Moreover, our integrated approach of large and small fauna communities allows estimating to what degree changes in subsistence strategies were in-fluenced by changes in prey av...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The results obtained emphasize the need of de-tailed, regional-scale, paleoenvironmental analyses of faunal communities in order to discuss human -environ-ment interactions. Moreover, our integrated approach of large and small fauna communities allows estimating to what degree changes in subsistence strategies were in-fluenced by changes in prey av...
Article
Disentangling the relative contribution of the various factors underlying Middle Palaeolithic industrial variability remains one of the foremost problems for researchers interested in Neandertal technological and behavioural adaptations. The site of Combe-Grenal (Dordogne) has figured prominently in these discussions given its long stratigraphic se...
Article
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Les groupes culturels de la transition Pléistocène-Holocène entre Atlantique et Adriatique Actes de la séance de la Société préhistorique française de Bordeaux, 24-25 mai 2012
Article
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Significance For several decades, scholars have questioned the existence of burial in Western Europe prior to the arrival of Anatomically Modern Humans. Therefore, an approach combining a global field recovery and the reexamination of the previously discovered Neandertal remains has been undertaken in the site of La Chapelle-aux-Saints (France), wh...