Adrián Pablos

Adrián Pablos
Universidad de Sevilla | US · Departamento de Prehistoria Y Arqueología

Ph.D.

About

50
Publications
15,771
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
933
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Centro Mixto UCM-ISCIII de Evolución y Comportamiento Humanos

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
Estimating the sex of human individuals using linear variables from long bones, like foot bones, can be a good choice when no cranium or pelvic bones are available or they are compromisingly damaged. In this study, we used 17 linear variables measured on the third metatarsal in a contemporary human population to calculate discriminant equations. La...
Article
Bones and teeth are important sources of Pleistocene hominin DNA, but are rarely recovered at archaeological sites. Mitochondrial DNA has been retrieved from cave sediments, but provides limited value for studying population relationships. We therefore developed methods for the enrichment and analysis of nuclear DNA from sediments, and applied them...
Article
The interior of the Iberian Peninsula has orographic conditions that make this territory especially vulnerable to Quaternary climate oscillations and which actually could have made it decisive for Paleolithic human populations at critical points. For this reason, the information provided by paleon-tological sites is important for reconstructing cli...
Article
Pleistocene human remains are rare inland on the Iberian Peninsula. Most are considered Neandertals, but anthropological analyses and direct dating are rare. Recently, we published a study of a navicular from this region found in the Torrejones Cave. The results showed it differed from that of Neandertals and it was re-identified as Homo sapiens. F...
Article
Full-text available
Excavations of Amud Cave in 1991-1994 yielded 14 hominin skeletal specimens (Amud 5-19) in addition to those recovered in the 1960s. Amud 9 is a partial right distal leg and foot that preserves portions of the distal tibia, talus, first metatarsal, first proximal phalanx, and a middle and distal phalanx of digit II-IV. The bones are fairly small an...
Article
The destroyed site(s) of Koskobilo (Olazti, Navarre, Northern Iberian Peninsula) have yielded unique archaeopaleontological evidence in the Western Pyrenees region. The quarry uncovered a karstic site with faunal remains in 1940, and fossils were recovered both in situ and from the quarry dump. Ten years later, while the quarry was still working, a...
Article
The environmental conditions that existed during the period between 45 and 30 ka are of vital importance for addressing the transition between the Middle and Upper Paleolithic. It seems to be a hiatus of Paleolithic populations, a “no (hu)man’s land” in Central Iberia, coinciding with the mid part of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3, between 42 and 28...
Article
Full-text available
Foot bones have been shown to be sexually dimorphic and they are frequently used for sex estimation. In this study, we estimated the sex based on the calcaneus and the talus of a modern North American population obtained from the Hamann-Todd Osteological Collection, housed at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History (Ohio, USA). A total of 164 calca...
Article
Regourdou is a well-known Middle Paleolithic site which has yielded the fossil remains of a minimum of two Neandertal individuals. The first individual (Regourdou 1) is represented by a partial skeleton while the second one is represented by a calcaneus. The foot remains of Regourdou 1 have been used in a number of comparative studies, but to date...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence of human activity and hominin remains are very scarce inland on the Iberian Peninsula. This fact raises the issue of the scarcity of evidence that Paleolithic Homo sapiens occupied this area outside of the littoral margins (Atlantic, Cantabrian, and Mediterranean coasts). Here, we comparatively describe a human right adult navicular bone r...
Article
Objectives The Galería de las Estatuas site (GE), a new Mousterian site at the Sierra de Atapuerca site complex (Spain), has revealed a Late Pleistocene detrital sequence with at least five lithostratigraphic units. These units have yielded evidence of Mousterian occupations with sporadic carnivore activity, and have provided datings of 80–112 ka B...
Conference Paper
Recently, Galería de las Estatuas site (GE), a new Mousterian site inside the karstic system of Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo in the archaeopalentological complex of sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain) has been presented [1]. In this site, two test pits (GE-I and GE-II) have revealed a Late Pleistocene detrital sequence with at least five lithostratig...
Conference Paper
The Sima de los Huesos (SH) site represents one of the most intriguing human fossil accumulations for the abundance of hominin remains recovered to date ( 7000 fossils), their chronology ( 430 ka) and their extraordinary location deep inside a karstic environment. Since systematic excavations began in 1984, numerous hypotheses to explain how the sk...
Article
Full-text available
Body size is a central determinant of a species’ biology and adaptive strategy, but the number of reliable estimates of hominin body mass and stature have been insufficient to determine long-term patterns and subtle interactions in these size components within our lineage. Here, we analyse 254 body mass and 204 stature estimates from a total of 311...
Article
Although the earliest known fossil of the genus Homo is slightly older than the beginning of the Quaternary, this period of history of the Earth is the one in which the evolution of our genus took place. During that time, no less than nine species of Homo originated and the geographic distribution of our genus expanded until it occupied almost the...
Article
Full-text available
Here we present a new site in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain): Galería de las Estatuas (GE), which provides new information about Mousterian occupations in the Iberian Plateau. The GE was an ancient entrance to the cave system, which is currently closed and sealed by a stalagmitic crust, below which a detritic sedimentary sequence of more t...
Conference Paper
The hominin fossils recovered at the Sima de losHuesos (SH)Middle Pleistocene site (Atapuerca, Burgos) represent an European populationthat evolved into the Neandertals [1]. Recent geological, taphonomic and forensic studies allow us to rule out geological transport [2], carnivore activity [3]) or accidental falls [4,5] as explaining the presence o...
Conference Paper
Cave sites with Mousterian occupations in the Iberian Peninsula are mainly limited to the Northern, Eastern and Southern mountain ranges. Thus, the information available for the interior part of the Iberian Peninsula is very limited. Since 2008, we are working on a new cave site in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain): Galería de las Estatuas (G...
Conference Paper
A differential diagnosis between fresh bone fractures (antemortem and perimortem) and dry bone fractures (postmortem) allows for an interpretative approach to the cause of death (in forensic sciences), to the behavior of the populations studied (in anthropology) and to the taphonomic processes involved in the site formation (in archaeological conte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Body size is one of the most important determinants of the biology of a species, as it correlates with life history, energetic expenditure, diet, thermoregulation, and home range size, among other factors. Although the evolution of body size within the genus Homo is an important issue, the most influential large-scale studies have been performed ov...
Conference Paper
The preservation of Homo fossil foot remains prior to modern humans and Neandertals is very scarce throughout the fossil record. Several cuboid bones have been recovered belonging to genus Homo previous to Neandertals and modern humans (e.g. Jinniushan, OH8, Omo-Kibish 1, LB1 and those from Homo naledi). However, it is unknown exactly when the mode...
Article
The Sima de los Huesos (SH) site has provided the largest collection of hominin crania in the fossil record, offering an unprecedented opportunity to perform a complete Forensic-Taphonomic study on a population from the Middle Pleistocene. The fractures found in seventeen crania from SH display a postmortem fracturation pattern, which occurred in t...
Article
The preservation of Homo fossil foot remains prior to modern humans and Neandertals is very scarce throughout the fossil record. Understanding foot morphology in human evolution is essential to know taxonomic processes and to acquiring information about corporal size. Here, we present a comprehensive study of the large foot remains sample recovered...
Article
In this study, a new Early Pleistocene proximal hand phalanx (ATE9-2) from the Sima del Elefante cave site (TE – Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain), ascribed to Homo sp., is presented and comparatively described in the context of the evolution of the genus Homo. The ATE9-2 specimen is especially important because of the paucity of hand bones in the human...
Article
Full-text available
Current knowledge of the evolution of the postcranial skeleton in the genus Homo is hampered by a geographically and chronologically scattered fossil record. Here we present a complete characterization of the postcranium of the middle Pleistocene paleodeme from the Sima de los Huesos (SH) and its paleobiological implications. The SH hominins show t...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence of interpersonal violence has been documented previously in Pleistocene mem- bers of the genus Homo, but only very rarely has this been posited as the possible manner of death. Here we report the earliest evidence of lethal interpersonal violence in the hominin fossil record. Cranium 17 recovered from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistoc...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present a new interdisciplinary project focused on the investigation of the Late Pleisto-cene deposits still preserved in the Room A of Los Casares cave (Riba de Saelices, Guadalajara, Spain). We first make a historical reconstruction of the research carried out in the cave, then we present our objectives, working hypotheses and me...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site more than 6500 human fossils have been recovered to date. They represent a minimum of 28 individuals and have been considered ancestors of Neandertals. All skeletal elements are represented in the Sima de los Huesos sample, and more than 500 specimens belong to the foot. Here we present the analysis...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, the foot in the Homo fossil record throughout the world is reviewed. The main problem with the study of foot remains is the paucity of fossils from this anatomical area, in particular from the earlier members of the genus Homo. In spite of this, a comprehensive review of the morphology of the entire fossil record for the foot has b...
Article
Full-text available
Seventeen Middle Pleistocene crania from the Sima de los Huesos site (Atapuerca, Spain) are analyzed, including seven new specimens. This sample makes it possible to thoroughly characterize a Middle Pleistocene hominin paleodeme and to address hypotheses about the origin and evolution of the Neandertals. Using a variety of techniques, the hominin-b...
Conference Paper
In the Homo fossil record is not frequent the existence of foot remains prior to Neandertals and modern humans. Some navicular bones have been previously described (e.g. Jinniushan, OH8 and LB1). However, it is unknown when the modern morphology of the navicular has arisen. Trinkaus [1] established a modern morphology of the Neandertal foot indisti...
Conference Paper
The morphology of the human foot is closely related with locomotion and weight transmission. The preservation of Homo fossil foot remains previous to modern humans and Neandertals is very scarce throughout the fossil record. Previous studies have demonstrated that modern humans and Neandertal feet are similar in overall size and proportions and are...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper reports the recently recovered human bone remains from the Cueva de la Zarzamora in the southernmost limits of the Castilian Plateau of the Iberian Peninsula (Segovia, Spain). A total of two teeth and nine human bones from the trunk, pelvis and foot regions have been recovered. A complete inventory, metrical and morphological stud...
Conference Paper
In the Sima de los Huesos (SH) Middle Pleistocene site more than 6500 human fossils have been recovered (Martínez et al., 2013), which belonged to at least 28 individuals (Bermúdez de Castro et al., 2004). However, these fossils are mixed and it is difficult to associate them with each other due to the fact that there are some individuals with simi...
Conference Paper
Sima de los Huesos (SH) site (Atapuerca, Spain) has yielded a large collection of Middle Pleistocene human fossils that represent the ancestors of the Neandertals. Among these fossils there are some metatarsal bones, AT-534 being one of them. This IV right metatarsal bone preserves the proximal epiphysis, 2/3 of the diaphysis, and lacks the distal...
Conference Paper
Up to date, a total of 22 calcaneus (12 right, 10 le) remains have been recovered in the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain). e Sima de los Huesos (SH) sample constitutes more than 60% of the tarsal bones in the Homo fossil record prior to Neanderthals and fossil Homo sapiens all together. At least 14 individu...
Conference Paper
Up to date, a total of 25 tali remains (11 right, 14 left) have been recovered in the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain). This site, dated in at least 530,000 years (Bischoff et al., 2007), has yielded the largest collection of human remains ever found of genus Homo in the world (Martínez and Arsuaga, 1997). Ba...
Conference Paper
La Sima de los Huesos (SH) contiene la mayor acumulación de fósiles humanos de la especie Homo heidelbergensis, antepasada de los neandertales y pertenececientes a una misma población biológica [1]. A partir de la evidencia dental el NMI es de 28 [2]. La última datación establece una antigüedad al depósito de, aproximadamente, 600 ka [3]. Entre los...

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Our main goal is to investigate population dynamics and human-environment interactions of the last Neandertals and first modern humans in interior Iberia based on unprecedented evidence gathered by means of a macro-regional, interdisciplinary and collaborative research project. This involves the participation of a wide network of scholars and methods, including field surveys, geoarchaeological excavations and chronometric, paleoecological, zooarchaeological, techno-economic and symbolic studies applied to Middle and Upper Palaeolithic contexts.
Project
Early Pleistocene to Holocene cave studies from the Sierra de Atapuerca. Small mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes (microfauna) and the Homo species geological and archaeological context. Biostratigraphy, paleoclimatology, paleobiogeography, evolution, taphonomy, techniques, morphometrics, biodiversity. Homo species: first discovery of Homo in the Early Pleistocene of Europe, Homo sp. and Homo antecessor; the middle Pleistocene Homo aff. heidelbergensis; the Holocene Homo sapiens.