Adriana F. Sestras

Adriana F. Sestras
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine | USAMV Cluj · Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Forestry

Prof. dr.

About

98
Publications
27,763
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624
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Introduction
Department of Forestry, Faculty of Horticulture (UASVM Cluj-Napoca, Romania). Didactic activity: biostatistics, experimental technique, ecology. Research interest: ecology and plant breeding, biodiversity and genetic resources in horticulture and forestry. Member in scientific societies (ISHS, Eucarpia, SHST etc.) and in editorial boards of scientific journals. Achievements: new fruit trees cultivars released - nine new cultivars of apple and pear [https://www.adriana.sestras.ro/].

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
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Erigeron bonariensis and E. sumatrensis are two noxious weeds present in many parts of the world. Their tolerance to salinity and water deficit was analysed at the seed germination stage and during vegetative development. Seed germination was tested in solutions with different concentrations of NaCl and polyethylene glycol (PEG). Growth parameters,...
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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are beneficial for plant development and help absorb water and minerals from the soil. The symbiosis between these fungi and plant roots is extremely important and could limit crop dependence on fertilizers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of AMF on tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.), based on...
Article
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Nature was and remains an eternal companion of man, but at the same time, it is also a constant enigma. Man’s connection with nature is ancestral, and the need for this connection is constantly proven. Landscape design is the field where art (human creation) and nature meet, creating a field of endless possibilities in the development of outdoor sp...
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Increased interest in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) production requires breeding to create new cultivars with highly marketable values (e.g., regarding quality, nutrition, and health) and valuable sensorial parameters. The purpose of this research was to compare four tomato commercial hybrids—two newly created and two used as controls in the bre...
Article
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The influence of the geographical origin of eight Romanian provenances of Robinia pseudoacacia on the characteristics of seeds, germination, and growth of seedlings in young stages of life was analyzed. Four experiments were undertaken to test seed germination (thermal treatment at distinct temperatures, mechanical scarification, acetone 90%, and b...
Article
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Crabapples (Malus spp.) are frequently used as ornamental trees. However, selections differ in decorative impact through blossoming and fruiting traits, growth habit, disease tolerance, ecological adaptability and fruit litter, so that there can be other valuable benefits. The aim of the present investigation was to determine morphometric character...
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Natural herbicides based on essential oils (EOs) extracted from aromatic plants are gaining relevance in contemporary agriculture. Due to their allelopathic properties, they have an inhibitory effect on the germination and growth of different species, having, in general, the advantage of high specificity. For this reason, the analysis of the effect...
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Marigolds (Tagetes spp.) are multifunctional flowering plants belonging to the Asteraceae family, well-known and widespread for their ornamental value and many other uses. In this study, morphological differences and genetic relationships among 21 cultivars of three species of marigold (Tagetes patula, T. erecta and T. tenuifolia) were analysed. Re...
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The large number of cultivars belonging to the cultivated apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) reflects an extremely wide range of variability, including for fruit quality traits. To evaluate some characteristics of fruit quality, 22 apple genotypes were selected from a collection of germplasms containing more than 600 accessions, based on different co...
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Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) is recognised as a forest species of interest due to its multiple uses. The management of forest genetic resources and their efficient conservation suffer from variations in traits and start with seed germination. The aim of the current study was to investigate the germination of seeds obtained from plus trees se...
Article
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Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is the globally most consumed vegetable. The objective of this research was to analyze physico-chemical, nutritional and sensorial components (taste and flavor) in two new commercial hybrids (AS 300 F1 and AS 400 F1) and their four F7 parental lines. Two widely grown F1 hybrids (Precos F1 and Addalyn F1) were used as c...
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The production and consumption of nuts are increasing in the world due to strong economic returns and the nutritional value of their products. With the increasing role and importance given to nuts (i.e., walnuts, hazelnut, pistachio, pecan, almond) in a balanced and healthy diet and their benefits to human health, breeding of the nuts species has a...
Preprint
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The production and consumption of nuts are increasing in the world due to strong economic returns and the nutritional value of their products. With the increasing role and importance given to nuts (i.e., walnuts, hazelnut, pistachio, pecan, almond) in a balanced and healthy diet and in the prevention of various diseases, breeding of the nuts specie...
Article
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Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) was among the first North-American tree species imported in Europe. In Romania, black locust has established itself as a forest tree appreciated for multiple uses. The objective of the hereby study was to identify a quality planting material at black locust using seeds from trees with superior traits from five...
Article
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Climatic accidents increase in frequency due to climatic changes. Hailstorms are typically localized events and are known few studies about their effect on grapevine. The objective of this study was to examine the vine vegetative balance responses to natural hail, registered when shoots were 10-15 cm height. Four grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.)...
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Assessment of the diversity of reproductive traits and genetic variation is of great relevance to the conservation of genetic resources and management of silver fir (Abies alba) populations. We have evaluated reproductive characteristics associated with female cones and seed morphology, as well as seed germination after subjecting seeds to five sto...
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The Transylvanian region of Romania is a place of rich history since ancient times, where the original natural environment around architectural heritage sites or buildings has not been severely altered by urban development. Unfortunately, many such places are left by the authorities to degrade or totally collapse for lack of funds, vision or initia...
Article
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Forest ecosystems are frequently exposed to abiotic stress, which adversely affects their growth, resistance and survival. For silver fir (Abies alba), the physiological and biochemical responses to water and salt stress have not been extensively studied. Responses of one-year-old seedlings to a 30-day water stress (withholding irrigation) or salt...
Article
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An analysis of the pedigrees of apple cultivars developed in Romania in the last twenty years shows that the most are descended from “Golden Delicious“, “McIntosh“, “Jonathan“, “Cox's Orange Pippin“ and “Red Delicious“, called 'ancestors'. That means they have at least one of these apples in their family tree, as a parent, grandparent or great-gran...
Article
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Drought periods are becoming more frequent and intense, due to the effects of climate change, threatening natural habitats worldwide, including European forests. Forest trees can also be affected by high soil salinity, because of the common practice of de-icing of mountain roads with NaCl in winter. We have evaluated the responses to salt and water...
Article
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European larch (Larix decidua Mill.) has been reported either as more tolerant or as more sensitive to drought than conifers with perennial leaves. Previous studies have revealed that Carpathian populations of European larch display a high genetic variability. A comparative study of the responses of these populations to drought stress at the seedli...
Article
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In the study period 2015-2018, 15 progenies (F1) from 5 hybrid families were evaluated to identify the variability and heritability of some quantitative and qualitative characters. Some mathematical indices were calculated as: average per variance, standard deviation, coefficients of variability and heritability for 9 agrobiological traits, such as...
Article
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One of the most important methods to create variability in apple breeding, in order to obtain new valuable cultivars, remains intraspecific hybridizations and, the success of creating new apple cultivars depends on the availability of sufficient genetic diversity. The response to apple scab and powdery mildew attack of 469 F1 hybrids (in 2nd-3th ye...
Article
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Larix decidua, the European larch, does not grow in natural saline areas, but it can be affected by salinity either by the common practice of winter de-icing of mountain roads with NaCl, or when grown as an ornamental tree in urban areas by the use of low quality, salinised irrigation water. In the present study, the responses to salt stress of you...
Article
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Larix decidua, the European larch, is not normally affected by drought or salinity in its natural habitats, but it may be when grown as an ornamental tree, by the widespread practice of winter de-icing of mountain roads with NaCl, and because of global warming-induced environmental changes. The responses of two-month-old larch seedlings to 30 days...
Article
European larch (Larix decidua) is naturally distributed at high elevations in Central Europe. Romanian populations of L. decidua are scattered in different areas of the country. In this study, we used 12 highly informative genomic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for genotyping seven populations from different areas of Romania. The SSR markers...
Article
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In recent years, quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) has attached the interest as a multi-purpose crop. A 3-year field experiment was conducted to determine the effects of tillage systems and fertilization on nitrogen uptake and use efficiency of quinoa crop. The experiment was laid out in a split-plot design with two replicates, two main plots [con...
Article
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The diallel mating design is widely used in plant breeding to estimate combining ability of genitors and useful genetic parameters. In this work, a complete diallel mating design with four apple cultivars used as genitors was set, in order to elaborate a pattern for a quantitative trait, respectively the height of apple hybrids, measured at three m...
Article
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Spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst) is an important forest tree species in Romania, occupying approximately 24% of the total forest area. Due to its variable temperament, the spruce is generally considered a semi-shadow species. Through the research carried out in Valea Ierii (N-W of Romania), the response of spruce was evaluated according to different...
Article
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Key message Norway spruce seedlings apparently showing a relatively higher tolerance to drought can be easily selected using a battery of biomarkers such as water content, chlorophyll, and proline levels in the needles, and could be eventually used as an initial screening method in reforestation programmes. Abstract Norway spruce is a native Europ...
Article
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The control of apple scab and powdery mildew is a challenge for organic fruit growing. Bicarbonate salts are already consecrate in reducing the attack of scab and powdery mildew in organic apple culture. In the current study the influence of some products accepted in organic apple production to control scab and powdery mildew (potasium bicarbonate,...
Article
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The influence of rootstock on the growth and fruiting of three sweet cherry cultivars (‘Bigarreau Burlat’, ‘Kordia’, ‘Regina’) was studied under the pedoclimatic conditions of Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in 2014-2016. The trees were grafted on Gisela 5 rootstock, trained as Zahn Spindle and the orchard had a density of 1666 trees/ha. Root were cut twice,...
Article
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RAPD molecular markers and phenotypic growth traits were joined using different genotypes of Larix decidua (Mill.) to analyze genetic variation. Individual samples of vegetative clones were analyzed from Baciu orchard (obtained through a breeding program from regional stands from Romania) and pooled samples from places of origin (regional stands)....
Article
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Drought tolerance was evaluated in twelve cultivars of three ornamental Tagetes species (T. patula, T. tenuifolia and T. erecta). A stress treatment was performed by completely stopping watering of plants maintained in controlled greenhouse conditions. After three weeks, several plant growth parameters (length of the stems, fresh weight and water c...
Article
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The potential of testing new apple cultivars and the possibility to induce valuable traits is directly dependent on the availability of sufficient genetic diversity, while apple breeding has narrowed the genetic ground of commercial cultivars. Wild species were studied in regard to their influence upon progenies and their capacity to enlarge apple...
Article
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We have determined the relative tolerance to osmotic/ionic stress of three Portulaca species (P. halimoides, P. grandiflora and P. oleracea) at the seed germination and early seedling development stage. The three species are relatively resistant to stress, although at high concentrations NaCl strongly inhibited germination, whereas at the same osmo...
Article
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The Norway spruce (Picea abies), the most important tree species in European forests, is relatively sensitive to salt and does not grow in natural saline environments. Yet many trees are actually exposed to salt stress due to the common practice of de-icing of mountain roads in winter, using large amounts of NaCl. To help develop strategies for an...
Article
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A total of 188 German and 28 Romanian pear accessions were evaluated using flow cytometry and molecular markers to detect homonymous and synonymous genotypes, triploids, which are not useful for breeding, and genotypes having favorable traits for breeding. Genotyping was done using a set of 11 simple sequence repeat markers proposed by the European...
Article
Drought and salinity are the most adverse environmental factors affecting crop productivity worldwide. The increasing scarcity of fresh, high-quality irrigation water is forcing the use of alternative water sources-such as sewage, waste water or brackish water in agriculture, in general, and also in floriculture. Seed germination is the first and t...
Article
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In forest nurseries, seedlings are obtained through vegetative methods, in order to faithfully transmit traits from the parent plants to the offspring. Grafting was used as vegetative propagation method for obtaining ornamental trees, decorating through beautiful colored specimens as well as by their boosting flowering and fructification, traits th...
Article
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The objective of this study was to analyse fruit quality through consumers’ perceptions and their preferences revealed by two panel questionnaires. Among the most common apple cultivars on the Romanian markets, were chosen the ones existing simultaneously and continuously (over two-years, during January-March): ‘Golden Delicious’, ‘Braeburn’, ‘Gran...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to analyse fruit quality through consumers’ perceptions and their preferences revealed by two panel questionnaires. Among the most common apple cultivars on the Romanian markets, were chosen the ones existing simultaneously and continuously (over two-years, during January-March): ‘Golden Delicious’, ‘Braeburn’, ‘Gran...
Article
Full-text available
Drought is the most important single environmental stress factor that reduces crop yields worldwide. In the context of global climate change, selection and/or development of drought-resistant varieties of cultivated plants is becoming an urgent need for agriculture in arid and semiarid regions. In this work we have analysed physiological (growth in...
Article
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Due to global warming and anthropogenic activities, drought and salinity are becoming two of the major abiotic stresses affecting coniferous forests in Romania. Seedlings from several Romanian populations of Picea abies were subjected to drought and salt stress treatments and the responses of each of them were analysed in terms of changes in dry ma...
Article
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This article endeavours to assess public perceptions about the importance of forests for young people in the age group of 21-35 years in Malaysia based on 1,503 reliably answered interviews. Overall patterns show that timber production and environment protection are very important attributes among this age group. The interviews indicated high aware...
Article
The Balkans area, called South-Eastern Europe is the area where, due to geographical position, many horticultural crops can be grown. This review intends to know more about the objectives and results of pome fruit breeding in this area. In the last 20 years, many of the Balkan countries faced financial difficulties, and the number of developed bree...
Article
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In order to assess the genetic diversity, thirty-four genotypes of Calendula officinalis (L.) were evaluated by means of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique. The number of amplification products generated by each primer varied from 9 (OPAB-18) to 14 (OPAL-20) with an average of 11.2 bands per primer. The pairwise Nei and Li’s coeffici...
Article
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The main objective of the present study was to estimate the heterosis in F 1 and F 2 Calendula hybrids for their response to Aphis fabae attack, as a result of crosses between genetically different parents. The aphids attack was examined as Attack Degree (AD%) on five pot marigold cultivars belonging to the C. officinalis L. and three different spe...
Article
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In order to assess the variation of several traits of Calendula seeds, fourteen hybrid families (intra-and interspecific; F 3 generation) were studied. The seeds length, width and seeds thickness were the main quantitative seeds characteristics assessed, on top of the plant emergence as well. The F 3 hybrid C. arvensis '121GE' × C. arvensis '121GE'...