Aisling Ní Annaidh

Aisling Ní Annaidh
University College Dublin | UCD · School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

PhD, Mechanical Engineering

About

45
Publications
16,359
Reads
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1,521
Citations

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Keratoconus is an eye condition caused by localised thinning of the corneal tissue, which leads to a characteristic cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea. We investigate the mechanical behavior of keratoconus and suspect keratoconus corneas versus healthy corneas by using patient-specific finite element models. Patient-specific geometries of the cor...
Article
Purpose Most support surfaces in comfort applications and sporting equipment are made from pressure-relieving foam such as viscoelastic polyurethane. However, for some users, foam is not the best material as it acts as a thermal insulator and it may not offer adequate postural support. The additive manufacturing of such surfaces and equipment may a...
Article
In order to develop optimum microneedle designs, researchers must first develop robust, repeatable and adaptable test methods which are representative of in vivo conditions. However, there is a lack of experimental tools which can accurately comparatively interrogate functional microneedle penetration of tissue. In this study, we seek to develop a...
Article
This study examined the effects and interaction of four primary impact parameters (impact velocity, angle of impact relative to the ground, ground compliance and helmet impact location) on head kinematics and brain tissue response for falls that are most commonly associated with equestrian sports. A helmeted headform was subject to parametric tests...
Article
Full-text available
Wormian (intrasutural) bones are small, irregular bones, that are found in the cranial sutures of the skull. The occurrence of Wormian bones in human skulls has been well documented but few studies have detected the presence of such bones in domestic animals. Although some research has linked the presence of Wormian bones to bone pathology, its ana...
Article
An in-depth analysis of 216 equestrian helmets involved in real-world accidents, with accompanying laboratory drop-test experiments has focussed on the crushing of energy absorbing liners. The mean measured residual crush (i.e., damage in the form of permanent deformation of helmet liner expressed as a percentage of the local undeformed thickness)...
Article
Full-text available
Bicycle helmets are shown to offer protection against head injuries. Rating methods and test standards are used to evaluate different helmet designs and safety performance. Both strain-based injury criteria obtained from finite element brain injury models and metrics derived from global kinematic responses can be used to evaluate helmet safety perf...
Article
Current helmet certification tests involve linear impacts on rigid anvils. The associated kinematics by which a jockey falls from a horse while riding are believed to be fundamentally different to those in the certification tests, i.e., they involve oblique falls (falls at an angle) to compliant surfaces. This paper provides primary data from real-...
Article
Objective Medical data has lead to the common understanding that bicycle helmets need to be improved to better protect against brain injuries resulting from rotational acceleration. Although many different technologies exist for reducing rotational acceleration during impacts, the lack of an official testing standard means that their evaluation is...
Preprint
Full-text available
Incompressible nonlinearly hyperelastic materials are rarely simulated in Finite Element numerical experiments as being perfectly incompressible because of the numerical difficulties associated with globally satisfying this constraint. Most commercial Finite Element packages therefore assume that the material is slightly compressible. It is then fu...
Article
Full-text available
The cerebral meninges, made up of the dura, arachnoid, and pia mater, is a tri-layer membrane that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord and has an important function in protecting the brain from injury. Understanding its mechanical behavior is important to ensure the accuracy of finite element (FE) head model simulations which are commonly used...
Preprint
Full-text available
The magnitude of force used in a stabbing incident can be difficult to quantify, although the estimate given by forensic pathologists is often seen as `critical' evidence in medico-legal situations. The main objective of this study is to develop a quantitative measure of the force associated with a knife stabbing biological tissue, using a combined...
Article
The aim of this study is to create a new database of human head physical properties based on a living adult population that can be used to inform the development of future biofidelic headforms. Relationships between head circumference and mass, as well as head moments of inertia and mass, are sufficiently linear to provide simple yet accurate value...
Article
The use of helmets in equestrian sports has reduced the occurrence of traumatic brain injuries although, despite improvements to helmets, concussion remains a common injury. Currently, equestrian helmets are designed to pass certification standards involving a linear drop test to a rigid surface, while most concussions in equestrian sports result f...
Article
Finite element head models represent a valuable tool to investigate brain injury due to head impacts. A biofidelic model is, therefore, necessary to obtain accurate and realistic results. Recent work has highlighted the importance of the scalp in head impact kinematics, particularly for oblique head impacts, where high rotational accelerations are...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to determine what loads are likely to be applied to the head in the event of a horse falling onto it and to determine by how much a typical equestrian helmet reduces these loads. An instrumented headform was designed and built to measure applied dynamic loads from a falling horse. Two differently weighted equine cadavers we...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the link between the mechanical properties of skin and its microstructural characteristics. Rat back skin samples from different locations, orientations, and sexes were collected and subjected to quasi-static uniaxial tensile tests. Stress–stretch behavior at low stress ranges and rupture data at high stress ranges were coll...
Article
The performance of equestrian helmets to protect against brain injuries caused by fall impacts against compliant surfaces such as turf has not been studied widely. We characterise the kinematic response of simulated fall impacts to turf through field tests on horse racetracks and laboratory experiments. The kinematic response characteristics and gr...
Article
There is significant difference between the loading conditions used to certify equestrian helmets and the environment in which they are commonly used: this may affect their ability to provide adequate protection against head injury during a riding accident. The efficacy of helmet performance under real-world riding conditions can be judged by exami...
Article
Objectives: Equestrian helmets are designed to pass certification standards based on linear drop tests onto rigid steel surfaces. However, concussions in equestrian sports occur most commonly when a rider is thrown off a horse and obliquely impacts a compliant surface such as turf or sand. This paper seeks to elucidate the mechanics of such impact...
Article
Several biomedical applications require knowledge of the behaviour of the scalp, including skin grafting, skin expansion and head impact biomechanics. Scalp tissue exhibits a non-linear stress-strain relationship, anisotropy and its mechanical properties depend on strain rate. When modelling the behaviour of the scalp, all these factors should be c...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate experimentally and model theoretically the mechanical behaviour of brain matter in torsion. Using a strain-controlled rheometer, we perform torsion tests on fresh porcine brain samples. We quantify the torque and the normal force required to twist a cylindrical sample at constant twist rate. Data fitting gives a mean value for the sh...
Chapter
Full-text available
Skin tension lines are natural lines of tension that occur within the skin as a result of growth and remodeling mechanisms. Researchers have been aware of their existence and their surgical implications for over 150 years. Research in the twentieth century showed clearly, through destructive mechanical testing, that the orientation of skin tension...
Article
Background: Custom-contoured wheelchair seating lowers risk of pressure injury and postural deterioration while custom-contoured wheelchair seating lowers risk of pressure injury and postural deterioration while increasing the stability and functional activity of the wheelchair occupant. Producing custom-contoured seating systems has historically...
Preprint
Full-text available
Skin tension lines are natural lines of tension that occur within the skin as a result of growth and remodeling mechanisms. Researchers have been aware of their existence and their surgical implications for over 150 years. Research in the 20th Century showed clearly, through destructive mechanical testing, that the orientation of skin tension lines...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate experimentally and model theoretically the mechanical behaviour of brain matter in torsion. Using a strain-controlled rheometer we perform torsion tests on fresh porcine brain samples. We quantify the torque and the normal force required to twist a cylindrical sample at constant twist rate. Data fitting gives a mean value for the she...
Article
This article presents a direct additive manufacturing method for composite material soft pneumatic actuators that are capable of performing a range of programmable motions. Commonly, molding is the method used to manufacture soft fluidic actuators. This is material, labor, and time intensive and lacks the design freedom to produce custom actuators...
Article
Full-text available
The scalp plays a crucial role in head impact biomechanics, being the first tissue involved in the impact and providing a sliding interface between the impactor and/or helmet and the skull. It is important to understand both the scalp-skull and the scalp-helmet sliding in order to determine the head response due to an impact. However, experimental...
Article
Full-text available
The best way to reduce the risk of head injury (up to 69% reduction) is to wear a helmet. In recent years, the improvement of helmet standard tests focused on reproducing realistic impact conditions and including the effect of rotational acceleration. However, less importance has been given to the development of a realistic headform. The goal of th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Since their discovery by Karl Langer in the 19th Century, Skin Tension Lines (STLs) have been used by surgeons to decide the location and orientation of an incision. Although these lines are patient-specific, most surgeons rely on generic maps to determine their orientation. Beyond the imprecise pinch test, there remains no accepted me...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative research between the disciplines of forensic pathology and biomechanics was undertaken to investigate the hyperelastic properties of human skin, to determine the force required for sharp instrument penetration of skin, and to develop a finite element model, which reflects the mechanisms of sharp instrument penetration. These studies h...
Article
Photocrosslinkable and water soluble hyperbranched PEG-polyester polymers (HPEGDA) have been developed as robust degradable adhesives. The HPEGDA polymers have been synthesized from controlled homopolymerization of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA700) via in situ deactivation enhanced atom transfer radical polymerization (DE-ATRP). By introd...
Article
A series of well-designed highly branched PEG-catechol based thermo-responsive copolymers were developed via a one-pot RAFT polymerization, incorporating a varying degree of photocrosslinkable (meth)acrylate moieties within their 3D structure to allow on-demand photocuring (strong cohesion, unlike conventional PEG adhesives) and also multitudes of...
Article
The anisotropic failure characteristics of human skin are relatively unknown at strain rates typical in impact biomechanics. This study reports the results of an experimental protocol to quantify the effect of dynamic strain rates and the effect of sample orientation with respect to the Langer lines. Uniaxial tensile tests were carried out at three...
Article
Full-text available
Incompressible nonlinearly hyperelastic materials are rarely simulated in finite element numerical experiments as being perfectly incompressible because of the numerical difficulties associated with globally satisfying this constraint. Most commercial finite element packages therefore assume that the material is slightly compressible. It is then fu...
Data
Full-text available
Incompressible nonlinearly hyperelastic materials are rarely simulated in finite element numerical experiments as being perfectly incompressible because of the numerical difficulties associated with globally satisfying this constraint. Most commercial finite element packages therefore assume that the material is slightly compressible. It is then fu...
Article
Full-text available
Collagen fibres play an important role in the mechanical behaviour of many soft tissues. Modelling of such tissues now often incorporates a collagen fibre distribution. However, the availability of accurate structural data has so far lagged behind the progress of anisotropic constitutive modelling. Here, an automated process is developed to identif...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanical properties of skin are important for a number of applications including surgery, dermatology, impact biomechanics and forensic science. In this study, we have investigated the influence of location and orientation on the deformation characteristics of 56 samples of excised human skin. Uniaxial tensile tests were carried out at a stra...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanical properties of skin are important for a number of applications including surgery, dermatology, impact biomechanics and forensic science. In this study, we have investigated the influence of location and orientation on the deformation characteristics of 56 samples of excised human skin. Uniaxial tensile tests were carried out at a stra...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study investigates the influence of location, gender and orientation on the deformation characteristics of 55 samples of human excised skin. Uniaxial tensile tests were carried out at a strain rate of 0.012s− 1 on excised human skin taken from the back of deceased subjects. The deformation characteristics of skin (Ultimate Tensile Strength (P<...
Article
a b s t r a c t In Part I of this paper a new metric, titled the ''blade sharpness index" or ''BSI", for quan-tifying the sharpness of a straight edge blade when cutting soft solids was derived from first principles and verified experimentally by carrying out indentation type cutting tests with different blade types cutting different target or subs...
Article
Full-text available
Rubber components and soft tissues are often subjected to large bending deformations "in service". The circumferential line elements on the inner face of a bent block can contract up to a certain critical stretch ratio lambda_cr (say) before bifurcation occurs and axial creases appear. For several models used to describe rubber, it is found that la...

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
To develop a cost effective means of 3D printing custom contoured wheelchair pressure redistributing seating systems capable of offering corrective postural support and managing micro-climate by optimising heat and moisture dissipation.
Project
Model the mechanical behaviour of skin, based on experimental data from destructive and non-destructive tests