Aditi Iyer

Aditi Iyer
Public Health Foundation of India | PHFI · Ramalingaswami Centre on Equity and Social Determinants of Health, Bangalore

PhD

About

34
Publications
35,382
Reads
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888
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2015 - present
Public Health Foundation of India
Position
  • Senior Research Scientist and Adjunct Associate Professor
September 2013 - present
Azim Premji University
Position
  • Guest Faculty
December 2012 - present
Tata Institute of Social Sciences
Position
  • Guest Faculty
Education
October 2002 - June 2007
Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Field of study
  • Social inequalities in health
June 1985 - April 1987
Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India
Field of study
  • Social Work
June 1982 - April 1985
St. Xavier's College, Bombay, India
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
This practice paper describes our experience of implementing accredited social health activists (ASHA) Kirana, a digital technology-enabled Maternal Clinical Assessment Tool (M-CAT) and how the ASHAs felt empowered in the process. M-CAT aimed to train ASHAs to collect data that assists doctors in identifying maternal risks, in Karnataka, India. Sys...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses a critical concern in realizing sexual and reproductive health and rights through policies and programs – the relationship between power and accountability. We examine accountability strategies for sexual and reproductive health and rights through the lens of power so that we might better understand and assess their actual work...
Chapter
Intersectionality – a framework for understanding how multiple sources of power and disadvantage intersect, and the pathways through which these intersections influence behaviors, practices and outcomes – increasingly drives a growing body of research the world over. More recent work emanating mainly from high income country settings also focuses o...
Article
Full-text available
Concerns about disrespect and abuse (D&A) experienced by women during institutional birth have become critical to the discourse on maternal health. The rapid growth of the field from diverse points of origin has given rise to multiple and, at times, confusing interpretations of D&A, pointing to the need for greater clarity in the concepts themselve...
Article
Full-text available
p>The process of adapting universal guidelines to local institutional and cultural settings is recognized as important to their implementation and uptake. However, clarity on what, why and how to adapt in an evidence-based manner is still somewhat elusive. Health providers in low and middle income country contexts often have to deal with widely pre...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter analyses an experience of addressing the often impermeable barriers between health research and policymaking in India. Typically, researchers located within government institutions struggle for autonomy, while those outside face difficulties in getting heard, generating unhealthy competition among researchers. Between 2010 and 2012, th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Research on intersecting social inequalities constantly challenges traditional assumptions about the operation of gender, economic class, caste and other social markers in health and health care. Evidence from such research reveals non-linear patterns that sometimes upend what research on a single inequality may predict. However, our kno...
Article
Full-text available
Background In disadvantaged regions, risks like anaemia and pregnancy-induced hypertension contribute majorly to obstetric emergencies. Yet, verbal autopsies conducted as part the Gender and Health Equity Project – an action research initiative aimed at improving functioning of the public health system in northern Karnataka with a particular focus...
Book
Full-text available
The book illustrates an approach developed by the Gender and Health Equity Project to build collective responsibility for maternal safety in communities. It can be freely downloaded from https://www.phfi.org/images/pdf/yaara_hone.pdf
Book
Full-text available
The handbook is a response to concerns raised by the Gender and Health Equity Project's research in Koppal district, Karnataka about the quality of assessment of maternal risks. Poor risk identification results in the unnecessary escalation of risks into obstetric emergencies and death, in several cases. The book is divided into three parts: (1)...
Chapter
It is ironic that a major emerging economy like India should have health indicators that are similar to those found in Kenya, Madagascar, and Myanmar (WHO, 2013), low-income countries with half or under half of India’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita (World Bank, 2014). In 2011, the country’s infant and under-5 mortality rates (at 47 and 61...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The Government of Gujarat has for the past couple of decades continuously initiated several interventions to improve access to care for pregnant and delivering women within the state. Data from the last District Family Heath survey in Gujarat in 2007􏰀2008 show that 56.4% of women had institutional deliveries and 71.5% had at least one...
Article
Abstract The paper discusses an approach to verbal autopsies that engages with the Rashomon phenomenon affecting ex post facto constructions of death and responds to the call for maternal safety. This method differs from other verbal autopsies in its approach to data collection and its framework of analysis. In our approach, data collection entails...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamics of informal health markets in marginalised regions are relevant to policy discourse in India, but are poorly understood. We examine how informal health markets operate from the viewpoint of informal providers (those without any government-recognised medical degrees, otherwise known as RMPs) by drawing upon data from a household survey...
Article
This paper argues that a focus on the middle groups in a multi-dimensional socioeconomic ordering can provide valuable insights into how different axes of advantage and disadvantage intersect with each other. It develops the elements of a framework to analyse the middle groups through an intersectional analysis, and uses it to explore how such grou...
Chapter
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=DMqOAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA70&dq=Inequalities+and+intersections+in+health:+a+review+of+the+evidence+in+gender+equity+in+health:+the+shifting+frontiers&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CBwQ6AEwAGoVChMIyr6b4-rzxwIVDwWOCh0_owqO#v=onepage&q=Inequalities%20and%20intersections%20in%20health%3A%20a%20review%20of%20the%20evidence%20in%20gender%20...
Article
Full-text available
An important issue for health policy and planning is the way in which multiple sources of disadvantage, such as class, gender, caste, race, ethnicity, and so forth, work together to influence health. Although 'intersectionality' is a topic for which there is growing interest and evidence, several questions as yet remain unanswered. These gaps partl...
Article
Full-text available
It is increasingly recognized that different axes of social power relations, such as gender and class, are interrelated, not as additive but as intersecting processes. This paper has reviewed existing research on the intersections between gender and class, and their impacts on health status and access to health care. The review suggests that inters...
Article
Full-text available
This is the second part of the special section, edited by Professors Margaret Whitehead and Göran Dahlgren, on the equity impacts of different health care systems, which includes studies conducted within the framework of the Affordability Ladder Program. In the early 1990s, India embarked upon a course of health sector reform, the impact of which o...
Article
Full-text available
Health and health care inequities in Koppal reflect systematic hierarchies based on gender, caste, economic class, and life-stage; they also reveal systemic failures in health care services, both public and private. The unfortunate interplay between systematic hierarchies and systemic failures makes it possible for families and communities on the o...
Technical Report
The research discussed in the report revisits the notion of access to health care in Koppal, an economically disadvantaged district in northern Karnataka. This issue is important to households experiencing the effects of economic and health sector reform. It is now common knowledge that such reforms have benefited the rich and middle classes but no...
Article
Full-text available
Preliminary results of an analysis of data sets on morbidity and health care utilisation from two NSS surveys in the 1980s and 1990s together with empirical results of other studies points the worsening of class-based inequalities in access to health services for both men and women. While gender inequity, particularly in untreated morbidity, appear...
Chapter
Full-text available
Through history, women have practised forms of birth control and abortion. These practices have generated intense moral, ethical, political and legal debates since abortion is not merely a techno-medical issue but "the fulcrum of a much broader ideological struggle in which the very meanings of the family, the state, motherhood and young women's se...
Article
Full-text available
Women and their right to determine their sexuality, fertility and reproduction are consideration that have seldom, if ever, been taken into account in the formulation of policies related to abortion THROUGH the broad sweep of history, women have practised various forms of birth control and abortion. These practices have generated intense moral, eth...

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Projects (2)