Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek

Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek
Alexandria University | AU · Department of Psychology

Prof. of Psychology

About

385
Publications
481,066
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Introduction
At first,I was interested in death anxiety research and coined the concept and scale of death obsession. Now, I am interested in positive psychology and mental health and coined the term and scale of love of life.
Additional affiliations
September 1985 - September 2013
Alexandria University, Egypt
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (385)
Article
Recent research supports the dual continuua model of mental health, i.e., the integration between the disease model or psychopathology and the psychological model or positive mental health. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate the Mental Wellness and Illness Scale (MWIS) and to explore its association with the Big-Five personali...
Article
Syrian refugees in Lebanon are a major challenge at the social, economic and psychological levels, in addition to the issue of the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon in the wake of the Naksaa of 1948. The main hypothesis of this study is that the difficult circumstances experienced by the displaced may affect their personality traits. The sample consi...
Article
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This study focused on the well-being of the survivors of suicide attempts and the well-being of their interpersonal relationships after the attempt. The data came from a sample of 392 college students from ten Muslim majority countries who reported having attempted suicide in the last four years. Suicide was conceptualized as a goal-directed behavi...
Article
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Background: This study examines the 20-year trend of suicide in 46 Muslim-majority countries throughout the world and compares their suicide rates and trends with the global average. Ecological-level associations between the proportion of the Muslim population, the age-standardized suicide rates, male-to-female suicide rate ratio, and the Human De...
Article
Previous research has shown significant associations between self-rated health and personality. However, these results are inconsistent. This study explored whether the Big Five (BF) personality factors would predict self-rated general physical health. A volunteer convenience sample (601 men; 720 women) of undergraduates at Alexandria University re...
Book
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Interview with a survivor: Tim: David Lester 20-31 Methodological unsound research on suicide is no longer acceptable: David Lester 32-36 Do suicidal individuals have more complexity in their reasons for living? David Lester, Marco Innamorati & Maurizio Pompili 37-41 Using single-item measures to predict suicidality: Ahmed M. Abdel-Khalek & Dav...
Article
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This study aims to determine the difference in resilience among refugees in Palestinian and Syrian camps and the Lebanese in Lebanon. The sample of the study consists of (375)Palestinian, Syrian and Lebanese individuals, with the means of the age of the total sample amounting to (34.69). The resilience scale developed by Conner and Davidson was tra...
Article
Background : Research on suicidality in low to middle-income countries is scarce. We addressed this issue by investigating suicidality in a cross-national college student samples from 11 predominantly low to middle-income majority Muslim countries. Methods : The sample consisted of 7,427 college students (56% female) who reported to be affiliated...
Article
A sample of 102 Iranian psychiatric outpatients was selected. For a comparison group, a sample of 72 Iranian university employees was recruited. Participants responded to the Self-Rating Scale for Religiosity and the Self-Rating Scale of Happiness, and the Suicidal Behaviour Questionnaire-Revised. The correlations of religiosity and happiness with...
Article
The aims of the present study were (a) to develop a Love of Life Model for psychiatric outpatients, (b) to explore correlations for love of life with psychological well-being, depression, somatic health, and spiritual health, and (c) to explore gender-related differences. A sample of 250 Iranian psychiatric outpatients responded to the Love of Life...
Article
Positive and negative health behaviors play a pivotal role in health and disease. The present study aimed to investigate the health behaviors’ associations with positive and negative affect and love of life. A convenience sample of Egyptian college students (N = 303) was recruited. Results indicated statistically significant sex differences in posi...
Article
The present research explores the relationships between religiosity, personality, and self-efficacy in a sample of Egyptian undergraduates (N = 544). They responded to the self-rating scale of religiosity, the Arabic Big-Five Personality Inventory, and the Arabic Self-Efficacy Scale. Men obtained significantly higher mean total scores than women on...
Article
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Many of us “see red,” “feel blue,” or “turn green with envy.” Are such color-emotion associations fundamental to our shared cognitive architecture, or are they cultural creations learned through our languages and traditions? To answer these questions, we tested emotional associations of colors in 4,598 participants from 30 nations speaking 22 nativ...
Article
Objective: The study investigated the associations of religiosity, religious coping and suicide acceptance to suicide ideation and attempts in 7427 young adults affiliating with Islam from 11 Muslim countries. Method: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. We used F and χ2 tests and correlation analyses to report descriptiv...
Research
This study aimed to examine the relationship between healthy behaviour, self-efficacy, optimism, and subjective well-being, and to explore healthy behaviour predictors. The sample included (370) Lebanese students from Beirut Arab University, aged between 17 and 22 years. The results showed that women had a significantly higher mean scores than men...
Article
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ًاستهدفت هذه الدراسة استكشاف العلاقة بين التفاؤل وكل من السعادة، والرضا عن الحياة، فضلا عن فحص العلاقة بين التشاؤم والسعادة، والرضا عن الحياة. أجابت عينة متاحة (ن = 225 ) من طلبة جامعة الإسكندرية وطالباتها عن القائمة العربية للتفاؤل والتشاؤم، ومقياسي التقدير الذاتي لكل من السعادة، والرضا عن الحياة، ولم تكشف النتائج عن فروق دالة إحصائًيا بين الجنسين...
Article
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Aim The aims of this study were as follows: (a) to investigate the psychometric properties of the Love of Life Scale (LLS); (b) to explore sex differences in LLS scores; (c) to explore LLS correlations with spiritual health and psychological well‐being; and (d) to compare the mean LLS score with previous studies. Design A cross‐sectional study. M...
Article
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Aim The main aims of this study were to explore the differences between seven Egyptian clinical and non‐clinical samples in death depression, as well as to estimate gender‐related differences. Design A cross‐sectional study. Methods The Death Depression Scale (DDS) was administered to seven groups (N = 765) of Egyptian normal (non‐clinical) patie...
Article
Background There have been few studies of religiosity in adolescents and even fewer in Muslim cultures. Aims The present study investigated the associations of religiosity with subjective well-being (WB, and mental and physical health) using samples of Egyptian children and adolescents. Method Samples of Egyptian preparatory school children and s...
Book
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نموذج العوامل الخمسة الكبرى للشخصية، أو الخمسة الكبار Big-Five، أهم نماذج نظرية السمات، ولقد اكتسب هذا النموذج مكانة مرجعية في علم نفس الشخصية في العقود الأخيرة، وأمكن اكتشاف العوامل الكبرى من أنواع مختلفة من البيانات، وفي ثقافات عدة. ويشتمل هذا النموذج على عوامل: العصابية، والانبساط، والتفتح، والقبول، والإتقان. وله تطبيقات عدة. وقد لاحظ الباحث الح...
Article
This study aimed to examine the relationship between healthy behavior, self-efficacy, optimism, and subjective well-being, and to explore healthy behavior predictors. The sample included (370) Lebanese students from Beirut Arab University, aged between 17 and 22 years. The results showed that women had a significantly higher mean scores than men in...
Article
The aims of the present study were (a) to develop a Farsi version of the Revised Arabic Scale of Obsession-Compulsion (ASOC), (b) to investigate its psychometric properties, (c) to explore its correlations with another scale of obsession-compulsion, as well as scales of depression, somatic symptoms, and religiosity, (d) to explore its factorial str...
Article
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هدفت هذه الدراسة، إلى تقدير معدلات السعادة، وعلاقتها بالحياة الطيبة، والتدين، لدى عينة من الطلاب السعوديين من الجنسين (ن=741)، من جامعتي الملك سعود بالرياض، والباحة، بمنطقة الباحه أجابوا عن: المقياس العربي للسعادة، و متغيرات الحياة الطيبة، كما تقاس بالتقدير الذاتي لكل من: الصحة الجسمية، والصحة النفسية، والسعادة، والرضا عن الحياة، و التدين.
Article
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to compare love of life between three Iranian samples: multiple sclerosis patients, psychiatric outpatients, and a non-clinical sample of university students. The sample was a convenience sample of 496 individuals in Tehran, Iran, who completed the Love of Life Scale (LLS). The LLS scores were not si...
Article
Across cultures, people associate colours with emotions. Here, we test the hypothesis that one driver of this cross-modal correspondence is the physical environment we live in. We focus on a prime example – the association of yellow with joy, – which conceivably arises because yellow is reminiscent of life-sustaining sunshine and pleasant weather....
Article
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Fatigue is a common complaint in the community. The twofold aims of the present study were (a) to estimate the prevalence rate of reported chronic fatigue syndrome-like (CFS-like) complains, and (b) to explore the sex-related differences in it. Methods: A probability non-clinical sample of 3,465 Kuwaiti volunteer undergraduate men (n = 1,745) and w...
Article
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The aims of the present study were (1) to explore sex-related differences, (2) to estimate the associations between love of life, happiness, and religiosity, and (3) to investigate the components from the correlation matrices. A sample of Indian college students (N = 370) took part in this study. They responded to the English versions of the Love o...
Article
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Several research studies from the USA and Western industrialized countries have reported a negative association between religiosity and anxiety. However, Arabic studies using mainly Muslim samples are limited. The objective of the present study was to apply meta-analysis statistical techniques to 10 Arabic studies of this association. All of the re...
Article
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Three reviewers have reviewed the book Religiosity and Subjective Well-being in the Arab Context. These reviewers have raised specific important points. The present paper aims to address, extend and comment on the main points in their review. As an extension of the research papers in that book, other co-authored studies are summarised. Then, the Ar...
Poster
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While symbolic meanings of colour might be the making of cultural customs (e.g., white vs. red worn at weddings in Western world vs. China/Japan), little is known whether emotion associations with colour are also culture-specific, or rather universal. We performed a comprehensive, systematic survey on conceptual colour-affect associations in 30 cou...
Article
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The main objective of this study was to investigate rates of happiness and it's associations with well­being and religiosity among a sample of Palestinian college students (N = 385). They responded to the Arabic Scale of Happiness (ASH), well­being rating scales of physical health, mental health, happiness, and satisfaction with life, as well as re...
Article
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The Arabic research project entitled “Happiness rate and its relation to well-being (WB) and religiosity” was carried out on samples of university students from 14 Arab countries. The aim of this project was to explore happiness rate and its relation to WB variables (rating scales of physical health, mental health, happiness, and satisfaction) as w...
Article
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استهدفت هذه الدراسة بحث خصائص مقياس حب الحياة، وبيان ارتباطاته بمتغيرات علم النفس الإيجابي، لدى عينة من طلاب الجامعة في الجزائر (ن = 777)، فضلاً عن مقارنة نتائجه بعينات عربية أخرى، وقد أجاب الطلاب عن مقياس حب الحياة، والمقياس العربي للسعادة، والقائمة العربية للتفاؤل والتشاؤم، ومقياس الرضا عن الحياة، واتسمت هذه المقاييس بمعاملات ثبات مرتفعة، فيماعدا...
Article
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The Big Five personality factors have received much attention during the last few decades. The objectives of the current study on the Arabic Big Five Personality Inventory (ABFPI) were (a) to compute its alpha reliability, (b) to estimate its test-retest reliability, (c) to compute its criterion-related validity, (d) to report the inventory’s descr...
Article
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مرت غالبية الدول العربية، في العقد الأخير، بمشكلات كبيرة، وتحديات صعبة، ولا تزال بعض هذه الدول تواجه هذه المشكلات، وهي تحديات عسكرية، واقتصادية، وسياسية، ومذهبية، فضلاً عن تنامي الإرهاب في بعض هذه الدول. وقد حدثت هذه التحديات، بدرجات متفاوتة بطبيعة الحال، فلا يزال حال هذه الدول مستقرًا، على الرغم من مواجهة هذه الصعوبات، في حين أن بعضها يواجه مشكلات...
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There is a scarcity of research on suicidal phenomena in the Muslim world. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the self-reported prevalence of suicidal thoughts, attempts and motives in 12 Muslim countries. A total of 8417 (54.4% women) university students were surveyed by means of a self-report questionnaire. Overall, 22% of the participa...
Article
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هدفت هذه الدراسة إلى بحث علاقة الصحة النفسية بالأرق، فضلاً عن بحث الفروق بين الجنسين، واستخدمت هذه الدراسة ثلاث عينات من المراهقين، والراشدين، والمسنين، وبلغ مجموع العينات 1.140 فردًا: 243 مراهقًا ذكرًا، و247 مراهقة، و251 راشدًا ذكرًا، و252 راشدة، و75 مسنًا ذكرًا، و73 مسنة، وتراوحت أعمارهم بين 14، و71 عامًا، واستُخدم المقياس العربيّ للصحة النفسية،...
Article
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The association between religiosity, well-being, and mental health among college students from Malaysia. Revista Mexicana de Psicología, 36(1), 5-16. abstract: This study aimed to explore associations between religiosity, subjective well-being, and mental health. muslim college students from malaysia (n = 238) were recruited. males obtained signifi...
Article
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This study aims to explore the association between the positive and negative affect and subjective well-being (SWB): happiness, satisfaction with life, and mental health. A sample of 179 undergraduates was recruited. The results indicated that men obtained statistically significant higher mean scores than women in happiness and mental health, where...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to estimate the associations between optimism/ pessimism and the Big-Five (BF) personality factors. A convenience sample (N = 220) of Egyptian university students took part in this study (114 men; 111 women). Their ages ranged from 20 to 27. They responded to the Arabic Scale of Optimism and Pessimism (ASOP) and the...
Article
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The present study thught to explore the association between love of life and the subjective well-being variables: happiness, satisfaction with life, and mental health on the one side, and pathological scales: suicidal ideation, neuroticism, and hopelessness on the other. A convenience sample of undergraduates was recruited (N = 534). Results indica...
Article
This study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of Death Anxiety Scale (DAS), a scale designed by Templer to (1970) to assess the death anxiety, a scale which has been used extensively for research. A convenience sample of 106 Iranian nurses from two hospitals at Tehran city, Iran, was recruited. They completed the DAS, Death Con...
Article
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The two aims of the present study were: (a) to estimate happiness rate, and (b) to explore its associations with well-being and religiosity. A sample of 512 students from the University of Monastir, Tunisia took part in this study. They responded to the Arabic Scale of Happiness, the well-being variables (physical health, mental health, happiness,...
Article
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The present investigation sought to explore the difference in death anxiety between two different samples of students who studied at the same university in Lebanon in 1998 and 2015. Based on the changes in the social, economic, and political conditions that took place over these 17 years, it is possible to predict the change in death anxiety during...
Article
The study aimed to examine the levels of death anxiety between three age groups and compare gender-related differences among Iranian population. A total of 453 participants (252 college students, 55 middle-aged, and 146 old-aged) answered the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA). Significant differences were found between youths and old-aged sample...
Article
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The objective of this study was to elucidate the first stage in developing the Arabic Big Five Personality Inventory (ABFPI). Based on several sources, the item pool was constructed. It contained 455 items for the five factors: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Openness and Conscientiousness. Each set of items assessing one of the five fact...
Article
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The objective of the present study was to estimate the rate of happiness and its association with well – being and religiosity. A sample of 300 Iraqi undergraduates was recruited. They responded to (a) the Arabic Scale of Happiness, (b) the self – rating scales of physical health, mental health, happiness, and satisfaction, and (c) religiosity. Res...
Article
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Background: Recent surveys estimated that prevalence rates of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) were more than those estimated by earlier surveys. Moreover, in the general non-clinical population, many studies found high incidence of obsessions and compulsions (OC). Objective: To develop and validate a revised version of the Arabic Scale of Obses...
Article
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The aim of this study was to explore the association between the big five personality factors and positive and negative affect. A sample of 179 undergraduates from Alexandria University took part in this study. Results indicated that women obtained statistically significant higher mean scores on neuroticism, openness to experience, and negative aff...
Article
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هدفت هذه الد ا رسة، إلى تقدیر معدلات السعادة، وعلاقتها بالحیاة الطیبة، والتدین، لدى عینة من طلاب جامعة القادسیة بالع ا رق (ن = ٣٠٠ مناصفة بین الجنسین)، أجابوا عن ( ١) المقیاس العربيّ للسعادة، و( ٢) متغی ا رت الحیاة الطیبة، وقیست بالتقدیر الذاتيّ لكل من: الصحة الجسمیة، والصحة النفسیة، والسعادة، والرضا عن الحیاة، و( ٣) التدین. وكشفت النتائج عن تقارب...
Article
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This study aimed to explore the psychometric characteristics of the Arabic Scale of Mental Health (ASMH) and to examine its correlations with burnout and work engagement. The participants were 611 male and female Saudi undergraduates. They completed the ASMH, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student form....
Article
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Objectives Obsession is one of the important aspects in death distress. The objective of this study was to estimate the reliability, validity, and factorial structure of the Farsi version of the Death Obsession Scale (DOS). Methods A convenience sample of 106 Iranian nurses from two hospitals at Tehran city, Iran was recruited. They completed the...
Article
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The present study aimed to test the following three hypotheses: (a) the positive self scale will be significantly and positively correlated with the well-being scales: happiness, satisfaction with life, and mental health, and negatively with neuroticism, (b) a single bipolar factor will be extracted from the correlations, and (c) some well-being sc...
Article
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The present study aimed to estimate the rate of happiness and its associations with well- being and religiosity among Sultan Qaboos University students (N = 381). The tools of the study included: (a) the Arabic Scale of Happiness, (b) Well-being rating scales of physical health, mental health, happiness, and satisfaction with life, and (c) religios...
Article
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Previous research, mostly on Western samples, indicates that religiosity is associated with lowered anxiety. The objective of this study was to explore the associations between religiosity and subjective well-being (SWB): happiness, satisfaction with life, and mental health in Egyptian and British samples. Samples of 220 Egyptian and 205 British co...
Article
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The aims of the present study were (a) to estimate the association between personality and happiness, and (b) to explore the personality predictors of happiness. A sample of 179 college students took part in the study. They responded to the big five personality factors and the Arabic Scale of Happiness. Results indicated that men obtained a statist...
Article
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This sutdy sought to answer the following questions: 1) are there any significant differences between the variables of the study, namely happiness and self-efficacy in terms of gender and nationality? 2) Does the relationship between happiness and self-efficacy differ in terms of gender and nationality? The sample of the study consisted of universi...
Article
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The aim of the present research was to examine sex differences in personality dimensions. A convenience sample of 1,917 Egyptians took part in the study (895 men, mean age = 23.93, SD = 4.32, and 1,022 women, mean age = 21.07, SD = 3.38). The sample consisted of different occupational groups and university students who answered the Arabic version o...
Article
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Happiness surveys have been conducted extensively by psychologists. More recently, economists have used happiness to assess welfare by combining the techniques typically used by economists with those more commonly used by psychologists. The aim of this study was to explore the happiness associations with per capita income and unemployment rate, usi...
Article
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The present research sought to explore the differences between developed and underdeveloped countries on the Love of Life Scale (LLS). Nine samples (N -3, 799) took part in the study. They were university students from Egypt, Lebanon, Kuwait, Qatar, Algeria, Malaysia, India, Iran, and USA. Sex-related differences in LLS were significant only in Kuw...
Article
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Abstract The present study sought to estimate the happiness rate and its relationship with well – being and religiosity among a college student sample from Libya (N = 800 men and women). They responded to the Arabic Scale of Happiness (ASH), the well – being self rating scales of physical health, mental health, happiness, satisfaction with life, as...
Article
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The present study aimed to explore happiness rates and its association with well – being variables and religiosity. A sample (N = 701) of college students from two universities in Algeria was recruited. They responded to the Arabic Scale of Happiness (ASH), the self – rating scales to assess physical health, mental health, happiness, and satisfacti...
Article
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The present study aimed to explore happiness rates and its association with well – being variables and religiosity. A sample (N = 701) of college students from two universities in Algeria was recruited. They responded to the Arabic Scale of Happiness (ASH), the self – rating scales to assess physical health, mental health, happiness, and satisfacti...
Article
The Wish to be Dead Scale (WDS) is a new scale to measure precursors to suicidal ideation, and the aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of a Farsi version of the WDS. The sample was a convenience sample of 145 Iranian female undergraduates and postgraduates selected from different faculties at Iran University of...
Article
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Background: Research studies on sleep medicine and disorders using Arab participants are limited, particularly the relationship between nightmares and psychopathology. Cross-cultural studies may help to better understand this association. Objective: The present study aimed to explore the correlation between reported nightmare and depressive symptom...
Article
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Objectives Death fear is the main subject in thanatology. Several researchers have defined different reasons for fear of death. This study aimed to explore the performance of the Farsi version of the Reasons for Death Fear Scale (RDFS) among a convenience sample of Iranian nurses (n = 106). Methods The nurses were selected by the convenience sampl...
Article
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The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Arabic Scale of Intrinsic Religiosity (ASIR). This scale assesses internal religiosity regardless of any given religion or denomination. The ASIR consisted of 15 statements, to be answered with a five point intensity scale, anchored by 1 (Strongly Disagree) and 5 (Strongly Agree). A principal co...
Article
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This study aimed to explore the relationship between colors and emotions. The sample included 344 men and women from three age groups: youth, adults, and the elderly. Their ages ranged between 17 and 74 years. The results indicated that the light colors tended to express positive feelings in comparison with dark colors. Dark colors expressed a nega...
Article
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The aim of this study was to describe the psychometric properties of the Farsi Form of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA). The original scale was first translated into Farsi by language experts using the back translation procedure and then administered to a total of 252 Iranian college students and 52 psychiatric outpatients from psychiatric...
Article
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The objective of the present study was to develop the Positive Self Scale (PSS). This scale was based on eight scales as follows: Self – Efficacy, Self – Regulation, Self – Control & Self – Management, Self- Monitoring, Self – Esteem, Self – Confidence, Self – Compassion, and Self – Actualization. A sample of 470 undergraduates responded to the afo...