Adia Khalid

Adia Khalid
COMSATS University Islamabad | CUI · Department of Computer Science

PhD

About

54
Publications
23,709
Reads
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720
Citations

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
In Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs), a large amount of data is shared between vehicles and Road Side Units (RSUs) in real-time. VANETs assist in sharing traffic information effectively and timely to improve traffic efficiency and reliability. However, less storage capability and selfish behavior of the vehicles are important issues that need to b...
Thesis
Instead of planting new electricity generation units, there is a need to design an efficient energy management system to achieve a normalized trend of power consumption. Smart grid has been evolved as a solution, where Demand Response (DR) strategy is used to modify the consumer's nature of demand. In return, utilities pay incentives to the consume...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-microgrid (MMG) system is a new method that concurrently incorporates different types of distributed energy resources, energy storage systems and demand responses to provide reliable and independent electricity for the community. However, MMG system faces the problems of management, real-time economic operations and controls. Therefore, this...
Article
Full-text available
This study proposes an efficient energy management method to systematically manage the energy consumption in the residential area to alleviate the peak to average ratio and mitigate electricity cost along with user comfort maximiza-tion. We developed an efficient energy management scheme using mixed integer linear programming (MILP), which schedule...
Article
Full-text available
The significance of electricity cannot be overlooked as all fields of life like material production, health care, educational sector, etc., depend upon it to render consistent and high-quality services, increase productivity and business continuity. To this end, energy operators have experienced a continuous increasing trend in the electricity dema...
Article
Full-text available
An increase in the world's population results in high energy demand, which is mostly fulfilled by consuming fossil fuels (FFs). By nature, FFs are scarce, depleted, and non-eco-friendly. Renewable energy sources (RESs) photovoltaics (PVs) and wind turbines (WTs) are emerging alternatives to the FFs. The integration of an energy storage system with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The communication between the Internet of Things (IoT) devices is not secure and reliable. A large number of security risks are involved. The existing security mechanisms are not easy to manage because they require extra resources and thus, increases the overall cost of the system. The IoT devices are resource-limited devices and they do not perfor...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing load demand in residential area and irregular electricity load profile encouraged us to propose an efficient Home Energy Management System (HEMS) for optimal scheduling of home appliances. We propose a multi-objective optimization based solution that shifts the electricity load from On-peak to Off-peak hours according to the defined...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
With the emergence of smart grid, it has become possible to optimize the existing energy system. For this purpose, the concept of Demand Side Management (DSM) has been revolutionized. In this research work, we propose a home energy management system which employs load shifting strategy of DSM to optimize the energy consumption patterns of a smart h...
Presentation
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, constrained battery life expectancy is an important issue for reliable data delivery in an Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN). Conventional transmission methodologies increase the transmission overhead, i.e., the collision of packets, which influence the data transmission. Replacement of the sensors' battery in brutal underwater en...
Article
Full-text available
For the better management of energy, a coordination based energy management system as-a-service on fog is presented. An efficient system model is introduced to handle a social networking problem in order to maintain the balance between the produced and the required energy. This social network problem is formulated as a game theory based coalition m...
Conference Paper
The emergence of Demand Response(DR) program optimizes the energy consumption pattern of customers and improves the efficacy of energy supply. The pricing infra structure of DR program is time-based rate where prices changed according to user usage. The variation in price rate is due to the consume electricity and extra generation cost. The main ob...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of the Demand Response (DR) program optimizes the energy consumption pattern of customers and improves the efficacy of energy supply. The pricing infra-structure of the DR program is dynamic (time-based). It has rather complex features including marginal costs, demand and seasonal parameters. There is variation in DR price rate. Somet...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of the Demand Response (DR) program optimizes the energy consumption pattern of customers and improves the efficacy of energy supply. The pricing infrastructure of the DR program is dynamic (time-based). It has rather complex features including marginal costs, demand and seasonal parameters. There is variation in DR price rate. Someti...
Chapter
In this article, a three layered architecture is proposed for smart buildings. A fog based infrastructure is designed and deployed on the edge of network, where fog processes the private data collected through the smart meters and stores the public data on cloud. Further, end user has facility to schedule and control the home appliances by using a...
Thesis
Full-text available
Instead of planting new electricity generation units, there is a need to design an efficient energy management system to achieve a normalized trend of power consumption. Smart grid has been evolved as a solution, where Demand Response (DR) strategy is used to modify the consumer's nature of demand. In return, utilities pay incentives to the consume...
Article
Full-text available
An unprecedented opportunity is presented by smart grid technologies to shift the energy industry into the new era of availability, reliability and efficiency that will contribute to our economic and environmental health. Renewable energy sources play a significant role in making environments greener and generating electricity at a cheaper cost. Th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, appliance scheduling scheme is proposed for residential area. Different types of heuristic and meta-heuristic optimization techniques are being used to solve the general problem of electricity demand. In this paper, a unique swarm based optimization technique Elephant Herding Optimization (EHO) is used to manage the electricity deman...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we are dealing with Home Energy Management System (HEMS) using Bacterial Foraging Optimization (BFO) and Pigeon Inspired Optimization (PIO) techniques in a single home. Performance of Both techniques is evaluated through simulations in term of reduction in electricity cost, Peak to Average Ratio (PAR) by scheduling smart appliances....
Conference Paper
In this paper, we present a Home Energy Management System (HEMS) using two meta-heuristic optimization techniques: Bacterial Foraging Optimization Algorithm (BFOA) and Bat Algorithm (BA). HEMS will provide different services to end user to manage and control their energy usage with time of use. The proposed model used for load scheduling between pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
From previous years, the research on usage of renewable energy sources (RES), specially photo voltaic (PV) arrays. This paper is based on home energy management system (HEMS). We propose a grid connected microgrid to fulfill the load demand of residential area. We have consider fifteen homes with six appliance for each home, the appliances are take...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we have studied the power management for residential area. A proper load management brought fruitful results in term of Peak to Average Ratio (PAR) reduction and electricity cost. In order to achieve these objectives, we provide an energy management structure to perform scheduling on the basis of Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Fish Swarm...
Conference Paper
Electricity is a controllable and convenient form of energy. In this paper we discus about the electricity control. In current years Demand Side Management (DSM) techniques are designed. For residential and commercial sectors. These techniques are very effective to control the load profile of customer in grid area network. In this paper we use two...
Conference Paper
In this modern world, the demand of energy rises exponentially, that makes it a valuable resource. New techniques and methods are being developed to solve the problem of energy crisis in residential areas. The strategy to handle this problem is by integrating the demand side management (DSM) with smart grid (SG). DSM enables the consumer to schedul...
Conference Paper
Increasing demand of power and emergence of smart grid has gain maximum attention of researchers which has further opened new opportunities for Home Energy Management System (HEMS). HEMS under Demand Response (DR) helps to reduce the On-peak hour load by shifting the load toward the Off-peak hours. This load shifting strategy effects the user comfo...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a demand side management (DSM) scheme is used to make energy utilization more efficient. The DSM scheme encourages the consumer to change energy utilization patterns which benefit the utility. In return, the consumer gets some incentives from the utility. The objectives of the proposed DSM system include: electricity bill reduction,...
Conference Paper
In this article, a three layered architecture is proposed for smart buildings. A fog based infrastructure is designed and deployed on the edge of network, where fog processes the private data collected through the smart meters and stores the public data on cloud. Further, end user has facility to schedule and control the home appliances by using a...
Chapter
Demand side management (DSM) and demand response (DR) are the key functions in smart grids (SGs). DR provides an opportunity to a consumer in making decisions and shifting load from on-peak hours to off-peak hours. The number of incentive base pricing tariffs are established by a utility for the consumers to reduce electricity consumption and manag...
Conference Paper
The integration of smart meter infrastructure helps in bidirectional coordination and is used to gather huge amount of data. It helps in forecasting the power demand and generation. This further helps the energy management units to plan and take the efficient decisions for flexible power demand. However, still there is a chance of fluctuation in co...
Article
Full-text available
Internet of Things (IoT) based Smart grids (SGs) represent a vision of future power systems which helps to provide electricity in a smart and user friendly way. Demand side management is one of the most important component of a SG which allows energy consumers to change their electricity consumption patterns to reduce the electricity consumption co...
Conference Paper
Demand side management (DSM) and demand response (DR) are the key functions in smart grids (SGs). DR provides an opportunity to a consumer in making decisions and shifting load from on-peak hours to off-peak hours. The number of incentive base pricing tariffs are established by a utility for the consumers to reduce electricity consumption and manag...
Article
Full-text available
IIn this paper, we propose a home energy management system which employs load shifting strategy of demand side management to optimize the energy consumption patterns of a smart home. It aims to manage the load demand in an efficient way to minimize electricity cost and peak to average ratio while maintaining user comfort through coordination among...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Electricity is a controllable and convenient form of energy. In this paper we discus about the electricity control. In current years Demand Side Management (DSM) techniques are designed. For residential and commercial sectors. These techniques are very effective to control the load profile of customer in grid area network. In this paper we use two...
Conference Paper
In this modern world, the demand of energy rises exponentially, that makes it a valuable resource. New techniques and methods are being developed to solve the problem of energy crisis in residential areas. The strategy to handle this problem is by integrating the demand side management (DSM) with smart grid (SG). DSM enables the consumer to schedul...
Conference Paper
From previous years, the research on usage of renewable energy sources (RES), specially photo voltaic (PV) arrays. This paper is based on home energy management system (HEMS). We propose a grid connected microgrid to fulfill the load demand of residential area. We have consider fifteen homes with six appliance for each home, the appliances are take...
Conference Paper
In this paper, appliance scheduling scheme is proposed for residential area.different types of heuristic and meta-heuristic optimization techniques are being used to solve the general problem of electricity demand. in this paper, a unique swarm based optimization technique Elephant Herding Optimization (EHO) is used to manage the electricity demand...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we are dealing with Home Energy Management System (HEMS) using Bacterial Foraging Optimization (BFO) and Pigeon Inspired Optimization (PIO) techniques in a single home. Performance of Both techniques is evaluated through simulations in term of reduction in electricity cost, Peak to Average Ratio (PAR) by scheduling smart appliances....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart grid plays a significant role in decreasing of electricity consumption cost through Demand Side Management (DSM). Smart homes, a part of smart grid contributes a lot in minimizing electricity consumption cost via scheduling home appliances. However, user waiting time increases due to scheduling of home appliances. This scheduling problem is c...
Conference Paper
In this paper we have studied the power management for residential area. A proper load management brought fruitful results in term of Peak to Average Ratio (PAR) reduction and electricity cost. In order to achieve these objectives, we provide an energy management structure to perform scheduling on the basis of Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Fish Swarm...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we present a Home Energy Management System (HEMS) using two meta-heuristic optimization techniques: Bacterial Foraging Optimization Algorithm (BFOA) and Bat Algorithm (BA). HEMS will provide different services to end user to manage and control their energy usage with time of use. The proposed model used for load scheduling between pe...
Conference Paper
Increasing demand of power and emergence of smart grid has gain maximum attention of researchers which has further opened new opportunities for Home Energy Management System (HEMS). HEMS under Demand Response (DR) helps to reduce the On-peak hour load by shifting the load toward the Off-peak hours. This load shifting strategy effects the user comfo...
Conference Paper
Today, energy is the most valuable resource, new methods and techniques are being discovered to fulfill the demand of energy. However, energy demand growth causes a serious energy crisis, especially when demand is comparatively high and creates the peak load. This problem can be handled by integrating Demand Side Management (DSM) with traditional S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Traffic management especially in big cities is a salient problem worldwide. Developed countries had already given priority to solving it by applying modern traffic control and management approaches. Nevertheless, it is still a daunting challenge especially in third world countries. This problem is deemed a main contributor to wasting time, energy,...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The goals of this project is to make efficient DSM algorithms, make the homes self sustainable in term of energy. Moreover, make the electricity system intelligent.