Adrian Joseph Boyce

Adrian Joseph Boyce
University of Glasgow | UofG · Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (SUERC)

BSc, PhD
Our Stable Isotope Lab in SUERC offers a comprehensive platform of stable isotope techniques (O, C, S, H and N)

About

524
Publications
170,910
Reads
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Introduction
I run the NERC Environmental Isotope Facility (NEIF) High T Stable Isotope Lab at SUERC. If you are interested in using our Facility, contact me to discuss applications of stable isotopes to your project. I am fortunate to work with many collaborators through my position, and am much indebted to them for their skills and ideas - many of which are found in my list of publications. IF YOU WANT A PDF OF A PAPER, AND IT IS NOT FREELY AVAILABLE - PLEASE SEND ME A REQUEST.
Additional affiliations
January 1985 - present
University of Glasgow
Position
  • Professor of Applied Geology
Education
August 1980 - August 1984
University of Strathclyde
Field of study
  • Applied Geology
October 1976 - June 1980
University of Glasgow
Field of study
  • Geology

Publications

Publications (524)
Article
Full-text available
In porphyry ore deposit models, the propylitic alteration facies is widely interpreted to be caused by convective circulation of meteoric waters. However, recent field-based and geochemical data suggest that magmatic-derived fluids are likely to contribute to development of the propylitic assemblage. In order to test this hypothesis, we determined...
Article
Full-text available
Dolomitization is one of the most significant diagenetic reactions in carbonate systems, occurring where limestone (CaCO3) is replaced by dolomite (CaMg (CO3)2) under a wide range of crystallization temperatures and fluids. The processes governing its formation have been well studied, but the controls on the position of dolomitization fronts in anc...
Article
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Metal-rich fluids that circulate in magmatic-hydrothermal environments form a wide array of economically significant ore deposits. Unravelling the origins and evolution of these fluids is crucial for understanding how Earth’s metal resources form and one of the most widely used tools for tracking these processes is sulfur isotopes. It is well estab...
Article
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Magmatic systems play a crucial role in enriching the crust with volatiles and elements that reside primarily within the Earth’s mantle, including economically important metals like nickel, copper and platinum-group elements. However, transport of these metals within silicate magmas primarily occurs within dense sulfide liquids, which tend to coale...
Article
Not only have submarine hydrothermal systems been responsible for a variety of mineral deposits, they, may also have contributed to the emergence of life in the Hadean. Sulfide deposits can be precipitated where metal-bearing hydrothermal solutions invade bacteriogenic H2S-bearing wet sediments and the overlying seawater or brine. Similarly, life m...
Article
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Diagenetic boundaries are paleo-reaction fronts, which have the potential to archive the termination of metasomatic processes in sedimentary rocks. They have not been extensively studied, perhaps because they appear simple in outcrop. Recent work has demonstrated the significance of paleo-reaction fronts to decipher multiphase recrystallization pro...
Article
Marble in the supracrustal rocks of the Lewisian Complex, Tiree, includes chlorine-bearing amphiboles, chlorine-rich apatite, sulphur-rich scapolite, albite and phlogopite, all of which are regarded as evidence for evaporites in other metamorphosed sequences. Titanite yields U–Pb ages of ∼1.6 Ga, i.e. late Laxfordian, which excludes a younger impri...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Eocene-Oligocene transition (EOT) was a period of considerable environmental change, signifying the transition from Paleocene greenhouse to Oligocene icehouse conditions. Preservation of the sedimentary signal of such an environmental change is most likely in net-depositional environments, such as submarine fans, which are the terminal parts of...
Article
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The Paleoproterozoic schists of the Leverburgh Belt, South Harris and the Neoproterozoic carbonaceous metasediments of the Dalradian Supergroup were deposited during the two most significant periods of black shale deposition globally. Hosted within these metasedimentary rocks are graphite-bearing mineralised plutons, formed during orogenic events....
Article
The Sanjin deposit is one of three major ore zones hosted by Pleistocene quartz-adularia veins being mined at the Hishikari low-sulfidation epithermal gold mine, which has produced more than 242 t of gold at an extraordinary average grade since 1985. Hydrothermal alteration zoning of the Sanjin deposit was examined with respect to mineralogy, geoch...
Article
Full-text available
The Eocene-Oligocene transition (EOT) was a period of considerable environmental change, signifying the transition from Paleocene greenhouse to Oligocene icehouse conditions. Preservation of the sedimentary signal of such an environmental change is most likely in net-depositional environments, such as submarine fans, which are the terminal parts of...
Article
Full-text available
Symbioses between metazoans and microbes involved in sulfur cycling are integral to the ability of animals to thrive within deep‐sea hydrothermal vent environments; the development of such interactions is regarded as a key adaptation in enabling animals to successfully colonize vents. Microbes often colonize the surfaces of vent animals and, remark...
Article
The Khenchela massif, northeast Algeria, belongs to the eastern Saharan Atlas that extends northeasterly from the Aurès Chain, through the Mellegue mountains, to the Tunisian Atlas. This massif is characterized by sandstone and marl outcrops of the Lower Cretaceous that are overlain by limestone and marl of the Upper Cretaceous. The anticline struc...
Chapter
The Miocene igneous rocks that host the Tala Hamza Zn–Pb deposit are investigated in order to shed light on their petrogenesis and to provide a brief metallogenic description of associated sulphides mineralization. 800 m depth drill hole reveals from top to bottom the following succession: pyroclasitic rocks, andesite, volcanic tuff, microgranite,...
Article
Irish-type Zn-Pb deposits are important global sources of zinc, but despite a fundamental understanding of ore genesis within the Irish orefield, a detailed understanding of fluid migration and chemical evolution pathways related to sulfide and carbonate precipitation is lacking. We present the first petrographic, paragenetically constrained sulfur...
Article
Full-text available
As the decarbonisation of heating and cooling becomes a matter of critical importance, it has been shown that flooded mines can provide a reliable source of low-carbon thermal energy production and storage when coupled with appropriate demand via an appropriate heat transfer technology. This paper summarises the potential resource represented by a...
Article
The Kabwe Zn-Pb deposit (central Zambia) consists of a cluster of mixed sulfide and non-sulfide orebodies. The sulfide ores comprise sphalerite, galena, pyrite, chalcopyrite and accessory Ge-sulfides (±Ga and In). The non-sulfide ores comprise: (1) willemite-dominated zones encasing massive sulfide orebodies and (2) oxide-dominated alteration bands...
Article
The livelihood of inhabitants from rural agricultural valleys in the arid Arica and Parinacota Region, northernmost Chile, strongly depends on water from high altitude rainfall and runoff to lower elevation areas. However, elevated arsenic, boron, and other potentially harmful elements compromise water quality, especially in rural areas. Samples (n...
Article
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Alkaline igneous complexes are often rich in rare earth elements (REE) and other metals essential for modern technologies. Although a variety of magmatic and hydrothermal processes explain the occurrence of individual deposits, one common feature identified in almost all studies, is a REE-enriched parental melt sourced from the lithospheric mantle....
Article
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The Tara Deep Zn-Pb deposit, at Navan, Ireland, includes sub-economic pyrite-rich mineralization extending laterally for about 2 x 2 km within the overlying Lower Viséan calc-turbidites, known as the ‘New-Thin Bedded Unit’. Here, we investigate the genesis of this pyritic mineralization and its links to the limestone-hosted Zn-Pb deposit lying 100...
Article
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The episode of widespread organic carbon deposition marked by peak black shale sedimentation during the Palaeoproterozoic is also reflected in exceptionally abundant graphite deposits of this age. Worldwide anoxic/euxinic sediments were preserved as a deep crustal reservoir of both organic carbon, and sulphur in accompanying pyrite, both commonly >...
Article
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The ca. 1,500 to 1,325 Ma Mesoproterozoic Belt-Purcell Basin is an exceptionally preserved archive of Mesoproterozoic Earth and its paleo-environmental conditions. The Belt-Purcell Basin is also host to world-class base metal sediment-hosted mineralization produced in a variety of settings from the rift stage of basin evolution through to the subse...
Article
Full-text available
The ca. 1,500 to 1,325 Ma Mesoproterozoic Belt-Purcell Basin is an exceptionally preserved archive of Mesoproterozoic Earth and its paleoenvironmental conditions. The Belt-Purcell Basin is also host to world-class base metal sediment-hosted mineralization produced in a variety of settings from the rift stage of basin evolution through the subsequen...
Article
Understanding the quantity and isotopic composition of water that has been delivered to Earth over its history is crucial for models our planet’s evolution, and predicting habitability across the solar system. Here we have used stepwise pyrolysis to measure the hydrogen inventory of CM carbonaceous chondrites, which are likely to have been a major...
Article
Graphite deposits may form alternatively by metamorphism of sedimentary rocks and from fluids. Both types occur in supracrustal successions within the Lewisian Complex of Northwest Scotland, and similarly in Palaeoproterozoic supracrustal rocks across the North Atlantic region in Canada, Greenland and Scandinavia. Carbon isotope compositions show t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Geothermal energy is vastly under-utilized and represents an exciting means of addressing energy challenges, alleviating poverty, and promoting economic development in the nations of the East African Rift System (EARS). The countries that straddle the rift system are home to a combined population of more than 400 million, a significant proportion o...
Article
Full-text available
To model the formation of orogenic gold deposits, in a global perspective, it is important to understand the ore-forming conditions not only for deposits hosted in greenschist facies rocks but also in amphibolite facies. The Paleoproterozoic Fäboliden deposit in northern Sweden belongs to the globally rare hypozonal group of orogenic gold deposits...
Article
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Serpentinization of ultramafic rocks in the sea and on land leads to the generation of alkaline fluids rich in molecular hydrogen (H2) and methane (CH4) that favour the formation of carbonate mineralization, such as veins in the sub-seafloor, seafloor carbonate chimneys and terrestrial hyperalkaline spring deposits. Examples of this type of seawate...
Article
The Suyoc prospect is an epithermal vein-type mineralization located at the southern part of the Mankayan Mineral District, Northern Luzon, Philippines. The prospect’s epithermal veins are hosted in volcaniclastic rocks and conglomerate, which belong to the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene Balili Formation and the Middle to Late Miocene Suyoc Conglo...
Article
Reconciling observations between ancient volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) and actively forming seafloor massive sulfide (SMS) deposits is critical for understanding the sources and processes that govern metal enrichment in marine hydrothermal systems. For a mafic VMS deposit, the Mala VMS mound located within the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus, is unu...
Article
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Appinite suite rocks occur as small plutonic bodies, ranging from ultramafic to felsic in composition, that are characterized by abundant idiomorphic amphibole suggesting they are the products of water-rich mafic magmas. Appinites are also understood to record tectono-magmatic processes during the waning stages of subduction in convergent to collis...
Article
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A hydraulic stimulation was carried out on a granodiorite reservoir in an enhanced geothermal system in August 2017 in Pohang, Korea. Water injected into the 4.2 km deep PX-1 well contained c. 330−360 mg/L sulphate, with a negative δ34S. The resulting flowback water became more saline with time, with sulphate and chloride concentrations and dissolv...
Article
The stable isotopic (δ34S, δ18O, δ2H) composition of mine waters has been examined from coal and metal mines, of varying depth, in Spain (Asturias), the UK (north Derbyshire/Yorkshire) and Poland (Bytom, Upper Silesia). δ18O and δ2H data confirm a meteoric origin for all waters. The mine waters have elevated sulphate concentrations relative to rece...
Article
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Three tourmaline reference materials sourced from the Harvard Mineralogical and Geological Museum (schorl 112566, dravite 108796 and elbaite 98144), which are already widely used for the calibration of in situ boron isotope measurements, are characterised here for their oxygen and lithium isotope compositions. Homogeneity tests by secondary ion mas...
Article
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Aynak is the largest known copper deposit in Afghanistan, with indicated resources of 240 Mt grading 2.3% Cu placing it in the ‘giant’ category. Host rocks are Neoproterozoic metasediments comprising dolomitic marble, carbonaceous quartz schist and quartz-biotite-dolomite schist containing garnet, scapolite and apatite. Chalcopyrite and bornite dom...
Article
The Gara, Yalea, and Gounkoto Au deposits of the >17 Moz Loulo mining district, largely hosted by the Kofi series metasediments, are located several kilometers to the east of the 650-Mt Fe skarn deposits in the adjacent Falémé batholith. The Au deposits are interpreted to have formed through phase separation of an aqueous-carbonic fluid, which loca...
Article
Full-text available
We report the results of a multiproxy study that combines structural analysis of a fracture–stylolite network and isotopic characterization of calcite vein cements and/or fault coating. Together with new paleopiezometric and radiometric constraints on burial evolution and deformation timing, these results provide a first-order picture of the region...
Preprint
Full-text available
Application of geochemical proxies to vein minerals - particularly calcite - can fingerprint the source of fluids controlling various important geological processes from seismicity to geothermal systems. Determining fluid source, e.g. meteoric, marine, magmatic or metamorphic waters, can be challenging when using only trace elements and stable isot...
Article
Full-text available
[fr] Les roches ignées du massif d’El Aouana font partie de la chaîne magmatique miocène des Maghrébides qui s’étend du nord de la Tunisie jusqu’au Maroc. Ces roches sont composées de faciès volcaniques (andésites et dacites) et subvolcaniques (microdiorites et microgranodiorites), qui ont été mis en place au sein des flyschs crétacés, oligo-miocèn...
Article
Full-text available
Graphite in Ordovician ultramafic intrusions through Neoproterozoic country rocks in West Aberdeenshire, NE Scotland attests to the mobility of carbon into subduction-related magmas. Pelites in the country rock contain up to 5% organic carbon, and are consequently also sulphide-rich. This occurrence is one of many examples of graphite in ultramafic...
Article
Full-text available
A temporal framework for mineral deposits is essential when addressing the history of their formation and conceptualizing genetic models of their origin. This knowledge is critical to understand how crust-forming processes are related to metal accumulations at specific time and conditions of Earth evolution. To this end, high-precision absolute geo...
Article
The Palaeoproterozoic Kerry Road deposit is one of the oldest examples of volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) mineralization. This small VMS deposit (∼500,000 tons grading at 1.2% Cu, 3.5% Zn) is hosted in amphibolite facies mafic-siliciclastic units of the c. 2.0 Ga Loch Maree Group, Scotland. Sulfide mineralization consists of pyrite and pyrrhotit...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the results of a multi-proxy study that combines structural analysis of fracture-stylolite network and isotopic characterization of calcite vein cements/fault coating. Together with new paleopiezometric and radiometric constraints on burial evolution and deformation timing, these results provide a first-order picture of the regional fluid...
Article
Full-text available
Given that gold (Au) mostly remained in the incipient Earth mantle until ca. 3.9–3.8 Ga, a “proto-source” of gold may have been present in the dominantly mafic crust precursor born through first-stage melting of the Early Earth mantle. In south-westernmost Greenland, a fragment of the North Atlantic Craton is characterised by greenstone belts compr...
Article
Full-text available
Fault‐controlled hydrothermal dolomitisation in tectonically complex basins can occur at any depth and from different fluid compositions, including ‘deep‐seated’, ‘crustal’ or ‘basinal’ brines. Nevertheless, many studies have failed to identify the actual source of these fluids, resulting in a gap in our knowledge on the likely source of magnesium...
Article
Reactive iron minerals are crucial components of global nutrient cycles, directly controlling carbon transport and storage in marine sediments. Sequential selective extraction is frequently used for quantitatively characterising, and chemically isolating, individual Fe mineral phases. Reagent-specific mineral solubility is fundamental to the succes...
Article
The Dairi Zn+Pb+Ag deposit is the only giant SEDEX deposit that has been discovered to date in Sumatra. Ore-gangue mineralogy and sulfur isotope studies have been carried out to elucidate the paragenetic sequence, deformation of ore, flow direction of ore forming fluid and sources of sulfur in the Dairi deposit. Stratiform orebodies hosted by the J...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mineral exploration in the Murchison Domain in the Archaean Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, is particularly difficult. A combination of minimal (< 5 %) outcrop, thick transported cover (up to 30 m) and a high degree of weathering provide further challenges for those exploring for lode-gold mineralisation in a highly prospective, albeit obscured,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The genesis of 'orogenic', vein-hosted gold mineralisation in metamorphic belts is controversial. The Cononish Au-Ag-Te deposit is no exception. Situated in the mining district of Tyndrum, it has become Scotland's first ever commercial gold mine with a current resource of 266koz Au and 1096koz Ag. Ore consists of a series of hydrothermal quartz ± c...
Conference Paper
The Miocene igneous rocks that host the Tala Hamza Zn-Pb deposit 12 are investigated in order to shed the light on their petrogenesis and to provide 13 brief metallogenic description of associated sulphides mineralization. 800m 14 depth drillhole reveals from top to bottom the following succession: pyroclasitic 15 rocks, andesite, volcanic tuff, mi...
Article
Full-text available
The West Cumbria iron ore field exhibits kilometre-scale compartmentalization of fluid sources, as evidenced by sulphur isotope data. Barite accompanying haematite ore from 13 mines in an along-strike width of 5 km has δ34S(VCDT) isotopic compositions ranging from +7.9 to +23.6‰. The large variation is strongly controlled by NNW-SSE faulting, in wh...
Article
Flowback water from the 4215 m deep (True Vertical Depth) PX-1 borehole, following the August 2017 hydraulic stimulation of a granodiorite geothermal reservoir in Pohang, South Korea, was monitored for a suite of physicochemical, chemical and isotopic parameters. The results provide unique insights into mixing processes, fluid evolution and rapid w...
Article
Full-text available
The Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus is the principal on- land analogue for mafic-hosted volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) deposits. This study, for the first time, presents sulfur isotope (δ³⁴S) data on a regional scale from VMS deposits and other mineralised zones across the Troodos ophiolite. In combination δ³⁴S, Se/S ratios and trace element chemistr...