# Adam MiranowiczAdam Mickiewicz University | UAM · Faculty of Physics

Adam Miranowicz

## About

243

Publications

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8,939

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Citations since 2017

Introduction

Additional affiliations

January 2009 - December 2010

January 2006 - present

January 2001 - December 2004

## Publications

Publications (243)

Pure dephasing originates from the nondissipative information exchange between quantum systems and environments, and plays a key role in both spectroscopy and quantum information technology. Often pure dephasing constitutes the main mechanism of decay of quantum correlations. Here we investigate how pure dephasing of one of the components of a hybr...

A Werner state, which is the singlet Bell state affected by white noise, is a prototype example of states, which can reveal a hierarchy of quantum entanglement, steering, and Bell nonlocality by controlling the amount of noise. However, experimental demonstrations of this hierarchy in a sufficient and necessary way (i.e., by applying measures or un...

Quantum steering is an important correlation in quantum information theory. A recent work [Nat. Commun. 12, 2410 (2021)] showed that quantum steering is also useful for quantum metrology. Here, we extend the exploration of steering-enhanced quantum metrology from single noiseless phase shifts to superpositions of noisy phase shifts. As concrete exa...

We propose and analyze a novel approach to implement ensemble qubits. The required anharmonicity is provided by a simultaneous decay of two atoms (i.e., two-atom decay), which is achieved by fully quantum degenerate parametric amplification. For an atomic ensemble, the two-atom decay generates and stabilizes a 2D quantum manifold, which is spanned...

We show that the loss of nonclassicality (including quantum entanglement) cannot be compensated by the (incoherent) amplification of PT-symmetric systems. We address this problem by manipulating the quantum fluctuating forces in the Heisenberg-Langevin approach. Specifically, we analyze the dynamics of two nonlinearly coupled oscillator modes in a...

Equivalent approaches to determine eigenfrequencies of the Liouvillians of open quantum systems are discussed using the solution of the Heisenberg-Langevin equations and the corresponding equations for operator moments. A simple damped two-level atom is analyzed to demonstrate the equivalence of both approaches. The suggested method is used to reve...

We propose a general approach to implement ultrafast nonadiabatic geometric single- and two-qubit gates by employing counter-rotating effects. This protocol is compatible with most optimal control methods used in previous rotating-wave approximation (RWA) protocols; thus, it is as robust as (or even more robust than) the RWA protocols. Using counte...

We propose a programmable multimode switch based on dynamically encircling an exceptional curve (EC) while crossing diabolic points in non-Hermitian systems. ECs are the one-dimensional extension of exceptional points (EPs). Recent studies for two-mode systems have shown that, by dynamically winding around EPs, mode switching can be realized by sim...

We describe a novel type of blockade in a hybrid mode generated by linear coupling of photonic and phononic modes. We refer to this effect as hybrid photon–phonon blockade and show how it can be generated and detected in a driven nonlinear optomechanical superconducting system. Thus, we study boson-number correlations in the photon, phonon, and hyb...

While the squeezing of a propagating field can, in principle, be made arbitrarily strong, the cavity-field squeezing is subject to the well-known 3 dB limit, and thus has limited applications. Here, we propose the use of a fully quantum degenerate parametric amplifier (DPA) to beat this squeezing limit. Specifically, we show that by simply applying...

The simultaneous ground-state refrigeration of multiple vibrational modes is a prerequisite for observing significant quantum effects of multiple-vibration systems. Here we propose how to realize a large amplification in the net-refrigeration rates based on cavity optomechanics and to largely improve the cooling performance of multivibration modes...

We propose a theoretical protocol to implement multiqubit geometric gates (i.e., the Mølmer-Sørensen gate) using photonic cat-state qubits. These cat-state qubits stored in high-Q resonators are promising for hardware-efficient universal quantum computing. Specifically, in the limit of strong two-photon drivings, phase-flip errors of the cat-state...

We propose a method to realize the simultaneous ground-state refrigeration of two vibrational modes beyond the resolved-sideband regime via an auxiliary feedback loop (AFL). This is realized by introducing the AFL to break the dark mode, which is formed by two vibrational modes coupled to a common cavity-field mode. We obtain analytical results of...

Entanglement of light and multiple vibrations is a key resource for multichannel quantum information processing and memory. However, entanglement generation is generally suppressed, or even fully destroyed, by the dark-mode (DM) effect induced by the coupling of multiple degenerate or near-degenerate vibrational modes to a common optical mode. Here...

We describe a method to identify a dynamical critical phenomenon in the quantum Rabi model consisting of a three-level atom and a cavity; i.e., a sudden change of the photon number distribution in its equilibrium dynamics during a quantum phase transition. We show that this critical phenomenon can be interpreted as a sudden change of steady-state o...

We describe a novel type of blockade in a hybrid mode generated by linear coupling of photonic and phononic modes. We refer to this effect as hybrid photon-phonon blockade and show how it can be generated and detected in a driven nonlinear optomechanical superconducting system. Thus, we study boson-number correlations in the photon, phonon, and hyb...

Superradiant phase transitions (SPTs) are important for understanding light-matter interactions at the quantum level [1-3], and play a central role in criticality-enhanced quantum sensing [4]. So far, SPTs have been observed in driven-dissipative systems [5-10], but where the emergent light fields did not show any nonclassical characteristic due to...

Tensor product states (TPS), which enable decomposing the states of large-dimensional Hilbert space in terms of lower-dimensional elementary tensors, are fundamental tools to capture the quantum nature of condensed matter phenomena. Here, we show how TPS can naturally emerge in the synthetic space of operator moments of bosonic systems described by...

Equivalent approaches to determine eigenfrequencies of the Liouvillians of open quantum systems are discussed using the solution of the Heisenberg-Langevin equations and the corresponding equations for operator moments. A simple damped two-level atom is analyzed to demonstrate the equivalence of both approaches. The suggested method is used to reve...

Quantum steering is an important correlation in quantum information theory. A recent work [Nat. Commun. 12, 2410 (2021)] showed that quantum steering is also beneficial to quantum metrology. Here, we extend the exploration of this steering-enhanced quantum metrology from a noiseless regime to a superposition of noisy phase shifts in quantum channel...

Quantum channels breaking entanglement, incompatibility, or nonlocality are defined as such because they are not useful for entanglement-based, one-sided device-independent, or device-independent quantum-information processing, respectively. Here, we show that such breaking channels are related to complementary tests of macrorealism, i.e., temporal...

Pure dephasing originates from the non-dissipative information exchange between quantum systems and environments, and plays a key-role in both spectroscopy and quantum information technology. Often pure dephasing constitutes the main mechanism of decay of quantum correlations. Here we investigate how pure dephasing of one of the components of a hyb...

The formalism for non-Hermitian quantum systems sometimes blurs the underlying physics. We present a systematic study of the vielbeinlike formalism which transforms the Hilbert space bundles of non-Hermitian systems into the conventional ones, rendering the induced Hamiltonian to be Hermitian. In other words, any non-Hermitian Hamiltonian can be “t...

Studies have shown that the Hilbert spaces of non-Hermitian systems require non-trivial metrics. Here, we demonstrate how evolution dimensions, in addition to time, can emerge naturally from the geometric formalism. Specifically, the Hamiltonian can be interpreted as a Christoffel symbol-like operator, and Schroedinger's equation as a parallel tran...

We propose a protocol to realize nonadiabatic geometric quantum computation of small-amplitude Schrödinger cat qubits via invariant-based reverse engineering. We consider a system with a two-photon driven Kerr nonlinearity, which can generate a pair of dressed even and odd coherent states (i.e., Schrödinger cat states) for fault-tolerant quantum co...

While the squeezing of a propagating field can, in principle, be made arbitrarily strong, the cavity-field squeezing is subject to the well-known 3 dB limit, and thus has limited applications. Here, we present a novel method to beat this limit using a fully quantum degenerate parametric amplifier (DPA). Specifically, we show that by {\it simply} ap...

We propose a general approach to implement nonadiabatic geometric single- and two-qubit gates beyond the rotating wave approximation (RWA). This protocol is compatible with most optimal control methods used in previous RWA protocols; thus, it is as robust as (or even more robust than) the RWA protocols. Using counter-rotating effects allows us to a...

Entanglement of light and multiple vibrations is a key resource for multi-channel quantum information processing and memory. However, entanglement generation is generally suppressed, or even fully destroyed, by dark modes formed by multiple vibrational modes coupled to a common optical mode. Here we propose how to generate both \emph{bipartite} and...

We demonstrate a hierarchy of various classes of quantum correlations on experimentally prepared two-qubit Werner-like states with controllable white noise. Werner states, which are white-noise-affected Bell states, are prototypal examples for studying such a hierarchy as a function of the amount of white noise. We experimentally generate Werner st...

Phase transitions of thermal systems and the laser threshold were first connected more than forty years ago. Despite the nonequilibrium nature of the laser, the Landau theory of thermal phase transitions, applied directly to the Scully-Lamb laser model (SLLM), indicates that the laser threshold is a second-order phase transition, associated with a...

The paradigm of second-order phase transitions (PTs) induced by spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) in thermal and quantum systems is a pillar of modern physics that has been fruitfully applied to out-of-equilibrium open quantum systems. Dissipative phase transitions (DPTs) of second order are often connected with SSB, in close analogy with well-kn...

We theoretically study the dynamics of an optomechanical system, consisting of a passive optical mode and an active mechanical mode, in the PT- and broken-PT-symmetric regimes. By fully analytical treatments for the dynamics of the average displacement and particle numbers, we reveal the phase diagram under different conditions and the various regi...

The polarizations of optical fields, besides field intensities, provide more degrees of freedom to manipulate coherent light–matter interactions. Here, we propose how to achieve a coherent switch of optomechanical entanglement in a polarized-light-driven cavity system. We show that by tuning the polarizations of the driving field, the effective opt...

We propose how to achieve significantly enhanced quantum refrigeration and entanglement by coupling a pumped auxiliary cavity to an optomechanical cavity. We obtain both analytical and numerical results, and find optimal-refrigeration and -entanglement conditions under the auxiliary-cavity-assisted (ACA) mechanism. Our method leads to a giant ampli...

We propose a protocol to realize nonadiabatic geometric quantum computation of small-amplitude Schr\"odinger cat qubits via invariant-based reverse engineering. We consider a system with a two-photon driven Kerr nonlinearity, which provides a pair of dressed even and odd coherent states, i.e., Schr\"odinger cat states for fault-tolerant quantum com...

We propose a protocol to implement multi-qubit geometric gates (i.e., the M{\o}lmer-S{\o}rensen gate) using photonic cat qubits. These cat qubits stored in high-$Q$ resonators are promising for hardware-efficient universal quantum computing. Specifically, in the limit of strong two-photon drivings, phase-flip errors of the cat qubits are effectivel...

We propose to create and stabilize long-lived macroscopic quantum superposition states in atomic ensembles. We show that using a fully quantum parametric amplifier can cause the simultaneous decay of two atoms and, in turn, create stabilized atomic Schrödinger cat states. Remarkably, even with modest parameters these intracavity atomic cat states c...

We theoretically study the dynamics of typical optomechanical systems, consisting of a passive optical mode and an active mechanical mode, in the $\mathcal{PT}$- and broken-$\mathcal{PT}$-symmetric regimes. By fully analytical treatments for the dynamics of the average displacement and particle numbers, we reveal the phase diagram under different c...

The non-triviality of Hilbert space geometries in non-Hermitian quantum systems sometimes blurs the underlying physics. We present a systematic study of the vielbein formalism which transforms the Hilbert spaces of non-Hermitian systems into the conventional ones, rendering the induced Hamiltonian to be Hermitian. In other words, any non-Hermitian...

The polarizations of optical fields, besides field intensities, provide more degrees of freedom to manipulate coherent light-matter interactions. Here we propose how to achieve a coherent switch of optomechanical entanglement in a polarized-light-driven cavity system. We show that by tuning the polarizations of the driving field, the effective opto...

Recently, there has been intense research in proposing and developing various methods for constructing high-order exceptional points (EPs) in dissipative systems. These EPs can possess a number of intriguing properties related to, e.g., chiral transport and enhanced sensitivity. Previous proposals to realize non-Hermitian Hamiltonians (NHHs) with h...

Quantum channels which break entanglement, incompatibility, or nonlocality are not useful for entanglementbased, one-sided device-independent, or device-independent quantum information processing, respectively. Here, we show that such breaking channels are related to certain temporal quantum correlations: temporal separability, channel unsteerabili...

The paradigm of second-order phase transition and symmetry breaking for thermal and quantum systems is a pillar of modern physics that has been fruitfully applied to out-of-equilibrium open quantum systems. Despite the non-equilibrium nature of lasing, the laser threshold was compared with thermal phase transitions systems more than forty years ago...

We demonstrate a hierarchy of quantum correlations on experimentally prepared two-qubit Werner-like states with controllable white noise. Werner's states, which are white-noise-affected Bell states, are prototype examples for studying hierarchies of quantum correlations as a function of the amount of noise. We experimentally generated Werner's stat...

Recently, there has been intense research in proposing and developing various methods for constructing high-order exceptional points (EPs) in dissipative systems. These EPs can possess a number of intriguing properties related to, e.g., chiral transport and enhanced sensitivity. Proposals to realize high-order EPs have been based on the use of non-...

We propose a method for the fast generation of nonclassical ground states of the Rabi model in the ultrastrong and deep-strong coupling regimes via the shortcuts-to-adiabatic (STA) dynamics. The time-dependent quantum Rabi model is simulated by applying parametric amplification to the Jaynes-Cummings model. Using experimentally feasible parametric...

We propose to create and stabilize long-lived macroscopic quantum superposition states in atomic ensembles. We show that using a fully quantum parametric amplifier can cause the simultaneous decay of two atoms, and in turn create stabilized atomic Schr\"{o}dinger cat states. Remarkably, even with modest parameters these atomic cat states can have a...

The coherent nonlinear process where a single photon simultaneously excites two or more two-level systems (qubits) in a single-mode resonator has recently been theoretically predicted. Here we explore the case where the two qubits are placed in different resonators in an array of two or three weakly coupled resonators. Investigating different setup...

We propose a simple method for generating spin squeezing of atomic ensembles in a Floquet cavity subject to a weak, detuned two-photon driving. We demonstrate that the weak squeezing of light inside the cavity can, counterintuitively, induce strong spin squeezing . This is achieved by exploiting the anti-Stokes scattering process of a photon pair i...

We propose how to achieve nonreciprocal quantum entanglement of light and motion and reveal its counterintuitive robustness against random losses. We find that by splitting the counterpropagating lights of a spinning resonator via the Sagnac effect, photons and phonons can be entangled strongly in a chosen direction but fully uncorrelated in the ot...

Usually, when investigating exceptional points (EPs) of an open Markovian bosonic system, one deals with spectral degeneracies of a non-Hermitian Hamiltonian (NHH), which can correctly describe the system dynamics only in the semiclassical regime. A recently proposed quantum Liouvillian framework [Minganti et al., Phys. Rev. A 100, 062131 (2019)] e...

We propose the effective simulation of light-matter ultrastrong-coupling phenomena with strong-coupling systems. Recent theory and experiments have shown that the quantum Rabi Hamiltonian can be simulated by a Jaynes-Cummings system with the addition of two classical drives. This allows one to implement nonlinear processes that do not conserve the...

We predict the emergence of a time crystal generated by an incoherently driven and dissipative nonlinear optical oscillator, where the nonlinearity also comes from dissipation. We show that a second-order dissipative phase transition of light occurs in the frame rotating at the cavity frequency, while a boundary (dissipative) time crystal emerges i...

We propose a method for the fast generation of nonclassical ground states of the Rabi model in the ultrastrong and deep-strong coupling regimes via the shortcuts-to-adiabatic (STA) dynamics. The time-dependent quantum Rabi model is simulated by applying parametric amplification to the Jaynes-Cummings model. Using experimentally feasible parametric...

Exceptional points (EPs) are degeneracies of classical and quantum open systems, which are studied in many areas of physics including optics, optoelectronics, plasmonics, and condensed matter physics. In the semiclassical regime, open systems can be described by phenomenological effective non-Hermitian Hamiltonians (NHHs) capturing the effects of g...

Usually, when investigating exceptional points (EPs) of an open Markovian bosonic system, one deals with spectral degeneracies of a non-Hermitian Hamiltonian (NHH), which can correctly describe the system dynamics only in the semiclassical regime. A recently proposed quantum Liouvillian framework enables to completely determine the dynamical proper...

Exceptional points (EPs) are degeneracies of classical and quantum open systems, which are studied in many areas of physics including optics, optoelectronics, plasmonics, and condensed matter physics. In the semiclassical regime, open systems can be described by phenomenological effective non-Hermitian Hamiltonians (NHHs) capturing the effects of g...

We propose how to achieve nonreciprocal optomechanical entanglement in a spinning resonator and maintain its quality against backscattering losses. We find that by splitting the counter-propagating optical modes in the resonator via the Sagnac effect, photon-phonon entanglement can be created from one side while prohibited from the other--that is,...

We investigate quantum-squeezing-enhanced weak-force sensing via a nonlinear optomechanical resonator containing a movable mechanical mirror and an optical parametric amplifier (OPA). Herein, we determined that tuning the OPA parameters can considerably suppress quantum noise and substantially enhance force sensitivity, enabling the device to exten...

In the past few decades, many works have been devoted to the study of exceptional points (EPs), i.e., exotic degeneracies of non-Hermitian systems. The usual approach in those studies involves the introduction of a phenomenological effective non-Hermitian Hamiltonian (NHH), where the gain and losses are incorporated as the imaginary frequencies of...

Exceptional points, resulting from non-Hermitian degeneracies, have the potential to enhance the capabilities of quantum sensing. Thus, finding exceptional points in different quantum systems is vital for developing such future sensing devices. Taking advantage of the enhanced light-matter interactions in a confined volume on a metal nanoparticle s...

Exceptional points (EPs) correspond to degeneracies of open systems. These are attracting much interest in optics, optoelectronics, plasmonics, and condensed matter physics. In the classical and semiclassical approaches, Hamiltonian EPs (HEPs) are usually defined as degeneracies of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians such that at least two eigenfrequencies...

We study unconventional cavity optomechanics and the acoustic analog of radiation pressure to show the possibility of nonlinear coherent control of phonons in the acoustic quantum vacuum. Specifically, we study systems where a quantized optical field effectively modifies the frequency of an acoustic resonator. We present a general method to enhance...

Dispersive coupling based on the Rabi model with large detuning is widely used for qubit quantum nondemolition (QND) readout in quantum computation. However, the measurement speed and fidelity are usually significantly limited by the Purcell effects (i.e., Purcell decay, critical photon numbers) and qubit-dependent Kerr nonlinearity. To avoid these...

Recently, apparent nonphysical implications of non-Hermitian quantum mechanics (NHQM) have been discussed in the literature. In particular, the apparent violation of the no-signaling theorem, discrimination of nonorthogonal states, and the increase of quantum entanglement by local operations were reported, and therefore NHQM was not considered as a...

We propose a simple method for generating spin squeezing of atomic ensembles in a Floquet cavity subject to a weak, detuned two-photon driving. We demonstrate that the weak squeezing of light inside the cavity can, counterintuitively, induce strong spin squeezing. This is achieved by exploiting the anti-Stokes scattering process of a photon pair in...

To observe the dynamical Casimir effect (DCE) induced by a moving mirror is a long-standing challenge because the mirror velocity needs to approach the speed of light. Here, we present an experimentally feasible method for observing this mechanical DCE in an optomechanical system. It employs a detuned, parametric driving to squeeze a cavity mode, s...

We present and analyze a proposal for a macroscopic quantum delayed-choice experiment with massive mechanical resonators. In our approach, the electronic spin of a single nitrogen-vacancy impurity is employed to control the coherent coupling between the mechanical modes of two carbon nanotubes. We demonstrate that a mechanical phonon can be in a co...

Inspired by the recent experiment of Hamsen et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 133604 (2017)], which demonstrated two-photon blockade in a driven nonlinear system (composed of a harmonic cavity with a driven atom), we show that two-photon blockade and other nonstandard types of photon blockade and photon-induced tunneling can be generated in a driven ha...

A two-mode optical parity-time (PT) symmetric system, with gain and damping, described by a quantum quadratic Hamiltonian with additional small Kerr-like nonlinear terms, is analyzed from the point of view of nonclassical-light generation. Two kinds of stationary states with different types of (in)stability are revealed. Properties of one of these...