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Aki Sakuma currently works at the Teacher Training Center, Keio University. Aki does research in Teaching Methods, Comparative Education and Teacher Education. Their most recent publication is 'Reform of Teacher Preparation Programs since 1990 in Japan:: Marketization and Re-regulation'.
How was the concept of «teaching as a profession» advocated in the 19th century? In this study, this question is analysed by focusing on how the Japanese version of the concept was imported from the West and subsequently transformed in this non-Christian setting. It was formulated not only by a national action to create a strong centralized nation-...
In this paper, the author examines how teacher preparation programs have changed since 1990 in relation to the reform of higher education in Japan. In the previous literature, studies on teacher preparation programs have been conducted separately from those on higher education, despite the fact that K-12 teachers are trained at the post-secondary l...
There has been much recent scholarship on the importance of engaging students of all ages in the critical readings of texts. This study explores a group of pre-service teachers' responses to a set of experiences designed to encourage them to respond critically to several picture book versions of the American-Japanese conflict in World War II, focus...
Recent discussions in the scholarly literature of teacher education have led to studies on the development of 'critical reflection on teaching' as a goal in pre-service programs. But attention in those researches has been focused on what student teachers should reflect and how they can be trained to do it. In this paper I explored what and how they...