Adriano Sofo

Adriano Sofo
Università degli Studi della Basilicata | UniBas · Department of European and Mediterranean Cultures: Architecture, Environment, and Cultural Heritage (DICEM)

PhD
Always open to scientific works, discussions and collaborations.

About

230
Publications
78,453
Reads
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4,862
Citations
Introduction
1) Associate Professor in Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Basilicata, Italy. 2) Fulbright Scholar - UC-Davis, USA. 3) OECD Scholar - Waikato Univ., NZ. 4) JSPS Scholar - Kindai Univ., JP. 5) DAAD Scholar - Bremen Univ., DE. 6) Weizmann Institute of Science Scholar - IL. 6) Editor-in-Chief of the Int J Plant Biol (MDPI). 7) Section Editor-in-Chief of Plants (MDPI). 8) Associate Editor of Funct Plant Biol (CSIRO) and Soil Use Manage (Wiley).
Additional affiliations
August 2021 - September 2021
Universität Bremen
Position
  • Visiting professor
August 2021 - September 2021
Universität Bremen
Position
  • Visiting Professor
July 2019 - September 2019
Kindai University
Position
  • Professor
Education
November 1999 - February 2003
Università degli Studi della Basilicata
Field of study
  • Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
October 1992 - December 1997
Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro
Field of study
  • Biological Sciences

Publications

Publications (230)
Article
Full-text available
Ethylene is a gaseous plant growth hormone that regulates various plant developmental processes, ranging from seed germination to senescence. The mechanisms underlying ethylene bi-osynthesis and signaling involve multistep mechanisms representing different control levels to regulate its production and response. Ethylene is an established phytohormo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The EGU Biodiversity Task Force welcomes the ambitious targets outlined in the Nature Restoration Law that was presented by the European Commission on 22 June 2022. The Nature Restoration Law's binding targets to restore degraded terrestrial land and marine ecosystems across the EU is a positive step for biodiversity and will enable the EU to take...
Article
Full-text available
The mulberry tree (Morus alba) is a perennial and fast-growing tree distributed worldwide under different climatic conditions. Most of the world’s silk production (>90%) is facilitated by the feeding of silkworm larvae on the leaves of mulberry (Morus alba L.) varieties. Therefore, exploration of the protocol for improving the propagation efficienc...
Article
Full-text available
It was time to take stock. We modified the humipedon classification key published in 2018 to make it easier and more practical. This morpho-functional taxonomy of the topsoil (humipedon) was only available in English; we also translated it into French and Italian. A standardized morpho-functional classification of humipedons (roughly the top 30–40...
Article
Full-text available
The salinization of agriculture soils over the globe has become one of the most devastating stresses and is significantly limiting cultivated land area, and crop productivity and quality. It is very imperative to explore both salinity tolerance in plants and insights into approaches (and underlying mechanisms) for effectively controlling salinity-i...
Article
Full-text available
An essential approach to reduce drought in plants is to maximize the use of most limited available resources. The increase in water-use efficiency (WUE) is important to maximally utilize the available water to increase photosynthesis and growth of plants under water-deficit stress. Both WUE and photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency (PNUE), as the...
Preprint
Full-text available
It was time to take stock. We modified the humipedons classification key published in 2018, to make it easier and more practical. This morpho-functional taxonomy of the topsoil (humipedon) was only available in English: we also translated it into French and Italian. A standardized morpho-functional classification of humipedon (roughly the top 30-40...
Data
Pages 10 to 14 of the Volume I of the FAO-Unesco Soil Map of the World. Using an electronic tool, it is easy to enlarge the quoted parts and read them. Otherwise, just open the site http://www.fao.org/soils-portal/soil-survey/soil-maps-and-databases/faounesco-soil-map-of-the-world/en/ and download the whole volume.
Data
Quotation from Waksman, S. A. (1936). HUMUS. Origin, chemical composition and importance in nature. The Williams & Wilkins Company. The whole “outlook” of the authors can be found here: https://soilcarboncoalition.org/files/Waksman-Humus.pdf, particularly at pages 397-398.
Data
Quotation from Waksman, S. A. (1936). HUMUS. Origin, chemical composition and importance in nature. The Williams & Wilkins Company. The whole “outlook” of the authors can be found here: https://soilcarboncoalition.org/files/Waksman-Humus.pdf, particularly at pages 397-398.
Article
Full-text available
Soils and crops are particularly vulnerable to climate change and environmental stresses. In many agrosystems, soil biodiversity and ecosystem services provided by soils are under threat from a range of natural and human drivers. Agricultural soils are often subject to agronomic practices that disrupt soil trophic networks and make soils less produ...
Data
Pages 10 to 14 of the Volume I of the FAO-Unesco Soil Map of the World. Using an electronic tool, it is easy to enlarge the quoted parts and read them. Otherwise, just open the site http://www.fao.org/soils-portal/soil-survey/soil-maps-and-databases/faounesco-soil-map-of-the-world/en/ and download the whole volume.
Article
Full-text available
Nitric oxide (NO) and abscisic acid (ABA) play a significant role to combat abiotic stress. Application of 100 μM sodium nitroprusside (SNP, NO donor) or ABA alleviated heat stress effects on photosynthesis and growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants exposed to 40 °C for 6 h every day for 15 days. We have shown that ABA and NO synergistically...
Article
In C 3 plants, carbon isotope composition (δ 13 C) is influenced by isotopic effects during diffusion from the atmosphere to the chloroplasts and carboxylation reactions. This work aimed to demonstrate if δ 13 C of leaf soluble carbohydrates (δ 13 C leaves) and of dry matter from new-growth shoots (δ 13 C shoots) of Prunus plants subjected to a per...
Article
Full-text available
With great pleasure, I welcome you to this new version of the International Journal of Plant Biology (IJPB), an international, peer-reviewed, open access journal about all different subdisciplines of plant biology published quarterly online by MDPI [...]
Article
Full-text available
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) of varied types can be yielded in plants at several primary sites (such as the chloroplast, mitochondria, and peroxisomes) under normal aerobic metabolism via processes including photosynthetic and respiratory electron transport chains. However, impaired oxidant-antioxidant balance and extreme growth conditions in plan...
Article
Contamination of soil by heavy metals severely affects plant growth and causes soil pollution. While effects on plant growth have been investigated for metals taken individually or in groups, less is known about their comparative effects. In this study Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings were grown for 14 days in Petri dishes containing medium contamina...
Article
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the exogenous application of salicylic acid (SA) on morpho-physiological and molecular characteristics of Impatiens walleriana plants grown under water deficit stress. Three levels of soil water contents (95, 85, and 75% of field capacity; FC) and three levels of SA (0, 1, and 2 mM) were applied on two...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Mediterranean orchards, soil organic matter (SOM) plays a crucial role and its level is principally determined by the continuous physical and chemical action of soil fauna. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare C/N dynamics and other soil physicochemical parameters, soil macrofauna abundance, bioturbation and litter/SOM decomposi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Soils and crops are nowadays particularly vulnerable to climate change and environmental stresses. In many agrosystems, soil biodiversity and the ecosystem services soil provides are under threat from a range of natural and manmade drivers. Agricultural soils are often subjected to agronomic practices that disrupt soil trophic networks to a large e...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomes are important in plant physiological functions and stress responses. Through the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS), and antioxidant defense enzymes, peroxisomes control cellular redox homeostasis. Peroxin (PEX) proteins, such as PEX7 and PEX5, recognize peroxisome targeting signals (PTS1/PTS2) important fo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Living soil cover (living mulch, green manure), no-till; organic matter additions (treated urban wastewater), chemical and mineral fertilization (fertigation), soil water management (drip irrigation).
Article
Full-text available
Photosynthesis is a pivotal process that determines the synthesis of carbohydrates required for sustaining growth under normal or stress situation. Stress exposure reduces the photo-synthetic potential owing to the excess synthesis of reactive oxygen species that disturb the proper functioning of photosynthetic apparatus. This decreased photosynthe...
Article
Full-text available
Coumarin is a phytotoxic natural compound able to affect plant growth and development. Previous studies have demonstrated that this molecule at low concentrations (100 µM) can reduce primary root growth and stimulate lateral root formation, suggesting an auxin-like activity. In the present study, we evaluated coumarin’s effects (used at lateral roo...
Preprint
Full-text available
An essential approach to reduce drought in plants is to maximize the use of most limited resources. The increase in water-use efficiency (WUE) is important to maximally utilize the available water to increase photosynthesis and growth of plants under water-deficit stress. Both WUE and photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency (PNUE), as the indices of...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, the potential of ethylene as ethephon (an ethylene source) was investigated individually and in combination with split doses of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) soil treatments for removal of the damaging effects of salt stress (100 mM NaCl) in mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Plants were grown with 50 mg N plus 50 mg S kg−1 soil at s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Photosynthesis is a pivotal process that determines the synthesis of carbohydrates required for sustaining growth under normal or stress situation. Stress exposure reduces the photosynthetic potential owing to the excess synthesis of reactive oxygen species that disturb the proper functioning of photosynthetic apparatus. This decreased photosynthes...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present study, the potential of ethylene as ethephon (an ethylene source) was investigated individually or with a combination of the split dosage of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) soil treatments for the removal of damaging effects of salt stress (100 mM NaCl) in mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Plants were grown with 50 mg N plus 50 mg S kg −1 so...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
WEBINAR: https://unipd.zoom.us/j/5745799331 TITLE: SOIL BIODIVERSITY AND MANAGEMENT - Practical tools and actions for facing the future JUNE 24th 14h30-16h30 1. Topsoil classification QUESTION: Is there a wise way to use the soil? 15h30 - 16h30 GENERAL DISCUSSION JUNE 25th 14h00-15h00 2. 2.1. Soil and biodiversity QUESTION: Is soil biodiversity...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of four soil-applied sulfur (100 mg S kg􀀀1 soil (100S) and 200 mg S kg􀀀1 soil (200S)) in different sources (elemental S, ammonium sulfate, gypsum or magnesium sulfate) in protecting mustard (Brassica juncea L. (Czern & Coss.)) from cadmium effects was studied. Based on the observed reduction in growth and photosynthesis in plants subject...
Article
Full-text available
Italy, the second-largest kiwifruit producing country in the world, has lost 10 percent of its production in recent years to Kiwifruit Vine Decline Syndrome (KVDS). Now a comprehensive examination of environmental factors, soil quality; fertility issues and kiwifruit crop management techniques could help the industry to better understand the phenom...
Preprint
Full-text available
The effect of four soil-applied sulfur [S; 100 mg S kg-1 soil (100S) and 200 mg S kg-1 soil (200S)] in different sources (elemental S, ammonium sulfate, gypsum or magnesium sulfate) in protecting mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern & Coss.) from cadmium effects was studied. Based on the observed reduction in growth and photosynthesis in plants subjec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Olive is a widespread crop within Mediterranean area and Italy is one of the biggest producer of olives and oil in the world. From an environmental point of view, centered on carbon (C) sequestration, managing olive orchards sustainably is an urgent and actual issue. This trial was done in a 2-ha olive orchard (Olea europaea L., cv. ‘Maiatica’; 70-...
Article
Full-text available
Salvia ceratophylloides (Ard.) is an endemic and rare plant species recently rediscovered as very few individuals at two different Southern Italy sites. The study of within-plant variation is fundamental to understand the plant adaptation to the local conditions, especially in rare species, and consequently to preserve plant biodiversity. Here, we...
Article
Full-text available
Salvia ceratophylloides (Ard.) is an endemic and rare plant species recently rediscovered as very few individuals at two different Southern Italy sites. The study of within-plant variation is fundamental to understand the plant adaptation to the local conditions, especially in rare species, and consequently to preserve plant biodiversity. Here, we...
Article
Full-text available
Aims The conventional management adopted in many Mediterranean olive orchards makes them more vulnerable to climate change and attacks by pathogens, due to the decreased chemical plant defenses. In this scenario, a metabolomic analysis was carried out on the xylem sap (Xsap) of olive plants (Olea europaea L.) grown in the Salento peninsula (Italy)....
Article
Full-text available
Salvia ceratophylloides (Ard.) is an endemic, rare, threatened plant species recently rediscovered in very few individuals in two different sites of South Italy. The study of within-plant variation more than among-plant one is fundamental to understand the plant adaptation to the local conditions, especially in rare species, and consequently to pre...
Article
The rise in Covid-19 infections and the consequent social isolation have led to a widespread surge in interest in home baking, particularly of sourdough breads. In Italy, one of the countries hardest hit by Covid-19, and in many other countries, social gatherings beyond household members are discouraged. People are advised to limit their shopping e...
Data
Quotation from Waksman, S. A. (1936). HUMUS. Origin, chemical composition and importance in nature. The Williams & Wilkins Company. The whole “outlook” of the authors can be found here: https://soilcarboncoalition.org/files/Waksman-Humus.pdf, particularly at pages 397-398.
Data
Pages 10 to 14 of the Volume I of the FAO-Unesco Soil Map of the World. Using an electronic tool, it is easy to enlarge the quoted parts and read them. Otherwise, just open the site http://www.fao.org/soils-portal/soil-survey/soil-maps-and-databases/faounesco-soil-map-of-the-world/en/ and download the whole volume.
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the interactive effect of ethephon (2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid; an ethylene source) and sulfur (S) in regulating the antioxidant system and ABA content and in maintaining stomatal responses, chloroplast structure, and photosynthetic performance of mustard plants (Brassica juncea L. Czern.) grown under 100 mM NaCl stress. The...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the interactive effect of ethephon (2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid; an ethylene source) and sulfur (S) in regulating the antioxidant system and ABA content and in maintaining stomatal responses, chloroplast structure, and photosynthetic performance of mustard plants (Brassica juncea L. Czern.) grown under 100 mM NaCl stress. The...
Book
Full-text available
There is increasing attention to the importance of biodiversity for food security and nutrition, especially above-ground biodiversity such as plants and animals. However, less attention is being paid to the biodiversity beneath our feet, soil biodiversity, which drives many processes that produce food or purify soil and water. This report is the re...
Article
Full-text available
Plants are affected by soil environments to the same extent that they affect soil functioning through interactions between environmental and genetic factors. Here, five plant species (broad bean, pea, cabbage, fennel, and olive) grown under controlled pot conditions were tested for their ability to differently stimulate the degradation of standard...
Article
Salinity is one of the most important growth-limiting factors for most crops in arid and semi-arid regions; however, the use of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria isolated from saline soils could reduce the effects of saline stress in crops. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs), isolated from...
Article
Full-text available
At the end of October 2018, a storm of unprecedented strength severely damaged the forests of the eastern sector of the Italian Alps. The affected forest area covers 42,500 ha. The president of one of the damaged regions asked for help from the University of Padua. After eight months of discussion, the authors of this article wrote a consensus text...
Article
Full-text available
At the end of October 2018, a storm of unprecedented strength severely damaged the forests of the eastern sector of the Italian Alps. The affected forest area covers 42,500 ha. The president of one of the damaged regions asked for help from the University of Padua. After eight months of discussion, the authors of this article wrote a consensus text...
Book
Full-text available
Kew’s State of the World’s Plants and Fungi project provides assessments of our current knowledge of the diversity of plants and fungi on Earth, the global threats that they face, and the policies to safeguard them. Produced in conjunction with an international scientific symposium, Kew’s State of the World’s Plants and Fungi sets an important inte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plants are affected by soil environments to the same extent they affect soil functioning through interactions between environmental and genetic factors. Here, five plant species (broad bean, pea, cabbage, fennel, and olive) grown under controlled pot conditions were tested for their ability to differently stimulate the degradation of standard litte...
Article
This study was focused on biologically active compounds extracted from pulp and rind of watermelon fruits (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai, 1916) cultivars with different origins (Italy, Costa Rica, Brazil, Ecuador and Santana-Romania). Total polyphenols and flavonoids, lycopene and L-citrulline, were extracted from the pulp and their co...
Article
Full-text available
Oryza sativa L. is a worldwide food-crop frequently growing in cadmium (Cd)/arsenic (As) polluted soils, with its root-system as the first target of the pollutants. Root-system development involves the establishment of optimal indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) levels, also requiring the conversion of the IAA natural precursor indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) i...
Article
Full-text available
1. Trees are a foundation for biodiversity in urban ecosystems and therefore must be able to withstand global change and biological challenges over decades and even centuries to prevent urban ecosystems from deteriorating. Tree quality and diversity should be prioritised over simply numbers to optimise resilience to these challenges. Successful est...
Article
People are facing uncertain and difficult times in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic. The benefits of plants (psychological, health, economic, productive) in this period of forced isolation can be of key importance. If many of us have to self-isolate in urban or suburban environments, we need something to do to keep our bodies and minds active and...
Article
Soils and crops in Mediterranean agro-systems are particularly vulnerable to climate change and environmental stresses, and they will be more and more in the next future. In this scenario, soil organic matter (SOM) plays a crucial role and its level is principally determined by the continuous physical and chemical action of soil fauna. While the im...
Article
Full-text available
People are facing uncertain and difficult times in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic. The benefits of plants (psychological, health, economic, productive) in this period of forced isolation can be of key importance. If many of us have to self-isolate in urban or suburban environments, we need something to do to keep our bodies and minds active and...
Article
Soils and crops in orchard agrosystems are particularly vulnerable to climate change and environmental stresses. In many orchard soils, soil biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides are under threat from a range of natural and manmade drivers. In this scenario, sustainable soil use aimed at increasing soil organic matter (SOM) and SOM-re...
Article
Global climate change is affecting important natural resources including water. Increasing temperature will change rate of evaporation and transpiration, leading to variations in water availability, ground water recharge, and water consumption by plants. Thus, competition for water will be a major future challenge for agriculture. Increasing water...
Article
This study was aimed to evaluate the efficiency of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) isolated from the rhizosphere of halophile plants on the growth, Na + /K + balance, ethylene emission, and gene expression of wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under saline conditions (100 mM NaCl) for 14 days. A total of 118 isolates obtained...