Adam Sulkowski

Adam Sulkowski
Babson College · Division of Accounting and Law

JD, MBA

About

62
Publications
37,786
Reads
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342
Citations
Introduction
Researching #sustainability, #sustainabilityreporting, #blockchain, #law, #corporategovernance.
Additional affiliations
September 2005 - August 2015
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
September 1997 - May 2000
Boston College, USA
Field of study
  • Law
September 1996 - May 2000
Boston College, USA
Field of study
  • Business

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Full-text available
This essay surveys legal issues raised by the wave of technological innovations that are defining the present era, known as Industry 4.0. These include the standards governing the gathering, keeping, use, and transfer of data, defining relationships when technology enables novel employment interactions, and fundamental questions about liability and...
Article
Full-text available
The Taoist concept of “action without deliberation” helps frame to implications of automation in corporate governance, especially in the context of business entities that engrain operating rules into self-executing computer code. Taken to an extreme, it is possible to encode all operating rules of a group of individuals, creating a so-called decent...
Article
Full-text available
Significant aspects of firm governance can (and likely will) be conducted on blockchains in coming years. This transition has already begun in some respects. The actions of early adopters illustrate that moving governance to blockchains will require legal adaptations. These adaptations are likely to be legislative, regulatory, and judicial. Firm ma...
Article
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Blockchain technology has been hailed as the next disruptive leap forward in data sciences. Most legal scholarship related to the topic has focused on its relevance to finance, but it could revolutionize business supply chains. Specifically, blockchain-enabled solutions are expected to improve the reliability of data related to supply chains and to...
Article
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While most extant scholarship has focused on how stakeholders influence firms, we propose that firms play a critical role in " shaking " stakeholders. Shaking stakeholders means to proactively initiate cooperation with those affected by a firm to alter awareness, behavior, and networks so as to catalyze change in society and the marketplace to rewa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sustainability reporting-alternatively known as ESG (Environmental, Societal, Governance) reporting, or, when combined with financial data, referred to as integrated reporting, is now a mainstream practice. Thousands of firms regularly engage in the practice and various services have blossomed to both facilitate access to-and make sense of-this dat...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is the first work of legal scholarship to offer a new feedback loop model derived from systems thinking literature and Native wisdom traditions and to apply these conceptual frameworks to a discussion of how attorneys, their business clients, and public policymakers could form and execute a pragmatic approach to regulating data collection and...
Preprint
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In a rarely visited corner of the Amazon biome is an entity whose predicament is both unique and relatable, and whose fate is tied to that of local Indigenous peoples, as well as the climate of the world: the Iwokrama International Centre for Rainforest Conservation and Development in Guyana. This case answers calls for more transdisciplinary effor...
Preprint
Purpose: While progress has been made in the realm of teaching about sustainability to business students, integrating sustainability into experiential learning with a systemic mindset has been identified by leading scholars as an area for improvement. The key objective of this paper is to describe a pilot project in which students prepared a sustai...
Research
Full-text available
Cannabis has returned to the mainstream in recent years after an interlude of legal prohibition and partial societal stigmatization. 2019 U.S. state-legal cannabis sales have been estimated at 13.6 billion dollars with predictions for sales to near 30 billion by 2025. The global market for cannabis products - including a range of products produced...
Preprint
Full-text available
We are all wondering: what's next? This paper poses and answers 10 questions. These are predictions for the COVID-19 era and beyond based on my research.
Article
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The two Emoluments Clauses in the U.S. Constitution forbid federal officials from accepting “any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatsoever” from foreign or domestic governments. President Donald Trump’s business interests generate numerous opportunities to use public office for his personal benefit. This article examines the hist...
Conference Paper
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Failures of public sector institutions to promote human well-being are an opportunity for visionary leadership in the private sector. Left unaddressed, the absence of public sector leadership to address growing crises is a strategic threat to firms. An increasing number of stakeholder concerns and business externalities involve problems that exist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Law undergirds the capitalist system and is “at the interface” of business and social relationships but remains largely walled off from many traditional approaches to management education, scholarship, and practice. Although a simple definition of law is “enforceable rules between individuals and individuals and society,” law is also a medium by wh...
Article
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In this article, the ethics of public service and the relatively untested Emoluments Clause of the U.S. Constitution will be considered and contrasted with the jurisprudence surrounding conflict of interest in the private sector. Part I establishes the framers’ understanding of law and ethics for U.S. public service. Part II considers the clause it...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
CASE OBJECTIVES AND USE: This case is designed to highlight the interdisciplinary nature of entrepreneurship – how key take-ways from accounting, entrepreneurship, law, and operations can be helpful when making difficult decisions in starting-up a business. It works well as an introductory case to help students understand how issues and principles...
Article
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This case study presents the true story of Rodolfo—a former tailor and attorney from the provinces of Cuba—who moved to Havana to start a hospitality business. Guest reviews currently rank Rodolfo’s as one of the top ten places to stay on the island. In 2016, the author (referred to throughout as Adam), a business law professor from the United Stat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Business, ethical, and legal challenges of starting-up and investing in a top-rated hospitality business in Cuba are investigated. This is a case study of Cuban entrepreneur’s experience and the options of an American friend whom he has invited to invest. It is ready-to-use in a classroom for debating business, ethical, and legal questions. Teachin...
Research
Full-text available
Sustainability reporting—the practice of publishing data on environmental, societal, economic, and governance indicators—is standard among almost all major corporations. Ninety-three percent of the largest 250 corporations in the world (the Global Fortune 250, or G250) produce such reports along with over 4000 other organizations. It is also known...
Article
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This article discusses the problems of current measures of business and economic success and suggests an alternative approach. The mythological memes of Midas, Cassandra, and the Buddha are offered as a means to frame mind-sets and to articulate a necessary shift in focus and reprioritization of key performance indicators. Indicators of wellbeing a...
Article
Full-text available
This exploratory study uses model-based cluster analysis to group sixty-one countries based on statistical similarities in terms of happiness, development, income, and carbon emissions. Model-based cluster analysis is appropriate for an initial identification of a pattern that is worthy of further investigation. A key finding is that there may be a...
Article
Full-text available
This exploratory study uses model-based cluster analysis to group countries based on statistical similarities in terms of income, development, carbon emissions, and self-reported happiness. Several characteristics of the resulting clusters are noted. The least developed cluster, generating just 5% of the carbon emissions and earning on average 14%...
Article
Full-text available
Ninety-five percent of the Global Fortune 250, along with thousands of other companies worldwide, voluntarily report on their environmental, societal, and economic impacts. The practice is variously known as sustainability reporting, corporate responsibility (CR) reporting, corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting, citizenship reporting, env...
Article
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This panel symposium brings together a group of well-known scholars to debate what a different model of capitalism, or a different economic system altogether, might look like. The panel includes contributions by: Nancy Adler, Ed Freeman, Henry Mintzberg, Otto Scharmer, Paul Shrivastava, Adam Sulkowski, and Sandra Waddock. The main focus of the disc...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the problems of current measures of business and economic success and suggests an alternative approach. The mythological memes of Midas, Cassandra, and the Buddha are offered as a means to frame mindsets and to articulate a necessary shift in focus and reprioritization of key performance indicators.Indicators of well-being an...
Article
Full-text available
This work contributes to a growing and important body of research that tests whether there is any relationship between reporting positive corporate social responsibility metrics and their return-on-investment for stockholders. Following a review of key literature, this article will test the following hypothesis: whether a portfolio of stocks of com...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental protection and sustainable development have become an important issue in today's global economy. However, there are only limited requirements for environmental disclosure for publicly-held firms in the United States. This study first measures the environmental disclosure of S&P 100 firms based on keyword frequency count of their 10k r...
Article
Companies around the world are investing in both reducing their negative environmental impacts and in communication efforts to improve their reputation for being green. Scholars, managers, and others have been trying to determine the effects of such investments.
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have investigated the relationships among environmental management, financial performance and other firm attributes. Their results are inconsistent and contested. Most of the empirical studies to date are in the context of developed countries rather than developing countries. This study fills this gap by providing an empirical examinat...
Article
This paper examines how habitat restoration techniques, such as revitalizing shellfish beds and restoring wetlands, can be used as a way to clean estuarine waters from the effects of Nitrogen (N) pollution, and, in doing so, satisfy the statutory requirements and policy intent of the Clean Water Act (CWA). The CWA requires each state to produce a T...
Article
Full-text available
This paper makes a vital contribution to the fields of sustainability studies, environmental policy-making and green business planning by presenting evidence that contradicts widely accepted conventional wisdom about the relative environmental efficiency of countries as determined by resource usage per capita. Using model-based cluster analysis, th...
Article
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This paper tests two hypotheses. The first hypothesis is that employee satisfaction is positively impacted when a company is perceived as performing well environmentally. The second hypothesis is that employee satisfaction is positively impacted by firm financial performance. To test these hypotheses, the relationships between perceived environment...
Article
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The ultra vires statutes are recommended as novel solutions based in corporate law for the enforcement of environmental statutes by allowing shareholder to sue to enjoin the company from acting outside the authorization of its corporate charter. The US government also leads to enforcement of environmental laws, where citizen lawsuits play an import...
Article
Full-text available
Thousands of companies around the world, including a majority of the Global Fortune 250, voluntarily report on their environmental, societal, and economic impacts, a practice known as corporate responsibility (CR) reporting. The practice is alternatively known as corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting, sustainability reporting, citizenship...
Article
Full-text available
This paper will examine how habitat restoration, such as revitalizing shellfish beds and restoring wetlands, can be used as a way to clean estuarine waters from the effects of nitrogen pollution, and, in doing so, satisfy the statutory requirements and policy intent of the Clean Water Act.The Clean Water Act (CWA) requires each state to produce a T...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies investigating the environmental impact of business activities across countries do so from a macroeconomic vantage point. While this widely accepted methodology has its merits, the purpose of this research is to present an alternative form of analysis focusing on consumption per capita. The three consumption measures are energy use per...
Article
Full-text available
This paper makes a vital contribution to the fields of sustainability studies and environmental policy making by presenting evidence that contradicts widely accepted conventional wisdom about the relative environmental efficiency of countries.Significant findings include the existence of clusters of relative resource usage efficiency that are not e...
Article
Full-text available
Domestic and international arbitration in Poland is regulated by the Civil Procedure Code. In October of 2005, a new set of regulations went into effect that completely altered the Polish legal framework for arbitration. A comparison of this framework with that of the United States reveals several similarities and a few key differences. These diffe...
Article
Full-text available
This article has three goals. First, the authors review the available data on the phenomenon of cyber-extortion - the practice of demanding money in exchange for not carrying out threats to commit harm that would involve a victim's information systems. Second, the authors investigate why attorneys are apparently the last to know when their business...
Article
Full-text available
This is a comprehensive analysis of the legal frameworks related to cyber-extortion - the practice of demanding money in exchange for not carrying out threats to commit harm that would involve a victim's information systems. The author hopes it will catalyze an urgently needed discussion of relevant public policy concerns. Cyber-extortion has, by a...
Article
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Written for the recent conference at St. John's University Law School on "People of Color, Women, and the Public Corporation," this paper evaluates recently applied methods of influencing corporate behavior on employment practices and recommends that a dormant legal doctrine be revitalized and added to the "tool box" of activists and concerned shar...
Article
Typescript (photocopy). Thesis (Honors)--College of William and Mary. Includes bibliographical references (leaves [61-71]).

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Is blockchain's potential to eliminate the harmful side effects of business overhyped? Will it really promote transparency? Do the risks and pitfalls and drawbacks outweigh potential gains? Is it effective on its own, or must it be coupled with other changes if it is to deliver on its potential?
Project
Explore the history and application of the Emoluments clause in connection with known empirical – behavioral research on why conflicts of interests remain unknown to the people that have them.