Adnan M. Abu-Mahfouz

Adnan M. Abu-Mahfouz
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa | CSIR · NextGen Enterprises and Institutions

PhD

About

229
Publications
140,021
Reads
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4,551
Citations
Introduction
Adnan M. Abu-Mahfouz is currently a Chief Researcher and the Centre Manager of the Emerging Digital Technologies for 4IR (EDT4IR) research centre at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa.
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - present
University of Pretoria
Position
  • Professor
July 2020 - present
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa
Position
  • Manager
March 2020 - present
Tshwane University of Technology
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 2007 - September 2011
University of Pretoria
Field of study
  • computer engineering
January 2003 - April 2005
University of Pretoria
Field of study
  • computer engineering

Publications

Publications (229)
Article
In developing a sustainable and efficient power systems network while reducing carbon footprint, renewable energy (RE)-based Distribution Generation (DG) units are highly recommended. Furthermore, Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) and other passive electronic units are adopted to improve grid performance and mitigate the effects of high variabi...
Article
Full-text available
The elbow technique is a well-known method for estimating the number of clusters required as a starting parameter in the K-means algorithm and certain other unsupervised machine-learning algorithms. However, due to the graphical output nature of the method, human assessment is necessary to determine the location of the elbow and, consequently, the...
Article
The ongoing expansion of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is enabling the possibility of effective Industry 4.0, where massive sensing devices in heterogeneous environments are connected through dedicated communication protocols. This brings forth new methods and models to fuse the information yielded by the various industrial plant element...
Article
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In the world of chaos, the pandemic has driven individuals around the globe to wear face masks for preventing the virus’s transmission, however, this has made it difficult to determine the gender of the person wearing a mask. Gender information is part of soft biometrics, which provides extra information about a person’s identification, thus, ident...
Article
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a promising technology that allows numerous devices to be connected for ease of communication. The heterogeneity and ubiquity of the various connected devices, openness to devices in the network, and, importantly, the increasing number of connected smart objects (or devices) have exposed the IoT network to various se...
Article
Full-text available
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are increasingly deployed in Internet of Things (IoT) systems for applications such as smart transportation, telemedicine, smart health monitoring and fall detection systems for the elderly people. Given that huge amount of data, vital and critical information can be exchanged between the different parts of a WSN, go...
Article
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As a consequence of swiftly growing populations in the urban areas, larger quantities of solid waste also form rapidly. Since urban local bodies are found to be unable to manage this perilous situation effectively, there is a high probability of risks relative to the environment and public health. A sudden change is indispensable in the existing sy...
Article
Climate change, the growth in world population, high levels of food waste and food loss, and the risk of new disease or pandemic outbreaks are examples of the many challenges that threaten future food sustainability and the security of the planet and urgently need to be addressed. The fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0, has been gaining...
Preprint
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which are enablers of the Internet of Things (IoT) technology, are typically used en-masse in widely physically distributed applications to monitor the dynamic conditions of the environment. They collect raw sensor data that is processed centralised. With the current traditional techniques of state-of-art WSNs progr...
Chapter
South Africa, as a developing nation, is evolving in new healthcare technologies. With increase in these innovations comes many challenges foremost among which is security. This paper presents a review of challenges faced in IoT-connected healthcare and information security in South Africa. The study begins by providing an overview of IoT connected...
Article
Full-text available
This study approaches adaptability for mobility assistive technologies by proposing an adaptable framework for mobility assistive technologies, inspired by ACT-R, the desiderata for developing cognitive architectures as highlighted by R. Sun and Vernon et al. and human behaviour. This study proposes an adaptable framework for shared control and aut...
Article
A predictive long short-term memory (LSTM) model developed on a particular water quality dataset will only apply to the dataset and may fail to make an accurate prediction on another dataset. This paper focuses on improving LSTM model tolerance by mitigating discrepancies in model prediction capability that arises when a model is applied to differe...
Article
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), which are enablers of the Internet of Things (IoT) technology, are typically used en-masse in widely physically distributed applications to monitor the dynamic conditions of the environment. They collect raw sensor data that is processed centralised. With the current traditional techniques of state-of-art WSN programm...
Article
This paper studies the real-time energy trading problem in a smart community consisting of a group of grid-connected prosumers with controllable loads, renewable generations and energy storage systems. We propose a peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading system, which integrates energy trading with energy management, enabling each prosumer to jointly man...
Article
In recent times, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) have become two of the most discussed sectors in Information Technology, with each having made a major impact. This has generated space for further innovation to occur in the convergence of the two technologies. In this paper, we gather, analyse, and present a det...
Article
Energy efficiency is an important quality-of-service requirement that needs to be considered when designing an efficient MAC protocol for a WBAN system due to the limited power resources of biomedical sensor devices. To address this, an energy-aware multi-group hybrid MAC (MG-HYMAC) protocol is proposed in this work to improve energy efficiency as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSN) hold the key to unlocking the next generation of video surveillance applications. They operate under energy-constrained environments but Compressive Sensing (CS) is a tool that can help overcome these challenges. Sensing matrices are critical in delivering the promise of CS, there are different types and e...
Conference Paper
A popular technology used for deploying Internet of Things (IoT) networks is Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN). These networks are designed for large scale deployments but the Quality of Service (QoS) levels achievable depends on the traffic volume and profile generated by the IoT use case(s). LoRaWANs are sensitive to the presence of downlink...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) is a networking technology that is rapidly growing in the Internet of Things (IoT) implementations under Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN). The main goal of LoRaWAN is to optimise the coverage range, capacity, cost and battery life of the network. A vital LoRaWAN characteristic is the Adaptive Data Rate (AD...
Conference Paper
A Conformal Strongly Coupled Magnetic Resonance (CSCMR) wireless power transfer (WPT) system is a small footprint technology suitable for applications such as small low power sensors and implantable medical devices. These applications require specific WPT systems with certain physical dimensions that complement the size of the device. The design of...
Preprint
This paper is aimed to present a comprehensive survey of relevant research over the period 2012-2021 of Software-Defined Wireless Sensor Network (SDWSN) proposals and Machine Learning (ML) techniques to perform network management, policy enforcement, and network configuration functions. This survey provides helpful information and insights to the s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Technology is expanding at a higher rate and because of this expansion there is a global transition from 4 th Generation (4G) to 5 th Generation (5G) due to the steep rise in the demand of users and challenges which are not addressed effectively by the 4G. The 3GPP standards which in full is 3 rd Generation Partnership Project have given 5G the nam...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of transactive energy (TE) in smart grid systems is gaining increased research attention for its potential to optimize distributed energy resources, improve system reliability, as well as provide a balanced ecosystem for fair economic transaction between prosumers. TE is defined by the GridWise Architecture Council as a system of econom...
Article
This Special Section on "AI-Enabled Threat Intelligence and Hunting Microservices for Distributed Industrial IoT System" highlights the main research challenges in the AI-based security and privacy Microservices for IIoT systems. Of the 39 submissions, seven papers were eventually accepted after undergoing several rounds of rigorous peer reviews (i...
Article
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Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems play a significant role in providing remote access, monitoring and control of critical infrastructures (CIs) which includes electrical power systems, water distribution systems, nuclear power plants, etc. The growing interconnectivity, standardization of communication protocols and remote acc...
Article
The boring and repetitive task of monitoring video feeds makes real-time anomaly detection tasks difficult for humans. Hence, crimes are usually detected hours or days after the occurrence. To mitigate this, the research community proposes the use of a deep learning-based anomaly detection model (ADM) for automating the monitoring process. However,...
Article
Full-text available
The development of a modern electric power grid has triggered the need for large scale monitoring and communication in smart grids (SGs) for efficient grid automation. This has led to the development of SGs which utilize cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSNs). CRSNs are combinations of cognitive radios (CRs) and wireless sensor networks (WSNs). CR...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm plays a vital role for improving smart city applications by tracking and managing city processes in real-time. One of the most significant issues associated with smart city applications is solid waste management, which has a negative impact on our society’s health and the environment. The traditional waste mana...
Article
Full-text available
Future generation power grids will require the introduction and deployment of distributed energy resources to meet modern day load requirements. Consequently, we expect to see a rise in microgrids (MGs) existing as part of the main grid (grid-connected) or independent (islanded). Contained in these microgrids are a combination of energy resources s...
Article
The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is a lightweight web transfer protocol designed based on the REST architecture standardized by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to meet and accommodate the requirements of the constrained Internet of Things (IoT) environments. Managing congestion control in a resource‐constrained lossy network w...
Article
The papers in this special section focus on sustainable and intelligent precision agriculture. Human society has experienced three industrial revolutions from mechanization, and electricity to information automation. Every industrial revolution significantly alters the form of agricultural industry from labor-intensive farming, mechanized productio...
Article
Full-text available
Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) remains as a major problem in urban areas, leading to serious health and environmental issues. Consequently, trash bins are placed in many places to handle municipal solid waste. These bins can overflow, spreading around the area, polluting the environment and causing inconvenience to the public. Therefore, t...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Slepian-Wolf bound on the admissible coding rate forms the most fundamental aspect of distributed source coding. As such, it is necessary to provide a framework with which to model more practical scenarios with respect to the arrangement of nodes in order to make Slepian-Wolf coding more suitable for multi-node Wireless Sensor Networks. This pa...
Preprint
UNSTRUCTURED With the projected upsurge in the percentage of persons with some form of disability, there is a significant increase in the need for assistive mobility devices. However, these mobility aids are hardly effective without their ability to adapt to the user’s needs. This is achieved by improving the confidence of the information used or i...
Article
Full-text available
Background With the projected upsurge in the percentage of people with some form of disability, there has been a significant increase in the need for assistive mobility devices. However, for mobility aids to be effective, such devices should be adapted to the user’s needs. This can be achieved by improving the confidence of the acquired information...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Call for papers: https://2021.ieee-indin.org/special-sessions/ss-07-industry-4-0-in-agriculture/ Focus The three previous industrial revolutions (from Industry 1.0 to Industry 3.0) gradually modified the form of agricultural activities. The traditional labor-intensive agriculture has been replaced by industrial agriculture through the adoption of...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
With the development of intelligent manufacturing, new manufacturing modes such as personalized customization and networked collaboration have been widely developed. These new manufacturing modes require frequent data exchanges between manufacturing machines and industrial information systems through the networks, and dynamically change according t...
Article
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Internet of things (IoT) is a concept that is currently gaining a lot of popularity as a result of its potential to be incorporated into many heterogeneous systems. Because of its diversity, integrating IoT is conceivable in almost all fields, including the healthcare sector. For instance, a promising technology in the healthcare sector known as wi...
Chapter
LoRa Networks is one of the fast-growing and promising technologies to enable communications for the Internet of Things (IoT) devices on a large scale or long-range communication. Spreading Factors (SF) plays a significant role in enabling multiple long-range receptions of packets with every packet assigned a different spreading factor. Therefore,...
Article
Full-text available
Distributed generation (DG) units are power generating plants that are very important to the architecture of present power system networks. The primary benefits of the addition of these units are to increase the power supply and improve the power quality of a power grid while considering the investment cost and carbon emission cost. Most studies ha...
Article
Self-adaptive threshold adjustment algorithms (SATAs) are required to reconfigure their parameters autonomously (i.e. to achieve self-parameter adjustment) at runtime and during online use for effective signal detection in cognitive radio (CR) applications. In this regard, a CR system embedded with the functionality of a SATA is termed a self-recon...
Article
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Currently, ensuring that power systems operate efficiently in stable and secure conditions has become a key challenge worldwide. Various unwanted events including injections and faults, especially within the generation and transmission domains are major causes of these instability menaces. The earlier operators can identify and accurately diagnose...
Article
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Parameter-based adaptive threshold estimators (ATEs) are widely used for signal detection in cognitive radio (CR) systems. However, their performance deteriorates under dynamic spectra conditions owing to a lack of valid methods to accurately self-tune the different parameters of such ATEs. In this article, we address this limitation by proposing a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Food security in Africa and the rest of the globe has come under tremendous threat, meaning that agriculture which is the driving force behind many economies is under threat. Seventy per cent of the food produced in sub-Saharan Africa is produced in the rainfed small-holder agriculture, which in turn is the most devastated by any disasters experien...
Article
Full-text available
The optimal integration of electrical units, such as distributed generation units, power electronic devices, and electric vehicles, is a significant development of smart grids. This development has effectively transformed the traditional grid system, promising numerous advantages for economic values and autonomous energy source control. In smart gr...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging paradigm that enables many beneficial and prospective application areas, such as smart metering, smart homes, smart industries, and smart city architectures, to name but a few. These application areas typically comprise end nodes and gateways that are often interconnected by low power wide area network (L...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A cognitive radio sensor network (CRSN)-based Smart Grid (SG) is a new paradigm for a modern SG. It is totally different from the traditional power grid and conventional SG. Currently, an SG uses a static resource allocation technique to allocate resources to sensor nodes in the SG network. Static resource allocation is not efficient du...