Aida Vizcaino

Aida Vizcaino
University of Valencia | UV

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Publications (2)
Book
Aquest volum recull les principals modalitats d'esport autòcton presents en el territori valencià a partir de les aportacions d'una trentena d'investigadors i investigadores de la Universitat i d'altres especialistes en divulgació popular. Catàleg de l'exposició pionera sobre la importància de l'esport tradicional valencià s'aborda especialment les...

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Project (1)
Project
The designation of natural protected areas constitutes one of the main governmental strategies for the conservation of nature. The institutionalization of conservation in Spain in recent decades has mirrored the also notorious development of these policies worldwide. However, it has also coincided with the decentralization of the Spanish state and the constitution of autonomous regional governments (AR), which have became responsible for conservation policies. Natural parks, which rely on a management model that aims to make compatible the preservation of nature and certain human uses, have been one of their key instruments. They are currently the most broadly used instrument in conservation and cover the largest area; up to 8,5% of terrestrial lands in some regions. Nowadays, after four decades since the designation of the first natural parks in Spain, we are in a privileged position to analyse their development diachronically. This research proposal aims to evaluate this process from the perspective of Environmental Anthropology. The research seeks to carry out a comparative analysis between the different conservation logics that have been dominant in different ARs by looking at the particular case of natural parks. As environmental anthropologists, we approach conservation as a socioecological process. Together with the biological and ecological indicators that tend to monopolize environmental studies, other indicators such as economic dynamics, institutional governance or environmental understandings should also have a preeminent position in this kind of analysis. Rather frequent people-park conflicts or the influence of conservation in the development of tourism in parks are good evidence of the social dimension of conservation. Comparison between case studies will permit us to identify the elements that have been influential in the development of conservation and to suggest future directions. The project will focus on three different autonomous regions (Catalonia, Andalusia and Valencian Community). This comparative study thus provides us with a representative sample of different forms of conservation management at regional level. Alongside traditional methods of anthropological research (participant observation and interviews), this proposal also includes the analysis of other sources (material for the park promotion, management instruments or sociodemographic statistics), as well as other less frequent research techniques (participatory workshops and focus groups). The kind of critical and systematic assessment of conservation models that we aim to carry out in this project has been rather absent from the existing anthropological literature. To redress this would also mean going beyond legislative and statistical indicators, which are frequently used in the analysis of public policies, as well as other broadly-present indicators in environmental studies. Conservation, as one of the most important political phenomena of our time, must be approached from a holistic perspective that takes into consideration its multiple social dimensions, which would help define new actions and forms of conservation management with better results.