Agata Sobków

Agata Sobków
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities | SWPS

PhD

About

48
Publications
17,750
Reads
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870
Citations
Introduction
Agata Sobków currently works at SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities. Agata does research on intuitive processing, decision making, numeracy and risk perception.

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the present study was to compare the relative contribution of different cognitive abilities and preferences to superior decision making. Additionally, we aimed to test whether skilled decision makers have better and more sophisticated long-term memory representations of personally meaningful risky situations. A large sample from the gen...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss the role of cognitive abilities in financial decision making. First, we present the Cattell–Horn–Carroll theory of cognitive abilities. This umbrella taxonomy integrates two important models: Cattell–Horn’s model of fluid and crystallized intelligence and Carroll’s Three-Stratum Theory. We focus mostly on the Gf (fluid i...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 has already had serious worldwide health, socio-economic, political, and educational consequences. In the present study, we investigated what factors can motivate young adults to comply with the recommended preventive measures against coronavirus infection. Even though young people are less likely to suffer severe m...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce a brief instrument specifically validated for measuring positive and negative feelings about risks—the Berlin Emotional Responses to Risk Instrument (BERRI). Based on seven studies involving diverse adults from three countries (n = 2120), the BERRI was found to robustly estimate anticipatory affective reactions derived from subjective...
Article
The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) is one of the most popular measures of individual differences in rational thought and decision making. To overcome the issue of overlap with numeracy, a novel measure of cognitive reflection less related to numeracy and math anxiety than Numerical CRT was developed—Verbal CRT. The present research had two main ai...
Article
Full-text available
Changing a problem's representation is a crucial process when solving insight problems. Recently, Laukkonen and Tangen (2017) found that observing ambiguous figures such as a Necker Cube before solving problems can increase insight frequency. In our research, we extended their procedure by including measures of feelings of insight (e.g., confidence...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present study, we used a neuroimaging technique (fMRI) to test the prediction that visualizing risky behaviors induces a stronger neural response in brain areas responsible for emotions and mental imagery than visualizing neutral behaviors. We identified several brain regions that were activated when participants produced mental images of ri...
Preprint
We conducted pre-registered replications of 15 effects in the field of judgment and decision making (JDM). We aimed to test the generalizability of different classical and modern JDM effects, including, among others: less-is-better, anchoring, and framing to different languages, cultures, or current situations (COVID-19 pandemic). Replicated studie...
Preprint
3AbstractThe Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) is one of the most popular measures of individual differences inrational thoughtanddecision making. Nevertheless, it overlaps substantially with numeracy and intelligence, which impede the interpretation of results.The present researchhad two main aims. First,to investigate the generalizability of Verbal...
Article
Full-text available
Celem artykułu jest dokonanie przeglądu modeli teoretycznych oraz badań empirycznych nad rolą zdolności numerycznych (tj. zdolności umysłowych w przetwarzaniu informacji numerycznych) w podejmowaniu decyzji w warunkach ryzyka i niepewności. Badania prowadzone w ostatniej dekadzie wskazują, że zdolności numeryczne są jednym z najważniejszych predykt...
Article
Full-text available
The relationships between subjective status and perceived legitimacy are important for understanding the extent to which people with low status are complicit in their oppression. We use novel data from 66 samples and 30 countries (N = 12,788) and find that people with higher status see the social system as more legitimate than those with lower stat...
Article
Full-text available
Agreements and disagreements between expert statements influence lay people's beliefs. But few studies have examined what is perceived as a disagreement. We report six experiments where people rated agreement between pairs of probabilistic statements about environmental events, attributed to two different experts or to the same expert at two differ...
Article
Numerical skills are essential to make informed decisions in our daily life. Unfortunately, many people lack basic numeracy, which limits their ability to accurately interpret risks (i.e., risk literacy). In this paper, we provide an overview of research investigating the role of numeracy in two prominent domains, where most research was concentrat...
Article
We developed and validated intervention aimed at enhancing numeracy (the ability to understand and use the concept of probability and statistical information) and decision making. One hundred and twenty-two participants were randomly assigned to a Mental Number Line Training condition (MNLT) or an Arithmetic Training Active Control condition (ATAC)...
Article
People with low statistical numeracy have difficulties understanding numerical information. For instance, they often misunderstand the probability of experiencing side effects, which could reduce adherence to medical treatments. We investigated whether presenting information about probability using a method based on the direct experience of events...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples and settings. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples that comprised 15,305 participants from 36 countries and territories....
Preprint
Full-text available
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance to examine variation in effect magnitudes across sample and setting. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples and 15,305 total participants from 36 countries and territories. Using co...
Article
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples and settings. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples that comprised 15,305 participants from 36 countries and territories....
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of numeracy and the emotion of fear on the decision-making process. While previous research demonstrated that these factors are independently related to search effort, search policy and choice in a decision from experience task, less is known about how their interaction contributes to processing i...
Data
Description of data sets and variables.
Data
Instructions presented to participants in two experiments.
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated skilled and adaptive strategy selection in risky decision making. We proposed that people with high objective numeracy, a strong predictor of general decision making skill, would have a broad repertoire of choice strategies and adaptively select these strategies depending on the importance of the decision. Thus more o...
Article
In this study, we aimed to explore the relationships between intuitive abilities, intelligence (explicit cognitive ability) and personality. We found that intuition is not homogenous and there are three types of intuitive ability: Coherence & Insight, Implicit Learning and Subjective Intuitive Abilities that showed different patterns of relationshi...
Article
Full-text available
Smog jest poważnym zagrożeniem, a jego skutki są odroczone w czasie. Trudność z wyobrażeniem sobie konsekwencji smogu oraz brak zrozumienia mechanizmu ich powstawania mogą dodatkowo sprzyjać zaniżonym ocenom ryzyka związanego ze smogiem. Badania z obszaru komunikacji ryzyka wskazują na to, że format przekazywania informacji o ryzyku może mieć znacz...
Chapter
Full-text available
In a series of three experiments, we aimed to determine whether cognitive or emotional factors have the greatest influence on the amount one is willing to pay to insure oneself against a disaster. We designed an original experimental task mimicking a real-life insurance situation in a laboratory setting. Participants were instructed to build a hous...
Article
Full-text available
Celem przeprowadzonych badań było zweryfikowanie związków między cechami temperamentu, przekonaniami gracza dotyczącymi wygranej i angażowaniem się w gry hazardowe. Dotychczasowe badania wskazują na związek temperamentu z angażowaniem się w hazard. Dodatkowo badacze podkreślają, że zniekształcenia myśli związanych z grą łączą się z rozwojem patolog...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the process of constructing and validating the Polish version of the Remote Associates Test (RAT-PL). The test consists of 17 items of three words that are remotely associated with the solution (fourth word). This test has high reliability and moderate difficulty. As expected, the results of RAT-PL were positively associated w...
Article
Full-text available
Expected utility theory posits that our preferences for gambles result from the weighting of utilities of monetary payoffs by their probabilities. However, recent studies have shown that combining payoffs and probabilities is often distorted by affective responses. In the current study, we hypothesized that affective response to a lottery prize mod...
Article
Full-text available
W artykule przedstawiono proces konstrukcji oraz walidacji polskiej wersji testu odległych skojarzeń (Remote Associates Test, RAT-PL). Test ten składa się z 17 triad słów, do których należy odnaleźć wspólne odległe skojarzenia. Narzędzie to charakteryzuje się dobrą rzetelnością oraz umiarkowaną trudnością. Zgodnie z oczekiwaniami, wyniki w teście w...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has documented that affect plays a crucial role in risk perception. When no information about numerical risk estimates is available (e.g., probability of loss or magnitude of consequences), people may rely on positive and negative affect toward perceived risk. However, determinants of affective reactions to risks are poorly understo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates how affect-laden imagery that evokes emotional stress influences risk perception and risk taking in real-life scenarios. In a series of three studies, we instructed participants to imagine the consequences of risky scenarios and then rate the intensity of the experienced stress, perceived risk and their willingness to engage...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates how affect-laden imagery that evokes emotional stress influences risk perception and risk taking in real-life scenarios. In a series of three studies, we instructed participants to imagine the consequences of risky scenarios and then rate the intensity of the experienced stress, perceived risk and their willingness to engage...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigated whether the strength of the relationship between attentional and implicit-memory biases for threat-related material can be moderated by individual differences in temperament and personality. A spatial cueing task, where task-irrelevant angry, happy, and neutral faces acted as spatial cues preceding a target, was immediately f...
Thesis
The aim of three studies was to investigate the structure of intuitive abilities and their relationships with intelligence, openness to experience and susceptibility to heuristics and biases. In the majority of previous research, declarative self-reported questionnaires (e.g., REI or MBTI) were used as a measure of individual differences in intuiti...
Article
Full-text available
The present report examined the hypothesis that two distinct visual routes contribute in processing low and high spatial frequencies of fearful facial expressions. Having the participants presented with a backwardly masked task, we analyzed conscious processing of spatial frequency contents of emotional faces according to both objective and subject...
Article
Full-text available
Dealing with the problem of aging society is nowadays a challenging area of interests for both practice and science. Cognitive decline influences the decision-making process in elderly people. Changes in effectiveness of decisions are however situation-dependent. Aging not only affects the quality of decisions, but also strategy selection and choic...
Article
Full-text available
Attention-driven bias for threat-related stimuli in implicit memory. Preliminary results from the Posner cueing paradigm An implicit memory advantage for angry faces was investigated in this experiment by means of an additional cueing task. Participants were to assess the orientation of a triangle's peak, which side of presentation was cued informa...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Everyday decision making requires the processing of numbers regarding probabilities, costs and benefits. However, many people have difficulties, even when faced with simple numerical problems. It has been shown that statistical numeracy―the ability to understand the concept of probability and statistical information, and use this numerical information efficiently―is one of the strongest predictors of superior decision making. Interestingly, numeracy may not be a unitary construct limited only to the objective numerical abilities revealed in math-based tests. For example, Peters and Bjalkebring (2015) distinguished between multiple numeric competencies (objective numeracy, subjective numeracy, and approximate numeracy) which predict distinct decision outcomes. While objective numeracy is related to performance in mathematical tasks and formal knowledge about mathematical concepts, subjective numeracy is a combination of these objective abilities, math emotions, self-efficacy and the motivation to solve tasks containing numerical information. Approximate numeracy is related to a ‘sense of number’ – the intuitive ability to perceive and manipulate numerosities, and to map symbolic numbers to magnitudes. The main aim of this project is to experimentally validate the notion of multiple numeric competencies and to provide evidence that approximate numeracy and subjective numeracy can serve as sources of compensatory mechanisms that are potentially helpful in improving decision making among people with low numeracy. Project funded by the National Science Centre, Poland [grant number 2018/31/D/HS6/ 02899].
Project
Every day we make various decisions that may result in consequences of different weights. For example, a trivial decision of whether to take an umbrella before leaving home or not becomes meaningful if we expect heavy rainfall. If our personal goal is to make a good impression during an interview for the desired job, the decision to take the umbrella on a cloudy day is simple, and we do not have to deliberate on its costs and benefits. However, if our personal goal is to have a good time with old friends, we may seriously consider whether it is worth carrying the cumbersome umbrella, at the same time accepting the risk of leaving it in a restaurant or getting wet on the way to the meeting. The main goal of the current project is to show that skilled decision makers (i.e., people with high statistical numeracy) are able to learn the importance of various choice problems (similar to those mentioned above), which allow them to select choice strategy adaptively and make superior decisions. We predict that people with high numeracy, in comparison to people with low numeracy, will employ and manifest recurring irrationality that would result in making superior decisions in the long run. Specifically, depending on the task structure, the characteristics of the environment, and personal goals, people with high numeracy will make a greater number of fast decisions based on heuristics when it pays off. That is, when a choice problem is perceived as trivial, they will make fast decisions, but at the same time, they will use a more comprehensive strategy and deliberate longer to solve personally meaningful choice problems. We hypothesize that even if decisions based on simple and fast heuristics are suboptimal according to normative standards, repeated satisfactory choices made within a limited time frame will lead to better overall outcomes than optimal choices predicted by rational choice theory. In this sense, the recurring irrationality is adaptively rational.