Alain Cuerrier

Alain Cuerrier
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Biological Sciences

PhD

About

114
Publications
42,493
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1,675
Citations
Citations since 2017
29 Research Items
927 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (114)
Article
Despite the disproportionate food injustice experienced by Indigenous Peoples, Black people and people of color, food movements have been dominated by white settlers who have had limited success in addressing this injustice. Settler colonialism is increasingly recognized as a root cause of food insecurity for Indigenous Peoples on Turtle Island; it...
Article
Full-text available
Migrants continue to usee their traditional herbal medicines in their new locations, but few studies have compared therapeutic practices within a diaspora spread among different countries. In order to better understand how medicinal plants and associated practices circulate in the process of transnational migrations, we examine the Haitian diaspora...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The biological knowledge and associated values and beliefs of Indigenous and other long‐resident Peoples are often overlooked and underrepresented in governance, planning and decision‐making at local, regional, national and international levels. Ethnobiology—the study of the dynamic relationships among peoples, biota and environments—is a...
Article
Full-text available
An ethnopharmacological metanalysis was conducted with a large database available on antidiabetic activities of plant foods and medicines from the northern boreal forest, which are traditionally used by the indigenous Cree of James Bay, Quebec, Canada. The objective was to determine which bioassays are closely associated with the traditional knowle...
Article
For Inuit in the subarctic transition zone of northeastern Canada, an intimate knowledge of the environment and local biodiversity is crucial for successful traditional activities. This study examines what kinds of landscape features and habitats Inuit of Nunatsiavut recognize and name. During interviews, community members (mostly Elders) were show...
Article
Revitalizing Indigenous land-based practices are acts of resurgence and resistance. The presence of Indigenous bodies occupying land to nourish and strengthen themselves through ancestral practices is a political act. These cultural systems of knowledge and practice are in opposition to historical and ongoing colonial attempts to dispossess Indigen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the importance of fungi to Canadian Indigenous Peoples. Based on collaborative research with Indigenous knowledge holders and a review of literature, approximately 30-40 fungi are documented as having cultural roles for Canadian Indigenous groups. Some peoples have not eaten mushrooms traditionally, whereas others have a histor...
Article
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This paper emphasizes the cultural value of plants in Nunatsiavut (Labrador, Canada), a self-governing Inuit region in the Subarctic. Via interviews with community members, we describe the links between plant usage and culture to understand the direct ways that plants are utilized for food, construction, gardening, and medicine, and to then link th...
Article
Full-text available
The eastern Canadian Subarctic and Arctic are experiencing significant environmental change with widespread implications for the people, plants, and animals living there. In this study, we integrate 10 years of research at the Nakvak Brook watershed in Torngat Mountains National Park of Ca-nada, northern Labrador, to assess the sensitivity of ecolo...
Article
Indigenous food systems have been sites of deliberate and sustained disruption in the service of the settler colonial project on Turtle Island. The revitalization of traditional foodways is a powerful and popular means through which Indigenous Peoples are practicing cultural and political resurgence. We are at a crucial moment of societal reckoning...
Article
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Berry shrubs are found across the circumpolar North where they are an important source of food for people and animals. However, the environmental controls on berry productivity in these regions is poorly understood. This study presents the results of an ongoing berry productivity monitoring program for Empetrum nigrum, Vaccinium uliginosum and V. v...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Cree of Eeyou Istchee (James Bay area of northern Quebec) suffer from a high rate of diabetes and its complications partly due to the introduction of the western lifestyle within their culture. As part of a search for alternative medicine based on traditional practice, this project evaluates the biological activity of Picea mariana (...
Article
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Traditional food is central to Inuit culture and sense of identity. Recent changes in lifestyle, climate, and animal populations have influenced how people practice and experience activities on the land. We summarize the findings of 191 new and archived interviews addressing the continued relationships of Inuit to berries in the Canadian territorie...
Article
Plants are important in traditional Inuit life. They are used for food, tea, medicine, etc. Based on semi-structured interviews with 35 informants, we documented and compared plant names and uses in Kangiqsualujjuaq, Nunavik, and in Nain, Nunatsiavut. Plant names and uses were expected to be similar between communities owing to common boreal–subarc...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: Globally, Indigenous peoples are the victims of social inequalities in health. Their state of health is much lower than the health of the general population. Colonialism, living conditions and access to care are the main determinants of observed health conditions. The scientific objective of this systematic literature review...
Article
To survive in the Arctic, the Inuit have developed a unique relationship with the marine environment and its living organisms. Unlike large marine mammals, the importance of smaller marine organisms for food, health, and wellbeing is largely undocumented. To call attention to these components of the food system in Nunavik, in northern Québec, and t...
Chapter
The Inuit live in the circumpolar regions of Greenland, Canada, USA, and eastern Russia. Largely a maritime culture, the Inuit also rely upon caribou (Rangifer tarandus L.) for sustenance. The Oestridae flies Hypoderma (Oedemagena) tarandi (L.) and Cephenemyia trompe (M.) commonly infect caribou with their larvae. The Oestridae larvae grow under th...
Article
BACKGROUND: Skunk currant is widely dispersed across North America and a feature of some traditional North American indigenous diets. Whereas many wild and cultivated berries have attracting interest related to their antioxidant phenolic metabolites and putative health benefits in humans, very few data are available concerning skunk currant phytoch...
Article
Full-text available
For Inuit and Naskapi living in the eastern Canadian Subarctic, local meteorological and environmental conditions (e.g., snow and ice cover extent, thickness, and duration) play a key role as they affect subsistence activities such as fishing, hunting, trapping, and harvesting. In this study, we first documented locally observed changes in meteorol...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is a pre-print of the accepted manuscript INSECT CONSUMPTION IN THE ARCTIC; a chapter in the co-edited book titled INSECTS IN SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS published May 2018.
Article
Rhodiola rosea is a plant with adaptogenic qualities used by Inuit populations of Nunavik, Quebec (Canada) for general mental and physical rejuvenation. Previous studies have demonstrated that the Canadian populations of R. rosea significantly attenuate the expression of learned fear and anxiety-like behaviors in rodent models. In order to further...
Article
Blueberry leaves (Vaccinium spp. L.) are used as a natural health product and traditional medicine for health maintenance in type-2 diabetes. In this study, seven blueberry species available to northern communities in North America and one used by the Lukomir Highlanders in Europe were assessed for phytochemical content and antidiabetic activity us...
Article
Full-text available
Mountain ash ( Sorbus decora and S. americana ) is used by the Cree Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec (Eeyou Istchee) as traditional medicine. Its potential as an antidiabetic medicine is thought to vary across its geographical range, yet little is known about the factors that affect its antioxidant capacity. Here, we examined metabolite gen...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Larix laricina, a native tree of North America, is a highly respected medicinal plant used for generations by Indigenous Peoples across its range, including the Cree of northern Québec who use the bark to treat symptoms of diabetes. This study investigates the antioxidant capacity and bioavailability of active const...
Poster
Full-text available
- Phylometabolomics can be performed by either NMR or UPLC-MS-QTOF by exporting data to open source algorithms - NMR +’s for this study: minimal sample prep, reproducible multi-site analysis, scalable, non-destructive sampling - UPLC-MS-QTOF +’s for this study: separation, fast carbon count/elemental composition with smaller quantities of scarce me...
Article
Sorbus decora and Sorbus americana are used traditionally as medicine by the Eeyou Istchee Cree First Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec, Canada. Because the ethanol extracts of the bark and the isolated terpenes of these plants have shown promising in vivo antidiabetic effects, an analytical method was developed and validated by RP-HPLC-ELSD...
Article
Full-text available
Many have argued that monitoring conducted exclusively by scientists is insufficient to address ongoing environmental challenges. One solution entails the use of mobile devices in broadly-applied participatory monitoring (PM) programs. But how digital data entry affects programs with varying levels of stakeholder participation, from volunteer data...
Conference Paper
Metabolomics methods used to determine taxonomic identity and quality control of natural health product/dietary supplements were compared using a “model” collection of 42 Vaccinium L. species with international origins. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-quadrupole time of flight (UPLC-MS-QTOF) and nuclear magnetic resonance...
Article
The eriophyid mite Aceria rhodiolae (G. Canestrini) is known to induce galls on the flowers and leaves of roseroot, Rhodiola rosea L., in subarctic and alpine regions of Europe. After discovering galls on the inflorescences of roseroot in Nunavik (Québec), northeastern Canada, we examined the mites extracted from the galls and compared them with sp...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess safety of the traditional antidiabetic extracts of either S. purpurea or its lead active principle, morroniside at the transcriptional level. The overarching objective was to profile and validate transcriptional changes in the cytochrome P450 family of genes, in response to treatment with S. purpure...
Article
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Background: This aim of this study is to report upon traditional knowledge and use of wild medicinal plants by the Highlanders of Lukomir, Bjelašnica, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). The Highlanders are an indigenous community of approximately 60 transhumant pastoralist families who speak Bosnian (Bosanski) and inhabit a highly biodiverse region of E...
Article
Full-text available
The traditional medicinal plant, Labrador tea ( Rhododendron groenlandicum (Oeder) Kron & Judd; Ericaceae), present in the pharmacopoeia of the Cree of Eeyou Istchee, has shown glitazone-like activity in the 3T3-L1 adipogenesis bioassay. This activity has been attributed to phenolic compounds, which have been shown to vary in this plant as a functi...
Article
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"Sense of place" as an anthropological, geographical, and philosophical construct has been a focus of research in recent decades, particularly following the publication of Keith Basso's Wisdom Sits in Places. Simultaneously, the emergence of the concept of social-ecological systems and their value in the application of conservation and restoration...
Article
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Purpose: The Cree of Eeyou Istchee in Northern Quebec identified Sarracenia purpurea L. as an important plant for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. Traditionally the plant is used as a decoction (boiling water extract) of the leaf, however, in order to study the extract in a laboratory setting, an 80% ethanol extract was used. In this study, the p...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated and compared the antidiabetic potential and molecular mechanisms of 17 Cree plants' ethanol extracts (EE) and hot water extracts (HWE) on glucose homeostasis in vitro and used metabolomics to seek links with the content of specific phytochemicals. Several EE of medical plants stimulated muscle glucose uptake and inhibited hepatic G6Pas...
Article
Full-text available
We address first, the lack of documented indigenous knowledge of climate change in Nunavik, Quebec, regarding impacts on plants; and second, the frequent underutilization of indigenous knowledge in decision making and policy. Our study of three communities indicates that there are similarities and contrasts among and within different areas of Nunav...
Article
Dryocoetes krivolutzkajae Mandelshtam (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a scolytine bark beetle previously known only from the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia was discovered in Labrador and New Brunswick, Canada. It is unknown whether the Canadian populations represent an introduction or the natural range of D. krivolutzkajae. The habit of this beetle is pa...
Chapter
World Health Organization (WHO) has cited obesity as a global epidemic and its prevalence is indeed increasing at an alarming rate worldwide. Diabetes, on the other hand, is a chronic affliction characterized by hyperglycemia, an elevated blood glucose concentration, that is caused by a decreased insulin secretion, which is generally related to pro...
Chapter
In a Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) and Canada postwar development research collaboration, health authorities have identified type 2 diabetes (T2D) as a top health concern for the mountain community of Lukomir, B&H, located in the Bjelašnica of the Dinaric Alps. Lukomir lacks a health-care facility but is home to many traditional healers. A consensus...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of several environmental factors on the production of phenolic compounds in a North American medicinal plant, Labrador tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum (Oeder) Kron & Judd), was studied. Leaves were harvested in 2006 and 2010 over a latitudinal gradient in northern Quebec, and known phenolic markers were quantified by HPLC-DAD. The concen...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Vaccinium contains approximately 450 species including bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, lingonberry, and huckleberry. The fruit of Vaccinium are widely eaten and touted for their health benefits, attributed to antioxidants and micronutrients. Blueberry leaf extract is a traditional Cree medicine, believed to have anti-diabetic properties....
Article
A method was developed to distinguish Vaccinium species based on leaf extracts using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Reference spectra were measured on leaf extracts from several species, including lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium), oval leaf huckleberry (Vaccinium ovalifolium), and cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon). Using princi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Type-2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by impaired insulin secretion and sensitivity, and is more pronounced among some indigenous populations due to their transition from traditional to modern diets, as well as their cultural disconnection from modern pharmacological treatment regimes. This is the case for the Cree...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence supports the health promoting benefits of berries, particularly with regard to the prevention and management of chronic diseases such cardio- and cerebrovascular disease, diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Two related pathophysiological features common to many of these conditions are oxidative stress and the accumulation of advanced glycati...
Chapter
Full-text available
In a Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) and Canada postwar development research collaboration, health authorities have identified type 2 diabetes (T2D) as a top health concern for the mountain community of Lukomir, B&H, located in the Bjelavsnica of the Dinaric Alps. Lukomir lacks a health-care facility but is home to many traditional healers. A consensu...
Article
Rhodiola rosea is a medicinal plant used by the indigenous Inuit people of Nunavik and Nunatsiavut, Eastern Canada, as a mental and physical rejuvenating agent. This traditional use led to the present investigation of R. rosea in the context of anxiety disorders. An alcohol extract of R. rosea roots was characterized phytochemically and orally admi...
Article
Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica) is a common invasive plant species on Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada. The same species, known as Polygonum cuspidatum, has been used in Chinese medicine and more recently as a raw material for extracting resveratrol. In this paper, a simultaneous determination method for resveratrol, polydatin, emodin and p...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Vaccinium contains approximately 450 species including bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, lingonberry, and huckleberry. The fruit of Vaccinium are widely eaten and touted for their health benefits, attributed to antioxidants and micronutrients. Blueberry leaf extract is a traditional Cree medicine, believed to have anti-diabetic properties....
Article
Full-text available
A single-laboratory-validated NMR spectroscopy method was established for determining the quantity of chlorogenic acid and hyperoside from crude extract material of blueberry leaves of the species Vaccinium angustifolium var. laevifolium House. The calibration curve of chlorogenic acid showed a highly linear regression, R = 0.99998. NMR spectroscop...
Article
Changes in subsistence practices have negatively affected the social and economic structure of aboriginal communities across the Arctic. This has resulted in fewer opportunities for the transmission of traditional knowledge (TK). This article provides two case studies of how researchers can assist northern communities in TK transmission and provide...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Research projects involving traditional knowledge are finding new ways of dealing with intellectual property rights and commercialisation. Influenced by calls for fair and equitable protocols involving access and benefit sharing regimes, researchers are developing new standards of practice. Here this paper aims to explore the process by whi...
Book
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Pour mieux comprendre l’étendue des conséquences climatiques à venir, il a été confié au Centre pour la Science de la Biodiversité du Québec (CSBQ) le mandat de réaliser une revue de littérature sur leur impact dans le nord du Québec. Une vaste recherche bibliographique qui a permis de rassembler 1892 références dans une base de donnée bibliographi...
Article
Diabetes is a growing epidemic worldwide, especially among indigenous populations. Larix laricina was identified through an ethnobotanical survey as a traditional medicine used by Healers and Elders of the Cree of Eeyou Istchee of northern Quebec to treat symptoms of diabetes and subsequent in vitro screening confirmed its potential. We used a bioa...
Article
Full-text available
In this report the inhibition of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) by extracts of leaves from a collection of six, mainly tropical, Vaccinium L. species (Ericaceae) was examined. Indigenous Peoples have used Vaccinium species to treat symptoms of type 1 and 2 diabetes. Sustained hyperglycaemia, often associated with diabetes, facilitates cross...