Aino Assmuth

Aino Assmuth
Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) · Bioeconomy and Environment

Doctor of Science

About

12
Publications
1,731
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95
Citations
Introduction
I am an Environmental and Resource Economist researching the use and protection of renewable natural resources. My current research interests are forestry and land-use, especially in relation to carbon sinks and biodiversity.
Additional affiliations
April 2021 - April 2021
Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Economics of forest use, climate change and biodiversity
December 2020 - February 2021
University of Helsinki
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Post-doctoral research on biodiversity and ecosystem services in forestry, combining economics and population ecology. Teaching and supervising.
January 2016 - December 2020
University of Helsinki
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Working on my doctoral thesis on the economics of carbon storage, applying optimal control theory and numerical dynamic optimization. Attending doctoral courses, including forest ecology and doctoral courses in microeconomics. Teaching: lectures and acting as course assistant. My work is funded by a 4-year (€160 000) scholarship from the Doctoral Programme in Interdisciplinary Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki.
Education
January 2016 - November 2020
University of Helsinki
Field of study
  • Environmental and Resource Economics
September 2013 - September 2015
University of Helsinki
Field of study
  • Environmental and Resource Economics
January 2011 - November 2011
University of Helsinki
Field of study
  • Comparative Literature

Publications

Publications (12)
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this review is to evaluate, on the basis of existing research data, the extent to which the current incentive schemes for agriculture and forestry promote or hinder the achievement of Finland's 2035 carbon neutrality target. Various subsidies and incentives are expected to promote several targets related to food security, timber supply a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Metsäkato tarkoittaa metsän hakkaamista ja metsämaan siirtymistä toiseen käyttöön, kuten viljelysmaaksi tai yhdyskunta- tai liikennerakentamiseen. Metsäkatoala on ollut 2010-luvulla Suomessa vuosittain keskimäärin noin 14 000 ha. Puolet metsäkatoalasta on rakentamiseen liittyvää ja noin kolmannes maatalouteen liittyvää. Metsäkadosta on aiheutunut v...
Article
Full-text available
We extend the study of economically optimal carbon storage to a previously unexplored forest type, mixed-species size-structured stands. The ecological model applied in the study is a transition matrix model with growth functions for boreal Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), birch (Betula pendula Roth and B. pubescens Ehrh.), and other broad-...
Thesis
Full-text available
This dissertation examines how carbon storage in forests may be increased by changing forest management at the stand level. To extend the economics of forest carbon storage beyond single-species even-aged stands, this dissertation develops a bioeconomic model framework that incorporates the internal structure of the stand, and the optimal choice be...
Article
We analyze economically optimal continuous cover forestry with dead wood as a biodiversity indicator. We study mixed-species stands consisting of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.), birch (Betula pendula Roth.), and other broadleaves (e.g., oak [Quercus sp.], maple [Acer sp.]). The analysis is based on an economic description of continuous cov...
Article
We study the management regimes of size-structured boreal Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestric L.) stands. Our aim is to compare the economic profitability of continuous cover and rotation forestry and to study the hypothesis that continuous cover forestry is more favourable for Norway spruce compared to Scots pi...
Article
We study the effects of forest carbon storage on optimal stand management by applying a model where optimal harvests are partial cuttings, implying uneven-aged forestry, or both partial cuttings and clearcuts, implying even-aged forestry. Optimal carbon storage postpones partial cuttings and increases stand volume along the rotation. Carbon pricing...
Article
We study the economics of carbon storage using a model that includes forest size structure and determines the choice between rotation forestry and continuous cover forestry. Optimal harvests may rely solely on thinning, implying infinite rotation and continuous cover forestry, or both thinning and clearcuts, implying finite rotation periods. Given...
Conference Paper
This study applies a novel forest economic model to analyze the effect of Pigouvian carbon subsidies on the economically optimal choice between clearcuts and continuous cover forestry. Unlike previous studies, we determine the optimal management system endogenously, by optimization. We show analytically that subsidized carbon sequestration postpone...
Thesis
Full-text available
This study applies two novel forest economic models to analyze the effect of optimal carbon storage on the choice between clearcuts and continuous cover forestry. Unlike previous studies, we determine the economically optimal management regime endogenously, by optimization. We study a policy where the society pays forest owners a Pigouvian subsidy...
Article
This article summarizes research results on the relative importance of agricultural policy objectives for different stakeholder groups. We focus on studies that have examined citizens’, farmers’, and experts’ preferences for economic, social, and environmental dimensions of multifunctional agriculture, paying particular attention to agri-environmen...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The first overall objective of the project is to develop analysis and calculations of climate change mitigation costs in Finnish agriculture and forestry, and then analyse which policy measures and incentives at the management unit level (farms, forest holdings) are needed for the adoption of the most cost-effective mitigation actions. This responds to the acute and increasing demand of science-based knowledge and information on cost-effective climate actions in agriculture and forestry. Second objective is to link Luke’s climate change impact, adaptation, and mitigation work to the most important and relevant Nordic, European and global research communities and networks.
Archived project