Adroaldo Cesar Araujo Gaya

Adroaldo Cesar Araujo Gaya
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul | UFRGS · School of Physical Education

PHD Sport Science

About

115
Publications
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1,286
Citations
Citations since 2017
64 Research Items
889 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
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Aims: To identify the effects of an intervention in Physical Educationclasses and handball training on health-related physical fitness in adolescent girls.Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with 26 girls (10 to 16 years old).Girls who reached 75% of participation in handball training (HT) (n= 12) composed the HT group.Girls who played only...
Data
O questionário de aptidão física autorrelatada (QAPA) é um instrumento validado para estimar os níveis de aptidão física geral de crianças e adolescentes de acordo com a percepção subjetiva. O estudo que deu origem a esse método apresenta a relação significativa de maiores índice no QAPA com valores elevados de aptidão cardiorrespiratória e menores...
Article
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Background: The possibility of carrying out screening, with acceptable accuracy, of a child’s bone mass status based on a physical fitness test can advance the concept of health-related physical fitness. In addition, the relevance of the applicability of this type of screening in educational environments is mainly due to the difficulty of direct as...
Article
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Purpose To describe and compare individual levels of sleeping time, Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA), physical activity (PA) days a week, Light PA (LPA), sedentary time (SED), health quality of life (HQOL) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) in adolescents according to the prevalence of healthy BMI and BMI in the cardiometabolic risk zone...
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This study aimed to verify the relationship between physical activity (PA) with health-related quality (HQOL) of life domains in children and adolescents during COVID-19 social distancing. A Cross-sectional and analytical study with a quantitative approach in a sample of 119 girls and 121 boys. Questionnaires and statistical methods were applied. T...
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Background Children have a higher chance of decreasing health-related physical fitness during periods of school lockdown due to pandemic situations such as with COVID-19 disease. Aims To establish the changes in children’s self-perceived physical fitness (SPPF) during pandemic COVID-19 social distancing in a school lockdown and to describe the ind...
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OBJECTIVE: To identify whether there is a relationship between sports practice and psychological satisfaction in physical education classes (SATPE) with selfperceived behavioral and physical health indicators in a structural equation model (SEM). METHODS: Cross-sectional study, carried out with 230 boys and 240 girls (n=470) between 11 and 17 years...
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Background: This study aimed to describe adolescents’ positive and negative perceptions and reasons for enjoyment in physical education (PE) in four schools, and to identify adolescents’ opinions about possible improvements in PE classes. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, with a qualitative approach. The sample was...
Article
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The objectives of this study are to verify the reproducibility and reliability of the "Plank" test in schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years and to identify the association between isometric strength measurement in the plank test and abdominal resistance strength in the sit-up test. That is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, perform...
Article
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions through Physical Education (PE) exercises on bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) of children and adolescents. The research was conducted using the online electronic databases PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science and Scopus (March 2021). The anal...
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Introdução: A prática de atividade física (AF) regular e a manutenção de bons níveis de aptidão física têm sido relacionadas ao menor risco de desenvolver diferentes problemas de saúde, tais como hipertensão arterial, síndrome metabólica e diabetes tipo 2.Portanto, examinar se há relação entre a educação física, aptidão física e fatores de risco ca...
Article
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Objetivo: verificar o efeito de uma intervenção em educação física avaliada em diferentes períodos, considerando o recesso escolar, sobre os níveis de aptidão física cardiorrespiratória, abdominais em 1 minuto, flexibilidade e pressão arterial sistólica em jovens e adultos de ambos os sexos na educação de jovens e adultos (EJA). Métodos: Estudo pré...
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From 1985 to 2016, the prevalence of underweight decreased, and that of obesity and severe obesity increased, in most regions, with significant variation in the magnitude of these changes across regions. We investigated how much change in mean body mass index (BMI) explains changes in the prevalence of underweight, obesity, and severe obesity in di...
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Objective To verify the multivariate relationships between eating habits, cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index, and cardiometabolic risk factors in children. Methods This is a cross-sectional study developed in a public elementary school with 60 first- to sixth-graders. Their eating habits were assessed using the Food Frequency Survey, weight...
Article
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Background and objectives Physical education (PE) classes are among the main intervention strategies for increasing levels of physical activity (PA) to adolescent's health improvements. However, low levels of psychological satisfaction in physical education classes (PE satisfaction) and multiple associations with some factors as sex, age, sedentari...
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Background Comparable global data on health and nutrition of school-aged children and adolescents are scarce. We aimed to estimate age trajectories and time trends in mean height and mean body-mass index (BMI), which measures weight gain beyond what is expected from height gain, for school-aged children and adolescents. Methods For this pooled ana...
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Objetivos: verificar a confiabilidade do escore em um questionário de aptidão física autorrelatada (QAPA) em crianças de 6 a 11 anos, nas aulas de educação física não presenciais em 2020, durante o distanciamento social COVID-19 e identificar se há associação do escore no QAPA com níveis de aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APC) e índice de massa corpor...
Article
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O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito de uma proposta de educação física (EF) voltada à promoção da saúde sobre a frequência de atividade física (AF) semanal fora da escola em alunos da Educação de Jovens e Adultos, considerando o sexo, a idade, a massa corporal, a estatura e as modalidades de AF como fatores associados. Para isso, utilizo...
Article
Background: Leptin and adiponectin interact with each other in the modulation of obesity and insulin resistance (IR) and it is also important to consider the role of cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in these relationships. Aim: To analyse the relationship between IR with adipocytokines in children, and to test the mediation effect of %BF (per...
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Background: Criterion-referenced cut-points for field-based aerobic fitness for children and adolescents are lacking. This study aimed to determine the associations between aerobic fitness and obesity to propose criterion-referenced cut-points for boys and girls (6–17 years). Methods: A total of 61,465 children and adolescents aged 11.2 ± 2.0 years...
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This study aimed to verify the effect of a multicomponent intervention on cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF), and to determine the prevalence of responders on CMRF among children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity. This is a quasi-experimental study, developed with 35 children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity (control group (CG) = 18...
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Introduction: Sleep is considered an important health indicator and plays a key role in brain development and plasticity. Objective: To ascertain whether there is a relationship between sleep quality and mental health indicators and whether organized physical activity (PA) or cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) act as moderators of this association....
Article
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O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar o efeito das aulas de educação física escolar (EFI) nos níveis de aptidão cardiorrespiratória e no índice de massa corporal (IMC) em estudantes na Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA). Trata-se de um estudo de caso, avaliativo somativo realizado em uma escola do RS, elaborado com 8 sujeitos dos 16 aos 52 an...
Article
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We sought (i) to evaluate the associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscular fitness (MF) and Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEADiet) with atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and (ii) to investigate de combined association of MF, CRF and SEADiet on AIP in adolescents. A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted on 493 adolescents...
Presentation
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Resumo: Objetivo: verificar se há associação da satisfação psicológica nas aulas de educação física (SATEFI), com a prática de esporte (PESP), indicadores de saúde, com níveis de atividade física (AF) em adolescentes, considerando ajuste para idade e gênero em uma proposta de modelo teórico multivariado de equações estruturais (MEE). Métodos: Estud...
Article
Introdução: O deslocamento para a escola é influenciado por fatores ambientais que são específicos de cada país. O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a associação entre deslocamento ativo de/para escola (DAE) com medidas percebidas e objetivas dos fatores ambientais do bairro, assim como avaliar a influência do nível socioeconômico (NSE) e...
Article
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This study aimed to verify changes and prevalence of success in health-related physical fitness after an intervention with jump gymnastic at physical education classes for adolescents and adults according to gender. Thirty-nine adolescents and adults (20 women) were selected for convenience, aged between 15-61 years old, at a school in Charqueadas,...
Article
The aim of this research was to investigate individual and club-level variables that explain individual differences in gymnasts´ motor performance (MP). The sample was comprised of 249 female gymnasts (68 elite; 181 non-elite), aged between 9 and 20 years, split into four age categories: 9-10 years (n=98); 11-12 years (n=72); 13-15 years (n=64), an...
Article
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O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os níveis de intensidade das aulas de Educação Física de escolares do ensino fundamental. Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória com abordagem quantitativa e corte transversal. A escola foi selecionada por conveniência. Foram avaliadas 11 aulas, de uma turma do oitavo ano. As variáveis do estudo foram: as ativid...
Article
Background Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and pubertal stages have been related to many health outcomes, including obesity and adipocytokines. Thus, the present study aimed to analyze the moderator role of CRF and pubertal stage in the relationship between adiposity and adipocytokines in girls. Method This cross-sectional study was performed with...
Article
Objective The objective of the study is to examine whether adolescents' road safety perception (RSP) acts as a mediator on the association between the distance from home to the nearest park and the use of the parks for physical activity (PA). Study design This is a cross-sectional study. Methods The evaluation was through a random sample of 1130...
Article
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Introdução: A aptidão física tem sido considerada uma medida de fácil acesso para o rastreamento de escolares com risco à saúde.Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade e as possíveis associações com os indicadores de risco cardiometabólico e musculoesquelético de crianças.Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal composto por 320 c...
Article
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RESUMO: O objetivo deste estudo é identificar os motivos que levam o atleta paralímpico brasileiro a continuar praticando sua modalidade esportiva. O estudo caracteriza-se como descritivo e abordagem qualitativa. A coleta de informações foi realizada através de entrevista semiestruturada. Participaram 20 atletas paralímpicos das modalidades Atletis...
Article
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The research aim to assess the trend of the health-related physical fitness over a period comprising 2008-2014, in two cohorts of a voluntary Brazilian school aged children and adolescents. Data was obtained from the database of Project Sport Brazil. The sample comprised children and adolescents aged between 10-17 years, assessed in two cohorts: 20...
Article
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Aim: To verify the associations between organized physical activity out of school (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with indicators of mental health in children. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, with a sample of 226 students (47% girls) of public school in the south of Brazil aged between 6 to 11 years-old (8.36 ± 1.46). The cardio...
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Aims: To analyze the association between the percentage of body fat and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with cardiovascular risk factors in children, and; to examine whether percentage of body fat acts as a mediator on the association between CRF and cardiovascular risk factor. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 128 children aged 7-11 ye...
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Aim: To compare high active (HA) and low active (LA) adolescent’s physical activity (PA) levels in three different domains: commuting to school, physical education (PE) class and recess time at school. Method: This is a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach and random sample of 176 (105 girls) adolescents aged 14 - 18 years old from...
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Introduction: Metabolic disorders in childhood and adolescence have been increasing considerably. Thus, the importance of performing an early diagnosis is emphasized. Objective: To analyse the occurrence of metabolic risk using a non-invasive marker in schoolchildren. Methods: This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach, with random sa...
Article
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Objective: to identify associations between existence of public spaces and distance from home to a public space, characteristics of the structures available for physical activity (PA) and quality of the structures associated with daily PA among Brazilian adolescents. Method: cross-sectional study. A convenient sample of 176 adolescents (14-18 years...
Article
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Brazilian Paralympic sport is growing rapidly due to its results and to more people with disabilities desiring to join it. The purpose of this study is to describe the importance of financial support for Brazilian Paralympic athletes' careers. It is characterized as a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Information was collected through...
Article
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O esporte paralímpico brasileiro vive um momento de destaque esportivo em virtude de suas recentes conquistas: oitavo lugar nos Jogos Paralímpicos do Rio de Janeiro em 2016 e líder por três edições consecutivas dos Jogos Para-Panamericanos (2007, 2011, 2015). A tecnologia esta cada vez mais presente no esporte paralímpico e busca o aprimoramento da...
Article
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Resumo O estudo aborda procedimentos adotados por 40 treinadores na detecção e seleção de ginastas e caracteriza clubes brasileiros que têm programas de seleção (PS). Em 70% dos casos o treinador é responsável pela tomada de decisão na detecção; 90% usam testes motores (técnico‐específicos, velocidade, força e flexibilidade). O método misto é o mai...
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Resumo Sobre o olhar analítico às teses de doutorado sobre esporte entre 2010 e 2015 no Brasil o objetivo deste artigo é investigar se há indicadores que permitem visualizar a configuração de saberes científicos que ultrapassem as fronteiras disciplinares. É um estudo descritivo. No banco de teses da Capes e da Biblioteca Digital Brasileira (IBICIT...
Article
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O objetivo do estudo é identificar a associação da aptidão cardiorrespiratória (ApC) de adolescentes com a atividade física (AF) e as características pedagógicas da educação física escolar (EFi). Avaliaram‐se 236 escolares do ensino médio (90 meninos) e seus professores de EFi. Foi feito teste de corrida de seis minutos, foram usados pedômetros, qu...
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The purpose of this study is to describe the importance of structural and human resources support for Brazilian Paralympic athletes. It is characterized as descriptive and qualitative approach. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews. Twenty Paralympians, from both Athletics and Swimming modalities, participated of this res...
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The Brazilian paralympic sport is living a moment of sporting highlight because of their recent achievements: eigth place in the Rio de Janeiro Paralympic Games 2016 and leader for three consecutive editions of the Para-PanAmerican Games (2007, 2011, 2015). These results makes Brazil as been viewed how a world paralympic power. The media can contri...
Article
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Objective: To assess the occurrence of an aggregate risk to cardiometabolic and musculoskeletal health of Brazilian adolescents in the period 2008/09 and 2013/14 and to identify whether there are differences in risk between the genders and in these periods. Methods: This was a trend epidemiological study with a quantitative approach, consisting of...
Article
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Introdução: As desordens metabólicas na infância e adolescência vem aumentando consideravelmente. Dessa forma, destaca-se a importância da realização de um diagnóstico precoce. Objetivo: Analisar a ocorrência de risco metabólico utilizando marcador não invasivo em escolares. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo com abordagem quantitativa, com a...
Article
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Objective: verify the effects of a school physical education proposal on cardiometabolic health indicators in students with different occurrences of self-reported stress feeling on youth and adults education. Methods: pre-experimental study realized with 39 students, of which 20 were females in the youth and adult education (YAE). The students part...
Article
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Objective: To describe and to analyze intensity levels, duration and energy expenditure in a non-conventional program of physical education classes focused in sportive practices in schoolchildren. Methods: Case study: physical education program at Instituto Estadual de Educação Vasconcelos Jardim School, RS, Brazil. 206 schoolchildren (112 boys and...
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Introduction: Aerobic fitness is a component of physical fitness related to health and has great importance in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To verify the secular changes in aerobic fitness levels and to identify factors over a decade related to low levels of aerobic fitness in Brazilian children. Methods: This secular chang...
Presentation
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A pratica esportiva das meninas foi menor que dos meninos durante o COL. Todavia, com a grande redução da pratica esportiva dos rapazes este percentual se igualou durante o COR. Podemos perceber que nossos jovens têm praticado esporte cada vez menos. Demonstrando que um dos indicadores de atividade física vem baixando consequentemente.
Poster
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15 minutos de formação corporal foi eficaz para todo grupo de sujeitos, sugerimos que uma intervenção mais longa potencialize a chance de migrar mais alunos para a zona saudável da ApC.
Article
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FreeLink: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/YskaA3wAui3C8gc7SvWi/full ------------------------------------------------------ High muscular fitness (MF) and high adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet (the SEADiet) have been associated with several positive metabolic outcomes. The purpose of the present study was two-fold: (i) to explore...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to determine the association between cardiometabolic risk with body mass index and skinfold independently or in combination in youth. This cross-sectional study comprised a convenience sample of 450 children and adolescents (255 girls), aged 10 to 18 years old. Indicators of body composition were measured, and hemodyna...
Article
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It has been suggested that successful young gymnasts are a highly select group in terms of the physique. This review summarizes the available literature on elite female gymnasts’ anthropometric characteristics, somatotype, body composition and biological maturation. The main aims were to identify: (i) a common physique and (ii) the differences, if...
Article
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Objective: To assess the occurrence of an aggregate risk to cardiometabolic and musculoskeletal health of Brazilian adolescents in the period 2008/09 and 2013/14 and to identify whether there are differences in risk between the genders and in these periods. Methods: This was a trend epidemiological study with a quantitative approach, consisting...
Article
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This study aimed to identify physique characteristics (anthropometry, somatotype, body proportionality) of Brazilian female artistic gymnasts, and to compare them across competitive levels (sub-elite versus non-elite) within competitive age-categories. Two hundred forty-nine female gymnasts (68 sub-elite; 181 non-elite) from 26 Brazilian gymnastics...
Article
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Resumo – Objetivou-se verificar a associação entre as características da estrutura da escola e a atividade física dos escolares na aula de educação física e no recreio. Estudo de associação com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra aleatória é composta por 176 escolares (71 meninos e 105 meninas) de 10 escolas estaduais de ensino médio da cidade de Pas...
Article
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Resumo The aim of this study was to verify the effect of an intervention program during Physical Education (PE) classes on levels of physical fitness related to health in youth. This is a pre-experimental study. The students (40 boys and 48 girls) were conveniently selected from a private school in Southern Brazil. Cardiorespiratory fitness was as...
Article
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Resumo This study aimed to investigate the association between perception of square/park characteristics (infrastructure, conservation, esthetics, safety, distance from residence, and access) and physical activity among High School students of the public network. It is an association study with a quantitative approach and a random sample composed...
Article
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Intervenções realizadas no ambiente escolar, quando planejadas e bem conduzidas, parecem ser efetivas para promover um estilo de vida ativo e saudável em crianças, jovens e adultos. Portanto, o objetivo do presente estudo é verificar o efeito de aulas de ginástica escolar em mini trampolim nos níveis de atividade física de escolares da EJA. Trata-s...
Article
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Objetivos: a) avaliar a intensidade, tempo de deslocamento ativo, distância percorrida e gasto energético (kcal), em diferentes modalidades esportivas, estratificado por sexo; b) conforme quantidade de modalidades esportivas frequentadas durante a semana na escola, identificar a contribuição da educação física escolar quanto ao tempo AFMV realizada...
Article
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2016v18n6p658 The aim of this study was to outline the physical fitness profile related to sport performance of Brazilian children and adolescents, stratified by sex. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study and information was obtained from the Projeto Esporte Brasil (PROESP-Br). The sample consisted of...
Article
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The proximity of the Paralympic Games Rio 2016 opens the discussion about the possibility of building a career in Paralympic sport. This study aims to present the characteristics and challenges present in the sporting career of the Brazilian Paralympic athlete. The study was structured under three main guiding topics: the different moments of Paral...
Article
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Objetivo: Descrever as preferências por atividade física e esportes de escolares do sexto ao oitavo ano. Metodologia: Estudo descritivo com abordagem quantitativa realizado com 52 escolares, sendo 28 meninos, questionados através de um instrumento semiestruturado. Resultados: As modalidades que os estudantes têm preferência em praticar foram lutas...
Article
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The proximity of the Paralympic Games Rio 2016 opens the discussion about the possibility of building a career in Paralympic sport. This study aims to present the characteristics and challenges present in the sporting career of the Brazilian Paralympic athlete. The study was structured under three main guiding topics: the different moments of Paral...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: comparar os níveis de atividade física de escolares, através de dois modelos de aulas de Educação Física no ensino fundamental. Método: o presente estudo se caracteriza como uma pesquisa avaliativa somativa. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram escolhidos de forma conveniente, totalizando 15 casos, sendo 7 do sexo masculino. Os instrumentos util...
Article
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This longitudinal study evaluated the association between the incidence of youth overweight/obesity (Ow/Ob) and low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) over 4 years and youths' and their parents' demographic and nutritional characteristics. The randomized sample comprised 398 youth, aged 7-17 years at baseline, from a city in southern Brazil....
Article
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The present study examined the associations between changes over time in blood pressure (BP) with baseline and with varying levels of physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body mass index (BMI). Longitudinal study, consisting of 221 young people aged between 8-17 years. The PA was assessed by questionnaire. Height was measured...