Ahmad Al-Dissi

Ahmad Al-Dissi
University of Saskatchewan | U of S · Department of Veterinary Pathology

BVetSc, MSc, PhD, Diplomate ACVP

About

28
Publications
2,199
Reads
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305
Citations

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Chronic liver disease is an important cause of illness in horses, and treatment is mainly supportive. Research into new treatment modalities for humans has shown promising data regarding metallothionein (MT), which has been shown to possess regenerative, antifibrotic, and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to examine the relationship be...
Article
Acute selenium toxicosis occurred in 3-week-old lambs after accidental over-supplementation by intramuscular injection and caused dyspnea, cyanosis, and sudden death. Pathological lesions included myocardial necrosis, skeletal muscle necrosis, pulmonary edema, hydrothorax, and hydropericardium.
Article
A 6-year-old castrated male boxer dog with right-sided dark purulent nasal discharge and acute bilateral blindness was diagnosed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and then on necropsy with primary nasal malignant melanoma that extended into the brain, as well as concurrent ocular melanosis. There was no evidence of metastasis in other organs.
Article
Full-text available
The pathogenesis of fetal death associated with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is hypothesized to be a consequence of PRRS virus-induced apoptosis at the maternal-fetal interface (MFI). The objectives of this study were to evaluate distribution and degree of apoptosis in the uterine and fetal placental tissues during the exper...
Data
Results of Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE). GEE confirmed the association between numbers of TUNEL positive cells/mm2 at maternal fetal interface (MFI) and the odds of a meconium stained fetus (versus viable). (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Several routes of porcine reproductive and respiratory virus PRRSV transmission across the porcine diffuse epitheliochorial placentation have been proposed, but none have been proven. The objectives of this study were to investigate associations between numbers of CD163 and CD169 positive macrophages, cathepsin positive areolae, and type 2 PRRSV lo...
Article
Full-text available
Although dogs with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) can develop respiratory complications, there are no data describing lung injury in clinical cases of ANP in dogs. Therefore, we conducted a study to characterize lung injury and determine if pulmonary intravascular macrophages (PIMs) are induced in dogs with ANP (n = 21) compared with control...
Article
Full-text available
The pathogenesis of fetal death caused by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) remains unclear. The objective of this study was to improve our understanding of the pathogenesis by assessing potential relationships between specific histopathological lesions and PRRSV RNA concentration in the fetuses and the maternal-fetal inte...
Data
Proportion of litter tested PRRSV qRT-PCR positive. Frequency distribution of the percentages of fetuses within litters that tested positive for PRRSV using qRT-PCR at 21 days post-inoculation at gestation day 85 in PRRSV infected pregnant gilts. (TIF)
Data
Proportion of maternal-fetal interface samples tested PRRSV qRT-PCR positive. Frequency distribution of the within litter percentages of maternal-fetal interface samples corresponding to each fetus that tested positive for PRRSV using qRT-PCR at 21 days post-inoculation at gestation day 85 in PRRSV infected pregnant gilts. (TIF)
Data
Humane Intervention Point Checklist. (PDF)
Article
The chronic form of primary hepatitis occurs commonly in dogs, and the etiology is rarely found. Metallothionein (MT) is a heavy metal-binding protein found in many organs, including the liver. MT was recently shown to enhance liver regeneration and decrease hepatic fibrosis in human beings. This study examined the expression of MT in 24 cases of c...
Article
A wide variety of toxins cause diseases in the horse and are investigated routinely by veterinarians and veterinary pathologists to identify the cause of illness and death. A complete investigation involves performing a thorough necropsy and requires macroscopic and microscopic examination of lesions and a variety of laboratory testing to obtain an...
Article
Full-text available
Mannheimia haemolytica is an important cause of pneumonia in feedlot cattle. Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a redox-sensitive transcription factor responsible for the induction of antioxidant enzymes, such as heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), within the lung. The expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was immunohistochemically evaluated in 4 cal...
Article
Full-text available
Blood supply is essential for development and growth of tumors and angiogenesis is the fundamental process of new blood vessel formation from preexisting ones. Angiogenesis is a prognostic indicator for a variety of tumors, and it coincides with increased shedding of neoplastic cells into the circulation and metastasis. Several molecules such as ce...
Article
Secondhand smoke (SHS) impairs cardiac function and resveratrol is cardioprotective, possibly via antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities. Previously, it was shown that resveratrol protects against SHS-induced cardiac dysfunction, but the molecular mechanism is not clear. We measured cardiac function in pigs exposed to SHS alone in a first e...
Article
The mechanisms by which environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) causes adverse cardiovascular effects remain unclear. Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol from red wine which may be beneficial to the cardiovascular system. Therefore, the ability of daily oral resveratrol (5mg/kg) to prevent adverse effects of a 14-day ETS exposure (1 h/day) on endothelial...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine if carbon monoxide (CO) is responsible for acute adverse cardiovascular effects of different sources of smoke: second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS), incense and candle smoke. Endothelial function was tested using flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in pigs and was shown to be sensitive to nitric oxide synthase blockade. S...
Article
An 11-year-old domestic short hair cat with dyspnea, cyanosis, and pleural effusion died. Necropsy revealed several nodules and masses on the parietal pleura, pericardium, and diaphragm. The tumor contained epithelial and mesenchymal components and displayed osseous and chondromatous differentiation. Tumors cells were positive for pancytokeratin an...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic selenium (Se) toxicosis was found in a herd of white-tailed deer showing signs of anorexia, weight loss, and lameness. Concentration of Se in the liver ranged from 2.7 to 8.97 mg/kg wet weight. Myocardial necrosis, mineralization, and fibroplasia were seen histologically. This is the first report of this toxicosis in white-tailed deer.
Article
Full-text available
The expression of 5 markers associated with angiogenesis, proliferation, and apoptosis was studied in 26 canine simple mammary gland adenocarcinomas (SMGAs). The adenocarcinomas were graded histologically, and tissue sections were immunohistochemically stained for the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2...
Article
The expression of five markers associated with tumour angiogenesis, proliferation and apoptosis was studied in 24 canine cutaneous fibrosarcomas. Tumours were assigned histological grades and were immunohistochemically evaluated for the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-...
Article
Full-text available
The expression of 5 markers associated with angiogenesis was studied in canine squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) (n = 19) and canine trichoepitheliomas (TCPs) (n = 24). SCCs were assigned histologic grades, and tissue sections from both tumor types were immunohistochemially stained for the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vasc...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I am part of a multidisciplinary research group at the University of Saskatchewan Canada, who are studying prostate cancer. I am wondering if there is well established research protocol to induce prostate carcinoma in dogs. We need dogs with prostate carcinoma to use for imaging studies.
Anybody who has a protocol or can help do this and would like to establish collaboration?
Thanks very much
Ahmad Al-Dissi                                                                            
                                                                                                         

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
To evaluate the role of MT in chronic cholangiohepatitis in cats by assessing the correlation between hepatocellular MT and Ki-67 expression with histological hallmarks of the disease, namely, inflammation, bile duct proliferation and fibrosis.