Afshin Amini

Afshin Amini
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | SUMS · Department of Anesthesiology

Associated Professor

About

25
Publications
4,298
Reads
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240
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2004 - December 2015
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Faculty Member

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Background Continuous injection of local anesthetics by using surgical wound catheters for postoperative pain relief has gained acceptance in recent years. However, whether this method can be alternatively used instead of systemic opioids in different surgical procedures has not yet been elucidated. Objectives The aim was to investigate the effect...
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Objectives: Post-dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) is prevalent among individuals undergoing lumbar punctures. The non-invasive effect of some drugs, such as aminophylline on PDPH has been investigated in several clinical studies. As there is no comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis about the preventive and therapeutic effects of aminophy...
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Reinforced endotracheal tubes (ETTs) are regularly applied in anesthetic practices to prevent compression or kinking. Although these tubes are designed to bend easily and prevent obstruction, they still carry a potential hazard of being obstructed following external forces. In this article, we reported an unusual case in which a reinforced ETT was...
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Background: Malnutrition is an important factor in the survival of critically ill patients. The purpose of the present study was to assess the nutritional status of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) on the days of admission and discharge via a detailed nutritional assessment. Methods: Totally, 125 patients were followed up from admission...
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Background: Postoperative pain in addicted patients is important because they are opioid tolerant, they have abnormal pain sensitivity and psychological disorders. Many modalities and combination of medications have been used to reduce the suffering of addicted patients’ postoperative pain. There has been some evidence for the use of antipsychotics...
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Methylnaltrexone is a peripheral opioid receptor antagonist that does not cross the blood-brain barrier; so without interference with pain relief, it could reverse the peripheral opioid side effects such as constipation, pruritus, postoperative ileus, and urinary retention. This study has been designed to evaluate the effect of methylnaltrexone on...
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Maintenance of the adequate intraoperative renal perfusion is very important during Orthotopic Liver Transplantation (OLT) to prevent acute renal failure. For the first time, this study was designed to survey the effects of octreotide on urine output during anesthesia for OLT and early postoperative renal function. In this randomized double-blind p...
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An important concern of intra-operative infusion of remifentanil is the possible development of acute opioid tolerance, which manifests as an increased postoperative analgesia requirement. We have examined the effect of the timing of intra operative morphine administration on the need for morphine consumption for pain control during the first 24 ho...
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Postoperative nausea and vomiting are some of the important and common side effects of anesthesia after surgery occurring in almost 20-30% of patients and is the second factor of a patient's complaint and inconvenience after pain. This study compares the effect of oral cetirizine and ondansetron in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomitin...
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BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), which include ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), are debilitating and chronic disorders with unpredictable courses and complicated treatment measures. Therefore, an efficient treatment protocol seems necessary as therapeutic prophylaxis for these disorders.This study aims to determine the...
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In patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), the repeated cycle of injury and repair of intestinal mucosa has been reported to increase the risk of colon cancer. So, a safe and efficient therapy is required for the treatment and prophylaxis for the disease.This study aims to investigate the efficacy of Calendula officinalis extract in treatment of exp...
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Acute pancreatitis is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain during pregnancy that may become severe and rarelyprogresses to a necrotizing form with a high maternofetal mortality even in young patients.1,2 A small number ofpregnant women with acute pancreatitis have an associated hyperlipidemia, usually hypertriglyceridemia while in allthese cases, pa...
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JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O tubo laríngeo com sucção (LTS-II) é uma versão recente dos dispositivos supraglóticos reutilizáveis que permitem a drenagem gástrica. Neste estudo prospectivo e aleatório comparam-se inserção e ventilação de LTS-II descartável (LTS-D) com a reutilizável (LTS-II) para manuseio das vias aéreas em condições associadas com...
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The laryngeal tube suction II (LTS-II) is a recent version of reusable supraglottic airway devices allowing gastric drainage. In this prospective, randomized study we compared insertion and ventilation of disposable LTS-II (LTS-D) with reusable type (LTS-II) for airway management under conditions with elevated intra abdominal pressure induced by ca...
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Background: Many factors are important determinants in the outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)such as quality of CPR, age of patients, co morbidities, time and location of arrest, and skill of rescuers. Thisstudy was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of CPR in Shiraz, southern Iran.Methods: From October 2007 to March 2008, all patients...
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Congenital fusion of the maxilla and the mandible is a rarecondition. The extent of the problem ranges from simple mucosaladhesion (synechia) to severe bony fusion (syngnathia).Here we present a patient with zygomatico-mandibular fusionwho was treated at neonatal and infancy periods at three differentstages without tracheostomy. Having had recurren...
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AbstractBackground: It is well accepted that intraocular pressure should be controlled during general anesthesia (G/A)for intraocular procedures. This study was performed to compare the effects of the laryngeal and tracheal tubeson intraocular pressure (IOP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) during the course of G/A.Methods: Eighty...
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Background: Pediatric oncology patients frequently need several painful procedures during their diagnostic and therapeutic process. During the past decades, most centers abroad have developed safe and effective protocols for procedural sedation and analgesia in children. This report describes procedural sedation and analgesia as performed in pediat...
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To evaluate the effects of 0.5% silver nitrate, 20% chloroformic garlic extract, and 0.9% normal saline in induction of sclerosing cholangitis in the bile ducts of rabbits. During a-6-months period from April to September 2006 in Shiraz University Laboratory Animal Research Center, we selected 3 equal groups of rabbits. We injected 0.5% silver nitr...
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Background: During recent years, in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), management has receivedmuch attention. However, the rate of survival after in-hospital resuscitation in Nemazee Hospital is not known.Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the outcome of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)in Shiraz, Iran.Methods:...
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A disposable laryngeal tube (LT-D) with dimensions identical to, but physical properties different from (stiffer tube/thicker cuff), the reusable laryngeal tube (LT-R) has recently become available. We performed a randomised, single blind trial among 100 anaesthetised and paralysed patients to compare these devices in terms of ease of insertion, ai...
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The Laryngeal Tube Sonda (LTS) and the ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) are two new devices introduced for maintaining the airway during controlled ventilation under general anaesthesia. The present investigation compared their performance in a randomized controlled study. One hundred ASA I-II patients, aged 18-60 yr undergoing elective minor s...
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Tracheal intubation for general anesthesia often leads to traumatization of the airway mucosa resulting in postoperative sore throat, hoarseness and cough. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of betamethasone gel in reducing these complications. One hundred patients (ASA I-II) to undergo endotracheal intubation, were randomly divided...
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Background: Early warning of potential damage to spinal cord during major spinal surgery is highly desirable to prevent postoperative neurological deficits. Wake-up test is a simple, safe and reliable method of recognition of such a complication, and has been extensively used in many spinal surgical units. The present study is evaluating the remife...

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