Africa Borges

Africa Borges
Universidad de La Laguna | ULL · Department of Psychobiology and Methodology of Behavioral Sciences

PhD

About

75
Publications
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449
Citations

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Creativity is one of the most relevant aspects in students' training. One of the purposes of the present work is to show the lack of differences between boys and girls in creativity; the other is the possibility of improving creativity among high-ability students who received specific training as part of their intra-curricular content...
Article
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Digital education is a recently highlighted challenge for educational innovation. This study aimed to discover the educational conditions in which teachers and students may be involved during the pandemic, and how these may affect teachers' workload and educational quality. A Mixed Methods Design was used, where quantitative and qualitative data we...
Article
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High ability students have differential cognitive characteristics that require a specific educational response to develop their full potential. Cluster ability grouping is one of the available approaches to respond to their training. One of the main criticisms of this teaching method, also supported by the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE), is th...
Article
El alumnado más capaz, debido a sus características diferenciales, requiere de una respuesta educativa específica. Sin embargo, aún queda camino por recorrer en este sentido, ya que su detección e identificación está muy por debajo de los estándares señalados por los expertos y la respuesta educativa necesaria sigue siendo insuficiente. Por tanto,...
Article
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Resumen En el campo de las altas capacidades se encuentra la necesidad de prestar especial atención a las necesidades de las chicas adolescentes con altas capacidades, pues estas difieren de las de los chicos. Históricamente, la identificación de estas jóvenes ha sido inferior a la de los chicos. Se desconoce la razón de este hecho, pero a pesar de...
Article
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Household confinement due to the rapid spread of the pandemic caused by COVID-19 has brought very significant changes, such as the forced stay-at-home of children due to the closure of schools. This has meant drastic changes in the organization of daily life and restrictions on their activities, including exercise, which could affect the quality of...
Article
Full-text available
Household confinement due to the rapid spread of the pandemic caused by COVID-19 has brought very significant changes, such as the forced stay-at-home of children due to the closure of schools. This has meant drastic changes in the organization of daily life and restrictions on their activities, including exercise, which could affect the quality of...
Article
Full-text available
The health alert caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown have caused significant changes in people’s lives. Therefore, it has been essential to study the quality of life, especially in vulnerable populations, including children and adolescents. In this work, the psychological well-being, distribution of tasks and routines, as well as the p...
Article
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The goal of this research is to know and compare the emotions and reactions to confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic in children and adolescents with high abilities and community samples. This is a mixed study with an exploratory reach that is descriptive, and which combines survey and qualitative methodologies to examine the emotions and reacti...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has led teachers to an unpredictable scenario where the lockdown situation has accelerated the shift from traditional to online educational methods, and relationships have been altered by the avoidance of direct contact with the others, with implications for their mental health. Physical activity seemed to be a factor that cou...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has led teachers to an unpredictable scenario where the lockdown situation has accelerated the shift from traditional to online educational methods, and relationships have been altered by the avoidance of direct contact with the others, with implications for their mental health. Physical activity seemed to be a factor that cou...
Article
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En la atención educativa al alumnado con altas capacidades es necesario implementar programas de intervención a progenitores con el objetivo de informar y orientar a estos respecto a las características, necesidades y formas de atención escolar, extraescolar y familiar desde un punto de vista científico. Bajo este contexto, surge el Programa de Ori...
Article
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Giftedness and high abilities have been broadly defined and this fact has led to many problems related to the detection and educational response given to gifted or highly able pupils due to the stereotyped social representations of the concepts. However, the main misconceptions might be changed with the aim of solving the mentioned problems. For th...
Article
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The objective of this research was to determine the effect of grouping on the academic performance and creativity of 87 students from the Jalisco educational center for high abilities (CEPAC). Gains in academic performance and creativity due to grouping were hypothesized to be correlated with time spent at CEPAC. The Creative Imagination Test for C...
Article
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Los estudiantes con altas capacidades demandan respuestas educativas, tanto dentro como fuera del aula. Es esencial ofrecer a estos estudiantes el apoyo que necesitan, las estrategias utilizadas varían dependiendo del sistema educativo, las familias, las leyes o los países. Sin embargo, gran parte del alumnado no recibe una respuesta educativa adec...
Article
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Background: Gifted and talented students have different functioning in some components of executive functions, such as working memory. This meta-analysis examines the differences between students with high abilities and with average intelligence in working memory. Method: A total of 17 articles with 33 different studies were analyzed. A random e...
Article
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Early relationships with equals are considered a relevant factor in people’s development. In order to study social interaction, Santoyo (1996, 2006) proposes the functional mechanisms of social effectiveness, social responsiveness, and reciprocity. To analyze and compare these mechanisms in the participants of the Comprehensive Program for High Abi...
Article
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Students who have high abilities demand educational responses, both inside and outside of the classroom. The best type of educational strategy depends on the characteristics of the students, the school, the educational system, and the country. For this reason, the level of attention paid to high-ability students can vary across nations. To guarante...
Article
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Introduction. Certain behaviors associated with high intellectual ability, such as inattention and early response, are often confused with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), making correct diagnosis more difficult. The objective of the present study was to analyze the performance of students with high intellectual ability and stud...
Article
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La calidad de la docencia universitaria es fundamental dentro del proceso educativo, lo que exige la evaluación del profesorado, prefiriéndose la metodología observacional cuando se evalúa la conducta de este. El objetivo de este estudio consistió en el análisis pormenorizado de la función docente de explicación, de especial relevancia dentro el es...
Poster
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La toma de decisiones (TD) de riesgo objetivo se produce cuando se conocen las consecuencias de la decisión. Existe una vía de retroalimentación emocional y otra cognitiva, y aunque ambas se activan, es una de ellas la que guía el proceso de decisión. El alumnado de altas capacidades intelectuales muestra un rendimiento superior en diversas tareas...
Article
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Neste trabalho pretende-se discutir o contributo da metodologia qualitativa na avaliação da eficácia dos processos de mudança quando se implementam programas psicoeducativos. Concretamente apresentam-se três recursos distintos: a) entrevista semiestruturada (construída a partir da abordagem fenomenológica e utilizada como avaliação pré-teste, pós-t...
Article
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The study of social interaction within the classroom is an important task because of the the influence that early social relationships have in the social and personal development of a person. In this paper we present a study where a specific intervention is implemented to improve the social interaction of one participant in an outside school enrich...
Article
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Providing quality education means to respond to the diversity in the classroom. The teacher is a key figure in responding to the various educational needs presented by students. Specifically, special education professionals are of great importance as they are the ones who lend their support to regular classroom teachers and offer specialized educat...
Article
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In the transition into adulthood, family and school play a critical role protecting the adolescent from engaging in behaviors that could cause mental health problems. Nevertheless, there are other social groups and structured activities that have shown to act as an educational activity and as a protective factor as well. The aim of this study was t...
Article
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La familia juega un papel transcendental en el desarrollo infantil, siendo además de especial relevancia en el caso de alumnado de altas capacidades intelectuales, donde en muchas ocasiones es en el entorno de la familia donde se proveen los recursos de la especial educación que precisa este estudiantado, dado que no siempre se cubren sus necesidad...
Article
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The quality of university teaching is a very important aspect for the educational process. This aspect makes necessary the evaluation of teaching professionals, being of special relevance the teaching behavior in the classroom. Observational methodology is the one used for evaluation, because it allows the study of usual behavior patterns and teach...
Article
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Las expectativas que tienen los participantes en un programa de intervención psicosocial juegan un importante papel y forman parte de la efectividad del mismo, ya que suponen un factor motivacional en el seguimiento y la adherencia al tratamiento. Por esta razón, el Programa Integral Para Altas Capacidades (PIPAC) se inicia con la evaluación, entre...
Working Paper
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Article
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Comparative educational studies allow the study of the differences and similarities between different educationalsystems. This research, which consists on an educational evaluation, has studied the teaching behavior of tenuniversity lecturers from a Spanish university -the University of La Laguna-, and seven from a Mexican university-University of...
Article
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The information available on how the teachers identify and intervene with gifted and talented children, comes typically from a researcher's point of view, not from the teachers; which implies a loss of important data about how the teacher carries it. As a part of a wider study, 164 elementary teachers from Guanajuato, Mexico, were asked how are gif...
Article
Este estudio tiene como finalidad analizar las propiedades psicométricas del inventario de Inteligencia Socioemocional en su versión para jóvenes (EQ-i-YV). Se aplicó el instrumento a una muestra de 839 adolescentes mexicanos con un rango de edad entre 12 y 16 años. Los resultados muestran una estructura similar a las validaciones hechas en lengua...
Article
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Evaluación del comportamiento docente en el aula mediante metodología observacional Evaluation of the educational behavior in the classroom using observational methodology África Borges del Rosal, María Cadenas Borges, Matilde C. Díaz Hernández Universidad de La Laguna RESUMEN En esta investigación se aborda la evaluación de los comportamientos que...
Article
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Peer interaction in educational programmes has been shown to play an important role in development, but the tools for assessing peer interaction are few. This study reports the development of such an instrument, the Classroom Interaction Observation Protocol (PIA). The protocol uses five categories (positive, negative, neutral, teacher-related and...
Article
In this study several factors that influence academic achievement are going to be presented. 492 students, 190 men and 302 women, with ages from 12 to 18 years old, and from the first and third year of compulsory secondary school and the first year of voluntary secondary school have participated, completing four questionnaires about IQ, motivation...
Article
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Personal and social adjustment of high-ability children and adolescents is a very important issue in the specialized literature. The differences found between data for and against appropriate adjustment in gifted children and adolescents could be explained by conceptual or methodological biases. In this work, the relation between adjustment and hig...
Article
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La inadaptación personal y social de las personas con altas capacidades intelectuales es un tema de debate en la literatura. Las discrepancias encontradas entre las evidencias a favor y en contra del ajuste de las personas superdotadas se pueden explicar apelando a sesgos conceptuales y metodológicos. En el presente estudio se contrasta la relación...
Article
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Loneliness is an unpleasant experience that takes place when a person's network of social relationships is significantly deficient in quality and quantity, and it is associated with negative feelings. Loneliness is a fundamental construct that provides information about several psychological processes, especially in the clinical setting. It is well...
Article
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La soledad es una experiencia desagradable que se produce cuando la red social de una persona es deficiente de forma significativa en calidad o cantidad, y ello es asociado con sentimientos negativos. La soledad es un constructo fundamental para conocer determinados procesos psicológicos, especialmente en el ámbito clínico. Para medirlo se han desa...
Article
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El acogimiento familiar es un sistema de protección a la infancia en situación de riesgo, retirando a los menores de sus familias biológicas que no pueden atenderlos. En este estudio se describe la situación de los menores en acogimiento en la provincia de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, cuyos expedientes se han cerrado en el periodo que abarca de 2000 a 2...
Article
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Se presenta un estudio sobre los comportamientos educativos que tienen los padres y madres hacia sus hijos e hijas superdotados en una muestra de 12 familias. El estudio está realizado con una metodología cualitativa, partiendo de una entrevista semiestructurada. Los resultados señalan que los padres y madres muestran actitudes educadoras adecuadas...
Article
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Poseer altas capacidades intelectuales no resulta una garantía de éxito académico. De hecho, se suele informar en la literatura especializada de problemas de retraso escolar, así como de hiperactividad y problemas atencionales en el alumnado de altas capacidades. Ello hace que sea relevante diseñar programas que ayuden a la obtención de éxito acadé...
Article
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Possessing high intellectual ability is no guarantee of academic success. In fact, the relevant literature often reports problems of delays in academic progress, as well as hyperactivity and attention problems in students of high ability. It is therefore relevant to design programs which help toward attainment of academic success. In this paper we...
Article
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En este trabajo se presenta un estudio prospectivo de los yacimientos de empleo potenciales para titulados universitarios, desde la perspectiva del sector privado. La aplicaciÛn empÌrica se centra en el caso canario, aunque el enfoque tiene car·cter general. La aportaciÛn m·s destacada del an·lisis pone de manifiesto que los yacimientos de empleo p...
Article
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En el presente trabajo se pone a prueba la bondad de la transformación Z de Fisher para la estimación de intervalos de confianza para el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson con distintos valores de éste y tamaños muestrales y en condiciones de normalidad y no normalidad de los residuos. Se concluye que, asegurando la normalidad de los residuos y...
Article
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Las controversias que se suscitan en el seno de la metodología no llegan al investigador aplicado con la fluidez que sería conveniente. En el presente trabajo se señalan algunos de los problemas más destacados de la investigación que hace uso de la estadística inferencial, así como recomendaciones a seguir en la investigación, desglosada para cada...
Article
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In this study, the method of binary comparisons has been used for the subjective scaling of 13 crimes from the current Spanish Penal Law. Two samples were used, the first one was composed of 736 people from five Spanish region (general population), and the second was composed of 141 expert persons in Law. The age of people from the general sample w...
Article
Cliff (1993) has proposed the use of a measure of effect size alternative to traditionalmean differences: {? = Pr(xi1 > xj2) - Pr(xi1 j2)}which, taken a pair of values, xi1 and xj2, from the first and second populations respectively, gives the probability that the value from the first populationis higher than the one from the second, minus the prob...
Article
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El contraste de significación de la hipótesis nula lleva años levantando polémica en el seno de la comunidad científica de los investigadores de la conducta, ya que interpretaciones inadecuadas del procedimiento han producido un uso incorrecto del mismo. En el presente trabajo se presenta una revisión de las últimas aportaciones de los metodólogos,...
Article
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Null hypothesis significance testing has been a source of debate within the scientific community of behavioral researchers for years, since inadequate interpretations have resulted in incorrect use of this procedure. In this paper, we present a revision of the latest contributions of methodologists of different opinions, for and against, and we als...
Article
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En la presente investigación se estudia, mediante simulación por ordenador, el comportamiento del contraste de t de Student con medias recortadas (Wilcox, 1996), con tamaños muestrales pequeños, bajo la violación de los supuestos de normalidad y homocedasticidad. Se concluye que este contraste es útil cuando las distribuciones son asimétricas, pero...
Article
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Se describe el diseño de hardware y software mediante el cual un ordenador personal se encarga de la presentación de estímulos (diapositivas publicitarias) a intervalos fijos a un grupo de sujetos experimentales y registra los tiempos de respuesta de cada uno de los sujetos.
Article
RESUMEN El objetivo de este artÌculo es mostrar lo que supone la superdotaciÛn intelectual, apresando la temÆtica mÆs relevan- te. Se expone la definiciÛn de superdotaciÛn, los procedimien- tos de definiciÛn y cÛmo detectarlos en edades tempranas. Los principales problemas a los que se enfrentan, rendimiento in- ferior al esperable y problemas soci...
Article
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Resumen La simulación, como método de puesta a prueba de modelos matemáticos ha tenido una gran relevancia en el estudio de la utilidad de los contrastes estadísticos en los casos, muy abundantes en función de la literatura, en que no se cumplen sus postulados. En el presente artículo presentamos un resumen de los procedimientos y técnicas que hemo...
Article
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La interpretación del contraste de hipótesis, que constituye una de las aplicaciones más importantes de la Estadística a la Investigación en Psicología, ha suscitado importantes controversias. El procedimiento de contraste de hipótesis que se utiliza en la actualidad es el fruto de un híbrido de dos teorías, la de Fisher, de una parte y la de Neyma...
Article
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En este estudio se realiza el escalamiento subjetivo de 13 conductas delictivas del actual Código Penal español, mediante el método de las comparaciones binarias. Se utiliza una muestra de 736 personas de población general de cinco comunidades autónomas españolas, y una muestra de 141 expertos en Derecho. Las edades de las personas de la muestra ge...
Article
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Se estudia el problema de la potencia analizando tamaños de efecto pequeño en dos y tres muestras, utilizando diversos contrastes paramétricos y no paramétricos (t de Student, prueba de Welch y U de Mann-Withney-Wilcoxon en el caso de dos grupos, y ANOVA, prueba de James de segundo orden (James, 1951, 1954) y Kruskal-Wallis, en el caso de tres grup...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Promote gited students enrollment in creative projects